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authorJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>2015-01-08 14:32:18 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-01-08 15:10:51 -0800
commit2d6d7f98284648c5ed113fe22a132148950b140f (patch)
tree71cb2c508fa8eca681139ed84e123bd445ed48e3
parent7a3ef208e662f4b63d43a23f61a64a129c525bbc (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-2d6d7f98284648c5ed113fe22a132148950b140f.tar.gz
mm: protect set_page_dirty() from ongoing truncation
Tejun, while reviewing the code, spotted the following race condition between the dirtying and truncation of a page: __set_page_dirty_nobuffers() __delete_from_page_cache() if (TestSetPageDirty(page)) page->mapping = NULL if (PageDirty()) dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY); dec_bdi_stat(mapping->backing_dev_info, BDI_RECLAIMABLE); if (page->mapping) account_page_dirtied(page) __inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY); __inc_bdi_stat(mapping->backing_dev_info, BDI_RECLAIMABLE); which results in an imbalance of NR_FILE_DIRTY and BDI_RECLAIMABLE. Dirtiers usually lock out truncation, either by holding the page lock directly, or in case of zap_pte_range(), by pinning the mapcount with the page table lock held. The notable exception to this rule, though, is do_wp_page(), for which this race exists. However, do_wp_page() already waits for a locked page to unlock before setting the dirty bit, in order to prevent a race where clear_page_dirty() misses the page bit in the presence of dirty ptes. Upgrade that wait to a fully locked set_page_dirty() to also cover the situation explained above. Afterwards, the code in set_page_dirty() dealing with a truncation race is no longer needed. Remove it. Reported-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/writeback.h1
-rw-r--r--mm/memory.c27
-rw-r--r--mm/page-writeback.c43
3 files changed, 29 insertions, 42 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/writeback.h b/include/linux/writeback.h
index a219be961c0a..00048339c23e 100644
--- a/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ b/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -177,7 +177,6 @@ int write_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
struct writeback_control *wbc, writepage_t writepage,
void *data);
int do_writepages(struct address_space *mapping, struct writeback_control *wbc);
-void set_page_dirty_balance(struct page *page);
void writeback_set_ratelimit(void);
void tag_pages_for_writeback(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end);
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index d7e497e98f46..c6565f00fb38 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -2137,17 +2137,24 @@ reuse:
if (!dirty_page)
return ret;
- /*
- * Yes, Virginia, this is actually required to prevent a race
- * with clear_page_dirty_for_io() from clearing the page dirty
- * bit after it clear all dirty ptes, but before a racing
- * do_wp_page installs a dirty pte.
- *
- * do_shared_fault is protected similarly.
- */
if (!page_mkwrite) {
- wait_on_page_locked(dirty_page);
- set_page_dirty_balance(dirty_page);
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ int dirtied;
+
+ lock_page(dirty_page);
+ dirtied = set_page_dirty(dirty_page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(dirty_page), dirty_page);
+ mapping = dirty_page->mapping;
+ unlock_page(dirty_page);
+
+ if (dirtied && mapping) {
+ /*
+ * Some device drivers do not set page.mapping
+ * but still dirty their pages
+ */
+ balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping);
+ }
+
/* file_update_time outside page_lock */
if (vma->vm_file)
file_update_time(vma->vm_file);
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index d5d81f5384d1..6f4335238e33 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -1541,16 +1541,6 @@ pause:
bdi_start_background_writeback(bdi);
}
-void set_page_dirty_balance(struct page *page)
-{
- if (set_page_dirty(page)) {
- struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
-
- if (mapping)
- balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping);
- }
-}
-
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, bdp_ratelimits);
/*
@@ -2123,32 +2113,25 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(account_page_dirtied);
* page dirty in that case, but not all the buffers. This is a "bottom-up"
* dirtying, whereas __set_page_dirty_buffers() is a "top-down" dirtying.
*
- * Most callers have locked the page, which pins the address_space in memory.
- * But zap_pte_range() does not lock the page, however in that case the
- * mapping is pinned by the vma's ->vm_file reference.
- *
- * We take care to handle the case where the page was truncated from the
- * mapping by re-checking page_mapping() inside tree_lock.
+ * The caller must ensure this doesn't race with truncation. Most will simply
+ * hold the page lock, but e.g. zap_pte_range() calls with the page mapped and
+ * the pte lock held, which also locks out truncation.
*/
int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page)
{
if (!TestSetPageDirty(page)) {
struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
- struct address_space *mapping2;
unsigned long flags;
if (!mapping)
return 1;
spin_lock_irqsave(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
- mapping2 = page_mapping(page);
- if (mapping2) { /* Race with truncate? */
- BUG_ON(mapping2 != mapping);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!PagePrivate(page) && !PageUptodate(page));
- account_page_dirtied(page, mapping);
- radix_tree_tag_set(&mapping->page_tree,
- page_index(page), PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
- }
+ BUG_ON(page_mapping(page) != mapping);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!PagePrivate(page) && !PageUptodate(page));
+ account_page_dirtied(page, mapping);
+ radix_tree_tag_set(&mapping->page_tree, page_index(page),
+ PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->tree_lock, flags);
if (mapping->host) {
/* !PageAnon && !swapper_space */
@@ -2305,12 +2288,10 @@ int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
/*
* We carefully synchronise fault handlers against
* installing a dirty pte and marking the page dirty
- * at this point. We do this by having them hold the
- * page lock at some point after installing their
- * pte, but before marking the page dirty.
- * Pages are always locked coming in here, so we get
- * the desired exclusion. See mm/memory.c:do_wp_page()
- * for more comments.
+ * at this point. We do this by having them hold the
+ * page lock while dirtying the page, and pages are
+ * always locked coming in here, so we get the desired
+ * exclusion.
*/
if (TestClearPageDirty(page)) {
dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_DIRTY);