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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-08-08 14:48:14 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-08-08 14:48:14 -0700
commit1eccfa090eaea22558570054bbdc147817e1df5e (patch)
treea0adfdb87319abef88f575ee34314649193b7e92 /mm
parent1bd4403d86a1c06cb6cc9ac87664a0c9d3413d51 (diff)
parented18adc1cdd00a5c55a20fbdaed4804660772281 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-1eccfa090eaea22558570054bbdc147817e1df5e.tar.gz
Merge tag 'usercopy-v4.8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux
Pull usercopy protection from Kees Cook: "Tbhis implements HARDENED_USERCOPY verification of copy_to_user and copy_from_user bounds checking for most architectures on SLAB and SLUB" * tag 'usercopy-v4.8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux: mm: SLUB hardened usercopy support mm: SLAB hardened usercopy support s390/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy sparc/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy powerpc/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy ia64/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy arm64/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy ARM: uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy x86/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy mm: Hardened usercopy mm: Implement stack frame object validation mm: Add is_migrate_cma_page
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--mm/slab.c30
-rw-r--r--mm/slub.c40
-rw-r--r--mm/usercopy.c268
4 files changed, 342 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index fc059666c760..2ca1faf3fa09 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ KCOV_INSTRUMENT_memcontrol.o := n
KCOV_INSTRUMENT_mmzone.o := n
KCOV_INSTRUMENT_vmstat.o := n
+# Since __builtin_frame_address does work as used, disable the warning.
+CFLAGS_usercopy.o += $(call cc-disable-warning, frame-address)
+
mmu-y := nommu.o
mmu-$(CONFIG_MMU) := gup.o highmem.o memory.o mincore.o \
mlock.o mmap.o mprotect.o mremap.o msync.o rmap.o \
@@ -99,3 +102,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_USERFAULTFD) += userfaultfd.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) += page_idle.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FRAME_VECTOR) += frame_vector.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF) += debug_page_ref.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY) += usercopy.o
diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
index 261147ba156f..b67271024135 100644
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -4441,6 +4441,36 @@ static int __init slab_proc_init(void)
module_init(slab_proc_init);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY
+/*
+ * Rejects objects that are incorrectly sized.
+ *
+ * Returns NULL if check passes, otherwise const char * to name of cache
+ * to indicate an error.
+ */
+const char *__check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ struct kmem_cache *cachep;
+ unsigned int objnr;
+ unsigned long offset;
+
+ /* Find and validate object. */
+ cachep = page->slab_cache;
+ objnr = obj_to_index(cachep, page, (void *)ptr);
+ BUG_ON(objnr >= cachep->num);
+
+ /* Find offset within object. */
+ offset = ptr - index_to_obj(cachep, page, objnr) - obj_offset(cachep);
+
+ /* Allow address range falling entirely within object size. */
+ if (offset <= cachep->object_size && n <= cachep->object_size - offset)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return cachep->name;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */
+
/**
* ksize - get the actual amount of memory allocated for a given object
* @objp: Pointer to the object
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index 850737bdfbd8..cead06394e9e 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -3764,6 +3764,46 @@ void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kmalloc_node);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY
+/*
+ * Rejects objects that are incorrectly sized.
+ *
+ * Returns NULL if check passes, otherwise const char * to name of cache
+ * to indicate an error.
+ */
+const char *__check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ struct kmem_cache *s;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ size_t object_size;
+
+ /* Find object and usable object size. */
+ s = page->slab_cache;
+ object_size = slab_ksize(s);
+
+ /* Reject impossible pointers. */
+ if (ptr < page_address(page))
+ return s->name;
+
+ /* Find offset within object. */
+ offset = (ptr - page_address(page)) % s->size;
+
+ /* Adjust for redzone and reject if within the redzone. */
+ if (kmem_cache_debug(s) && s->flags & SLAB_RED_ZONE) {
+ if (offset < s->red_left_pad)
+ return s->name;
+ offset -= s->red_left_pad;
+ }
+
+ /* Allow address range falling entirely within object size. */
+ if (offset <= object_size && n <= object_size - offset)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return s->name;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */
+
static size_t __ksize(const void *object)
{
struct page *page;
diff --git a/mm/usercopy.c b/mm/usercopy.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8ebae91a6b55
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/usercopy.c
@@ -0,0 +1,268 @@
+/*
+ * This implements the various checks for CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY*,
+ * which are designed to protect kernel memory from needless exposure
+ * and overwrite under many unintended conditions. This code is based
+ * on PAX_USERCOPY, which is:
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2001-2016 PaX Team, Bradley Spengler, Open Source
+ * Security Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ */
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+
+enum {
+ BAD_STACK = -1,
+ NOT_STACK = 0,
+ GOOD_FRAME,
+ GOOD_STACK,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Checks if a given pointer and length is contained by the current
+ * stack frame (if possible).
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * NOT_STACK: not at all on the stack
+ * GOOD_FRAME: fully within a valid stack frame
+ * GOOD_STACK: fully on the stack (when can't do frame-checking)
+ * BAD_STACK: error condition (invalid stack position or bad stack frame)
+ */
+static noinline int check_stack_object(const void *obj, unsigned long len)
+{
+ const void * const stack = task_stack_page(current);
+ const void * const stackend = stack + THREAD_SIZE;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Object is not on the stack at all. */
+ if (obj + len <= stack || stackend <= obj)
+ return NOT_STACK;
+
+ /*
+ * Reject: object partially overlaps the stack (passing the
+ * the check above means at least one end is within the stack,
+ * so if this check fails, the other end is outside the stack).
+ */
+ if (obj < stack || stackend < obj + len)
+ return BAD_STACK;
+
+ /* Check if object is safely within a valid frame. */
+ ret = arch_within_stack_frames(stack, stackend, obj, len);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return GOOD_STACK;
+}
+
+static void report_usercopy(const void *ptr, unsigned long len,
+ bool to_user, const char *type)
+{
+ pr_emerg("kernel memory %s attempt detected %s %p (%s) (%lu bytes)\n",
+ to_user ? "exposure" : "overwrite",
+ to_user ? "from" : "to", ptr, type ? : "unknown", len);
+ /*
+ * For greater effect, it would be nice to do do_group_exit(),
+ * but BUG() actually hooks all the lock-breaking and per-arch
+ * Oops code, so that is used here instead.
+ */
+ BUG();
+}
+
+/* Returns true if any portion of [ptr,ptr+n) over laps with [low,high). */
+static bool overlaps(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, unsigned long low,
+ unsigned long high)
+{
+ unsigned long check_low = (uintptr_t)ptr;
+ unsigned long check_high = check_low + n;
+
+ /* Does not overlap if entirely above or entirely below. */
+ if (check_low >= high || check_high < low)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Is this address range in the kernel text area? */
+static inline const char *check_kernel_text_object(const void *ptr,
+ unsigned long n)
+{
+ unsigned long textlow = (unsigned long)_stext;
+ unsigned long texthigh = (unsigned long)_etext;
+ unsigned long textlow_linear, texthigh_linear;
+
+ if (overlaps(ptr, n, textlow, texthigh))
+ return "<kernel text>";
+
+ /*
+ * Some architectures have virtual memory mappings with a secondary
+ * mapping of the kernel text, i.e. there is more than one virtual
+ * kernel address that points to the kernel image. It is usually
+ * when there is a separate linear physical memory mapping, in that
+ * __pa() is not just the reverse of __va(). This can be detected
+ * and checked:
+ */
+ textlow_linear = (unsigned long)__va(__pa(textlow));
+ /* No different mapping: we're done. */
+ if (textlow_linear == textlow)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Check the secondary mapping... */
+ texthigh_linear = (unsigned long)__va(__pa(texthigh));
+ if (overlaps(ptr, n, textlow_linear, texthigh_linear))
+ return "<linear kernel text>";
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static inline const char *check_bogus_address(const void *ptr, unsigned long n)
+{
+ /* Reject if object wraps past end of memory. */
+ if (ptr + n < ptr)
+ return "<wrapped address>";
+
+ /* Reject if NULL or ZERO-allocation. */
+ if (ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(ptr))
+ return "<null>";
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static inline const char *check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n,
+ bool to_user)
+{
+ struct page *page, *endpage;
+ const void *end = ptr + n - 1;
+ bool is_reserved, is_cma;
+
+ /*
+ * Some architectures (arm64) return true for virt_addr_valid() on
+ * vmalloced addresses. Work around this by checking for vmalloc
+ * first.
+ */
+ if (is_vmalloc_addr(ptr))
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (!virt_addr_valid(ptr))
+ return NULL;
+
+ page = virt_to_head_page(ptr);
+
+ /* Check slab allocator for flags and size. */
+ if (PageSlab(page))
+ return __check_heap_object(ptr, n, page);
+
+ /*
+ * Sometimes the kernel data regions are not marked Reserved (see
+ * check below). And sometimes [_sdata,_edata) does not cover
+ * rodata and/or bss, so check each range explicitly.
+ */
+
+ /* Allow reads of kernel rodata region (if not marked as Reserved). */
+ if (ptr >= (const void *)__start_rodata &&
+ end <= (const void *)__end_rodata) {
+ if (!to_user)
+ return "<rodata>";
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* Allow kernel data region (if not marked as Reserved). */
+ if (ptr >= (const void *)_sdata && end <= (const void *)_edata)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Allow kernel bss region (if not marked as Reserved). */
+ if (ptr >= (const void *)__bss_start &&
+ end <= (const void *)__bss_stop)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Is the object wholly within one base page? */
+ if (likely(((unsigned long)ptr & (unsigned long)PAGE_MASK) ==
+ ((unsigned long)end & (unsigned long)PAGE_MASK)))
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Allow if start and end are inside the same compound page. */
+ endpage = virt_to_head_page(end);
+ if (likely(endpage == page))
+ return NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Reject if range is entirely either Reserved (i.e. special or
+ * device memory), or CMA. Otherwise, reject since the object spans
+ * several independently allocated pages.
+ */
+ is_reserved = PageReserved(page);
+ is_cma = is_migrate_cma_page(page);
+ if (!is_reserved && !is_cma)
+ goto reject;
+
+ for (ptr += PAGE_SIZE; ptr <= end; ptr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ page = virt_to_head_page(ptr);
+ if (is_reserved && !PageReserved(page))
+ goto reject;
+ if (is_cma && !is_migrate_cma_page(page))
+ goto reject;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+
+reject:
+ return "<spans multiple pages>";
+}
+
+/*
+ * Validates that the given object is:
+ * - not bogus address
+ * - known-safe heap or stack object
+ * - not in kernel text
+ */
+void __check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user)
+{
+ const char *err;
+
+ /* Skip all tests if size is zero. */
+ if (!n)
+ return;
+
+ /* Check for invalid addresses. */
+ err = check_bogus_address(ptr, n);
+ if (err)
+ goto report;
+
+ /* Check for bad heap object. */
+ err = check_heap_object(ptr, n, to_user);
+ if (err)
+ goto report;
+
+ /* Check for bad stack object. */
+ switch (check_stack_object(ptr, n)) {
+ case NOT_STACK:
+ /* Object is not touching the current process stack. */
+ break;
+ case GOOD_FRAME:
+ case GOOD_STACK:
+ /*
+ * Object is either in the correct frame (when it
+ * is possible to check) or just generally on the
+ * process stack (when frame checking not available).
+ */
+ return;
+ default:
+ err = "<process stack>";
+ goto report;
+ }
+
+ /* Check for object in kernel to avoid text exposure. */
+ err = check_kernel_text_object(ptr, n);
+ if (!err)
+ return;
+
+report:
+ report_usercopy(ptr, n, to_user, err);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__check_object_size);