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path: root/virt/kvm/arm/vgic/vgic-mmio.c
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/*
 * VGIC MMIO handling functions
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 */

#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/bsearch.h>
#include <linux/kvm.h>
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <kvm/iodev.h>
#include <kvm/arm_vgic.h>

#include "vgic.h"
#include "vgic-mmio.h"

unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_raz(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				 gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	return 0;
}

unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_rao(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				 gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	return -1UL;
}

void vgic_mmio_write_wi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t addr,
			unsigned int len, unsigned long val)
{
	/* Ignore */
}

/*
 * Read accesses to both GICD_ICENABLER and GICD_ISENABLER return the value
 * of the enabled bit, so there is only one function for both here.
 */
unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_enable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	u32 value = 0;
	int i;

	/* Loop over all IRQs affected by this read */
	for (i = 0; i < len * 8; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		if (irq->enabled)
			value |= (1U << i);

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}

	return value;
}

void vgic_mmio_write_senable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			     gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			     unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	int i;

	for_each_set_bit(i, &val, len * 8) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);
		irq->enabled = true;
		vgic_queue_irq_unlock(vcpu->kvm, irq);

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
}

void vgic_mmio_write_cenable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			     gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			     unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	int i;

	for_each_set_bit(i, &val, len * 8) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);

		irq->enabled = false;

		spin_unlock(&irq->irq_lock);
		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
}

unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_pending(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				     gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	u32 value = 0;
	int i;

	/* Loop over all IRQs affected by this read */
	for (i = 0; i < len * 8; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		if (irq->pending)
			value |= (1U << i);

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}

	return value;
}

void vgic_mmio_write_spending(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			      gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			      unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	int i;

	for_each_set_bit(i, &val, len * 8) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);
		irq->pending = true;
		if (irq->config == VGIC_CONFIG_LEVEL)
			irq->soft_pending = true;

		vgic_queue_irq_unlock(vcpu->kvm, irq);
		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
}

void vgic_mmio_write_cpending(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			      gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			      unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	int i;

	for_each_set_bit(i, &val, len * 8) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);

		if (irq->config == VGIC_CONFIG_LEVEL) {
			irq->soft_pending = false;
			irq->pending = irq->line_level;
		} else {
			irq->pending = false;
		}

		spin_unlock(&irq->irq_lock);
		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
}

unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_active(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	u32 value = 0;
	int i;

	/* Loop over all IRQs affected by this read */
	for (i = 0; i < len * 8; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		if (irq->active)
			value |= (1U << i);

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}

	return value;
}

static void vgic_mmio_change_active(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vgic_irq *irq,
				    bool new_active_state)
{
	spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);
	/*
	 * If this virtual IRQ was written into a list register, we
	 * have to make sure the CPU that runs the VCPU thread has
	 * synced back LR state to the struct vgic_irq.  We can only
	 * know this for sure, when either this irq is not assigned to
	 * anyone's AP list anymore, or the VCPU thread is not
	 * running on any CPUs.
	 *
	 * In the opposite case, we know the VCPU thread may be on its
	 * way back from the guest and still has to sync back this
	 * IRQ, so we release and re-acquire the spin_lock to let the
	 * other thread sync back the IRQ.
	 */
	while (irq->vcpu && /* IRQ may have state in an LR somewhere */
	       irq->vcpu->cpu != -1) /* VCPU thread is running */
		cond_resched_lock(&irq->irq_lock);

	irq->active = new_active_state;
	if (new_active_state)
		vgic_queue_irq_unlock(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	else
		spin_unlock(&irq->irq_lock);
}

/*
 * If we are fiddling with an IRQ's active state, we have to make sure the IRQ
 * is not queued on some running VCPU's LRs, because then the change to the
 * active state can be overwritten when the VCPU's state is synced coming back
 * from the guest.
 *
 * For shared interrupts, we have to stop all the VCPUs because interrupts can
 * be migrated while we don't hold the IRQ locks and we don't want to be
 * chasing moving targets.
 *
 * For private interrupts, we only have to make sure the single and only VCPU
 * that can potentially queue the IRQ is stopped.
 */
static void vgic_change_active_prepare(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 intid)
{
	if (intid < VGIC_NR_PRIVATE_IRQS)
		kvm_arm_halt_vcpu(vcpu);
	else
		kvm_arm_halt_guest(vcpu->kvm);
}

/* See vgic_change_active_prepare */
static void vgic_change_active_finish(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 intid)
{
	if (intid < VGIC_NR_PRIVATE_IRQS)
		kvm_arm_resume_vcpu(vcpu);
	else
		kvm_arm_resume_guest(vcpu->kvm);
}

void vgic_mmio_write_cactive(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			     gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			     unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	int i;

	vgic_change_active_prepare(vcpu, intid);
	for_each_set_bit(i, &val, len * 8) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);
		vgic_mmio_change_active(vcpu, irq, false);
		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
	vgic_change_active_finish(vcpu, intid);
}

void vgic_mmio_write_sactive(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			     gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			     unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 1);
	int i;

	vgic_change_active_prepare(vcpu, intid);
	for_each_set_bit(i, &val, len * 8) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);
		vgic_mmio_change_active(vcpu, irq, true);
		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
	vgic_change_active_finish(vcpu, intid);
}

unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_priority(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				      gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 8);
	int i;
	u64 val = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		val |= (u64)irq->priority << (i * 8);

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}

	return val;
}

/*
 * We currently don't handle changing the priority of an interrupt that
 * is already pending on a VCPU. If there is a need for this, we would
 * need to make this VCPU exit and re-evaluate the priorities, potentially
 * leading to this interrupt getting presented now to the guest (if it has
 * been masked by the priority mask before).
 */
void vgic_mmio_write_priority(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			      gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			      unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 8);
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);
		/* Narrow the priority range to what we actually support */
		irq->priority = (val >> (i * 8)) & GENMASK(7, 8 - VGIC_PRI_BITS);
		spin_unlock(&irq->irq_lock);

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
}

unsigned long vgic_mmio_read_config(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
				    gpa_t addr, unsigned int len)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 2);
	u32 value = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < len * 4; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);

		if (irq->config == VGIC_CONFIG_EDGE)
			value |= (2U << (i * 2));

		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}

	return value;
}

void vgic_mmio_write_config(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
			    gpa_t addr, unsigned int len,
			    unsigned long val)
{
	u32 intid = VGIC_ADDR_TO_INTID(addr, 2);
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < len * 4; i++) {
		struct vgic_irq *irq;

		/*
		 * The configuration cannot be changed for SGIs in general,
		 * for PPIs this is IMPLEMENTATION DEFINED. The arch timer
		 * code relies on PPIs being level triggered, so we also
		 * make them read-only here.
		 */
		if (intid + i < VGIC_NR_PRIVATE_IRQS)
			continue;

		irq = vgic_get_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu, intid + i);
		spin_lock(&irq->irq_lock);

		if (test_bit(i * 2 + 1, &val)) {
			irq->config = VGIC_CONFIG_EDGE;
		} else {
			irq->config = VGIC_CONFIG_LEVEL;
			irq->pending = irq->line_level | irq->soft_pending;
		}

		spin_unlock(&irq->irq_lock);
		vgic_put_irq(vcpu->kvm, irq);
	}
}

static int match_region(const void *key, const void *elt)
{
	const unsigned int offset = (unsigned long)key;
	const struct vgic_register_region *region = elt;

	if (offset < region->reg_offset)
		return -1;

	if (offset >= region->reg_offset + region->len)
		return 1;

	return 0;
}

/* Find the proper register handler entry given a certain address offset. */
static const struct vgic_register_region *
vgic_find_mmio_region(const struct vgic_register_region *region, int nr_regions,
		      unsigned int offset)
{
	return bsearch((void *)(uintptr_t)offset, region, nr_regions,
		       sizeof(region[0]), match_region);
}

/*
 * kvm_mmio_read_buf() returns a value in a format where it can be converted
 * to a byte array and be directly observed as the guest wanted it to appear
 * in memory if it had done the store itself, which is LE for the GIC, as the
 * guest knows the GIC is always LE.
 *
 * We convert this value to the CPUs native format to deal with it as a data
 * value.
 */
unsigned long vgic_data_mmio_bus_to_host(const void *val, unsigned int len)
{
	unsigned long data = kvm_mmio_read_buf(val, len);

	switch (len) {
	case 1:
		return data;
	case 2:
		return le16_to_cpu(data);
	case 4:
		return le32_to_cpu(data);
	default:
		return le64_to_cpu(data);
	}
}

/*
 * kvm_mmio_write_buf() expects a value in a format such that if converted to
 * a byte array it is observed as the guest would see it if it could perform
 * the load directly.  Since the GIC is LE, and the guest knows this, the
 * guest expects a value in little endian format.
 *
 * We convert the data value from the CPUs native format to LE so that the
 * value is returned in the proper format.
 */
void vgic_data_host_to_mmio_bus(void *buf, unsigned int len,
				unsigned long data)
{
	switch (len) {
	case 1:
		break;
	case 2:
		data = cpu_to_le16(data);
		break;
	case 4:
		data = cpu_to_le32(data);
		break;
	default:
		data = cpu_to_le64(data);
	}

	kvm_mmio_write_buf(buf, len, data);
}

static
struct vgic_io_device *kvm_to_vgic_iodev(const struct kvm_io_device *dev)
{
	return container_of(dev, struct vgic_io_device, dev);
}

static bool check_region(const struct vgic_register_region *region,
			 gpa_t addr, int len)
{
	if ((region->access_flags & VGIC_ACCESS_8bit) && len == 1)
		return true;
	if ((region->access_flags & VGIC_ACCESS_32bit) &&
	    len == sizeof(u32) && !(addr & 3))
		return true;
	if ((region->access_flags & VGIC_ACCESS_64bit) &&
	    len == sizeof(u64) && !(addr & 7))
		return true;

	return false;
}

static int dispatch_mmio_read(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_io_device *dev,
			      gpa_t addr, int len, void *val)
{
	struct vgic_io_device *iodev = kvm_to_vgic_iodev(dev);
	const struct vgic_register_region *region;
	struct kvm_vcpu *r_vcpu;
	unsigned long data;

	region = vgic_find_mmio_region(iodev->regions, iodev->nr_regions,
				       addr - iodev->base_addr);
	if (!region || !check_region(region, addr, len)) {
		memset(val, 0, len);
		return 0;
	}

	r_vcpu = iodev->redist_vcpu ? iodev->redist_vcpu : vcpu;
	data = region->read(r_vcpu, addr, len);
	vgic_data_host_to_mmio_bus(val, len, data);
	return 0;
}

static int dispatch_mmio_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_io_device *dev,
			       gpa_t addr, int len, const void *val)
{
	struct vgic_io_device *iodev = kvm_to_vgic_iodev(dev);
	const struct vgic_register_region *region;
	struct kvm_vcpu *r_vcpu;
	unsigned long data = vgic_data_mmio_bus_to_host(val, len);

	region = vgic_find_mmio_region(iodev->regions, iodev->nr_regions,
				       addr - iodev->base_addr);
	if (!region)
		return 0;

	if (!check_region(region, addr, len))
		return 0;

	r_vcpu = iodev->redist_vcpu ? iodev->redist_vcpu : vcpu;
	region->write(r_vcpu, addr, len, data);
	return 0;
}

struct kvm_io_device_ops kvm_io_gic_ops = {
	.read = dispatch_mmio_read,
	.write = dispatch_mmio_write,
};

int vgic_register_dist_iodev(struct kvm *kvm, gpa_t dist_base_address,
			     enum vgic_type type)
{
	struct vgic_io_device *io_device = &kvm->arch.vgic.dist_iodev;
	int ret = 0;
	unsigned int len;

	switch (type) {
	case VGIC_V2:
		len = vgic_v2_init_dist_iodev(io_device);
		break;
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ARM_VGIC_V3
	case VGIC_V3:
		len = vgic_v3_init_dist_iodev(io_device);
		break;
#endif
	default:
		BUG_ON(1);
	}

	io_device->base_addr = dist_base_address;
	io_device->redist_vcpu = NULL;

	mutex_lock(&kvm->slots_lock);
	ret = kvm_io_bus_register_dev(kvm, KVM_MMIO_BUS, dist_base_address,
				      len, &io_device->dev);
	mutex_unlock(&kvm->slots_lock);

	return ret;
}