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authorMasahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>2019-07-01 09:58:40 +0900
committerMasahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>2019-07-08 23:13:57 +0900
commitd6fc9fcbaa655cff2d2be05e16867d1918f78b85 (patch)
tree963ee9a8fa175e10b832aa6a5d724ae5acb1f5bd /usr
parent1a927fd347ebb3c02046150ee489d4fe4e6b9e81 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-d6fc9fcbaa655cff2d2be05e16867d1918f78b85.tar.gz
kbuild: compile-test exported headers to ensure they are self-contained
Multiple people have suggested compile-testing UAPI headers to ensure they can be really included from user-space. "make headers_check" is obviously not enough to catch bugs, and we often leak unresolved references to user-space. Use the new header-test-y syntax to implement it. Please note exported headers are compile-tested with a completely different set of compiler flags. The header search path is set to $(objtree)/usr/include since exported headers should not include unexported ones. We use -std=gnu89 for the kernel space since the kernel code highly depends on GNU extensions. On the other hand, UAPI headers should be written in more standardized C, so they are compiled with -std=c90. This will emit errors if C++ style comments, the keyword 'inline', etc. are used. Please use C style comments (/* ... */), '__inline__', etc. in UAPI headers. There is additional compiler requirement to enable this test because many of UAPI headers include <stdlib.h>, <sys/ioctl.h>, <sys/time.h>, etc. directly or indirectly. You cannot use kernel.org pre-built toolchains [1] since they lack <stdlib.h>. I reused CONFIG_CC_CAN_LINK to check the system header availability. The intention is slightly different, but a compiler that can link userspace programs provide system headers. For now, a lot of headers need to be excluded because they cannot be compiled standalone, but this is a good start point. [1] https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/tools/crosstool/index.html Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Reviewed-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'usr')
-rw-r--r--usr/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--usr/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--usr/include/.gitignore3
-rw-r--r--usr/include/Makefile132
4 files changed, 137 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/usr/.gitignore b/usr/.gitignore
index 8e48117a3f3d..be5eae1df7eb 100644
--- a/usr/.gitignore
+++ b/usr/.gitignore
@@ -7,4 +7,3 @@ initramfs_data.cpio.gz
initramfs_data.cpio.bz2
initramfs_data.cpio.lzma
initramfs_list
-include
diff --git a/usr/Makefile b/usr/Makefile
index 4a70ae43c9cb..6a89eb019275 100644
--- a/usr/Makefile
+++ b/usr/Makefile
@@ -56,3 +56,5 @@ $(deps_initramfs): klibcdirs
$(obj)/$(datafile_y): $(obj)/gen_init_cpio $(deps_initramfs) klibcdirs
$(Q)$(initramfs) -l $(ramfs-input) > $(obj)/$(datafile_d_y)
$(call if_changed,initfs)
+
+subdir-$(CONFIG_UAPI_HEADER_TEST) += include
diff --git a/usr/include/.gitignore b/usr/include/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a0991ff4402b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/usr/include/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+*
+!.gitignore
+!Makefile
diff --git a/usr/include/Makefile b/usr/include/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cd8daa20d487
--- /dev/null
+++ b/usr/include/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+
+# Unlike the kernel space, exported headers are written in standard C.
+# - Forbid C++ style comments
+# - Use '__inline__', '__asm__' instead of 'inline', 'asm'
+#
+# -std=c90 (equivalent to -ansi) catches the violation of those.
+# We cannot go as far as adding -Wpedantic since it emits too many warnings.
+UAPI_CFLAGS := -std=c90 -Wall -Werror=implicit-function-declaration
+
+override c_flags = $(UAPI_CFLAGS) -Wp,-MD,$(depfile) -I$(objtree)/usr/include
+
+# The following are excluded for now because they fail to build.
+#
+# Do not add a new header to the blacklist without legitimate reason.
+# Please consider to fix the header first.
+#
+# Sorted alphabetically.
+header-test- += asm/ipcbuf.h
+header-test- += asm/msgbuf.h
+header-test- += asm/sembuf.h
+header-test- += asm/shmbuf.h
+header-test- += asm/signal.h
+header-test- += asm/ucontext.h
+header-test- += drm/vmwgfx_drm.h
+header-test- += linux/am437x-vpfe.h
+header-test- += linux/android/binder.h
+header-test- += linux/android/binderfs.h
+header-test-$(CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN) += linux/byteorder/big_endian.h
+header-test-$(CONFIG_CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN) += linux/byteorder/little_endian.h
+header-test- += linux/coda.h
+header-test- += linux/coda_psdev.h
+header-test- += linux/dvb/audio.h
+header-test- += linux/dvb/osd.h
+header-test- += linux/elfcore.h
+header-test- += linux/errqueue.h
+header-test- += linux/fsmap.h
+header-test- += linux/hdlc/ioctl.h
+header-test- += linux/ivtv.h
+header-test- += linux/jffs2.h
+header-test- += linux/kexec.h
+header-test- += linux/matroxfb.h
+header-test- += linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h
+header-test- += linux/netfilter_ipv4/ipt_LOG.h
+header-test- += linux/netfilter_ipv6/ip6t_LOG.h
+header-test- += linux/nfc.h
+header-test- += linux/nilfs2_ondisk.h
+header-test- += linux/omap3isp.h
+header-test- += linux/omapfb.h
+header-test- += linux/patchkey.h
+header-test- += linux/phonet.h
+header-test- += linux/reiserfs_xattr.h
+header-test- += linux/scc.h
+header-test- += linux/sctp.h
+header-test- += linux/signal.h
+header-test- += linux/sysctl.h
+header-test- += linux/usb/audio.h
+header-test- += linux/v4l2-mediabus.h
+header-test- += linux/v4l2-subdev.h
+header-test- += linux/videodev2.h
+header-test- += linux/vm_sockets.h
+header-test- += misc/ocxl.h
+header-test- += mtd/mtd-abi.h
+header-test- += mtd/mtd-user.h
+header-test- += scsi/scsi_bsg_fc.h
+header-test- += scsi/scsi_netlink.h
+header-test- += scsi/scsi_netlink_fc.h
+header-test- += sound/asequencer.h
+header-test- += sound/asoc.h
+header-test- += sound/asound.h
+header-test- += sound/compress_offload.h
+header-test- += sound/emu10k1.h
+header-test- += sound/sfnt_info.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/eq.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/fw.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/header.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/manifest.h
+header-test- += sound/sof/trace.h
+header-test- += xen/evtchn.h
+header-test- += xen/gntdev.h
+header-test- += xen/privcmd.h
+
+# More headers are broken in some architectures
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),arc)
+header-test- += linux/bpf_perf_event.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),ia64)
+header-test- += asm/setup.h
+header-test- += asm/sigcontext.h
+header-test- += asm/perfmon.h
+header-test- += asm/perfmon_default_smpl.h
+header-test- += linux/if_bonding.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),mips)
+header-test- += asm/stat.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),powerpc)
+header-test- += asm/stat.h
+header-test- += linux/bpf_perf_event.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),riscv)
+header-test- += linux/bpf_perf_event.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),s390)
+header-test- += asm/runtime_instr.h
+header-test- += asm/zcrypt.h
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(SRCARCH),sparc)
+header-test- += asm/stat.h
+header-test- += asm/uctx.h
+header-test- += asm/fbio.h
+header-test- += asm/openpromio.h
+endif
+
+# asm-generic/*.h is used by asm/*.h, and should not be included directly
+header-test- += asm-generic/%
+
+# The rest are compile-tested
+header-test-y += $(filter-out $(header-test-), \
+ $(patsubst $(obj)/%,%, $(wildcard \
+ $(addprefix $(obj)/, *.h */*.h */*/*.h */*/*/*.h))))
+
+# For GNU Make <= 4.2.1, $(wildcard $(obj)/*/) matches to not only directories
+# but also regular files. Use $(filter %/, ...) just in case.
+clean-dirs += $(patsubst $(obj)/%/,%,$(filter %/, $(wildcard $(obj)/*/)))