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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-03-15 13:50:29 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-03-15 13:50:29 -0700
commit710d60cbf1b312a8075a2158cbfbbd9c66132dcc (patch)
treed46a9f1a14165807701f1868398a6dc76af85968 /init
parentdf2e37c814d51692803245fcbecca360d4882e96 (diff)
parentd10ef6f9380b8853c4b48eb104268fccfdc0b0c5 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-710d60cbf1b312a8075a2158cbfbbd9c66132dcc.tar.gz
Merge branch 'smp-hotplug-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull cpu hotplug updates from Thomas Gleixner: "This is the first part of the ongoing cpu hotplug rework: - Initial implementation of the state machine - Runs all online and prepare down callbacks on the plugged cpu and not on some random processor - Replaces busy loop waiting with completions - Adds tracepoints so the states can be followed" More detailed commentary on this work from an earlier email: "What's wrong with the current cpu hotplug infrastructure? - Asymmetry The hotplug notifier mechanism is asymmetric versus the bringup and teardown. This is mostly caused by the notifier mechanism. - Largely undocumented dependencies While some notifiers use explicitely defined notifier priorities, we have quite some notifiers which use numerical priorities to express dependencies without any documentation why. - Control processor driven Most of the bringup/teardown of a cpu is driven by a control processor. While it is understandable, that preperatory steps, like idle thread creation, memory allocation for and initialization of essential facilities needs to be done before a cpu can boot, there is no reason why everything else must run on a control processor. Before this patch series, bringup looks like this: Control CPU Booting CPU do preparatory steps kick cpu into life do low level init sync with booting cpu sync with control cpu bring the rest up - All or nothing approach There is no way to do partial bringups. That's something which is really desired because we waste e.g. at boot substantial amount of time just busy waiting that the cpu comes to life. That's stupid as we could very well do preparatory steps and the initial IPI for other cpus and then go back and do the necessary low level synchronization with the freshly booted cpu. - Minimal debuggability Due to the notifier based design, it's impossible to switch between two stages of the bringup/teardown back and forth in order to test the correctness. So in many hotplug notifiers the cancel mechanisms are either not existant or completely untested. - Notifier [un]registering is tedious To [un]register notifiers we need to protect against hotplug at every callsite. There is no mechanism that bringup/teardown callbacks are issued on the online cpus, so every caller needs to do it itself. That also includes error rollback. What's the new design? The base of the new design is a symmetric state machine, where both the control processor and the booting/dying cpu execute a well defined set of states. Each state is symmetric in the end, except for some well defined exceptions, and the bringup/teardown can be stopped and reversed at almost all states. So the bringup of a cpu will look like this in the future: Control CPU Booting CPU do preparatory steps kick cpu into life do low level init sync with booting cpu sync with control cpu bring itself up The synchronization step does not require the control cpu to wait. That mechanism can be done asynchronously via a worker or some other mechanism. The teardown can be made very similar, so that the dying cpu cleans up and brings itself down. Cleanups which need to be done after the cpu is gone, can be scheduled asynchronously as well. There is a long way to this, as we need to refactor the notion when a cpu is available. Today we set the cpu online right after it comes out of the low level bringup, which is not really correct. The proper mechanism is to set it to available, i.e. cpu local threads, like softirqd, hotplug thread etc. can be scheduled on that cpu, and once it finished all booting steps, it's set to online, so general workloads can be scheduled on it. The reverse happens on teardown. First thing to do is to forbid scheduling of general workloads, then teardown all the per cpu resources and finally shut it off completely. This patch series implements the basic infrastructure for this at the core level. This includes the following: - Basic state machine implementation with well defined states, so ordering and prioritization can be expressed. - Interfaces to [un]register state callbacks This invokes the bringup/teardown callback on all online cpus with the proper protection in place and [un]installs the callbacks in the state machine array. For callbacks which have no particular ordering requirement we have a dynamic state space, so that drivers don't have to register an explicit hotplug state. If a callback fails, the code automatically does a rollback to the previous state. - Sysfs interface to drive the state machine to a particular step. This is only partially functional today. Full functionality and therefor testability will be achieved once we converted all existing hotplug notifiers over to the new scheme. - Run all CPU_ONLINE/DOWN_PREPARE notifiers on the booting/dying processor: Control CPU Booting CPU do preparatory steps kick cpu into life do low level init sync with booting cpu sync with control cpu wait for boot bring itself up Signal completion to control cpu In a previous step of this work we've done a full tree mechanical conversion of all hotplug notifiers to the new scheme. The balance is a net removal of about 4000 lines of code. This is not included in this series, as we decided to take a different approach. Instead of mechanically converting everything over, we will do a proper overhaul of the usage sites one by one so they nicely fit into the symmetric callback scheme. I decided to do that after I looked at the ugliness of some of the converted sites and figured out that their hotplug mechanism is completely buggered anyway. So there is no point to do a mechanical conversion first as we need to go through the usage sites one by one again in order to achieve a full symmetric and testable behaviour" * 'smp-hotplug-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (23 commits) cpu/hotplug: Document states better cpu/hotplug: Fix smpboot thread ordering cpu/hotplug: Remove redundant state check cpu/hotplug: Plug death reporting race rcu: Make CPU_DYING_IDLE an explicit call cpu/hotplug: Make wait for dead cpu completion based cpu/hotplug: Let upcoming cpu bring itself fully up arch/hotplug: Call into idle with a proper state cpu/hotplug: Move online calls to hotplugged cpu cpu/hotplug: Create hotplug threads cpu/hotplug: Split out the state walk into functions cpu/hotplug: Unpark smpboot threads from the state machine cpu/hotplug: Move scheduler cpu_online notifier to hotplug core cpu/hotplug: Implement setup/removal interface cpu/hotplug: Make target state writeable cpu/hotplug: Add sysfs state interface cpu/hotplug: Hand in target state to _cpu_up/down cpu/hotplug: Convert the hotplugged cpu work to a state machine cpu/hotplug: Convert to a state machine for the control processor cpu/hotplug: Add tracepoints ...
Diffstat (limited to 'init')
-rw-r--r--init/main.c16
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 15 deletions
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 7c27de4577ed..8dc93df20f7f 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -385,7 +385,6 @@ static noinline void __init_refok rest_init(void)
int pid;
rcu_scheduler_starting();
- smpboot_thread_init();
/*
* We need to spawn init first so that it obtains pid 1, however
* the init task will end up wanting to create kthreads, which, if
@@ -449,20 +448,6 @@ void __init parse_early_param(void)
done = 1;
}
-/*
- * Activate the first processor.
- */
-
-static void __init boot_cpu_init(void)
-{
- int cpu = smp_processor_id();
- /* Mark the boot cpu "present", "online" etc for SMP and UP case */
- set_cpu_online(cpu, true);
- set_cpu_active(cpu, true);
- set_cpu_present(cpu, true);
- set_cpu_possible(cpu, true);
-}
-
void __init __weak smp_setup_processor_id(void)
{
}
@@ -522,6 +507,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
setup_command_line(command_line);
setup_nr_cpu_ids();
setup_per_cpu_areas();
+ boot_cpu_state_init();
smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); /* arch-specific boot-cpu hooks */
build_all_zonelists(NULL, NULL);