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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H
#define _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/sync_core.h>

/*
 * Routines for handling mm_structs
 */
extern struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void);

/**
 * mmgrab() - Pin a &struct mm_struct.
 * @mm: The &struct mm_struct to pin.
 *
 * Make sure that @mm will not get freed even after the owning task
 * exits. This doesn't guarantee that the associated address space
 * will still exist later on and mmget_not_zero() has to be used before
 * accessing it.
 *
 * This is a preferred way to pin @mm for a longer/unbounded amount
 * of time.
 *
 * Use mmdrop() to release the reference acquired by mmgrab().
 *
 * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation
 * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users.
 */
static inline void mmgrab(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count);
}

extern void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm);

static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	/*
	 * The implicit full barrier implied by atomic_dec_and_test() is
	 * required by the membarrier system call before returning to
	 * user-space, after storing to rq->curr.
	 */
	if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count)))
		__mmdrop(mm);
}

/*
 * This has to be called after a get_task_mm()/mmget_not_zero()
 * followed by taking the mmap_lock for writing before modifying the
 * vmas or anything the coredump pretends not to change from under it.
 *
 * It also has to be called when mmgrab() is used in the context of
 * the process, but then the mm_count refcount is transferred outside
 * the context of the process to run down_write() on that pinned mm.
 *
 * NOTE: find_extend_vma() called from GUP context is the only place
 * that can modify the "mm" (notably the vm_start/end) under mmap_lock
 * for reading and outside the context of the process, so it is also
 * the only case that holds the mmap_lock for reading that must call
 * this function. Generally if the mmap_lock is hold for reading
 * there's no need of this check after get_task_mm()/mmget_not_zero().
 *
 * This function can be obsoleted and the check can be removed, after
 * the coredump code will hold the mmap_lock for writing before
 * invoking the ->core_dump methods.
 */
static inline bool mmget_still_valid(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	return likely(!mm->core_state);
}

/**
 * mmget() - Pin the address space associated with a &struct mm_struct.
 * @mm: The address space to pin.
 *
 * Make sure that the address space of the given &struct mm_struct doesn't
 * go away. This does not protect against parts of the address space being
 * modified or freed, however.
 *
 * Never use this function to pin this address space for an
 * unbounded/indefinite amount of time.
 *
 * Use mmput() to release the reference acquired by mmget().
 *
 * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation
 * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users.
 */
static inline void mmget(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
}

static inline bool mmget_not_zero(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	return atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users);
}

/* mmput gets rid of the mappings and all user-space */
extern void mmput(struct mm_struct *);
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
/* same as above but performs the slow path from the async context. Can
 * be called from the atomic context as well
 */
void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *);
#endif

/* Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away */
extern struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task);
/*
 * Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away
 * and ptrace_may_access with the mode parameter passed to it
 * succeeds.
 */
extern struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode);
/* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exit() */
extern void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *);
/* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exec() */
extern void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *);

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
extern void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm);
#else
static inline void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */

#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
extern void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm,
				  struct rlimit *rlim_stack);
extern unsigned long
arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long,
		       unsigned long, unsigned long);
extern unsigned long
arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr,
			  unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff,
			  unsigned long flags);
#else
static inline void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm,
					 struct rlimit *rlim_stack) {}
#endif

static inline bool in_vfork(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	bool ret;

	/*
	 * need RCU to access ->real_parent if CLONE_VM was used along with
	 * CLONE_PARENT.
	 *
	 * We check real_parent->mm == tsk->mm because CLONE_VFORK does not
	 * imply CLONE_VM
	 *
	 * CLONE_VFORK can be used with CLONE_PARENT/CLONE_THREAD and thus
	 * ->real_parent is not necessarily the task doing vfork(), so in
	 * theory we can't rely on task_lock() if we want to dereference it.
	 *
	 * And in this case we can't trust the real_parent->mm == tsk->mm
	 * check, it can be false negative. But we do not care, if init or
	 * another oom-unkillable task does this it should blame itself.
	 */
	rcu_read_lock();
	ret = tsk->vfork_done && tsk->real_parent->mm == tsk->mm;
	rcu_read_unlock();

	return ret;
}

/*
 * Applies per-task gfp context to the given allocation flags.
 * PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO implies GFP_NOIO
 * PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS implies GFP_NOFS
 */
static inline gfp_t current_gfp_context(gfp_t flags)
{
	if (unlikely(current->flags & (PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO | PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS))) {
		/*
		 * NOIO implies both NOIO and NOFS and it is a weaker context
		 * so always make sure it makes precedence
		 */
		if (current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO)
			flags &= ~(__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS);
		else if (current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS)
			flags &= ~__GFP_FS;
	}
	return flags;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
extern void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void);
extern void __fs_reclaim_release(void);
extern void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask);
#else
static inline void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void) { }
static inline void __fs_reclaim_release(void) { }
static inline void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask) { }
static inline void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask) { }
#endif

/**
 * memalloc_noio_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOIO allocation scope.
 *
 * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOIO allocation scope.
 * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_IO flag and so
 * they are safe for the IO critical section from the allocation recursion
 * point of view. Use memalloc_noio_restore to end the scope with flags
 * returned by this function.
 *
 * This function is safe to be used from any context.
 */
static inline unsigned int memalloc_noio_save(void)
{
	unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO;
	current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO;
	return flags;
}

/**
 * memalloc_noio_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope.
 * @flags: Flags to restore.
 *
 * Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope started by memalloc_noio_save function.
 * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the
 * pairing memalloc_noio_save call.
 */
static inline void memalloc_noio_restore(unsigned int flags)
{
	current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) | flags;
}

/**
 * memalloc_nofs_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOFS allocation scope.
 *
 * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOFS allocation scope.
 * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_FS flag and so
 * they are safe for the FS critical section from the allocation recursion
 * point of view. Use memalloc_nofs_restore to end the scope with flags
 * returned by this function.
 *
 * This function is safe to be used from any context.
 */
static inline unsigned int memalloc_nofs_save(void)
{
	unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS;
	current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS;
	return flags;
}

/**
 * memalloc_nofs_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope.
 * @flags: Flags to restore.
 *
 * Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope started by memalloc_nofs_save function.
 * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the
 * pairing memalloc_nofs_save call.
 */
static inline void memalloc_nofs_restore(unsigned int flags)
{
	current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) | flags;
}

static inline unsigned int memalloc_noreclaim_save(void)
{
	unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC;
	current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
	return flags;
}

static inline void memalloc_noreclaim_restore(unsigned int flags)
{
	current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC) | flags;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void)
{
	unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA;

	current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA;
	return flags;
}

static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags)
{
	current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA) | flags;
}
#else
static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags)
{
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
/**
 * memalloc_use_memcg - Starts the remote memcg charging scope.
 * @memcg: memcg to charge.
 *
 * This function marks the beginning of the remote memcg charging scope. All the
 * __GFP_ACCOUNT allocations till the end of the scope will be charged to the
 * given memcg.
 *
 * NOTE: This function is not nesting safe.
 */
static inline void memalloc_use_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
	WARN_ON_ONCE(current->active_memcg);
	current->active_memcg = memcg;
}

/**
 * memalloc_unuse_memcg - Ends the remote memcg charging scope.
 *
 * This function marks the end of the remote memcg charging scope started by
 * memalloc_use_memcg().
 */
static inline void memalloc_unuse_memcg(void)
{
	current->active_memcg = NULL;
}
#else
static inline void memalloc_use_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
}

static inline void memalloc_unuse_memcg(void)
{
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER
enum {
	MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_READY		= (1U << 0),
	MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED			= (1U << 1),
	MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED_READY			= (1U << 2),
	MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED			= (1U << 3),
	MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE_READY	= (1U << 4),
	MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE		= (1U << 5),
};

enum {
	MEMBARRIER_FLAG_SYNC_CORE	= (1U << 0),
};

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS
#include <asm/membarrier.h>
#endif

static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	if (current->mm != mm)
		return;
	if (likely(!(atomic_read(&mm->membarrier_state) &
		     MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE)))
		return;
	sync_core_before_usermode();
}

extern void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm);

#else
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS
static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev,
					     struct mm_struct *next,
					     struct task_struct *tsk)
{
}
#endif
static inline void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
}
static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
}
#endif

#endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H */