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authorBrenden Blanco <bblanco@plumgrid.com>2016-07-19 12:16:51 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2016-07-19 21:46:32 -0700
commit86af8b4191d20bb17e868d3167f4cf52ca9331d0 (patch)
treec87d8d918254983fe7625ac6edaf0bf6309eb564 /samples
parent47a38e155037f417c5740e24ccae6482aedf4b68 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-86af8b4191d20bb17e868d3167f4cf52ca9331d0.tar.gz
Add sample for adding simple drop program to link
Add a sample program that only drops packets at the BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP_RX hook of a link. With the drop-only program, observed single core rate is ~20Mpps. Other tests were run, for instance without the dropcnt increment or without reading from the packet header, the packet rate was mostly unchanged. $ perf record -a samples/bpf/xdp1 $(</sys/class/net/eth0/ifindex) proto 17: 20403027 drops/s ./pktgen_sample03_burst_single_flow.sh -i $DEV -d $IP -m $MAC -t 4 Running... ctrl^C to stop Device: eth4@0 Result: OK: 11791017(c11788327+d2689) usec, 59622913 (60byte,0frags) 5056638pps 2427Mb/sec (2427186240bps) errors: 0 Device: eth4@1 Result: OK: 11791012(c11787906+d3106) usec, 60526944 (60byte,0frags) 5133311pps 2463Mb/sec (2463989280bps) errors: 0 Device: eth4@2 Result: OK: 11791019(c11788249+d2769) usec, 59868091 (60byte,0frags) 5077431pps 2437Mb/sec (2437166880bps) errors: 0 Device: eth4@3 Result: OK: 11795039(c11792403+d2636) usec, 59483181 (60byte,0frags) 5043067pps 2420Mb/sec (2420672160bps) errors: 0 perf report --no-children: 26.05% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] mlx4_en_process_rx_cq 17.84% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] mlx4_en_alloc_frags 5.52% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] mlx4_en_free_frag 4.90% swapper [kernel.vmlinux] [k] poll_idle 4.14% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] get_page_from_freelist 2.78% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] __free_pages_ok 2.57% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] bpf_map_lookup_elem 2.51% swapper [mlx4_en] [k] mlx4_en_process_rx_cq 1.94% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] percpu_array_map_lookup_elem 1.45% swapper [mlx4_en] [k] mlx4_en_alloc_frags 1.35% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] free_one_page 1.33% swapper [kernel.vmlinux] [k] intel_idle 1.04% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c5c5 0.96% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c58d 0.93% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c6ee 0.92% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c6b9 0.89% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] __alloc_pages_nodemask 0.83% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c686 0.83% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c5d5 0.78% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] mlx4_alloc_pages.isra.23 0.77% ksoftirqd/0 [mlx4_en] [k] 0x000000000001c5b4 0.77% ksoftirqd/0 [kernel.vmlinux] [k] net_rx_action machine specs: receiver - Intel E5-1630 v3 @ 3.70GHz sender - Intel E5645 @ 2.40GHz Mellanox ConnectX-3 @40G Signed-off-by: Brenden Blanco <bblanco@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_load.c8
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/xdp1_kern.c93
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/xdp1_user.c181
4 files changed, 286 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index a98b780e974c..0e4ab3a9dfa9 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ hostprogs-y += spintest
hostprogs-y += map_perf_test
hostprogs-y += test_overhead
hostprogs-y += test_cgrp2_array_pin
+hostprogs-y += xdp1
test_verifier-objs := test_verifier.o libbpf.o
test_maps-objs := test_maps.o libbpf.o
@@ -42,6 +43,7 @@ spintest-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o spintest_user.o
map_perf_test-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o map_perf_test_user.o
test_overhead-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o test_overhead_user.o
test_cgrp2_array_pin-objs := libbpf.o test_cgrp2_array_pin.o
+xdp1-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o xdp1_user.o
# Tell kbuild to always build the programs
always := $(hostprogs-y)
@@ -64,6 +66,7 @@ always += test_overhead_tp_kern.o
always += test_overhead_kprobe_kern.o
always += parse_varlen.o parse_simple.o parse_ldabs.o
always += test_cgrp2_tc_kern.o
+always += xdp1_kern.o
HOSTCFLAGS += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
@@ -84,6 +87,7 @@ HOSTLOADLIBES_offwaketime += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_spintest += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_map_perf_test += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_test_overhead += -lelf -lrt
+HOSTLOADLIBES_xdp1 += -lelf
# Allows pointing LLC/CLANG to a LLVM backend with bpf support, redefine on cmdline:
# make samples/bpf/ LLC=~/git/llvm/build/bin/llc CLANG=~/git/llvm/build/bin/clang
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
index 022af71c2bb5..0cfda2320320 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
bool is_kprobe = strncmp(event, "kprobe/", 7) == 0;
bool is_kretprobe = strncmp(event, "kretprobe/", 10) == 0;
bool is_tracepoint = strncmp(event, "tracepoint/", 11) == 0;
+ bool is_xdp = strncmp(event, "xdp", 3) == 0;
enum bpf_prog_type prog_type;
char buf[256];
int fd, efd, err, id;
@@ -66,6 +67,8 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_KPROBE;
} else if (is_tracepoint) {
prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_TRACEPOINT;
+ } else if (is_xdp) {
+ prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP;
} else {
printf("Unknown event '%s'\n", event);
return -1;
@@ -79,6 +82,9 @@ static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
prog_fd[prog_cnt++] = fd;
+ if (is_xdp)
+ return 0;
+
if (is_socket) {
event += 6;
if (*event != '/')
@@ -319,6 +325,7 @@ int load_bpf_file(char *path)
if (memcmp(shname_prog, "kprobe/", 7) == 0 ||
memcmp(shname_prog, "kretprobe/", 10) == 0 ||
memcmp(shname_prog, "tracepoint/", 11) == 0 ||
+ memcmp(shname_prog, "xdp", 3) == 0 ||
memcmp(shname_prog, "socket", 6) == 0)
load_and_attach(shname_prog, insns, data_prog->d_size);
}
@@ -336,6 +343,7 @@ int load_bpf_file(char *path)
if (memcmp(shname, "kprobe/", 7) == 0 ||
memcmp(shname, "kretprobe/", 10) == 0 ||
memcmp(shname, "tracepoint/", 11) == 0 ||
+ memcmp(shname, "xdp", 3) == 0 ||
memcmp(shname, "socket", 6) == 0)
load_and_attach(shname, data->d_buf, data->d_size);
}
diff --git a/samples/bpf/xdp1_kern.c b/samples/bpf/xdp1_kern.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e7dd8ac40d12
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/xdp1_kern.c
@@ -0,0 +1,93 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2016 PLUMgrid
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#define KBUILD_MODNAME "foo"
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/in.h>
+#include <linux/if_ether.h>
+#include <linux/if_packet.h>
+#include <linux/if_vlan.h>
+#include <linux/ip.h>
+#include <linux/ipv6.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") dropcnt = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY,
+ .key_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .value_size = sizeof(long),
+ .max_entries = 256,
+};
+
+static int parse_ipv4(void *data, u64 nh_off, void *data_end)
+{
+ struct iphdr *iph = data + nh_off;
+
+ if (iph + 1 > data_end)
+ return 0;
+ return iph->protocol;
+}
+
+static int parse_ipv6(void *data, u64 nh_off, void *data_end)
+{
+ struct ipv6hdr *ip6h = data + nh_off;
+
+ if (ip6h + 1 > data_end)
+ return 0;
+ return ip6h->nexthdr;
+}
+
+SEC("xdp1")
+int xdp_prog1(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+ void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+ void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+ struct ethhdr *eth = data;
+ int rc = XDP_DROP;
+ long *value;
+ u16 h_proto;
+ u64 nh_off;
+ u32 index;
+
+ nh_off = sizeof(*eth);
+ if (data + nh_off > data_end)
+ return rc;
+
+ h_proto = eth->h_proto;
+
+ if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_8021Q) || h_proto == htons(ETH_P_8021AD)) {
+ struct vlan_hdr *vhdr;
+
+ vhdr = data + nh_off;
+ nh_off += sizeof(struct vlan_hdr);
+ if (data + nh_off > data_end)
+ return rc;
+ h_proto = vhdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto;
+ }
+ if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_8021Q) || h_proto == htons(ETH_P_8021AD)) {
+ struct vlan_hdr *vhdr;
+
+ vhdr = data + nh_off;
+ nh_off += sizeof(struct vlan_hdr);
+ if (data + nh_off > data_end)
+ return rc;
+ h_proto = vhdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto;
+ }
+
+ if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_IP))
+ index = parse_ipv4(data, nh_off, data_end);
+ else if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_IPV6))
+ index = parse_ipv6(data, nh_off, data_end);
+ else
+ index = 0;
+
+ value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&dropcnt, &index);
+ if (value)
+ *value += 1;
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
diff --git a/samples/bpf/xdp1_user.c b/samples/bpf/xdp1_user.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a5e109e398a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/xdp1_user.c
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2016 PLUMgrid
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/netlink.h>
+#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include "bpf_load.h"
+#include "libbpf.h"
+
+static int set_link_xdp_fd(int ifindex, int fd)
+{
+ struct sockaddr_nl sa;
+ int sock, seq = 0, len, ret = -1;
+ char buf[4096];
+ struct nlattr *nla, *nla_xdp;
+ struct {
+ struct nlmsghdr nh;
+ struct ifinfomsg ifinfo;
+ char attrbuf[64];
+ } req;
+ struct nlmsghdr *nh;
+ struct nlmsgerr *err;
+
+ memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
+ sa.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
+
+ sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_ROUTE);
+ if (sock < 0) {
+ printf("open netlink socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (bind(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&sa, sizeof(sa)) < 0) {
+ printf("bind to netlink: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+
+ memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
+ req.nh.nlmsg_len = NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(struct ifinfomsg));
+ req.nh.nlmsg_flags = NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
+ req.nh.nlmsg_type = RTM_SETLINK;
+ req.nh.nlmsg_pid = 0;
+ req.nh.nlmsg_seq = ++seq;
+ req.ifinfo.ifi_family = AF_UNSPEC;
+ req.ifinfo.ifi_index = ifindex;
+ nla = (struct nlattr *)(((char *)&req)
+ + NLMSG_ALIGN(req.nh.nlmsg_len));
+ nla->nla_type = NLA_F_NESTED | 43/*IFLA_XDP*/;
+
+ nla_xdp = (struct nlattr *)((char *)nla + NLA_HDRLEN);
+ nla_xdp->nla_type = 1/*IFLA_XDP_FD*/;
+ nla_xdp->nla_len = NLA_HDRLEN + sizeof(int);
+ memcpy((char *)nla_xdp + NLA_HDRLEN, &fd, sizeof(fd));
+ nla->nla_len = NLA_HDRLEN + nla_xdp->nla_len;
+
+ req.nh.nlmsg_len += NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len);
+
+ if (send(sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
+ printf("send to netlink: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+
+ len = recv(sock, buf, sizeof(buf), 0);
+ if (len < 0) {
+ printf("recv from netlink: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+
+ for (nh = (struct nlmsghdr *)buf; NLMSG_OK(nh, len);
+ nh = NLMSG_NEXT(nh, len)) {
+ if (nh->nlmsg_pid != getpid()) {
+ printf("Wrong pid %d, expected %d\n",
+ nh->nlmsg_pid, getpid());
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+ if (nh->nlmsg_seq != seq) {
+ printf("Wrong seq %d, expected %d\n",
+ nh->nlmsg_seq, seq);
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+ switch (nh->nlmsg_type) {
+ case NLMSG_ERROR:
+ err = (struct nlmsgerr *)NLMSG_DATA(nh);
+ if (!err->error)
+ continue;
+ printf("nlmsg error %s\n", strerror(-err->error));
+ goto cleanup;
+ case NLMSG_DONE:
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ ret = 0;
+
+cleanup:
+ close(sock);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ifindex;
+
+static void int_exit(int sig)
+{
+ set_link_xdp_fd(ifindex, -1);
+ exit(0);
+}
+
+/* simple per-protocol drop counter
+ */
+static void poll_stats(int interval)
+{
+ unsigned int nr_cpus = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_CONF);
+ const unsigned int nr_keys = 256;
+ __u64 values[nr_cpus], prev[nr_keys][nr_cpus];
+ __u32 key;
+ int i;
+
+ memset(prev, 0, sizeof(prev));
+
+ while (1) {
+ sleep(interval);
+
+ for (key = 0; key < nr_keys; key++) {
+ __u64 sum = 0;
+
+ assert(bpf_lookup_elem(map_fd[0], &key, values) == 0);
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_cpus; i++)
+ sum += (values[i] - prev[key][i]);
+ if (sum)
+ printf("proto %u: %10llu pkt/s\n",
+ key, sum / interval);
+ memcpy(prev[key], values, sizeof(values));
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+int main(int ac, char **argv)
+{
+ char filename[256];
+
+ snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
+
+ if (ac != 2) {
+ printf("usage: %s IFINDEX\n", argv[0]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ ifindex = strtoul(argv[1], NULL, 0);
+
+ if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
+ printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (!prog_fd[0]) {
+ printf("load_bpf_file: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ signal(SIGINT, int_exit);
+
+ if (set_link_xdp_fd(ifindex, prog_fd[0]) < 0) {
+ printf("link set xdp fd failed\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ poll_stats(2);
+
+ return 0;
+}