diff options
authorTrond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>2007-01-10 23:15:39 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.osdl.org>2007-01-11 18:18:21 -0800
commite3db7691e9f3dff3289f64e3d98583e28afe03db (patch)
parent07031e14c1127fc7e1a5b98dfcc59f434e025104 (diff)
[PATCH] NFS: Fix race in nfs_release_page()
NFS: Fix race in nfs_release_page() invalidate_inode_pages2() may find the dirty bit has been set on a page owing to the fact that the page may still be mapped after it was locked. Only after the call to unmap_mapping_range() are we sure that the page can no longer be dirtied. In order to fix this, NFS has hooked the releasepage() method and tries to write the page out between the call to unmap_mapping_range() and the call to remove_mapping(). This, however leads to deadlocks in the page reclaim code, where the page may be locked without holding a reference to the inode or dentry. Fix is to add a new address_space_operation, launder_page(), which will attempt to write out a dirty page without releasing the page lock. Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Also, the bare SetPageDirty() can skew all sort of accounting leading to other nasties. [akpm@osdl.org: cleanup] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
4 files changed, 28 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
index 790ef6fbe495..28bfea75bcf2 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
@@ -171,6 +171,7 @@ prototypes:
int (*releasepage) (struct page *, int);
int (*direct_IO)(int, struct kiocb *, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs);
+ int (*launder_page) (struct page *);
locking rules:
All except set_page_dirty may block
@@ -188,6 +189,7 @@ bmap: yes
invalidatepage: no yes
releasepage: no yes
direct_IO: no
+launder_page: no yes
->prepare_write(), ->commit_write(), ->sync_page() and ->readpage()
may be called from the request handler (/dev/loop).
@@ -281,6 +283,12 @@ buffers from the page in preparation for freeing it. It returns zero to
indicate that the buffers are (or may be) freeable. If ->releasepage is zero,
the kernel assumes that the fs has no private interest in the buffers.
+ ->launder_page() may be called prior to releasing a page if
+it is still found to be dirty. It returns zero if the page was successfully
+cleaned, or an error value if not. Note that in order to prevent the page
+getting mapped back in and redirtied, it needs to be kept locked
+across the entire operation.
Note: currently almost all instances of address_space methods are
using BKL for internal serialization and that's one of the worst sources
of contention. Normally they are calling library functions (in fs/buffer.c)
diff --git a/fs/nfs/file.c b/fs/nfs/file.c
index 0dd6be346aa7..fab20d06d936 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/file.c
@@ -315,14 +315,13 @@ static void nfs_invalidate_page(struct page *page, unsigned long offset)
static int nfs_release_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp)
- /*
- * Avoid deadlock on nfs_wait_on_request().
- */
- if (!(gfp & __GFP_FS))
- return 0;
- /* Hack... Force nfs_wb_page() to write out the page */
- SetPageDirty(page);
- return !nfs_wb_page(page->mapping->host, page);
+ /* If PagePrivate() is set, then the page is not freeable */
+ return 0;
+static int nfs_launder_page(struct page *page)
+ return nfs_wb_page(page->mapping->host, page);
const struct address_space_operations nfs_file_aops = {
@@ -338,6 +337,7 @@ const struct address_space_operations nfs_file_aops = {
.direct_IO = nfs_direct_IO,
+ .launder_page = nfs_launder_page,
static ssize_t nfs_file_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 186da813541e..14a337cc3464 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -426,6 +426,7 @@ struct address_space_operations {
/* migrate the contents of a page to the specified target */
int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *,
struct page *, struct page *);
+ int (*launder_page) (struct page *);
struct backing_dev_info;
diff --git a/mm/truncate.c b/mm/truncate.c
index ecdfdcc50522..6c79ca4a1ca7 100644
--- a/mm/truncate.c
+++ b/mm/truncate.c
@@ -341,6 +341,15 @@ failed:
return 0;
+static int do_launder_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
+ if (!PageDirty(page))
+ return 0;
+ if (page->mapping != mapping || mapping->a_ops->launder_page == NULL)
+ return 0;
+ return mapping->a_ops->launder_page(page);
* invalidate_inode_pages2_range - remove range of pages from an address_space
* @mapping: the address_space
@@ -405,7 +414,8 @@ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
- if (!invalidate_complete_page2(mapping, page))
+ ret = do_launder_page(mapping, page);
+ if (ret == 0 && !invalidate_complete_page2(mapping, page))
ret = -EIO;