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-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/cpustat_kern.c281
1 files changed, 281 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/cpustat_kern.c b/samples/bpf/cpustat_kern.c
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+++ b/samples/bpf/cpustat_kern.c
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+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+
+/*
+ * The CPU number, cstate number and pstate number are based
+ * on 96boards Hikey with octa CA53 CPUs.
+ *
+ * Every CPU have three idle states for cstate:
+ * WFI, CPU_OFF, CLUSTER_OFF
+ *
+ * Every CPU have 5 operating points:
+ * 208MHz, 432MHz, 729MHz, 960MHz, 1200MHz
+ *
+ * This code is based on these assumption and other platforms
+ * need to adjust these definitions.
+ */
+#define MAX_CPU 8
+#define MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES 5
+#define MAX_CSTATE_ENTRIES 3
+
+static int cpu_opps[] = { 208000, 432000, 729000, 960000, 1200000 };
+
+/*
+ * my_map structure is used to record cstate and pstate index and
+ * timestamp (Idx, Ts), when new event incoming we need to update
+ * combination for new state index and timestamp (Idx`, Ts`).
+ *
+ * Based on (Idx, Ts) and (Idx`, Ts`) we can calculate the time
+ * interval for the previous state: Duration(Idx) = Ts` - Ts.
+ *
+ * Every CPU has one below array for recording state index and
+ * timestamp, and record for cstate and pstate saperately:
+ *
+ * +--------------------------+
+ * | cstate timestamp |
+ * +--------------------------+
+ * | cstate index |
+ * +--------------------------+
+ * | pstate timestamp |
+ * +--------------------------+
+ * | pstate index |
+ * +--------------------------+
+ */
+#define MAP_OFF_CSTATE_TIME 0
+#define MAP_OFF_CSTATE_IDX 1
+#define MAP_OFF_PSTATE_TIME 2
+#define MAP_OFF_PSTATE_IDX 3
+#define MAP_OFF_NUM 4
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") my_map = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+ .key_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .value_size = sizeof(u64),
+ .max_entries = MAX_CPU * MAP_OFF_NUM,
+};
+
+/* cstate_duration records duration time for every idle state per CPU */
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") cstate_duration = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+ .key_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .value_size = sizeof(u64),
+ .max_entries = MAX_CPU * MAX_CSTATE_ENTRIES,
+};
+
+/* pstate_duration records duration time for every operating point per CPU */
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") pstate_duration = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+ .key_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .value_size = sizeof(u64),
+ .max_entries = MAX_CPU * MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES,
+};
+
+/*
+ * The trace events for cpu_idle and cpu_frequency are taken from:
+ * /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/power/cpu_idle/format
+ * /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/power/cpu_frequency/format
+ *
+ * These two events have same format, so define one common structure.
+ */
+struct cpu_args {
+ u64 pad;
+ u32 state;
+ u32 cpu_id;
+};
+
+/* calculate pstate index, returns MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES for failure */
+static u32 find_cpu_pstate_idx(u32 frequency)
+{
+ u32 i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sizeof(cpu_opps) / sizeof(u32); i++) {
+ if (frequency == cpu_opps[i])
+ return i;
+ }
+
+ return i;
+}
+
+SEC("tracepoint/power/cpu_idle")
+int bpf_prog1(struct cpu_args *ctx)
+{
+ u64 *cts, *pts, *cstate, *pstate, prev_state, cur_ts, delta;
+ u32 key, cpu, pstate_idx;
+ u64 *val;
+
+ if (ctx->cpu_id > MAX_CPU)
+ return 0;
+
+ cpu = ctx->cpu_id;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_CSTATE_TIME;
+ cts = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!cts)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_CSTATE_IDX;
+ cstate = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!cstate)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_PSTATE_TIME;
+ pts = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!pts)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_PSTATE_IDX;
+ pstate = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!pstate)
+ return 0;
+
+ prev_state = *cstate;
+ *cstate = ctx->state;
+
+ if (!*cts) {
+ *cts = bpf_ktime_get_ns();
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ cur_ts = bpf_ktime_get_ns();
+ delta = cur_ts - *cts;
+ *cts = cur_ts;
+
+ /*
+ * When state doesn't equal to (u32)-1, the cpu will enter
+ * one idle state; for this case we need to record interval
+ * for the pstate.
+ *
+ * OPP2
+ * +---------------------+
+ * OPP1 | |
+ * ---------+ |
+ * | Idle state
+ * +---------------
+ *
+ * |<- pstate duration ->|
+ * ^ ^
+ * pts cur_ts
+ */
+ if (ctx->state != (u32)-1) {
+
+ /* record pstate after have first cpu_frequency event */
+ if (!*pts)
+ return 0;
+
+ delta = cur_ts - *pts;
+
+ pstate_idx = find_cpu_pstate_idx(*pstate);
+ if (pstate_idx >= MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES + pstate_idx;
+ val = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&pstate_duration, &key);
+ if (val)
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((long *)val, delta);
+
+ /*
+ * When state equal to (u32)-1, the cpu just exits from one
+ * specific idle state; for this case we need to record
+ * interval for the pstate.
+ *
+ * OPP2
+ * -----------+
+ * | OPP1
+ * | +-----------
+ * | Idle state |
+ * +---------------------+
+ *
+ * |<- cstate duration ->|
+ * ^ ^
+ * cts cur_ts
+ */
+ } else {
+
+ key = cpu * MAX_CSTATE_ENTRIES + prev_state;
+ val = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&cstate_duration, &key);
+ if (val)
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((long *)val, delta);
+ }
+
+ /* Update timestamp for pstate as new start time */
+ if (*pts)
+ *pts = cur_ts;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+SEC("tracepoint/power/cpu_frequency")
+int bpf_prog2(struct cpu_args *ctx)
+{
+ u64 *pts, *cstate, *pstate, prev_state, cur_ts, delta;
+ u32 key, cpu, pstate_idx;
+ u64 *val;
+
+ cpu = ctx->cpu_id;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_PSTATE_TIME;
+ pts = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!pts)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_PSTATE_IDX;
+ pstate = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!pstate)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAP_OFF_NUM + MAP_OFF_CSTATE_IDX;
+ cstate = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&my_map, &key);
+ if (!cstate)
+ return 0;
+
+ prev_state = *pstate;
+ *pstate = ctx->state;
+
+ if (!*pts) {
+ *pts = bpf_ktime_get_ns();
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ cur_ts = bpf_ktime_get_ns();
+ delta = cur_ts - *pts;
+ *pts = cur_ts;
+
+ /* When CPU is in idle, bail out to skip pstate statistics */
+ if (*cstate != (u32)(-1))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * The cpu changes to another different OPP (in below diagram
+ * change frequency from OPP3 to OPP1), need recording interval
+ * for previous frequency OPP3 and update timestamp as start
+ * time for new frequency OPP1.
+ *
+ * OPP3
+ * +---------------------+
+ * OPP2 | |
+ * ---------+ |
+ * | OPP1
+ * +---------------
+ *
+ * |<- pstate duration ->|
+ * ^ ^
+ * pts cur_ts
+ */
+ pstate_idx = find_cpu_pstate_idx(*pstate);
+ if (pstate_idx >= MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES)
+ return 0;
+
+ key = cpu * MAX_PSTATE_ENTRIES + pstate_idx;
+ val = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&pstate_duration, &key);
+ if (val)
+ __sync_fetch_and_add((long *)val, delta);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
+u32 _version SEC("version") = LINUX_VERSION_CODE;