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path: root/fs/btrfs/file.c
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License v2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
 * License along with this program; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
 */

#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/statfs.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "ctree.h"
#include "disk-io.h"
#include "transaction.h"
#include "btrfs_inode.h"
#include "ioctl.h"
#include "print-tree.h"
#include "tree-log.h"
#include "locking.h"
#include "compat.h"


/* simple helper to fault in pages and copy.  This should go away
 * and be replaced with calls into generic code.
 */
static noinline int btrfs_copy_from_user(loff_t pos, int num_pages,
					 int write_bytes,
					 struct page **prepared_pages,
					 struct iov_iter *i)
{
	size_t copied = 0;
	int pg = 0;
	int offset = pos & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1);
	int total_copied = 0;

	while (write_bytes > 0) {
		size_t count = min_t(size_t,
				     PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - offset, write_bytes);
		struct page *page = prepared_pages[pg];
		/*
		 * Copy data from userspace to the current page
		 *
		 * Disable pagefault to avoid recursive lock since
		 * the pages are already locked
		 */
		pagefault_disable();
		copied = iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(page, i, offset, count);
		pagefault_enable();

		/* Flush processor's dcache for this page */
		flush_dcache_page(page);
		iov_iter_advance(i, copied);
		write_bytes -= copied;
		total_copied += copied;

		/* Return to btrfs_file_aio_write to fault page */
		if (unlikely(copied == 0)) {
			break;
		}

		if (unlikely(copied < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - offset)) {
			offset += copied;
		} else {
			pg++;
			offset = 0;
		}
	}
	return total_copied;
}

/*
 * unlocks pages after btrfs_file_write is done with them
 */
static noinline void btrfs_drop_pages(struct page **pages, size_t num_pages)
{
	size_t i;
	for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
		if (!pages[i])
			break;
		/* page checked is some magic around finding pages that
		 * have been modified without going through btrfs_set_page_dirty
		 * clear it here
		 */
		ClearPageChecked(pages[i]);
		unlock_page(pages[i]);
		mark_page_accessed(pages[i]);
		page_cache_release(pages[i]);
	}
}

/*
 * after copy_from_user, pages need to be dirtied and we need to make
 * sure holes are created between the current EOF and the start of
 * any next extents (if required).
 *
 * this also makes the decision about creating an inline extent vs
 * doing real data extents, marking pages dirty and delalloc as required.
 */
static noinline int dirty_and_release_pages(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
				   struct btrfs_root *root,
				   struct file *file,
				   struct page **pages,
				   size_t num_pages,
				   loff_t pos,
				   size_t write_bytes)
{
	int err = 0;
	int i;
	struct inode *inode = fdentry(file)->d_inode;
	u64 num_bytes;
	u64 start_pos;
	u64 end_of_last_block;
	u64 end_pos = pos + write_bytes;
	loff_t isize = i_size_read(inode);

	start_pos = pos & ~((u64)root->sectorsize - 1);
	num_bytes = (write_bytes + pos - start_pos +
		    root->sectorsize - 1) & ~((u64)root->sectorsize - 1);

	end_of_last_block = start_pos + num_bytes - 1;
	err = btrfs_set_extent_delalloc(inode, start_pos, end_of_last_block,
					NULL);
	BUG_ON(err);

	for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
		struct page *p = pages[i];
		SetPageUptodate(p);
		ClearPageChecked(p);
		set_page_dirty(p);
	}
	if (end_pos > isize) {
		i_size_write(inode, end_pos);
		/* we've only changed i_size in ram, and we haven't updated
		 * the disk i_size.  There is no need to log the inode
		 * at this time.
		 */
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * this drops all the extents in the cache that intersect the range
 * [start, end].  Existing extents are split as required.
 */
int btrfs_drop_extent_cache(struct inode *inode, u64 start, u64 end,
			    int skip_pinned)
{
	struct extent_map *em;
	struct extent_map *split = NULL;
	struct extent_map *split2 = NULL;
	struct extent_map_tree *em_tree = &BTRFS_I(inode)->extent_tree;
	u64 len = end - start + 1;
	int ret;
	int testend = 1;
	unsigned long flags;
	int compressed = 0;

	WARN_ON(end < start);
	if (end == (u64)-1) {
		len = (u64)-1;
		testend = 0;
	}
	while (1) {
		if (!split)
			split = alloc_extent_map(GFP_NOFS);
		if (!split2)
			split2 = alloc_extent_map(GFP_NOFS);

		write_lock(&em_tree->lock);
		em = lookup_extent_mapping(em_tree, start, len);
		if (!em) {
			write_unlock(&em_tree->lock);
			break;
		}
		flags = em->flags;
		if (skip_pinned && test_bit(EXTENT_FLAG_PINNED, &em->flags)) {
			if (testend && em->start + em->len >= start + len) {
				free_extent_map(em);
				write_unlock(&em_tree->lock);
				break;
			}
			start = em->start + em->len;
			if (testend)
				len = start + len - (em->start + em->len);
			free_extent_map(em);
			write_unlock(&em_tree->lock);
			continue;
		}
		compressed = test_bit(EXTENT_FLAG_COMPRESSED, &em->flags);
		clear_bit(EXTENT_FLAG_PINNED, &em->flags);
		remove_extent_mapping(em_tree, em);

		if (em->block_start < EXTENT_MAP_LAST_BYTE &&
		    em->start < start) {
			split->start = em->start;
			split->len = start - em->start;
			split->orig_start = em->orig_start;
			split->block_start = em->block_start;

			if (compressed)
				split->block_len = em->block_len;
			else
				split->block_len = split->len;

			split->bdev = em->bdev;
			split->flags = flags;
			split->compress_type = em->compress_type;
			ret = add_extent_mapping(em_tree, split);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			free_extent_map(split);
			split = split2;
			split2 = NULL;
		}
		if (em->block_start < EXTENT_MAP_LAST_BYTE &&
		    testend && em->start + em->len > start + len) {
			u64 diff = start + len - em->start;

			split->start = start + len;
			split->len = em->start + em->len - (start + len);
			split->bdev = em->bdev;
			split->flags = flags;
			split->compress_type = em->compress_type;

			if (compressed) {
				split->block_len = em->block_len;
				split->block_start = em->block_start;
				split->orig_start = em->orig_start;
			} else {
				split->block_len = split->len;
				split->block_start = em->block_start + diff;
				split->orig_start = split->start;
			}

			ret = add_extent_mapping(em_tree, split);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			free_extent_map(split);
			split = NULL;
		}
		write_unlock(&em_tree->lock);

		/* once for us */
		free_extent_map(em);
		/* once for the tree*/
		free_extent_map(em);
	}
	if (split)
		free_extent_map(split);
	if (split2)
		free_extent_map(split2);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * this is very complex, but the basic idea is to drop all extents
 * in the range start - end.  hint_block is filled in with a block number
 * that would be a good hint to the block allocator for this file.
 *
 * If an extent intersects the range but is not entirely inside the range
 * it is either truncated or split.  Anything entirely inside the range
 * is deleted from the tree.
 */
int btrfs_drop_extents(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, struct inode *inode,
		       u64 start, u64 end, u64 *hint_byte, int drop_cache)
{
	struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
	struct extent_buffer *leaf;
	struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
	struct btrfs_path *path;
	struct btrfs_key key;
	struct btrfs_key new_key;
	u64 search_start = start;
	u64 disk_bytenr = 0;
	u64 num_bytes = 0;
	u64 extent_offset = 0;
	u64 extent_end = 0;
	int del_nr = 0;
	int del_slot = 0;
	int extent_type;
	int recow;
	int ret;

	if (drop_cache)
		btrfs_drop_extent_cache(inode, start, end - 1, 0);

	path = btrfs_alloc_path();
	if (!path)
		return -ENOMEM;

	while (1) {
		recow = 0;
		ret = btrfs_lookup_file_extent(trans, root, path, inode->i_ino,
					       search_start, -1);
		if (ret < 0)
			break;
		if (ret > 0 && path->slots[0] > 0 && search_start == start) {
			leaf = path->nodes[0];
			btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, path->slots[0] - 1);
			if (key.objectid == inode->i_ino &&
			    key.type == BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
				path->slots[0]--;
		}
		ret = 0;
next_slot:
		leaf = path->nodes[0];
		if (path->slots[0] >= btrfs_header_nritems(leaf)) {
			BUG_ON(del_nr > 0);
			ret = btrfs_next_leaf(root, path);
			if (ret < 0)
				break;
			if (ret > 0) {
				ret = 0;
				break;
			}
			leaf = path->nodes[0];
			recow = 1;
		}

		btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, path->slots[0]);
		if (key.objectid > inode->i_ino ||
		    key.type > BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY || key.offset >= end)
			break;

		fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
				    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
		extent_type = btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi);

		if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
		    extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC) {
			disk_bytenr = btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi);
			num_bytes = btrfs_file_extent_disk_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
			extent_offset = btrfs_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi);
			extent_end = key.offset +
				btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
		} else if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
			extent_end = key.offset +
				btrfs_file_extent_inline_len(leaf, fi);
		} else {
			WARN_ON(1);
			extent_end = search_start;
		}

		if (extent_end <= search_start) {
			path->slots[0]++;
			goto next_slot;
		}

		search_start = max(key.offset, start);
		if (recow) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			continue;
		}

		/*
		 *     | - range to drop - |
		 *  | -------- extent -------- |
		 */
		if (start > key.offset && end < extent_end) {
			BUG_ON(del_nr > 0);
			BUG_ON(extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE);

			memcpy(&new_key, &key, sizeof(new_key));
			new_key.offset = start;
			ret = btrfs_duplicate_item(trans, root, path,
						   &new_key);
			if (ret == -EAGAIN) {
				btrfs_release_path(root, path);
				continue;
			}
			if (ret < 0)
				break;

			leaf = path->nodes[0];
			fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
					    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							start - key.offset);

			fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
					    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);

			extent_offset += start - key.offset;
			btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, extent_offset);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							extent_end - start);
			btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);

			if (disk_bytenr > 0) {
				ret = btrfs_inc_extent_ref(trans, root,
						disk_bytenr, num_bytes, 0,
						root->root_key.objectid,
						new_key.objectid,
						start - extent_offset);
				BUG_ON(ret);
				*hint_byte = disk_bytenr;
			}
			key.offset = start;
		}
		/*
		 *  | ---- range to drop ----- |
		 *      | -------- extent -------- |
		 */
		if (start <= key.offset && end < extent_end) {
			BUG_ON(extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE);

			memcpy(&new_key, &key, sizeof(new_key));
			new_key.offset = end;
			btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, root, path, &new_key);

			extent_offset += end - key.offset;
			btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, extent_offset);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							extent_end - end);
			btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);
			if (disk_bytenr > 0) {
				inode_sub_bytes(inode, end - key.offset);
				*hint_byte = disk_bytenr;
			}
			break;
		}

		search_start = extent_end;
		/*
		 *       | ---- range to drop ----- |
		 *  | -------- extent -------- |
		 */
		if (start > key.offset && end >= extent_end) {
			BUG_ON(del_nr > 0);
			BUG_ON(extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE);

			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							start - key.offset);
			btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);
			if (disk_bytenr > 0) {
				inode_sub_bytes(inode, extent_end - start);
				*hint_byte = disk_bytenr;
			}
			if (end == extent_end)
				break;

			path->slots[0]++;
			goto next_slot;
		}

		/*
		 *  | ---- range to drop ----- |
		 *    | ------ extent ------ |
		 */
		if (start <= key.offset && end >= extent_end) {
			if (del_nr == 0) {
				del_slot = path->slots[0];
				del_nr = 1;
			} else {
				BUG_ON(del_slot + del_nr != path->slots[0]);
				del_nr++;
			}

			if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
				inode_sub_bytes(inode,
						extent_end - key.offset);
				extent_end = ALIGN(extent_end,
						   root->sectorsize);
			} else if (disk_bytenr > 0) {
				ret = btrfs_free_extent(trans, root,
						disk_bytenr, num_bytes, 0,
						root->root_key.objectid,
						key.objectid, key.offset -
						extent_offset);
				BUG_ON(ret);
				inode_sub_bytes(inode,
						extent_end - key.offset);
				*hint_byte = disk_bytenr;
			}

			if (end == extent_end)
				break;

			if (path->slots[0] + 1 < btrfs_header_nritems(leaf)) {
				path->slots[0]++;
				goto next_slot;
			}

			ret = btrfs_del_items(trans, root, path, del_slot,
					      del_nr);
			BUG_ON(ret);

			del_nr = 0;
			del_slot = 0;

			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			continue;
		}

		BUG_ON(1);
	}

	if (del_nr > 0) {
		ret = btrfs_del_items(trans, root, path, del_slot, del_nr);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}

	btrfs_free_path(path);
	return ret;
}

static int extent_mergeable(struct extent_buffer *leaf, int slot,
			    u64 objectid, u64 bytenr, u64 orig_offset,
			    u64 *start, u64 *end)
{
	struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
	struct btrfs_key key;
	u64 extent_end;

	if (slot < 0 || slot >= btrfs_header_nritems(leaf))
		return 0;

	btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, slot);
	if (key.objectid != objectid || key.type != BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
		return 0;

	fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, slot, struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
	if (btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi) != BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
	    btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi) != bytenr ||
	    btrfs_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi) != key.offset - orig_offset ||
	    btrfs_file_extent_compression(leaf, fi) ||
	    btrfs_file_extent_encryption(leaf, fi) ||
	    btrfs_file_extent_other_encoding(leaf, fi))
		return 0;

	extent_end = key.offset + btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
	if ((*start && *start != key.offset) || (*end && *end != extent_end))
		return 0;

	*start = key.offset;
	*end = extent_end;
	return 1;
}

/*
 * Mark extent in the range start - end as written.
 *
 * This changes extent type from 'pre-allocated' to 'regular'. If only
 * part of extent is marked as written, the extent will be split into
 * two or three.
 */
int btrfs_mark_extent_written(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
			      struct inode *inode, u64 start, u64 end)
{
	struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
	struct extent_buffer *leaf;
	struct btrfs_path *path;
	struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
	struct btrfs_key key;
	struct btrfs_key new_key;
	u64 bytenr;
	u64 num_bytes;
	u64 extent_end;
	u64 orig_offset;
	u64 other_start;
	u64 other_end;
	u64 split;
	int del_nr = 0;
	int del_slot = 0;
	int recow;
	int ret;

	btrfs_drop_extent_cache(inode, start, end - 1, 0);

	path = btrfs_alloc_path();
	BUG_ON(!path);
again:
	recow = 0;
	split = start;
	key.objectid = inode->i_ino;
	key.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY;
	key.offset = split;

	ret = btrfs_search_slot(trans, root, &key, path, -1, 1);
	if (ret > 0 && path->slots[0] > 0)
		path->slots[0]--;

	leaf = path->nodes[0];
	btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, path->slots[0]);
	BUG_ON(key.objectid != inode->i_ino ||
	       key.type != BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY);
	fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
			    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
	BUG_ON(btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi) !=
	       BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC);
	extent_end = key.offset + btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
	BUG_ON(key.offset > start || extent_end < end);

	bytenr = btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi);
	num_bytes = btrfs_file_extent_disk_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
	orig_offset = key.offset - btrfs_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi);
	memcpy(&new_key, &key, sizeof(new_key));

	if (start == key.offset && end < extent_end) {
		other_start = 0;
		other_end = start;
		if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
				     inode->i_ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
				     &other_start, &other_end)) {
			new_key.offset = end;
			btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, root, path, &new_key);
			fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
					    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							extent_end - end);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi,
						     end - orig_offset);
			fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
					    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							end - other_start);
			btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);
			goto out;
		}
	}

	if (start > key.offset && end == extent_end) {
		other_start = end;
		other_end = 0;
		if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] + 1,
				     inode->i_ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
				     &other_start, &other_end)) {
			fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
					    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							start - key.offset);
			path->slots[0]++;
			new_key.offset = start;
			btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, root, path, &new_key);

			fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
					    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
							other_end - start);
			btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi,
						     start - orig_offset);
			btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);
			goto out;
		}
	}

	while (start > key.offset || end < extent_end) {
		if (key.offset == start)
			split = end;

		new_key.offset = split;
		ret = btrfs_duplicate_item(trans, root, path, &new_key);
		if (ret == -EAGAIN) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			goto again;
		}
		BUG_ON(ret < 0);

		leaf = path->nodes[0];
		fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
				    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
		btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
						split - key.offset);

		fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
				    struct btrfs_file_extent_item);

		btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, split - orig_offset);
		btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
						extent_end - split);
		btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);

		ret = btrfs_inc_extent_ref(trans, root, bytenr, num_bytes, 0,
					   root->root_key.objectid,
					   inode->i_ino, orig_offset);
		BUG_ON(ret);

		if (split == start) {
			key.offset = start;
		} else {
			BUG_ON(start != key.offset);
			path->slots[0]--;
			extent_end = end;
		}
		recow = 1;
	}

	other_start = end;
	other_end = 0;
	if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] + 1,
			     inode->i_ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
			     &other_start, &other_end)) {
		if (recow) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			goto again;
		}
		extent_end = other_end;
		del_slot = path->slots[0] + 1;
		del_nr++;
		ret = btrfs_free_extent(trans, root, bytenr, num_bytes,
					0, root->root_key.objectid,
					inode->i_ino, orig_offset);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	other_start = 0;
	other_end = start;
	if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
			     inode->i_ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
			     &other_start, &other_end)) {
		if (recow) {
			btrfs_release_path(root, path);
			goto again;
		}
		key.offset = other_start;
		del_slot = path->slots[0];
		del_nr++;
		ret = btrfs_free_extent(trans, root, bytenr, num_bytes,
					0, root->root_key.objectid,
					inode->i_ino, orig_offset);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
	if (del_nr == 0) {
		fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
			   struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
		btrfs_set_file_extent_type(leaf, fi,
					   BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG);
		btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);
	} else {
		fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, del_slot - 1,
			   struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
		btrfs_set_file_extent_type(leaf, fi,
					   BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG);
		btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
						extent_end - key.offset);
		btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(leaf);

		ret = btrfs_del_items(trans, root, path, del_slot, del_nr);
		BUG_ON(ret);
	}
out:
	btrfs_free_path(path);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * this gets pages into the page cache and locks them down, it also properly
 * waits for data=ordered extents to finish before allowing the pages to be
 * modified.
 */
static noinline int prepare_pages(struct btrfs_root *root, struct file *file,
			 struct page **pages, size_t num_pages,
			 loff_t pos, unsigned long first_index,
			 unsigned long last_index, size_t write_bytes)
{
	struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
	int i;
	unsigned long index = pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
	struct inode *inode = fdentry(file)->d_inode;
	int err = 0;
	u64 start_pos;
	u64 last_pos;

	start_pos = pos & ~((u64)root->sectorsize - 1);
	last_pos = ((u64)index + num_pages) << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;

	if (start_pos > inode->i_size) {
		err = btrfs_cont_expand(inode, start_pos);
		if (err)
			return err;
	}

	memset(pages, 0, num_pages * sizeof(struct page *));
again:
	for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
		pages[i] = grab_cache_page(inode->i_mapping, index + i);
		if (!pages[i]) {
			int c;
			for (c = i - 1; c >= 0; c--) {
				unlock_page(pages[c]);
				page_cache_release(pages[c]);
			}
			return -ENOMEM;
		}
		wait_on_page_writeback(pages[i]);
	}
	if (start_pos < inode->i_size) {
		struct btrfs_ordered_extent *ordered;
		lock_extent_bits(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree,
				 start_pos, last_pos - 1, 0, &cached_state,
				 GFP_NOFS);
		ordered = btrfs_lookup_first_ordered_extent(inode,
							    last_pos - 1);
		if (ordered &&
		    ordered->file_offset + ordered->len > start_pos &&
		    ordered->file_offset < last_pos) {
			btrfs_put_ordered_extent(ordered);
			unlock_extent_cached(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree,
					     start_pos, last_pos - 1,
					     &cached_state, GFP_NOFS);
			for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
				unlock_page(pages[i]);
				page_cache_release(pages[i]);
			}
			btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, start_pos,
						 last_pos - start_pos);
			goto again;
		}
		if (ordered)
			btrfs_put_ordered_extent(ordered);

		clear_extent_bit(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, start_pos,
				  last_pos - 1, EXTENT_DIRTY | EXTENT_DELALLOC |
				  EXTENT_DO_ACCOUNTING, 0, 0, &cached_state,
				  GFP_NOFS);
		unlock_extent_cached(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree,
				     start_pos, last_pos - 1, &cached_state,
				     GFP_NOFS);
	}
	for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
		clear_page_dirty_for_io(pages[i]);
		set_page_extent_mapped(pages[i]);
		WARN_ON(!PageLocked(pages[i]));
	}
	return 0;
}

static ssize_t btrfs_file_aio_write(struct kiocb *iocb,
				    const struct iovec *iov,
				    unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
{
	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
	struct inode *inode = fdentry(file)->d_inode;
	struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
	struct page *pinned[2];
	struct page **pages = NULL;
	struct iov_iter i;
	loff_t *ppos = &iocb->ki_pos;
	loff_t start_pos;
	ssize_t num_written = 0;
	ssize_t err = 0;
	size_t count;
	size_t ocount;
	int ret = 0;
	int nrptrs;
	unsigned long first_index;
	unsigned long last_index;
	int will_write;
	int buffered = 0;
	int copied = 0;
	int dirty_pages = 0;

	will_write = ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(inode) ||
		      (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT));

	pinned[0] = NULL;
	pinned[1] = NULL;

	start_pos = pos;

	vfs_check_frozen(inode->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE);

	mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);

	err = generic_segment_checks(iov, &nr_segs, &ocount, VERIFY_READ);
	if (err)
		goto out;
	count = ocount;

	current->backing_dev_info = inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info;
	err = generic_write_checks(file, &pos, &count, S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode));
	if (err)
		goto out;

	if (count == 0)
		goto out;

	err = file_remove_suid(file);
	if (err)
		goto out;

	/*
	 * If BTRFS flips readonly due to some impossible error
	 * (fs_info->fs_state now has BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR),
	 * although we have opened a file as writable, we have
	 * to stop this write operation to ensure FS consistency.
	 */
	if (root->fs_info->fs_state & BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR) {
		err = -EROFS;
		goto out;
	}

	file_update_time(file);
	BTRFS_I(inode)->sequence++;

	if (unlikely(file->f_flags & O_DIRECT)) {
		num_written = generic_file_direct_write(iocb, iov, &nr_segs,
							pos, ppos, count,
							ocount);
		/*
		 * the generic O_DIRECT will update in-memory i_size after the
		 * DIOs are done.  But our endio handlers that update the on
		 * disk i_size never update past the in memory i_size.  So we
		 * need one more update here to catch any additions to the
		 * file
		 */
		if (inode->i_size != BTRFS_I(inode)->disk_i_size) {
			btrfs_ordered_update_i_size(inode, inode->i_size, NULL);
			mark_inode_dirty(inode);
		}

		if (num_written < 0) {
			ret = num_written;
			num_written = 0;
			goto out;
		} else if (num_written == count) {
			/* pick up pos changes done by the generic code */
			pos = *ppos;
			goto out;
		}
		/*
		 * We are going to do buffered for the rest of the range, so we
		 * need to make sure to invalidate the buffered pages when we're
		 * done.
		 */
		buffered = 1;
		pos += num_written;
	}

	iov_iter_init(&i, iov, nr_segs, count, num_written);
	nrptrs = min((iov_iter_count(&i) + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) /
		     PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE /
		     (sizeof(struct page *)));
	pages = kmalloc(nrptrs * sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!pages) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	/* generic_write_checks can change our pos */
	start_pos = pos;

	first_index = pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
	last_index = (pos + iov_iter_count(&i)) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;

	/*
	 * there are lots of better ways to do this, but this code
	 * makes sure the first and last page in the file range are
	 * up to date and ready for cow
	 */
	if ((pos & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1))) {
		pinned[0] = grab_cache_page(inode->i_mapping, first_index);
		if (!PageUptodate(pinned[0])) {
			ret = btrfs_readpage(NULL, pinned[0]);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			wait_on_page_locked(pinned[0]);
		} else {
			unlock_page(pinned[0]);
		}
	}
	if ((pos + iov_iter_count(&i)) & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1)) {
		pinned[1] = grab_cache_page(inode->i_mapping, last_index);
		if (!PageUptodate(pinned[1])) {
			ret = btrfs_readpage(NULL, pinned[1]);
			BUG_ON(ret);
			wait_on_page_locked(pinned[1]);
		} else {
			unlock_page(pinned[1]);
		}
	}

	while (iov_iter_count(&i) > 0) {
		size_t offset = pos & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1);
		size_t write_bytes = min(iov_iter_count(&i),
					 nrptrs * (size_t)PAGE_CACHE_SIZE -
					 offset);
		size_t num_pages = (write_bytes + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >>
					PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;

		WARN_ON(num_pages > nrptrs);
		memset(pages, 0, sizeof(struct page *) * nrptrs);

		/*
		 * Fault pages before locking them in prepare_pages
		 * to avoid recursive lock
		 */
		if (unlikely(iov_iter_fault_in_readable(&i, write_bytes))) {
			ret = -EFAULT;
			goto out;
		}

		ret = btrfs_delalloc_reserve_space(inode,
					num_pages << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
		if (ret)
			goto out;

		ret = prepare_pages(root, file, pages, num_pages,
				    pos, first_index, last_index,
				    write_bytes);
		if (ret) {
			btrfs_delalloc_release_space(inode,
					num_pages << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
			goto out;
		}

		copied = btrfs_copy_from_user(pos, num_pages,
					   write_bytes, pages, &i);
		dirty_pages = (copied + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) >>
					PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;

		if (num_pages > dirty_pages) {
			if (copied > 0)
				atomic_inc(
					&BTRFS_I(inode)->outstanding_extents);
			btrfs_delalloc_release_space(inode,
					(num_pages - dirty_pages) <<
					PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
		}

		if (copied > 0) {
			dirty_and_release_pages(NULL, root, file, pages,
						dirty_pages, pos, copied);
		}

		btrfs_drop_pages(pages, num_pages);

		if (copied > 0) {
			if (will_write) {
				filemap_fdatawrite_range(inode->i_mapping, pos,
							 pos + copied - 1);
			} else {
				balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited_nr(
							inode->i_mapping,
							dirty_pages);
				if (dirty_pages <
				(root->leafsize >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT) + 1)
					btrfs_btree_balance_dirty(root, 1);
				btrfs_throttle(root);
			}
		}

		pos += copied;
		num_written += copied;

		cond_resched();
	}
out:
	mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
	if (ret)
		err = ret;

	kfree(pages);
	if (pinned[0])
		page_cache_release(pinned[0]);
	if (pinned[1])
		page_cache_release(pinned[1]);
	*ppos = pos;

	/*
	 * we want to make sure fsync finds this change
	 * but we haven't joined a transaction running right now.
	 *
	 * Later on, someone is sure to update the inode and get the
	 * real transid recorded.
	 *
	 * We set last_trans now to the fs_info generation + 1,
	 * this will either be one more than the running transaction
	 * or the generation used for the next transaction if there isn't
	 * one running right now.
	 */
	BTRFS_I(inode)->last_trans = root->fs_info->generation + 1;

	if (num_written > 0 && will_write) {
		struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans;

		err = btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, start_pos, num_written);
		if (err)
			num_written = err;

		if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(inode)) {
			trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, 0);
			if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
				num_written = PTR_ERR(trans);
				goto done;
			}
			mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
			ret = btrfs_log_dentry_safe(trans, root,
						    file->f_dentry);
			mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
			if (ret == 0) {
				ret = btrfs_sync_log(trans, root);
				if (ret == 0)
					btrfs_end_transaction(trans, root);
				else
					btrfs_commit_transaction(trans, root);
			} else if (ret != BTRFS_NO_LOG_SYNC) {
				btrfs_commit_transaction(trans, root);
			} else {
				btrfs_end_transaction(trans, root);
			}
		}
		if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT && buffered) {
			invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping,
			      start_pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT,
			     (start_pos + num_written - 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
		}
	}
done:
	current->backing_dev_info = NULL;
	return num_written ? num_written : err;
}

int btrfs_release_file(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
	/*
	 * ordered_data_close is set by settattr when we are about to truncate
	 * a file from a non-zero size to a zero size.  This tries to
	 * flush down new bytes that may have been written if the
	 * application were using truncate to replace a file in place.
	 */
	if (BTRFS_I(inode)->ordered_data_close) {
		BTRFS_I(inode)->ordered_data_close = 0;
		btrfs_add_ordered_operation(NULL, BTRFS_I(inode)->root, inode);
		if (inode->i_size > BTRFS_ORDERED_OPERATIONS_FLUSH_LIMIT)
			filemap_flush(inode->i_mapping);
	}
	if (filp->private_data)
		btrfs_ioctl_trans_end(filp);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * fsync call for both files and directories.  This logs the inode into
 * the tree log instead of forcing full commits whenever possible.
 *
 * It needs to call filemap_fdatawait so that all ordered extent updates are
 * in the metadata btree are up to date for copying to the log.
 *
 * It drops the inode mutex before doing the tree log commit.  This is an
 * important optimization for directories because holding the mutex prevents
 * new operations on the dir while we write to disk.
 */
int btrfs_sync_file(struct file *file, int datasync)
{
	struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
	struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
	struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
	int ret = 0;
	struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans;


	/* we wait first, since the writeback may change the inode */
	root->log_batch++;
	/* the VFS called filemap_fdatawrite for us */
	btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, 0, (u64)-1);
	root->log_batch++;

	/*
	 * check the transaction that last modified this inode
	 * and see if its already been committed
	 */
	if (!BTRFS_I(inode)->last_trans)
		goto out;

	/*
	 * if the last transaction that changed this file was before
	 * the current transaction, we can bail out now without any
	 * syncing
	 */
	mutex_lock(&root->fs_info->trans_mutex);
	if (BTRFS_I(inode)->last_trans <=
	    root->fs_info->last_trans_committed) {
		BTRFS_I(inode)->last_trans = 0;
		mutex_unlock(&root->fs_info->trans_mutex);
		goto out;
	}
	mutex_unlock(&root->fs_info->trans_mutex);

	/*
	 * ok we haven't committed the transaction yet, lets do a commit
	 */
	if (file->private_data)
		btrfs_ioctl_trans_end(file);

	trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, 0);
	if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(trans);
		goto out;
	}

	ret = btrfs_log_dentry_safe(trans, root, dentry);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out;

	/* we've logged all the items and now have a consistent
	 * version of the file in the log.  It is possible that
	 * someone will come in and modify the file, but that's
	 * fine because the log is consistent on disk, and we
	 * have references to all of the file's extents
	 *
	 * It is possible that someone will come in and log the
	 * file again, but that will end up using the synchronization
	 * inside btrfs_sync_log to keep things safe.
	 */
	mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);

	if (ret != BTRFS_NO_LOG_SYNC) {
		if (ret > 0) {
			ret = btrfs_commit_transaction(trans, root);
		} else {
			ret = btrfs_sync_log(trans, root);
			if (ret == 0)
				ret = btrfs_end_transaction(trans, root);
			else
				ret = btrfs_commit_transaction(trans, root);
		}
	} else {
		ret = btrfs_end_transaction(trans, root);
	}
	mutex_lock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
out:
	return ret > 0 ? -EIO : ret;
}

static const struct vm_operations_struct btrfs_file_vm_ops = {
	.fault		= filemap_fault,
	.page_mkwrite	= btrfs_page_mkwrite,
};

static int btrfs_file_mmap(struct file	*filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;

	if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage)
		return -ENOEXEC;

	file_accessed(filp);
	vma->vm_ops = &btrfs_file_vm_ops;
	vma->vm_flags |= VM_CAN_NONLINEAR;

	return 0;
}

const struct file_operations btrfs_file_operations = {
	.llseek		= generic_file_llseek,
	.read		= do_sync_read,
	.write		= do_sync_write,
	.aio_read       = generic_file_aio_read,
	.splice_read	= generic_file_splice_read,
	.aio_write	= btrfs_file_aio_write,
	.mmap		= btrfs_file_mmap,
	.open		= generic_file_open,
	.release	= btrfs_release_file,
	.fsync		= btrfs_sync_file,
	.unlocked_ioctl	= btrfs_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	.compat_ioctl	= btrfs_ioctl,
#endif
};