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ARM Virtual Interrupt Translation Service (ITS)
===============================================

Device types supported:
  KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_VGIC_ITS    ARM Interrupt Translation Service Controller

The ITS allows MSI(-X) interrupts to be injected into guests. This extension is
optional.  Creating a virtual ITS controller also requires a host GICv3 (see
arm-vgic-v3.txt), but does not depend on having physical ITS controllers.

There can be multiple ITS controllers per guest, each of them has to have
a separate, non-overlapping MMIO region.


Groups:
  KVM_DEV_ARM_VGIC_GRP_ADDR
  Attributes:
    KVM_VGIC_ITS_ADDR_TYPE (rw, 64-bit)
      Base address in the guest physical address space of the GICv3 ITS
      control register frame.
      This address needs to be 64K aligned and the region covers 128K.
  Errors:
    -E2BIG:  Address outside of addressable IPA range
    -EINVAL: Incorrectly aligned address
    -EEXIST: Address already configured
    -EFAULT: Invalid user pointer for attr->addr.
    -ENODEV: Incorrect attribute or the ITS is not supported.


  KVM_DEV_ARM_VGIC_GRP_CTRL
  Attributes:
    KVM_DEV_ARM_VGIC_CTRL_INIT
      request the initialization of the ITS, no additional parameter in
      kvm_device_attr.addr.

    KVM_DEV_ARM_ITS_CTRL_RESET
      reset the ITS, no additional parameter in kvm_device_attr.addr.
      See "ITS Reset State" section.

    KVM_DEV_ARM_ITS_SAVE_TABLES
      save the ITS table data into guest RAM, at the location provisioned
      by the guest in corresponding registers/table entries.

      The layout of the tables in guest memory defines an ABI. The entries
      are laid out in little endian format as described in the last paragraph.

    KVM_DEV_ARM_ITS_RESTORE_TABLES
      restore the ITS tables from guest RAM to ITS internal structures.

      The GICV3 must be restored before the ITS and all ITS registers but
      the GITS_CTLR must be restored before restoring the ITS tables.

      The GITS_IIDR read-only register must also be restored before
      calling KVM_DEV_ARM_ITS_RESTORE_TABLES as the IIDR revision field
      encodes the ABI revision.

      The expected ordering when restoring the GICv3/ITS is described in section
      "ITS Restore Sequence".

  Errors:
    -ENXIO:  ITS not properly configured as required prior to setting
             this attribute
    -ENOMEM: Memory shortage when allocating ITS internal data
    -EINVAL: Inconsistent restored data
    -EFAULT: Invalid guest ram access
    -EBUSY:  One or more VCPUS are running
    -EACCES: The virtual ITS is backed by a physical GICv4 ITS, and the
	     state is not available

  KVM_DEV_ARM_VGIC_GRP_ITS_REGS
  Attributes:
      The attr field of kvm_device_attr encodes the offset of the
      ITS register, relative to the ITS control frame base address
      (ITS_base).

      kvm_device_attr.addr points to a __u64 value whatever the width
      of the addressed register (32/64 bits). 64 bit registers can only
      be accessed with full length.

      Writes to read-only registers are ignored by the kernel except for:
      - GITS_CREADR. It must be restored otherwise commands in the queue
        will be re-executed after restoring CWRITER. GITS_CREADR must be
        restored before restoring the GITS_CTLR which is likely to enable the
        ITS. Also it must be restored after GITS_CBASER since a write to
        GITS_CBASER resets GITS_CREADR.
      - GITS_IIDR. The Revision field encodes the table layout ABI revision.
        In the future we might implement direct injection of virtual LPIs.
        This will require an upgrade of the table layout and an evolution of
        the ABI. GITS_IIDR must be restored before calling
        KVM_DEV_ARM_ITS_RESTORE_TABLES.

      For other registers, getting or setting a register has the same
      effect as reading/writing the register on real hardware.
  Errors:
    -ENXIO: Offset does not correspond to any supported register
    -EFAULT: Invalid user pointer for attr->addr
    -EINVAL: Offset is not 64-bit aligned
    -EBUSY: one or more VCPUS are running

 ITS Restore Sequence:
 -------------------------

The following ordering must be followed when restoring the GIC and the ITS:
a) restore all guest memory and create vcpus
b) restore all redistributors
c) provide the ITS base address
   (KVM_DEV_ARM_VGIC_GRP_ADDR)
d) restore the ITS in the following order:
   1. Restore GITS_CBASER
   2. Restore all other GITS_ registers, except GITS_CTLR!
   3. Load the ITS table data (KVM_DEV_ARM_ITS_RESTORE_TABLES)
   4. Restore GITS_CTLR

Then vcpus can be started.

 ITS Table ABI REV0:
 -------------------

 Revision 0 of the ABI only supports the features of a virtual GICv3, and does
 not support a virtual GICv4 with support for direct injection of virtual
 interrupts for nested hypervisors.

 The device table and ITT are indexed by the DeviceID and EventID,
 respectively. The collection table is not indexed by CollectionID, and the
 entries in the collection are listed in no particular order.
 All entries are 8 bytes.

 Device Table Entry (DTE):

 bits:     | 63| 62 ... 49 | 48 ... 5 | 4 ... 0 |
 values:   | V |   next    | ITT_addr |  Size   |

 where;
 - V indicates whether the entry is valid. If not, other fields
   are not meaningful.
 - next: equals to 0 if this entry is the last one; otherwise it
   corresponds to the DeviceID offset to the next DTE, capped by
   2^14 -1.
 - ITT_addr matches bits [51:8] of the ITT address (256 Byte aligned).
 - Size specifies the supported number of bits for the EventID,
   minus one

 Collection Table Entry (CTE):

 bits:     | 63| 62 ..  52  | 51 ... 16 | 15  ...   0 |
 values:   | V |    RES0    |  RDBase   |    ICID     |

 where:
 - V indicates whether the entry is valid. If not, other fields are
   not meaningful.
 - RES0: reserved field with Should-Be-Zero-or-Preserved behavior.
 - RDBase is the PE number (GICR_TYPER.Processor_Number semantic),
 - ICID is the collection ID

 Interrupt Translation Entry (ITE):

 bits:     | 63 ... 48 | 47 ... 16 | 15 ... 0 |
 values:   |    next   |   pINTID  |  ICID    |

 where:
 - next: equals to 0 if this entry is the last one; otherwise it corresponds
   to the EventID offset to the next ITE capped by 2^16 -1.
 - pINTID is the physical LPI ID; if zero, it means the entry is not valid
   and other fields are not meaningful.
 - ICID is the collection ID

 ITS Reset State:
 ----------------

RESET returns the ITS to the same state that it was when first created and
initialized. When the RESET command returns, the following things are
guaranteed:

- The ITS is not enabled and quiescent
  GITS_CTLR.Enabled = 0 .Quiescent=1
- There is no internally cached state
- No collection or device table are used
  GITS_BASER<n>.Valid = 0
- GITS_CBASER = 0, GITS_CREADR = 0, GITS_CWRITER = 0
- The ABI version is unchanged and remains the one set when the ITS
  device was first created.