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authorJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>2016-12-12 16:43:46 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-12-12 18:55:08 -0800
commitf4b109c6dad54257eca837f9dd16a23f2eeab832 (patch)
treeab2ceb69c33346aeaa8e1420d04fad8623118e26 /lib
parent6d75f366b9242f9b17ed7d0b0604d7460f818f21 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-f4b109c6dad54257eca837f9dd16a23f2eeab832.tar.gz
lib: radix-tree: add entry deletion support to __radix_tree_replace()
Page cache shadow entry handling will be a lot simpler when it can use a single generic replacement function for pages, shadow entries, and emptying slots. Make __radix_tree_replace() properly account insertions and deletions in node->count and garbage collect nodes as they become empty. Then re-implement radix_tree_delete() on top of it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161117193058.GC23430@cmpxchg.org Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@linuxonhyperv.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib')
-rw-r--r--lib/radix-tree.c227
1 files changed, 116 insertions, 111 deletions
diff --git a/lib/radix-tree.c b/lib/radix-tree.c
index f91d5b0af654..5d8930f3b3d8 100644
--- a/lib/radix-tree.c
+++ b/lib/radix-tree.c
@@ -539,6 +539,107 @@ out:
}
/**
+ * radix_tree_shrink - shrink radix tree to minimum height
+ * @root radix tree root
+ */
+static inline bool radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
+{
+ bool shrunk = false;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ struct radix_tree_node *node = root->rnode;
+ struct radix_tree_node *child;
+
+ if (!radix_tree_is_internal_node(node))
+ break;
+ node = entry_to_node(node);
+
+ /*
+ * The candidate node has more than one child, or its child
+ * is not at the leftmost slot, or the child is a multiorder
+ * entry, we cannot shrink.
+ */
+ if (node->count != 1)
+ break;
+ child = node->slots[0];
+ if (!child)
+ break;
+ if (!radix_tree_is_internal_node(child) && node->shift)
+ break;
+
+ if (radix_tree_is_internal_node(child))
+ entry_to_node(child)->parent = NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * We don't need rcu_assign_pointer(), since we are simply
+ * moving the node from one part of the tree to another: if it
+ * was safe to dereference the old pointer to it
+ * (node->slots[0]), it will be safe to dereference the new
+ * one (root->rnode) as far as dependent read barriers go.
+ */
+ root->rnode = child;
+
+ /*
+ * We have a dilemma here. The node's slot[0] must not be
+ * NULLed in case there are concurrent lookups expecting to
+ * find the item. However if this was a bottom-level node,
+ * then it may be subject to the slot pointer being visible
+ * to callers dereferencing it. If item corresponding to
+ * slot[0] is subsequently deleted, these callers would expect
+ * their slot to become empty sooner or later.
+ *
+ * For example, lockless pagecache will look up a slot, deref
+ * the page pointer, and if the page has 0 refcount it means it
+ * was concurrently deleted from pagecache so try the deref
+ * again. Fortunately there is already a requirement for logic
+ * to retry the entire slot lookup -- the indirect pointer
+ * problem (replacing direct root node with an indirect pointer
+ * also results in a stale slot). So tag the slot as indirect
+ * to force callers to retry.
+ */
+ if (!radix_tree_is_internal_node(child))
+ node->slots[0] = RADIX_TREE_RETRY;
+
+ radix_tree_node_free(node);
+ shrunk = true;
+ }
+
+ return shrunk;
+}
+
+static bool delete_node(struct radix_tree_root *root,
+ struct radix_tree_node *node)
+{
+ bool deleted = false;
+
+ do {
+ struct radix_tree_node *parent;
+
+ if (node->count) {
+ if (node == entry_to_node(root->rnode))
+ deleted |= radix_tree_shrink(root);
+ return deleted;
+ }
+
+ parent = node->parent;
+ if (parent) {
+ parent->slots[node->offset] = NULL;
+ parent->count--;
+ } else {
+ root_tag_clear_all(root);
+ root->rnode = NULL;
+ }
+
+ radix_tree_node_free(node);
+ deleted = true;
+
+ node = parent;
+ } while (node);
+
+ return deleted;
+}
+
+/**
* __radix_tree_create - create a slot in a radix tree
* @root: radix tree root
* @index: index key
@@ -759,18 +860,20 @@ static void replace_slot(struct radix_tree_root *root,
bool warn_typeswitch)
{
void *old = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
- int exceptional;
+ int count, exceptional;
WARN_ON_ONCE(radix_tree_is_internal_node(item));
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!!item - !!old);
+ count = !!item - !!old;
exceptional = !!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(item) -
!!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(old);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(warn_typeswitch && exceptional);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(warn_typeswitch && (count || exceptional));
- if (node)
+ if (node) {
+ node->count += count;
node->exceptional += exceptional;
+ }
rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, item);
}
@@ -790,12 +893,14 @@ void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *root,
void **slot, void *item)
{
/*
- * This function supports replacing exceptional entries, but
- * that needs accounting against the node unless the slot is
- * root->rnode.
+ * This function supports replacing exceptional entries and
+ * deleting entries, but that needs accounting against the
+ * node unless the slot is root->rnode.
*/
replace_slot(root, node, slot, item,
!node && slot != (void **)&root->rnode);
+
+ delete_node(root, node);
}
/**
@@ -810,8 +915,8 @@ void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *root,
*
* NOTE: This cannot be used to switch between non-entries (empty slots),
* regular entries, and exceptional entries, as that requires accounting
- * inside the radix tree node. When switching from one type of entry to
- * another, use __radix_tree_lookup() and __radix_tree_replace().
+ * inside the radix tree node. When switching from one type of entry or
+ * deleting, use __radix_tree_lookup() and __radix_tree_replace().
*/
void radix_tree_replace_slot(struct radix_tree_root *root,
void **slot, void *item)
@@ -1467,75 +1572,6 @@ unsigned long radix_tree_locate_item(struct radix_tree_root *root, void *item)
#endif /* CONFIG_SHMEM && CONFIG_SWAP */
/**
- * radix_tree_shrink - shrink radix tree to minimum height
- * @root radix tree root
- */
-static inline bool radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
-{
- bool shrunk = false;
-
- for (;;) {
- struct radix_tree_node *node = root->rnode;
- struct radix_tree_node *child;
-
- if (!radix_tree_is_internal_node(node))
- break;
- node = entry_to_node(node);
-
- /*
- * The candidate node has more than one child, or its child
- * is not at the leftmost slot, or the child is a multiorder
- * entry, we cannot shrink.
- */
- if (node->count != 1)
- break;
- child = node->slots[0];
- if (!child)
- break;
- if (!radix_tree_is_internal_node(child) && node->shift)
- break;
-
- if (radix_tree_is_internal_node(child))
- entry_to_node(child)->parent = NULL;
-
- /*
- * We don't need rcu_assign_pointer(), since we are simply
- * moving the node from one part of the tree to another: if it
- * was safe to dereference the old pointer to it
- * (node->slots[0]), it will be safe to dereference the new
- * one (root->rnode) as far as dependent read barriers go.
- */
- root->rnode = child;
-
- /*
- * We have a dilemma here. The node's slot[0] must not be
- * NULLed in case there are concurrent lookups expecting to
- * find the item. However if this was a bottom-level node,
- * then it may be subject to the slot pointer being visible
- * to callers dereferencing it. If item corresponding to
- * slot[0] is subsequently deleted, these callers would expect
- * their slot to become empty sooner or later.
- *
- * For example, lockless pagecache will look up a slot, deref
- * the page pointer, and if the page has 0 refcount it means it
- * was concurrently deleted from pagecache so try the deref
- * again. Fortunately there is already a requirement for logic
- * to retry the entire slot lookup -- the indirect pointer
- * problem (replacing direct root node with an indirect pointer
- * also results in a stale slot). So tag the slot as indirect
- * to force callers to retry.
- */
- if (!radix_tree_is_internal_node(child))
- node->slots[0] = RADIX_TREE_RETRY;
-
- radix_tree_node_free(node);
- shrunk = true;
- }
-
- return shrunk;
-}
-
-/**
* __radix_tree_delete_node - try to free node after clearing a slot
* @root: radix tree root
* @node: node containing @index
@@ -1549,33 +1585,7 @@ static inline bool radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
bool __radix_tree_delete_node(struct radix_tree_root *root,
struct radix_tree_node *node)
{
- bool deleted = false;
-
- do {
- struct radix_tree_node *parent;
-
- if (node->count) {
- if (node == entry_to_node(root->rnode))
- deleted |= radix_tree_shrink(root);
- return deleted;
- }
-
- parent = node->parent;
- if (parent) {
- parent->slots[node->offset] = NULL;
- parent->count--;
- } else {
- root_tag_clear_all(root);
- root->rnode = NULL;
- }
-
- radix_tree_node_free(node);
- deleted = true;
-
- node = parent;
- } while (node);
-
- return deleted;
+ return delete_node(root, node);
}
static inline void delete_sibling_entries(struct radix_tree_node *node,
@@ -1632,12 +1642,7 @@ void *radix_tree_delete_item(struct radix_tree_root *root,
node_tag_clear(root, node, tag, offset);
delete_sibling_entries(node, node_to_entry(slot), offset);
- node->slots[offset] = NULL;
- node->count--;
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry))
- node->exceptional--;
-
- __radix_tree_delete_node(root, node);
+ __radix_tree_replace(root, node, slot, NULL);
return entry;
}