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2017-02-03module: unify absolute krctab definitions for 32-bit and 64-bitArd Biesheuvel
The previous patch introduced a separate inline asm version of the krcrctab declaration template for use with 64-bit architectures, which cannot refer to ELF symbols using 32-bit quantities. This declaration should be equivalent to the C one for 32-bit architectures, but just in case - unify them in a separate patch, which can simply be dropped if it turns out to break anything. Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-02-03modversions: treat symbol CRCs as 32 bit quantitiesArd Biesheuvel
The modversion symbol CRCs are emitted as ELF symbols, which allows us to easily populate the kcrctab sections by relying on the linker to associate each kcrctab slot with the correct value. This has a couple of downsides: - Given that the CRCs are treated as memory addresses, we waste 4 bytes for each CRC on 64 bit architectures, - On architectures that support runtime relocation, a R_<arch>_RELATIVE relocation entry is emitted for each CRC value, which identifies it as a quantity that requires fixing up based on the actual runtime load offset of the kernel. This results in corrupted CRCs unless we explicitly undo the fixup (and this is currently being handled in the core module code) - Such runtime relocation entries take up 24 bytes of __init space each, resulting in a x8 overhead in [uncompressed] kernel size for CRCs. Switching to explicit 32 bit values on 64 bit architectures fixes most of these issues, given that 32 bit values are not treated as quantities that require fixing up based on the actual runtime load offset. Note that on some ELF64 architectures [such as PPC64], these 32-bit values are still emitted as [absolute] runtime relocatable quantities, even if the value resolves to a build time constant. Since relative relocations are always resolved at build time, this patch enables MODULE_REL_CRCS on powerpc when CONFIG_RELOCATABLE=y, which turns the absolute CRC references into relative references into .rodata where the actual CRC value is stored. So redefine all CRC fields and variables as u32, and redefine the __CRC_SYMBOL() macro for 64 bit builds to emit the CRC reference using inline assembler (which is necessary since 64-bit C code cannot use 32-bit types to hold memory addresses, even if they are ultimately resolved using values that do not exceed 0xffffffff). To avoid potential problems with legacy 32-bit architectures using legacy toolchains, the equivalent C definition of the kcrctab entry is retained for 32-bit architectures. Note that this mostly reverts commit d4703aefdbc8 ("module: handle ppc64 relocating kcrctabs when CONFIG_RELOCATABLE=y") Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-10-14Merge branch 'kbuild' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild Pull kbuild updates from Michal Marek: - EXPORT_SYMBOL for asm source by Al Viro. This does bring a regression, because genksyms no longer generates checksums for these symbols (CONFIG_MODVERSIONS). Nick Piggin is working on a patch to fix this. Plus, we are talking about functions like strcpy(), which rarely change prototypes. - Fixes for PPC fallout of the above by Stephen Rothwell and Nick Piggin - fixdep speedup by Alexey Dobriyan. - preparatory work by Nick Piggin to allow architectures to build with -ffunction-sections, -fdata-sections and --gc-sections - CONFIG_THIN_ARCHIVES support by Stephen Rothwell - fix for filenames with colons in the initramfs source by me. * 'kbuild' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild: (22 commits) initramfs: Escape colons in depfile ppc: there is no clear_pages to export powerpc/64: whitelist unresolved modversions CRCs kbuild: -ffunction-sections fix for archs with conflicting sections kbuild: add arch specific post-link Makefile kbuild: allow archs to select link dead code/data elimination kbuild: allow architectures to use thin archives instead of ld -r kbuild: Regenerate genksyms lexer kbuild: genksyms fix for typeof handling fixdep: faster CONFIG_ search ia64: move exports to definitions sparc32: debride memcpy.S a bit [sparc] unify 32bit and 64bit string.h sparc: move exports to definitions ppc: move exports to definitions arm: move exports to definitions s390: move exports to definitions m68k: move exports to definitions alpha: move exports to actual definitions x86: move exports to actual definitions ...
2016-10-11treewide: remove redundant #include <linux/kconfig.h>Masahiro Yamada
Kernel source files need not include <linux/kconfig.h> explicitly because the top Makefile forces to include it with: -include $(srctree)/include/linux/kconfig.h This commit removes explicit includes except the following: * arch/s390/include/asm/facilities_src.h * tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/kernel.h These two are used for host programs. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1473656164-11929-1-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-09-09kbuild: allow archs to select link dead code/data eliminationNicholas Piggin
Introduce LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION option for architectures to select to build with -ffunction-sections, -fdata-sections, and link with --gc-sections. It requires some work (documented) to ensure all unreferenced entrypoints are live, and requires toolchain and build verification, so it is made a per-arch option for now. On a random powerpc64le build, this yelds a significant size saving, it boots and runs fine, but there is a lot I haven't tested as yet, so these savings may be reduced if there are bugs in the link. text data bss dec filename 11169741 1180744 1923176 14273661 vmlinux 10445269 1004127 1919707 13369103 vmlinux.dce ~700K text, ~170K data, 6% removed from kernel image size. Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
2016-06-20export.h: use __is_defined() to check if __KSYM_* is definedMasahiro Yamada
Here the need is for a macro that checks whether the given symbol is defined or not, which has nothing to do with config. The new macro __is_defined() is a better fit for this case. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
2016-03-29kbuild: add fine grained build dependencies for exported symbolsNicolas Pitre
Like with kconfig options, we now have the ability to compile in and out individual EXPORT_SYMBOL() declarations based on the content of include/generated/autoksyms.h. However we don't want the entire world to be rebuilt whenever that file is touched. Let's apply the same build dependency trick used for CONFIG_* symbols where the time stamp of empty files whose paths matching those symbols is used to trigger fine grained rebuilds. In our case the key is the symbol name passed to EXPORT_SYMBOL(). However, unlike config options, we cannot just use fixdep to parse the source code for EXPORT_SYMBOL(ksym) because several variants exist and parsing them all in a separate tool, and keeping it in synch, is not trivially maintainable. Furthermore, there are variants such as EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_user_read_config_##size); that are instanciated via a macro for which we can't easily determine the actual exported symbol name(s) short of actually running the preprocessor on them. Storing the symbol name string in a special ELF section doesn't work for targets that output assembly or preprocessed source. So the best way is really to leverage the preprocessor by having it output actual symbol names anchored by a special sequence that can be easily filtered out. Then the list of symbols is simply fed to fixdep to be merged with the other dependencies. That implies the preprocessor is executed twice for each source file. A previous attempt relied on a warning pragma for each EXPORT_SYMBOL() instance that was filtered apart from stderr by the build system with a sed script during the actual compilation pass. Unfortunately the preprocessor/compiler diagnostic output isn't stable between versions and this solution, although more efficient, was deemed too fragile. Because of the lowercasing performed by fixdep, there might be name collisions triggering spurious rebuilds for similar symbols. But this shouldn't be a big issue in practice. (This is the case for CONFIG_* symbols and I didn't want to be different here, whatever the original reason for doing so.) To avoid needless build overhead, the exported symbol name gathering is performed only when CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS is selected. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2016-03-29export.h: allow for per-symbol configurable EXPORT_SYMBOL()Nicolas Pitre
Similar to include/generated/autoconf.h, include/generated/autoksyms.h will contain a list of defines for each EXPORT_SYMBOL() that we want active. The format is: #define __KSYM_<symbol_name> 1 This list will be auto-generated with another patch. For now we only include the preprocessor magic to automatically create or omit the corresponding struct kernel_symbol declaration. Given the content of include/generated/autoksyms.h may not be known in advance, an empty file is created early on to let the build proceed. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2014-01-16export: declare ksymtab symbolsJohannes Berg
sparse complains about any __ksymtab symbols with the following: warning: symbol '__ksymtab_...' was not declared. Should it be static? due to Andi's patch making it non-static. Mollify sparse by declaring the symbol extern, otherwise we get drowned in sparse warnings for anything that uses EXPORT_SYMBOL in the sources, making it easy to miss real warnings. Fixes: e0f244c63fc9 ("asmlinkage, module: Make ksymtab [...] __visible") Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2013-10-29asmlinkage, module: Make ksymtab and kcrctab symbols and __this_module __visibleAndi Kleen
Make the ksymtab symbols for EXPORT_SYMBOL visible. This prevents the LTO compiler from adding a .NUMBER prefix, which avoids various problems in later export processing. Cc: rusty@rustcorp.com.au Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2013-03-15CONFIG_SYMBOL_PREFIX: cleanup.Rusty Russell
We have CONFIG_SYMBOL_PREFIX, which three archs define to the string "_". But Al Viro broke this in "consolidate cond_syscall and SYSCALL_ALIAS declarations" (in linux-next), and he's not the first to do so. Using CONFIG_SYMBOL_PREFIX is awkward, since we usually just want to prefix it so something. So various places define helpers which are defined to nothing if CONFIG_SYMBOL_PREFIX isn't set: 1) include/asm-generic/unistd.h defines __SYMBOL_PREFIX. 2) include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h defines VMLINUX_SYMBOL(sym) 3) include/linux/export.h defines MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX. 4) include/linux/kernel.h defines SYMBOL_PREFIX (which differs from #7) 5) kernel/modsign_certificate.S defines ASM_SYMBOL(sym) 6) scripts/modpost.c defines MODULE_SYMBOL_PREFIX 7) scripts/Makefile.lib defines SYMBOL_PREFIX on the commandline if CONFIG_SYMBOL_PREFIX is set, so that we have a non-string version for pasting. (arch/h8300/include/asm/linkage.h defines SYMBOL_NAME(), too). Let's solve this properly: 1) No more generic prefix, just CONFIG_HAVE_UNDERSCORE_SYMBOL_PREFIX. 2) Make linux/export.h usable from asm. 3) Define VMLINUX_SYMBOL() and VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(). 4) Make everyone use them. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Reviewed-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Tested-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> (metag)
2011-10-31module.h: split out the EXPORT_SYMBOL into export.hPaul Gortmaker
A lot of files pull in module.h when all they are really looking for is the basic EXPORT_SYMBOL functionality. The recent data from Ingo[1] shows that this is one of several instances that has a significant impact on compile times, and it should be targeted for factoring out (as done here). Note that several commonly used header files in include/* directly include <linux/module.h> themselves (some 34 of them!) The most commonly used ones of these will have to be made independent of module.h before the full benefit of this change can be realized. We also transition THIS_MODULE from module.h to export.h, since there are lots of files with subsystem structs that in turn will have a struct module *owner and only be doing: .owner = THIS_MODULE; and absolutely nothing else modular. So, we also want to have the THIS_MODULE definition present in the lightweight header. [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/5/23/76 Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>