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authorDavidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>2013-09-23 17:04:45 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-09-24 09:36:53 -0700
commit53dad6d3a8e5ac1af8bacc6ac2134ae1a8b085f1 (patch)
treefc9349452c9bae7e86dbbbeed99c07bde4bad0c4 /ipc/sem.c
parent4a10c2ac2f368583138b774ca41fac4207911983 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-53dad6d3a8e5ac1af8bacc6ac2134ae1a8b085f1.tar.gz
ipc: fix race with LSMs
Currently, IPC mechanisms do security and auditing related checks under RCU. However, since security modules can free the security structure, for example, through selinux_[sem,msg_queue,shm]_free_security(), we can race if the structure is freed before other tasks are done with it, creating a use-after-free condition. Manfred illustrates this nicely, for instance with shared mem and selinux: -> do_shmat calls rcu_read_lock() -> do_shmat calls shm_object_check(). Checks that the object is still valid - but doesn't acquire any locks. Then it returns. -> do_shmat calls security_shm_shmat (e.g. selinux_shm_shmat) -> selinux_shm_shmat calls ipc_has_perm() -> ipc_has_perm accesses ipc_perms->security shm_close() -> shm_close acquires rw_mutex & shm_lock -> shm_close calls shm_destroy -> shm_destroy calls security_shm_free (e.g. selinux_shm_free_security) -> selinux_shm_free_security calls ipc_free_security(&shp->shm_perm) -> ipc_free_security calls kfree(ipc_perms->security) This patch delays the freeing of the security structures after all RCU readers are done. Furthermore it aligns the security life cycle with that of the rest of IPC - freeing them based on the reference counter. For situations where we need not free security, the current behavior is kept. Linus states: "... the old behavior was suspect for another reason too: having the security blob go away from under a user sounds like it could cause various other problems anyway, so I think the old code was at least _prone_ to bugs even if it didn't have catastrophic behavior." I have tested this patch with IPC testcases from LTP on both my quad-core laptop and on a 64 core NUMA server. In both cases selinux is enabled, and tests pass for both voluntary and forced preemption models. While the mentioned races are theoretical (at least no one as reported them), I wanted to make sure that this new logic doesn't break anything we weren't aware of. Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc/sem.c')
-rw-r--r--ipc/sem.c34
1 files changed, 18 insertions, 16 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/sem.c b/ipc/sem.c
index 69b6a21f3844..19c8b980d1fe 100644
--- a/ipc/sem.c
+++ b/ipc/sem.c
@@ -243,6 +243,15 @@ static void merge_queues(struct sem_array *sma)
}
}
+static void sem_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+ struct ipc_rcu *p = container_of(head, struct ipc_rcu, rcu);
+ struct sem_array *sma = ipc_rcu_to_struct(p);
+
+ security_sem_free(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_free(head);
+}
+
/*
* If the request contains only one semaphore operation, and there are
* no complex transactions pending, lock only the semaphore involved.
@@ -374,12 +383,7 @@ static inline struct sem_array *sem_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns
static inline void sem_lock_and_putref(struct sem_array *sma)
{
sem_lock(sma, NULL, -1);
- ipc_rcu_putref(sma);
-}
-
-static inline void sem_putref(struct sem_array *sma)
-{
- ipc_rcu_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
}
static inline void sem_rmid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct sem_array *s)
@@ -458,14 +462,13 @@ static int newary(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
sma->sem_perm.security = NULL;
retval = security_sem_alloc(sma);
if (retval) {
- ipc_rcu_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
return retval;
}
id = ipc_addid(&sem_ids(ns), &sma->sem_perm, ns->sc_semmni);
if (id < 0) {
- security_sem_free(sma);
- ipc_rcu_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, sem_rcu_free);
return id;
}
ns->used_sems += nsems;
@@ -1047,8 +1050,7 @@ static void freeary(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
wake_up_sem_queue_do(&tasks);
ns->used_sems -= sma->sem_nsems;
- security_sem_free(sma);
- ipc_rcu_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, sem_rcu_free);
}
static unsigned long copy_semid_to_user(void __user *buf, struct semid64_ds *in, int version)
@@ -1292,7 +1294,7 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
rcu_read_unlock();
sem_io = ipc_alloc(sizeof(ushort)*nsems);
if(sem_io == NULL) {
- sem_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
return -ENOMEM;
}
@@ -1328,20 +1330,20 @@ static int semctl_main(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid, int semnum,
if(nsems > SEMMSL_FAST) {
sem_io = ipc_alloc(sizeof(ushort)*nsems);
if(sem_io == NULL) {
- sem_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
return -ENOMEM;
}
}
if (copy_from_user (sem_io, p, nsems*sizeof(ushort))) {
- sem_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
err = -EFAULT;
goto out_free;
}
for (i = 0; i < nsems; i++) {
if (sem_io[i] > SEMVMX) {
- sem_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
err = -ERANGE;
goto out_free;
}
@@ -1629,7 +1631,7 @@ static struct sem_undo *find_alloc_undo(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int semid)
/* step 2: allocate new undo structure */
new = kzalloc(sizeof(struct sem_undo) + sizeof(short)*nsems, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!new) {
- sem_putref(sma);
+ ipc_rcu_putref(sma, ipc_rcu_free);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}