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authorToshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com>2018-03-22 16:17:20 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-03-22 17:07:01 -0700
commitb6bdb7517c3d3f41f20e5c2948d6bc3f8897394e (patch)
tree10ebaefa5c684a47d269a0eac6be067c4d4eae2d
parent1705f7c534163594f8b05e060cb49fbea86ca70b (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-b6bdb7517c3d3f41f20e5c2948d6bc3f8897394e.tar.gz
mm/vmalloc: add interfaces to free unmapped page table
On architectures with CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP set, ioremap() may create pud/pmd mappings. A kernel panic was observed on arm64 systems with Cortex-A75 in the following steps as described by Hanjun Guo. 1. ioremap a 4K size, valid page table will build, 2. iounmap it, pte0 will set to 0; 3. ioremap the same address with 2M size, pgd/pmd is unchanged, then set the a new value for pmd; 4. pte0 is leaked; 5. CPU may meet exception because the old pmd is still in TLB, which will lead to kernel panic. This panic is not reproducible on x86. INVLPG, called from iounmap, purges all levels of entries associated with purged address on x86. x86 still has memory leak. The patch changes the ioremap path to free unmapped page table(s) since doing so in the unmap path has the following issues: - The iounmap() path is shared with vunmap(). Since vmap() only supports pte mappings, making vunmap() to free a pte page is an overhead for regular vmap users as they do not need a pte page freed up. - Checking if all entries in a pte page are cleared in the unmap path is racy, and serializing this check is expensive. - The unmap path calls free_vmap_area_noflush() to do lazy TLB purges. Clearing a pud/pmd entry before the lazy TLB purges needs extra TLB purge. Add two interfaces, pud_free_pmd_page() and pmd_free_pte_page(), which clear a given pud/pmd entry and free up a page for the lower level entries. This patch implements their stub functions on x86 and arm64, which work as workaround. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in pmd_free_pte_page() stub] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180314180155.19492-2-toshi.kani@hpe.com Fixes: e61ce6ade404e ("mm: change ioremap to set up huge I/O mappings") Reported-by: Lei Li <lious.lilei@hisilicon.com> Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Wang Xuefeng <wxf.wang@hisilicon.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Hanjun Guo <guohanjun@huawei.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Chintan Pandya <cpandya@codeaurora.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c24
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/pgtable.h10
-rw-r--r--lib/ioremap.c6
4 files changed, 48 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
index 8c704f1e53c2..2dbb2c9f1ec1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -972,3 +972,13 @@ int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmdp)
pmd_clear(pmdp);
return 1;
}
+
+int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud)
+{
+ return pud_none(*pud);
+}
+
+int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ return pmd_none(*pmd);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
index 004abf9ebf12..1eed7ed518e6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -702,4 +702,28 @@ int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd)
return 0;
}
+
+/**
+ * pud_free_pmd_page - Clear pud entry and free pmd page.
+ * @pud: Pointer to a PUD.
+ *
+ * Context: The pud range has been unmaped and TLB purged.
+ * Return: 1 if clearing the entry succeeded. 0 otherwise.
+ */
+int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud)
+{
+ return pud_none(*pud);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pmd_free_pte_page - Clear pmd entry and free pte page.
+ * @pmd: Pointer to a PMD.
+ *
+ * Context: The pmd range has been unmaped and TLB purged.
+ * Return: 1 if clearing the entry succeeded. 0 otherwise.
+ */
+int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ return pmd_none(*pmd);
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h b/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
index 2cfa3075d148..bfbb44a5ad38 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/pgtable.h
@@ -983,6 +983,8 @@ int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot);
int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot);
int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud);
int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd);
+int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud);
+int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd);
#else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */
static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot)
{
@@ -1008,6 +1010,14 @@ static inline int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd)
{
return 0;
}
+static inline int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */
#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_PMD_TLB_RANGE
diff --git a/lib/ioremap.c b/lib/ioremap.c
index b808a390e4c3..54e5bbaa3200 100644
--- a/lib/ioremap.c
+++ b/lib/ioremap.c
@@ -91,7 +91,8 @@ static inline int ioremap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
if (ioremap_pmd_enabled() &&
((next - addr) == PMD_SIZE) &&
- IS_ALIGNED(phys_addr + addr, PMD_SIZE)) {
+ IS_ALIGNED(phys_addr + addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
+ pmd_free_pte_page(pmd)) {
if (pmd_set_huge(pmd, phys_addr + addr, prot))
continue;
}
@@ -117,7 +118,8 @@ static inline int ioremap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
if (ioremap_pud_enabled() &&
((next - addr) == PUD_SIZE) &&
- IS_ALIGNED(phys_addr + addr, PUD_SIZE)) {
+ IS_ALIGNED(phys_addr + addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
+ pud_free_pmd_page(pud)) {
if (pud_set_huge(pud, phys_addr + addr, prot))
continue;
}