diff options
authorHenrik Rydberg <rydberg@euromail.se>2010-01-28 22:28:28 -0800
committerDmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com>2010-01-28 22:32:52 -0800
commitf6bdc2303da6786cc22a7d24b6790e9f75b4cfdc (patch)
parentcb6ecf6f7afece066265e243657b0ac28150a7b2 (diff)
Input: update multi-touch protocol documentation
This patch documents a new ABS_MT parameter and adds further text to clarify some points around the MT protocol. Requested-by: Yoonyoung Shim <jy0922.shim@samsung.com> Requested-by: Mika Kuoppala <mika.kuoppala@nokia.com> Requested-by: Peter Hutterer <peter.hutterer@who-t.net> Signed-off-by: Henrik Rydberg <rydberg@euromail.se> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Torokhov <dtor@mail.ru>
1 files changed, 40 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/input/multi-touch-protocol.txt b/Documentation/input/multi-touch-protocol.txt
index a12ea3b586e6..8490480ce432 100644
--- a/Documentation/input/multi-touch-protocol.txt
+++ b/Documentation/input/multi-touch-protocol.txt
@@ -27,12 +27,30 @@ set of events/packets.
A set of ABS_MT events with the desired properties is defined. The events
are divided into categories, to allow for partial implementation. The
-minimum set consists of ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR, ABS_MT_POSITION_X and
-ABS_MT_POSITION_Y, which allows for multiple fingers to be tracked. If the
-device supports it, the ABS_MT_WIDTH_MAJOR may be used to provide the size
-of the approaching finger. Anisotropy and direction may be specified with
-ABS_MT_TOOL_TYPE may be used to specify whether the touching tool is a
+minimum set consists of ABS_MT_POSITION_X and ABS_MT_POSITION_Y, which
+allows for multiple fingers to be tracked. If the device supports it, the
+ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR and ABS_MT_WIDTH_MAJOR may be used to provide the size
+of the contact area and approaching finger, respectively.
+The TOUCH and WIDTH parameters have a geometrical interpretation; imagine
+looking through a window at someone gently holding a finger against the
+glass. You will see two regions, one inner region consisting of the part
+of the finger actually touching the glass, and one outer region formed by
+the perimeter of the finger. The diameter of the inner region is the
+ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR, the diameter of the outer region is
+ABS_MT_WIDTH_MAJOR. Now imagine the person pressing the finger harder
+against the glass. The inner region will increase, and in general, the
+ratio ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR / ABS_MT_WIDTH_MAJOR, which is always smaller than
+unity, is related to the finger pressure. For pressure-based devices,
+ABS_MT_PRESSURE may be used to provide the pressure on the contact area
+In addition to the MAJOR parameters, the oval shape of the finger can be
+described by adding the MINOR parameters, such that MAJOR and MINOR are the
+major and minor axis of an ellipse. Finally, the orientation of the oval
+shape can be describe with the ORIENTATION parameter.
+The ABS_MT_TOOL_TYPE may be used to specify whether the touching tool is a
finger or a pen or something else. Devices with more granular information
may specify general shapes as blobs, i.e., as a sequence of rectangular
shapes grouped together by an ABS_MT_BLOB_ID. Finally, for the few devices
@@ -42,11 +60,9 @@ report finger tracking from hardware [5].
Here is what a minimal event sequence for a two-finger touch would look
@@ -87,6 +103,12 @@ the contact. The ratio ABS_MT_TOUCH_MAJOR / ABS_MT_WIDTH_MAJOR approximates
the notion of pressure. The fingers of the hand and the palm all have
different characteristic widths [1].
+The pressure, in arbitrary units, on the contact area. May be used instead
+of TOUCH and WIDTH for pressure-based devices or any device with a spatial
+signal intensity distribution.
The orientation of the ellipse. The value should describe a signed quarter
@@ -170,6 +192,16 @@ There are a few devices that support trackingID in hardware. User space can
make use of these native identifiers to reduce bandwidth and cpu usage.
+In the specific application of creating gesture events, the TOUCH and WIDTH
+parameters can be used to, e.g., approximate finger pressure or distinguish
+between index finger and thumb. With the addition of the MINOR parameters,
+one can also distinguish between a sweeping finger and a pointing finger,
+and with ORIENTATION, one can detect twisting of fingers.