diff options
authorDaniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz>2020-11-17 12:05:45 -0800
committerAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>2020-11-19 11:56:16 -0800
commit6fa6d28051e9fcaa1570e69648ea13a353a5d218 (patch)
parent1fd6cee127e2ddff36d648573d7566aafb0d0b77 (diff)
lib/strncpy_from_user.c: Mask out bytes after NUL terminator.
do_strncpy_from_user() may copy some extra bytes after the NUL terminator into the destination buffer. This usually does not matter for normal string operations. However, when BPF programs key BPF maps with strings, this matters a lot. A BPF program may read strings from user memory by calling the bpf_probe_read_user_str() helper which eventually calls do_strncpy_from_user(). The program can then key a map with the destination buffer. BPF map keys are fixed-width and string-agnostic, meaning that map keys are treated as a set of bytes. The issue is when do_strncpy_from_user() overcopies bytes after the NUL terminator, it can result in seemingly identical strings occupying multiple slots in a BPF map. This behavior is subtle and totally unexpected by the user. This commit masks out the bytes following the NUL while preserving long-sized stride in the fast path. Fixes: 6ae08ae3dea2 ("bpf: Add probe_read_{user, kernel} and probe_read_{user, kernel}_str helpers") Signed-off-by: Daniel Xu <dxu@dxuuu.xyz> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/21efc982b3e9f2f7b0379eed642294caaa0c27a7.1605642949.git.dxu@dxuuu.xyz
2 files changed, 27 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index 5113fd423cdf..048c655315f1 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -181,6 +181,16 @@ bpf_probe_read_user_str_common(void *dst, u32 size,
int ret;
+ /*
+ * NB: We rely on strncpy_from_user() not copying junk past the NUL
+ * terminator into `dst`.
+ *
+ * strncpy_from_user() does long-sized strides in the fast path. If the
+ * strncpy does not mask out the bytes after the NUL in `unsafe_ptr`,
+ * then there could be junk after the NUL in `dst`. If user takes `dst`
+ * and keys a hash map with it, then semantically identical strings can
+ * occupy multiple entries in the map.
+ */
ret = strncpy_from_user_nofault(dst, unsafe_ptr, size);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
memset(dst, 0, size);
diff --git a/lib/strncpy_from_user.c b/lib/strncpy_from_user.c
index e6d5fcc2cdf3..122d8d0e253c 100644
--- a/lib/strncpy_from_user.c
+++ b/lib/strncpy_from_user.c
@@ -35,17 +35,32 @@ static inline long do_strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src,
goto byte_at_a_time;
while (max >= sizeof(unsigned long)) {
- unsigned long c, data;
+ unsigned long c, data, mask;
/* Fall back to byte-at-a-time if we get a page fault */
unsafe_get_user(c, (unsigned long __user *)(src+res), byte_at_a_time);
- *(unsigned long *)(dst+res) = c;
+ /*
+ * Note that we mask out the bytes following the NUL. This is
+ * important to do because string oblivious code may read past
+ * the NUL. For those routines, we don't want to give them
+ * potentially random bytes after the NUL in `src`.
+ *
+ * One example of such code is BPF map keys. BPF treats map keys
+ * as an opaque set of bytes. Without the post-NUL mask, any BPF
+ * maps keyed by strings returned from strncpy_from_user() may
+ * have multiple entries for semantically identical strings.
+ */
if (has_zero(c, &data, &constants)) {
data = prep_zero_mask(c, data, &constants);
data = create_zero_mask(data);
+ mask = zero_bytemask(data);
+ *(unsigned long *)(dst+res) = c & mask;
return res + find_zero(data);
+ *(unsigned long *)(dst+res) = c;
res += sizeof(unsigned long);
max -= sizeof(unsigned long);