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authorPatrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>2013-10-14 11:00:02 +0200
committerPablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>2013-10-14 17:15:48 +0200
commit96518518cc417bb0a8c80b9fb736202e28acdf96 (patch)
tree2ac4f939a88f0a8047403d0e07b5167369236f82 /net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c
parentf59cb0453cd885736daa11ae2445982c5ab2fc83 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-96518518cc417bb0a8c80b9fb736202e28acdf96.tar.gz
netfilter: add nftables
This patch adds nftables which is the intended successor of iptables. This packet filtering framework reuses the existing netfilter hooks, the connection tracking system, the NAT subsystem, the transparent proxying engine, the logging infrastructure and the userspace packet queueing facilities. In a nutshell, nftables provides a pseudo-state machine with 4 general purpose registers of 128 bits and 1 specific purpose register to store verdicts. This pseudo-machine comes with an extensible instruction set, a.k.a. "expressions" in the nftables jargon. The expressions included in this patch provide the basic functionality, they are: * bitwise: to perform bitwise operations. * byteorder: to change from host/network endianess. * cmp: to compare data with the content of the registers. * counter: to enable counters on rules. * ct: to store conntrack keys into register. * exthdr: to match IPv6 extension headers. * immediate: to load data into registers. * limit: to limit matching based on packet rate. * log: to log packets. * meta: to match metainformation that usually comes with the skbuff. * nat: to perform Network Address Translation. * payload: to fetch data from the packet payload and store it into registers. * reject (IPv4 only): to explicitly close connection, eg. TCP RST. Using this instruction-set, the userspace utility 'nft' can transform the rules expressed in human-readable text representation (using a new syntax, inspired by tcpdump) to nftables bytecode. nftables also inherits the table, chain and rule objects from iptables, but in a more configurable way, and it also includes the original datatype-agnostic set infrastructure with mapping support. This set infrastructure is enhanced in the follow up patch (netfilter: nf_tables: add netlink set API). This patch includes the following components: * the netlink API: net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c and include/uapi/netfilter/nf_tables.h * the packet filter core: net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c * the expressions (described above): net/netfilter/nft_*.c * the filter tables: arp, IPv4, IPv6 and bridge: net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_tables_ipv4.c net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_tables_ipv6.c net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_tables_arp.c net/bridge/netfilter/nf_tables_bridge.c * the NAT table (IPv4 only): net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_table_nat_ipv4.c * the route table (similar to mangle): net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_table_route_ipv4.c net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_table_route_ipv6.c * internal definitions under: include/net/netfilter/nf_tables.h include/net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.h * It also includes an skeleton expression: net/netfilter/nft_expr_template.c and the preliminary implementation of the meta target net/netfilter/nft_meta_target.c It also includes a change in struct nf_hook_ops to add a new pointer to store private data to the hook, that is used to store the rule list per chain. This patch is based on the patch from Patrick McHardy, plus merged accumulated cleanups, fixes and small enhancements to the nftables code that has been done since 2009, which are: From Patrick McHardy: * nf_tables: adjust netlink handler function signatures * nf_tables: only retry table lookup after successful table module load * nf_tables: fix event notification echo and avoid unnecessary messages * nft_ct: add l3proto support * nf_tables: pass expression context to nft_validate_data_load() * nf_tables: remove redundant definition * nft_ct: fix maxattr initialization * nf_tables: fix invalid event type in nf_tables_getrule() * nf_tables: simplify nft_data_init() usage * nf_tables: build in more core modules * nf_tables: fix double lookup expression unregistation * nf_tables: move expression initialization to nf_tables_core.c * nf_tables: build in payload module * nf_tables: use NFPROTO constants * nf_tables: rename pid variables to portid * nf_tables: save 48 bits per rule * nf_tables: introduce chain rename * nf_tables: check for duplicate names on chain rename * nf_tables: remove ability to specify handles for new rules * nf_tables: return error for rule change request * nf_tables: return error for NLM_F_REPLACE without rule handle * nf_tables: include NLM_F_APPEND/NLM_F_REPLACE flags in rule notification * nf_tables: fix NLM_F_MULTI usage in netlink notifications * nf_tables: include NLM_F_APPEND in rule dumps From Pablo Neira Ayuso: * nf_tables: fix stack overflow in nf_tables_newrule * nf_tables: nft_ct: fix compilation warning * nf_tables: nft_ct: fix crash with invalid packets * nft_log: group and qthreshold are 2^16 * nf_tables: nft_meta: fix socket uid,gid handling * nft_counter: allow to restore counters * nf_tables: fix module autoload * nf_tables: allow to remove all rules placed in one chain * nf_tables: use 64-bits rule handle instead of 16-bits * nf_tables: fix chain after rule deletion * nf_tables: improve deletion performance * nf_tables: add missing code in route chain type * nf_tables: rise maximum number of expressions from 12 to 128 * nf_tables: don't delete table if in use * nf_tables: fix basechain release From Tomasz Bursztyka: * nf_tables: Add support for changing users chain's name * nf_tables: Change chain's name to be fixed sized * nf_tables: Add support for replacing a rule by another one * nf_tables: Update uapi nftables netlink header documentation From Florian Westphal: * nft_log: group is u16, snaplen u32 From Phil Oester: * nf_tables: operational limit match Signed-off-by: Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c')
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c152
1 files changed, 152 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c b/net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bc7fb85d4002
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.c
@@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2008 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Development of this code funded by Astaro AG (http://www.astaro.com/)
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <linux/netlink.h>
+#include <linux/netfilter.h>
+#include <linux/netfilter/nfnetlink.h>
+#include <linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h>
+#include <net/netfilter/nf_tables_core.h>
+#include <net/netfilter/nf_tables.h>
+
+#define NFT_JUMP_STACK_SIZE 16
+
+unsigned int nft_do_chain(const struct nf_hook_ops *ops,
+ struct sk_buff *skb,
+ const struct net_device *in,
+ const struct net_device *out,
+ int (*okfn)(struct sk_buff *))
+{
+ const struct nft_chain *chain = ops->priv;
+ const struct nft_rule *rule;
+ const struct nft_expr *expr, *last;
+ struct nft_data data[NFT_REG_MAX + 1];
+ const struct nft_pktinfo pkt = {
+ .skb = skb,
+ .in = in,
+ .out = out,
+ .hooknum = ops->hooknum,
+ };
+ unsigned int stackptr = 0;
+ struct {
+ const struct nft_chain *chain;
+ const struct nft_rule *rule;
+ } jumpstack[NFT_JUMP_STACK_SIZE];
+
+do_chain:
+ rule = list_entry(&chain->rules, struct nft_rule, list);
+next_rule:
+ data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].verdict = NFT_CONTINUE;
+ list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(rule, &chain->rules, list) {
+ nft_rule_for_each_expr(expr, last, rule) {
+ expr->ops->eval(expr, data, &pkt);
+ if (data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].verdict != NFT_CONTINUE)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ switch (data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].verdict) {
+ case NFT_BREAK:
+ data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].verdict = NFT_CONTINUE;
+ /* fall through */
+ case NFT_CONTINUE:
+ continue;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ switch (data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].verdict) {
+ case NF_ACCEPT:
+ case NF_DROP:
+ case NF_QUEUE:
+ return data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].verdict;
+ case NFT_JUMP:
+ BUG_ON(stackptr >= NFT_JUMP_STACK_SIZE);
+ jumpstack[stackptr].chain = chain;
+ jumpstack[stackptr].rule = rule;
+ stackptr++;
+ /* fall through */
+ case NFT_GOTO:
+ chain = data[NFT_REG_VERDICT].chain;
+ goto do_chain;
+ case NFT_RETURN:
+ case NFT_CONTINUE:
+ break;
+ default:
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ }
+
+ if (stackptr > 0) {
+ stackptr--;
+ chain = jumpstack[stackptr].chain;
+ rule = jumpstack[stackptr].rule;
+ goto next_rule;
+ }
+
+ return NF_ACCEPT;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nft_do_chain);
+
+int __init nf_tables_core_module_init(void)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ err = nft_immediate_module_init();
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err1;
+
+ err = nft_cmp_module_init();
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err2;
+
+ err = nft_lookup_module_init();
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err3;
+
+ err = nft_bitwise_module_init();
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err4;
+
+ err = nft_byteorder_module_init();
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err5;
+
+ err = nft_payload_module_init();
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto err6;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err6:
+ nft_byteorder_module_exit();
+err5:
+ nft_bitwise_module_exit();
+err4:
+ nft_lookup_module_exit();
+err3:
+ nft_cmp_module_exit();
+err2:
+ nft_immediate_module_exit();
+err1:
+ return err;
+}
+
+void nf_tables_core_module_exit(void)
+{
+ nft_payload_module_exit();
+ nft_byteorder_module_exit();
+ nft_bitwise_module_exit();
+ nft_lookup_module_exit();
+ nft_cmp_module_exit();
+ nft_immediate_module_exit();
+}