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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2015-04-01 17:12:13 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2015-04-06 16:42:35 -0400
commit91bc4822c3d61b9bb7ef66d3b77948a4f9177954 (patch)
treeca92a811b501957c1e876290d305aaf81c8d9aff
parent5888b93b750609680735d6b8b737703083ef40ff (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-91bc4822c3d61b9bb7ef66d3b77948a4f9177954.tar.gz
tc: bpf: add checksum helpers
Commit 608cd71a9c7c ("tc: bpf: generalize pedit action") has added the possibility to mangle packet data to BPF programs in the tc pipeline. This patch adds two helpers bpf_l3_csum_replace() and bpf_l4_csum_replace() for fixing up the protocol checksums after the packet mangling. It also adds 'flags' argument to bpf_skb_store_bytes() helper to avoid unnecessary checksum recomputations when BPF programs adjusting l3/l4 checksums and documents all three helpers in uapi header. Moreover, a sample program is added to show how BPF programs can make use of the mangle and csum helpers. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/bpf.h38
-rw-r--r--net/core/filter.c108
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h7
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/tcbpf1_kern.c71
5 files changed, 220 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 0db8580f3cca..23df3e7f8e7d 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -168,7 +168,43 @@ enum bpf_func_id {
BPF_FUNC_map_delete_elem, /* int map_delete_elem(&map, &key) */
BPF_FUNC_get_prandom_u32, /* u32 prandom_u32(void) */
BPF_FUNC_get_smp_processor_id, /* u32 raw_smp_processor_id(void) */
- BPF_FUNC_skb_store_bytes, /* int skb_store_bytes(skb, offset, from, len) */
+
+ /**
+ * skb_store_bytes(skb, offset, from, len, flags) - store bytes into packet
+ * @skb: pointer to skb
+ * @offset: offset within packet from skb->data
+ * @from: pointer where to copy bytes from
+ * @len: number of bytes to store into packet
+ * @flags: bit 0 - if true, recompute skb->csum
+ * other bits - reserved
+ * Return: 0 on success
+ */
+ BPF_FUNC_skb_store_bytes,
+
+ /**
+ * l3_csum_replace(skb, offset, from, to, flags) - recompute IP checksum
+ * @skb: pointer to skb
+ * @offset: offset within packet where IP checksum is located
+ * @from: old value of header field
+ * @to: new value of header field
+ * @flags: bits 0-3 - size of header field
+ * other bits - reserved
+ * Return: 0 on success
+ */
+ BPF_FUNC_l3_csum_replace,
+
+ /**
+ * l4_csum_replace(skb, offset, from, to, flags) - recompute TCP/UDP checksum
+ * @skb: pointer to skb
+ * @offset: offset within packet where TCP/UDP checksum is located
+ * @from: old value of header field
+ * @to: new value of header field
+ * @flags: bits 0-3 - size of header field
+ * bit 4 - is pseudo header
+ * other bits - reserved
+ * Return: 0 on success
+ */
+ BPF_FUNC_l4_csum_replace,
__BPF_FUNC_MAX_ID,
};
diff --git a/net/core/filter.c b/net/core/filter.c
index 955a7d77decd..b669e75d2b36 100644
--- a/net/core/filter.c
+++ b/net/core/filter.c
@@ -1175,7 +1175,9 @@ int sk_attach_bpf(u32 ufd, struct sock *sk)
return 0;
}
-static u64 bpf_skb_store_bytes(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5)
+#define BPF_RECOMPUTE_CSUM(flags) ((flags) & 1)
+
+static u64 bpf_skb_store_bytes(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 flags)
{
struct sk_buff *skb = (struct sk_buff *) (long) r1;
unsigned int offset = (unsigned int) r2;
@@ -1192,7 +1194,7 @@ static u64 bpf_skb_store_bytes(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5)
*
* so check for invalid 'offset' and too large 'len'
*/
- if (offset > 0xffff || len > sizeof(buf))
+ if (unlikely(offset > 0xffff || len > sizeof(buf)))
return -EFAULT;
if (skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, offset + len))
@@ -1202,7 +1204,8 @@ static u64 bpf_skb_store_bytes(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5)
if (unlikely(!ptr))
return -EFAULT;
- skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, ptr, len);
+ if (BPF_RECOMPUTE_CSUM(flags))
+ skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, ptr, len);
memcpy(ptr, from, len);
@@ -1210,7 +1213,7 @@ static u64 bpf_skb_store_bytes(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5)
/* skb_store_bits cannot return -EFAULT here */
skb_store_bits(skb, offset, ptr, len);
- if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)
+ if (BPF_RECOMPUTE_CSUM(flags) && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)
skb->csum = csum_add(skb->csum, csum_partial(ptr, len, 0));
return 0;
}
@@ -1223,6 +1226,99 @@ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_skb_store_bytes_proto = {
.arg2_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
.arg3_type = ARG_PTR_TO_STACK,
.arg4_type = ARG_CONST_STACK_SIZE,
+ .arg5_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+};
+
+#define BPF_HEADER_FIELD_SIZE(flags) ((flags) & 0x0f)
+#define BPF_IS_PSEUDO_HEADER(flags) ((flags) & 0x10)
+
+static u64 bpf_l3_csum_replace(u64 r1, u64 offset, u64 from, u64 to, u64 flags)
+{
+ struct sk_buff *skb = (struct sk_buff *) (long) r1;
+ __sum16 sum, *ptr;
+
+ if (unlikely(offset > 0xffff))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, offset + sizeof(sum)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ ptr = skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, sizeof(sum), &sum);
+ if (unlikely(!ptr))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ switch (BPF_HEADER_FIELD_SIZE(flags)) {
+ case 2:
+ csum_replace2(ptr, from, to);
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ csum_replace4(ptr, from, to);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (ptr == &sum)
+ /* skb_store_bits guaranteed to not return -EFAULT here */
+ skb_store_bits(skb, offset, ptr, sizeof(sum));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_l3_csum_replace_proto = {
+ .func = bpf_l3_csum_replace,
+ .gpl_only = false,
+ .ret_type = RET_INTEGER,
+ .arg1_type = ARG_PTR_TO_CTX,
+ .arg2_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+ .arg3_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+ .arg4_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+ .arg5_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+};
+
+static u64 bpf_l4_csum_replace(u64 r1, u64 offset, u64 from, u64 to, u64 flags)
+{
+ struct sk_buff *skb = (struct sk_buff *) (long) r1;
+ u32 is_pseudo = BPF_IS_PSEUDO_HEADER(flags);
+ __sum16 sum, *ptr;
+
+ if (unlikely(offset > 0xffff))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, offset + sizeof(sum)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ ptr = skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, sizeof(sum), &sum);
+ if (unlikely(!ptr))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ switch (BPF_HEADER_FIELD_SIZE(flags)) {
+ case 2:
+ inet_proto_csum_replace2(ptr, skb, from, to, is_pseudo);
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ inet_proto_csum_replace4(ptr, skb, from, to, is_pseudo);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (ptr == &sum)
+ /* skb_store_bits guaranteed to not return -EFAULT here */
+ skb_store_bits(skb, offset, ptr, sizeof(sum));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_l4_csum_replace_proto = {
+ .func = bpf_l4_csum_replace,
+ .gpl_only = false,
+ .ret_type = RET_INTEGER,
+ .arg1_type = ARG_PTR_TO_CTX,
+ .arg2_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+ .arg3_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+ .arg4_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
+ .arg5_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
};
static const struct bpf_func_proto *
@@ -1250,6 +1346,10 @@ tc_cls_act_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id)
switch (func_id) {
case BPF_FUNC_skb_store_bytes:
return &bpf_skb_store_bytes_proto;
+ case BPF_FUNC_l3_csum_replace:
+ return &bpf_l3_csum_replace_proto;
+ case BPF_FUNC_l4_csum_replace:
+ return &bpf_l4_csum_replace_proto;
default:
return sk_filter_func_proto(func_id);
}
diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index b5b3600dcdf5..d24f51bca465 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ sockex2-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o sockex2_user.o
always := $(hostprogs-y)
always += sockex1_kern.o
always += sockex2_kern.o
+always += tcbpf1_kern.o
HOSTCFLAGS += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
index ca0333146006..72540ec1f003 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
@@ -37,4 +37,11 @@ struct bpf_map_def {
unsigned int max_entries;
};
+static int (*bpf_skb_store_bytes)(void *ctx, int off, void *from, int len, int flags) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_skb_store_bytes;
+static int (*bpf_l3_csum_replace)(void *ctx, int off, int from, int to, int flags) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_l3_csum_replace;
+static int (*bpf_l4_csum_replace)(void *ctx, int off, int from, int to, int flags) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_l4_csum_replace;
+
#endif
diff --git a/samples/bpf/tcbpf1_kern.c b/samples/bpf/tcbpf1_kern.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7cf3f42a6e39
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/tcbpf1_kern.c
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/if_ether.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/if_packet.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/ip.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/in.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/tcp.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+
+/* compiler workaround */
+#define _htonl __builtin_bswap32
+
+static inline void set_dst_mac(struct __sk_buff *skb, char *mac)
+{
+ bpf_skb_store_bytes(skb, 0, mac, ETH_ALEN, 1);
+}
+
+/* use 1 below for ingress qdisc and 0 for egress */
+#if 0
+#undef ETH_HLEN
+#define ETH_HLEN 0
+#endif
+
+#define IP_CSUM_OFF (ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, check))
+#define TOS_OFF (ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, tos))
+
+static inline void set_ip_tos(struct __sk_buff *skb, __u8 new_tos)
+{
+ __u8 old_tos = load_byte(skb, TOS_OFF);
+
+ bpf_l3_csum_replace(skb, IP_CSUM_OFF, htons(old_tos), htons(new_tos), 2);
+ bpf_skb_store_bytes(skb, TOS_OFF, &new_tos, sizeof(new_tos), 0);
+}
+
+#define TCP_CSUM_OFF (ETH_HLEN + sizeof(struct iphdr) + offsetof(struct tcphdr, check))
+#define IP_SRC_OFF (ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, saddr))
+
+#define IS_PSEUDO 0x10
+
+static inline void set_tcp_ip_src(struct __sk_buff *skb, __u32 new_ip)
+{
+ __u32 old_ip = _htonl(load_word(skb, IP_SRC_OFF));
+
+ bpf_l4_csum_replace(skb, TCP_CSUM_OFF, old_ip, new_ip, IS_PSEUDO | sizeof(new_ip));
+ bpf_l3_csum_replace(skb, IP_CSUM_OFF, old_ip, new_ip, sizeof(new_ip));
+ bpf_skb_store_bytes(skb, IP_SRC_OFF, &new_ip, sizeof(new_ip), 0);
+}
+
+#define TCP_DPORT_OFF (ETH_HLEN + sizeof(struct iphdr) + offsetof(struct tcphdr, dest))
+static inline void set_tcp_dest_port(struct __sk_buff *skb, __u16 new_port)
+{
+ __u16 old_port = htons(load_half(skb, TCP_DPORT_OFF));
+
+ bpf_l4_csum_replace(skb, TCP_CSUM_OFF, old_port, new_port, sizeof(new_port));
+ bpf_skb_store_bytes(skb, TCP_DPORT_OFF, &new_port, sizeof(new_port), 0);
+}
+
+SEC("classifier")
+int bpf_prog1(struct __sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ __u8 proto = load_byte(skb, ETH_HLEN + offsetof(struct iphdr, protocol));
+ long *value;
+
+ if (proto == IPPROTO_TCP) {
+ set_ip_tos(skb, 8);
+ set_tcp_ip_src(skb, 0xA010101);
+ set_tcp_dest_port(skb, 5001);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";