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authorPeter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2009-06-17 16:28:08 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2009-06-18 13:03:57 -0700
commit2521f2c228ad750701ba4702484e31d876dbc386 (patch)
tree2221de3e3de9512979b8244c6304366e3be5be63 /kernel/gcov/fs.c
parent0b923606e75f1ab672e25b14ac039a1cdcfa382f (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-2521f2c228ad750701ba4702484e31d876dbc386.tar.gz
gcov: add gcov profiling infrastructure
Enable the use of GCC's coverage testing tool gcov [1] with the Linux kernel. gcov may be useful for: * debugging (has this code been reached at all?) * test improvement (how do I change my test to cover these lines?) * minimizing kernel configurations (do I need this option if the associated code is never run?) The profiling patch incorporates the following changes: * change kbuild to include profiling flags * provide functions needed by profiling code * present profiling data as files in debugfs Note that on some architectures, enabling gcc's profiling option "-fprofile-arcs" for the entire kernel may trigger compile/link/ run-time problems, some of which are caused by toolchain bugs and others which require adjustment of architecture code. For this reason profiling the entire kernel is initially restricted to those architectures for which it is known to work without changes. This restriction can be lifted once an architecture has been tested and found compatible with gcc's profiling. Profiling of single files or directories is still available on all platforms (see config help text). [1] http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Gcov.html Signed-off-by: Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Cc: Li Wei <W.Li@Sun.COM> Cc: Michael Ellerman <michaele@au1.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heicars2@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <mschwid2@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/gcov/fs.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/gcov/fs.c673
1 files changed, 673 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/gcov/fs.c b/kernel/gcov/fs.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ef3c3f88a7a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/gcov/fs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,673 @@
+/*
+ * This code exports profiling data as debugfs files to userspace.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2009
+ * Author(s): Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *
+ * Uses gcc-internal data definitions.
+ * Based on the gcov-kernel patch by:
+ * Hubertus Franke <frankeh@us.ibm.com>
+ * Nigel Hinds <nhinds@us.ibm.com>
+ * Rajan Ravindran <rajancr@us.ibm.com>
+ * Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ * Paul Larson
+ * Yi CDL Yang
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "gcov: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include "gcov.h"
+
+/**
+ * struct gcov_node - represents a debugfs entry
+ * @list: list head for child node list
+ * @children: child nodes
+ * @all: list head for list of all nodes
+ * @parent: parent node
+ * @info: associated profiling data structure if not a directory
+ * @ghost: when an object file containing profiling data is unloaded we keep a
+ * copy of the profiling data here to allow collecting coverage data
+ * for cleanup code. Such a node is called a "ghost".
+ * @dentry: main debugfs entry, either a directory or data file
+ * @links: associated symbolic links
+ * @name: data file basename
+ *
+ * struct gcov_node represents an entity within the gcov/ subdirectory
+ * of debugfs. There are directory and data file nodes. The latter represent
+ * the actual synthesized data file plus any associated symbolic links which
+ * are needed by the gcov tool to work correctly.
+ */
+struct gcov_node {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct list_head children;
+ struct list_head all;
+ struct gcov_node *parent;
+ struct gcov_info *info;
+ struct gcov_info *ghost;
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+ struct dentry **links;
+ char name[0];
+};
+
+static const char objtree[] = OBJTREE;
+static const char srctree[] = SRCTREE;
+static struct gcov_node root_node;
+static struct dentry *reset_dentry;
+static LIST_HEAD(all_head);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(node_lock);
+
+/* If non-zero, keep copies of profiling data for unloaded modules. */
+static int gcov_persist = 1;
+
+static int __init gcov_persist_setup(char *str)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+
+ if (strict_strtoul(str, 0, &val)) {
+ pr_warning("invalid gcov_persist parameter '%s'\n", str);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ gcov_persist = val;
+ pr_info("setting gcov_persist to %d\n", gcov_persist);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+__setup("gcov_persist=", gcov_persist_setup);
+
+/*
+ * seq_file.start() implementation for gcov data files. Note that the
+ * gcov_iterator interface is designed to be more restrictive than seq_file
+ * (no start from arbitrary position, etc.), to simplify the iterator
+ * implementation.
+ */
+static void *gcov_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ loff_t i;
+
+ gcov_iter_start(seq->private);
+ for (i = 0; i < *pos; i++) {
+ if (gcov_iter_next(seq->private))
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return seq->private;
+}
+
+/* seq_file.next() implementation for gcov data files. */
+static void *gcov_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *data, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ struct gcov_iterator *iter = data;
+
+ if (gcov_iter_next(iter))
+ return NULL;
+ (*pos)++;
+
+ return iter;
+}
+
+/* seq_file.show() implementation for gcov data files. */
+static int gcov_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *data)
+{
+ struct gcov_iterator *iter = data;
+
+ if (gcov_iter_write(iter, seq))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void gcov_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *data)
+{
+ /* Unused. */
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations gcov_seq_ops = {
+ .start = gcov_seq_start,
+ .next = gcov_seq_next,
+ .show = gcov_seq_show,
+ .stop = gcov_seq_stop,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Return the profiling data set for a given node. This can either be the
+ * original profiling data structure or a duplicate (also called "ghost")
+ * in case the associated object file has been unloaded.
+ */
+static struct gcov_info *get_node_info(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ if (node->info)
+ return node->info;
+
+ return node->ghost;
+}
+
+/*
+ * open() implementation for gcov data files. Create a copy of the profiling
+ * data set and initialize the iterator and seq_file interface.
+ */
+static int gcov_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *node = inode->i_private;
+ struct gcov_iterator *iter;
+ struct seq_file *seq;
+ struct gcov_info *info;
+ int rc = -ENOMEM;
+
+ mutex_lock(&node_lock);
+ /*
+ * Read from a profiling data copy to minimize reference tracking
+ * complexity and concurrent access.
+ */
+ info = gcov_info_dup(get_node_info(node));
+ if (!info)
+ goto out_unlock;
+ iter = gcov_iter_new(info);
+ if (!iter)
+ goto err_free_info;
+ rc = seq_open(file, &gcov_seq_ops);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_free_iter_info;
+ seq = file->private_data;
+ seq->private = iter;
+out_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&node_lock);
+ return rc;
+
+err_free_iter_info:
+ gcov_iter_free(iter);
+err_free_info:
+ gcov_info_free(info);
+ goto out_unlock;
+}
+
+/*
+ * release() implementation for gcov data files. Release resources allocated
+ * by open().
+ */
+static int gcov_seq_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct gcov_iterator *iter;
+ struct gcov_info *info;
+ struct seq_file *seq;
+
+ seq = file->private_data;
+ iter = seq->private;
+ info = gcov_iter_get_info(iter);
+ gcov_iter_free(iter);
+ gcov_info_free(info);
+ seq_release(inode, file);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find a node by the associated data file name. Needs to be called with
+ * node_lock held.
+ */
+static struct gcov_node *get_node_by_name(const char *name)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+ struct gcov_info *info;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(node, &all_head, all) {
+ info = get_node_info(node);
+ if (info && (strcmp(info->filename, name) == 0))
+ return node;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void remove_node(struct gcov_node *node);
+
+/*
+ * write() implementation for gcov data files. Reset profiling data for the
+ * associated file. If the object file has been unloaded (i.e. this is
+ * a "ghost" node), remove the debug fs node as well.
+ */
+static ssize_t gcov_seq_write(struct file *file, const char __user *addr,
+ size_t len, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ struct seq_file *seq;
+ struct gcov_info *info;
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+
+ seq = file->private_data;
+ info = gcov_iter_get_info(seq->private);
+ mutex_lock(&node_lock);
+ node = get_node_by_name(info->filename);
+ if (node) {
+ /* Reset counts or remove node for unloaded modules. */
+ if (node->ghost)
+ remove_node(node);
+ else
+ gcov_info_reset(node->info);
+ }
+ /* Reset counts for open file. */
+ gcov_info_reset(info);
+ mutex_unlock(&node_lock);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given a string <path> representing a file path of format:
+ * path/to/file.gcda
+ * construct and return a new string:
+ * <dir/>path/to/file.<ext>
+ */
+static char *link_target(const char *dir, const char *path, const char *ext)
+{
+ char *target;
+ char *old_ext;
+ char *copy;
+
+ copy = kstrdup(path, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!copy)
+ return NULL;
+ old_ext = strrchr(copy, '.');
+ if (old_ext)
+ *old_ext = '\0';
+ if (dir)
+ target = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s/%s.%s", dir, copy, ext);
+ else
+ target = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s.%s", copy, ext);
+ kfree(copy);
+
+ return target;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Construct a string representing the symbolic link target for the given
+ * gcov data file name and link type. Depending on the link type and the
+ * location of the data file, the link target can either point to a
+ * subdirectory of srctree, objtree or in an external location.
+ */
+static char *get_link_target(const char *filename, const struct gcov_link *ext)
+{
+ const char *rel;
+ char *result;
+
+ if (strncmp(filename, objtree, strlen(objtree)) == 0) {
+ rel = filename + strlen(objtree) + 1;
+ if (ext->dir == SRC_TREE)
+ result = link_target(srctree, rel, ext->ext);
+ else
+ result = link_target(objtree, rel, ext->ext);
+ } else {
+ /* External compilation. */
+ result = link_target(NULL, filename, ext->ext);
+ }
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+#define SKEW_PREFIX ".tmp_"
+
+/*
+ * For a filename .tmp_filename.ext return filename.ext. Needed to compensate
+ * for filename skewing caused by the mod-versioning mechanism.
+ */
+static const char *deskew(const char *basename)
+{
+ if (strncmp(basename, SKEW_PREFIX, sizeof(SKEW_PREFIX) - 1) == 0)
+ return basename + sizeof(SKEW_PREFIX) - 1;
+ return basename;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create links to additional files (usually .c and .gcno files) which the
+ * gcov tool expects to find in the same directory as the gcov data file.
+ */
+static void add_links(struct gcov_node *node, struct dentry *parent)
+{
+ char *basename;
+ char *target;
+ int num;
+ int i;
+
+ for (num = 0; gcov_link[num].ext; num++)
+ /* Nothing. */;
+ node->links = kcalloc(num, sizeof(struct dentry *), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!node->links)
+ return;
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+ target = get_link_target(get_node_info(node)->filename,
+ &gcov_link[i]);
+ if (!target)
+ goto out_err;
+ basename = strrchr(target, '/');
+ if (!basename)
+ goto out_err;
+ basename++;
+ node->links[i] = debugfs_create_symlink(deskew(basename),
+ parent, target);
+ if (!node->links[i])
+ goto out_err;
+ kfree(target);
+ }
+
+ return;
+out_err:
+ kfree(target);
+ while (i-- > 0)
+ debugfs_remove(node->links[i]);
+ kfree(node->links);
+ node->links = NULL;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations gcov_data_fops = {
+ .open = gcov_seq_open,
+ .release = gcov_seq_release,
+ .read = seq_read,
+ .llseek = seq_lseek,
+ .write = gcov_seq_write,
+};
+
+/* Basic initialization of a new node. */
+static void init_node(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info,
+ const char *name, struct gcov_node *parent)
+{
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->list);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->children);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->all);
+ node->info = info;
+ node->parent = parent;
+ if (name)
+ strcpy(node->name, name);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create a new node and associated debugfs entry. Needs to be called with
+ * node_lock held.
+ */
+static struct gcov_node *new_node(struct gcov_node *parent,
+ struct gcov_info *info, const char *name)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+
+ node = kzalloc(sizeof(struct gcov_node) + strlen(name) + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!node) {
+ pr_warning("out of memory\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ init_node(node, info, name, parent);
+ /* Differentiate between gcov data file nodes and directory nodes. */
+ if (info) {
+ node->dentry = debugfs_create_file(deskew(node->name), 0600,
+ parent->dentry, node, &gcov_data_fops);
+ } else
+ node->dentry = debugfs_create_dir(node->name, parent->dentry);
+ if (!node->dentry) {
+ pr_warning("could not create file\n");
+ kfree(node);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ if (info)
+ add_links(node, parent->dentry);
+ list_add(&node->list, &parent->children);
+ list_add(&node->all, &all_head);
+
+ return node;
+}
+
+/* Remove symbolic links associated with node. */
+static void remove_links(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (!node->links)
+ return;
+ for (i = 0; gcov_link[i].ext; i++)
+ debugfs_remove(node->links[i]);
+ kfree(node->links);
+ node->links = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove node from all lists and debugfs and release associated resources.
+ * Needs to be called with node_lock held.
+ */
+static void release_node(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ list_del(&node->list);
+ list_del(&node->all);
+ debugfs_remove(node->dentry);
+ remove_links(node);
+ if (node->ghost)
+ gcov_info_free(node->ghost);
+ kfree(node);
+}
+
+/* Release node and empty parents. Needs to be called with node_lock held. */
+static void remove_node(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *parent;
+
+ while ((node != &root_node) && list_empty(&node->children)) {
+ parent = node->parent;
+ release_node(node);
+ node = parent;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find child node with given basename. Needs to be called with node_lock
+ * held.
+ */
+static struct gcov_node *get_child_by_name(struct gcov_node *parent,
+ const char *name)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(node, &parent->children, list) {
+ if (strcmp(node->name, name) == 0)
+ return node;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * write() implementation for reset file. Reset all profiling data to zero
+ * and remove ghost nodes.
+ */
+static ssize_t reset_write(struct file *file, const char __user *addr,
+ size_t len, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+
+ mutex_lock(&node_lock);
+restart:
+ list_for_each_entry(node, &all_head, all) {
+ if (node->info)
+ gcov_info_reset(node->info);
+ else if (list_empty(&node->children)) {
+ remove_node(node);
+ /* Several nodes may have gone - restart loop. */
+ goto restart;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&node_lock);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+/* read() implementation for reset file. Unused. */
+static ssize_t reset_read(struct file *file, char __user *addr, size_t len,
+ loff_t *pos)
+{
+ /* Allow read operation so that a recursive copy won't fail. */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations gcov_reset_fops = {
+ .write = reset_write,
+ .read = reset_read,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Create a node for a given profiling data set and add it to all lists and
+ * debugfs. Needs to be called with node_lock held.
+ */
+static void add_node(struct gcov_info *info)
+{
+ char *filename;
+ char *curr;
+ char *next;
+ struct gcov_node *parent;
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+
+ filename = kstrdup(info->filename, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!filename)
+ return;
+ parent = &root_node;
+ /* Create directory nodes along the path. */
+ for (curr = filename; (next = strchr(curr, '/')); curr = next + 1) {
+ if (curr == next)
+ continue;
+ *next = 0;
+ if (strcmp(curr, ".") == 0)
+ continue;
+ if (strcmp(curr, "..") == 0) {
+ if (!parent->parent)
+ goto err_remove;
+ parent = parent->parent;
+ continue;
+ }
+ node = get_child_by_name(parent, curr);
+ if (!node) {
+ node = new_node(parent, NULL, curr);
+ if (!node)
+ goto err_remove;
+ }
+ parent = node;
+ }
+ /* Create file node. */
+ node = new_node(parent, info, curr);
+ if (!node)
+ goto err_remove;
+out:
+ kfree(filename);
+ return;
+
+err_remove:
+ remove_node(parent);
+ goto out;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The profiling data set associated with this node is being unloaded. Store a
+ * copy of the profiling data and turn this node into a "ghost".
+ */
+static int ghost_node(struct gcov_node *node)
+{
+ node->ghost = gcov_info_dup(node->info);
+ if (!node->ghost) {
+ pr_warning("could not save data for '%s' (out of memory)\n",
+ node->info->filename);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ node->info = NULL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Profiling data for this node has been loaded again. Add profiling data
+ * from previous instantiation and turn this node into a regular node.
+ */
+static void revive_node(struct gcov_node *node, struct gcov_info *info)
+{
+ if (gcov_info_is_compatible(node->ghost, info))
+ gcov_info_add(info, node->ghost);
+ else {
+ pr_warning("discarding saved data for '%s' (version changed)\n",
+ info->filename);
+ }
+ gcov_info_free(node->ghost);
+ node->ghost = NULL;
+ node->info = info;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Callback to create/remove profiling files when code compiled with
+ * -fprofile-arcs is loaded/unloaded.
+ */
+void gcov_event(enum gcov_action action, struct gcov_info *info)
+{
+ struct gcov_node *node;
+
+ mutex_lock(&node_lock);
+ node = get_node_by_name(info->filename);
+ switch (action) {
+ case GCOV_ADD:
+ /* Add new node or revive ghost. */
+ if (!node) {
+ add_node(info);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (gcov_persist)
+ revive_node(node, info);
+ else {
+ pr_warning("could not add '%s' (already exists)\n",
+ info->filename);
+ }
+ break;
+ case GCOV_REMOVE:
+ /* Remove node or turn into ghost. */
+ if (!node) {
+ pr_warning("could not remove '%s' (not found)\n",
+ info->filename);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (gcov_persist) {
+ if (!ghost_node(node))
+ break;
+ }
+ remove_node(node);
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&node_lock);
+}
+
+/* Create debugfs entries. */
+static __init int gcov_fs_init(void)
+{
+ int rc = -EIO;
+
+ init_node(&root_node, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+ /*
+ * /sys/kernel/debug/gcov will be parent for the reset control file
+ * and all profiling files.
+ */
+ root_node.dentry = debugfs_create_dir("gcov", NULL);
+ if (!root_node.dentry)
+ goto err_remove;
+ /*
+ * Create reset file which resets all profiling counts when written
+ * to.
+ */
+ reset_dentry = debugfs_create_file("reset", 0600, root_node.dentry,
+ NULL, &gcov_reset_fops);
+ if (!reset_dentry)
+ goto err_remove;
+ /* Replay previous events to get our fs hierarchy up-to-date. */
+ gcov_enable_events();
+ return 0;
+
+err_remove:
+ pr_err("init failed\n");
+ if (root_node.dentry)
+ debugfs_remove(root_node.dentry);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+device_initcall(gcov_fs_init);