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2020-01-16initramfs: refactor the initramfs build rulesMasahiro Yamada
Currently, usr/gen_initramfs.sh takes care of all the use-cases: [1] generates a cpio file unless CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE points to a single cpio archive [2] If CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE is the path to a cpio archive, use it as-is. [3] Compress the cpio file according to CONFIG_INITRAMFS_COMPRESSION_* unless it is passed a compressed archive. To simplify the script, move [2] and [3] to usr/Makefile. If CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE is the path to a cpio archive, there is no need to run this shell script. For the cpio archive compression, you can re-use the rules from scripts/Makefile.lib . Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
2018-08-22export.h: remove VMLINUX_SYMBOL() and VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR()Masahiro Yamada
With the special case handling for Blackfin and Metag was removed by commit 94e58e0ac312 ("export.h: remove code for prefixing symbols with underscore"), VMLINUX_SYMBOL() is no-op. Replace the remaining usages, then remove the definition of VMLINUX_SYMBOL() and VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(). Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2018-03-26kbuild: rename built-in.o to built-in.aNicholas Piggin
Incremental linking is gone, so rename built-in.o to built-in.a, which is the usual extension for archive files. This patch does two things, first is a simple search/replace: git grep -l 'built-in\.o' | xargs sed -i 's/built-in\.o/built-in\.a/g' The second is to invert nesting of nested text manipulations to avoid filtering built-in.a out from libs-y2: -libs-y2 := $(filter-out %.a, $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(libs-y))) +libs-y2 := $(patsubst %/, %/built-in.a, $(filter-out %.a, $(libs-y))) Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2010-12-01initramfs: Really fix build break on symbol-prefixed archsHendrik Brueckner
Define the __initramfs_size variable using VMLINUX_SYMBOL() to take care of symbol-prefixed architectures, for example, blackfin. Signed-off-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier.adi@gmail.com> Cc: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com>, Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> [mmarek: leave out Makefile change, since d63f6d1 already takes care of the SYMBOL_PREFIX define] Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
2010-10-31initramfs: Fix initramfs size for 32-bit archesGeert Uytterhoeven
Commit ffe8018c3424 ("initramfs: fix initramfs size calculation") broke 32-bit big-endian arches like (on ARAnyM): VFS: Cannot open root device "hda1" or unknown-block(3,1) Please append a correct "root=" boot option; here are the available partitions: fe80 1059408 nfhd8 (driver?) fe81 921600 nfhd8p1 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000nfhd8p1 fe82 137807 nfhd8p2 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000nfhd8p2 0200 3280 fd0 (driver?) 0201 3280 fd1 (driver?) 0300 1059408 hda driver: ide-gd 0301 921600 hda1 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000hda1 0302 137807 hda2 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000hda2 Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(3,1) As pointed out by Kerstin Jonsson <kerstin.jonsson@ericsson.com>, this is due to CONFIG_32BIT not being defined, so the initramfs size field is done as a 64-bit quad. On little-endian (like x86) this doesn matter, but on a big-endian machine the 32-bit reads will see the (zero) high bits. Only mips, s390, and score set CONFIG_32BIT for 32-bit builds, so fix it for all other 32-bit arches by inverting the logic and testing for CONFIG_64BIT, which should be defined on all 64-bit arches. Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [ I think we should just make it "u64" on all architectures and get rid of the whole #ifdef CONFIG_xxBIT - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-09-29initramfs: fix initramfs size calculationHendrik Brueckner
The size of a built-in initramfs is calculated in init/initramfs.c by "__initramfs_end - __initramfs_start". Those symbols are defined in the linker script include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h: #define INIT_RAM_FS \ . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); \ VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__initramfs_start) = .; \ *(.init.ramfs) \ VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__initramfs_end) = .; If the initramfs file has an odd number of bytes, the "__initramfs_end" symbol points to an odd address, for example, the symbols in the System.map might look like: 0000000000572000 T __initramfs_start 00000000005bcd05 T __initramfs_end <-- odd address At least on s390 this causes a problem: Certain s390 instructions, especially instructions for loading addresses (larl) or branch addresses must be on even addresses. The compiler loads the symbol addresses with the "larl" instruction. This instruction sets the last bit to 0 and, therefore, for odd size files, the calculated size is one byte less than it should be: 0000000000540a9c <populate_rootfs>: 540a9c: eb cf f0 78 00 24 stmg %r12,%r15,120(%r15), 540aa2: c0 10 00 01 8a af larl %r1,572000 <__initramfs_start> 540aa8: c0 c0 00 03 e1 2e larl %r12,5bcd04 <initramfs_end> (Instead of 5bcd05) ... 540abe: 1b c1 sr %r12,%r1 To fix the problem, this patch introduces the global variable __initramfs_size, which is calculated in the "usr/initramfs_data.S" file. The populate_rootfs() function can then use the start marker of the .init.ramfs section and the value of __initramfs_size for loading the initramfs. Because the start marker and size is sufficient, the __initramfs_end symbol is no longer needed and is removed. Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Acked-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Acked-by: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
2010-09-29initramfs: generalize initramfs_data.xxx.S variantsHendrik Brueckner
Remove initramfs_data.{lzo,lzma,gz,bz2}.S variants and use a common implementation in initramfs_data.S. The common implementation expects the file name of the initramfs to be defined in INITRAMFS_IMAGE. Change the Makefile to set the INITRAMFS_IMAGE define symbol according to the selected compression method. Signed-off-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Acked-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Acked-by: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
2009-01-07bzip2/lzma: fix built-in initramfs vs CONFIG_RD_GZIPAlain Knaff
Impact: Resolves build failures in some configurations Makes it possible to disable CONFIG_RD_GZIP . In that case, the built-in initramfs will be compressed by whatever compressor is available (bzip2 or lzma) or left uncompressed if none is available. It also removes a couple of warnings which occur when no ramdisk compression at all is chosen. It also restores the select ZLIB_INFLATE in drivers/block/Kconfig which somehow came missing. This is needed to activate compilation of the stuff in zlib_deflate. Signed-off-by: Alain Knaff <alain@knaff.lu> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!