path: root/mm
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2013-04-17mm/vmscan: fix error return in kswapd_run()Xishi Qiu
Fix the error return value in kswapd_run(). The bug was introduced by commit d5dc0ad928fb ("mm/vmscan: fix error number for failed kthread"). Signed-off-by: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reported-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-17hugetlbfs: add swap entry check in follow_hugetlb_page()Naoya Horiguchi
With applying the previous patch "hugetlbfs: stop setting VM_DONTDUMP in initializing vma(VM_HUGETLB)" to reenable hugepage coredump, if a memory error happens on a hugepage and the affected processes try to access the error hugepage, we hit VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_count) <= 0) in get_page(). The reason for this bug is that coredump-related code doesn't recognise "hugepage hwpoison entry" with which a pmd entry is replaced when a memory error occurs on a hugepage. In other words, physical address information is stored in different bit layout between hugepage hwpoison entry and pmd entry, so follow_hugetlb_page() which is called in get_dump_page() returns a wrong page from a given address. The expected behavior is like this: absent is_swap_pte FOLL_DUMP Expected behavior ------------------------------------------------------------------- true false false hugetlb_fault false true false hugetlb_fault false false false return page true false true skip page (to avoid allocation) false true true hugetlb_fault false false true return page With this patch, we can call hugetlb_fault() and take proper actions (we wait for migration entries, fail with VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE for hwpoisoned entries,) and as the result we can dump all hugepages except for hwpoisoned ones. Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [2.6.34+?] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-16vm: add vm_iomap_memory() helper functionLinus Torvalds
Various drivers end up replicating the code to mmap() their memory buffers into user space, and our core memory remapping function may be very flexible but it is unnecessarily complicated for the common cases to use. Our internal VM uses pfn's ("page frame numbers") which simplifies things for the VM, and allows us to pass physical addresses around in a denser and more efficient format than passing a "phys_addr_t" around, and having to shift it up and down by the page size. But it just means that drivers end up doing that shifting instead at the interface level. It also means that drivers end up mucking around with internal VM things like the vma details (vm_pgoff, vm_start/end) way more than they really need to. So this just exports a function to map a certain physical memory range into user space (using a phys_addr_t based interface that is much more natural for a driver) and hides all the complexity from the driver. Some drivers will still end up tweaking the vm_page_prot details for things like prefetching or cacheability etc, but that's actually relevant to the driver, rather than caring about what the page offset of the mapping is into the particular IO memory region. Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-12x86-32: Fix possible incomplete TLB invalidate with PAE pagetablesDave Hansen
This patch attempts to fix: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=56461 The symptom is a crash and messages like this: chrome: Corrupted page table at address 34a03000 *pdpt = 0000000000000000 *pde = 0000000000000000 Bad pagetable: 000f [#1] PREEMPT SMP Ingo guesses this got introduced by commit 611ae8e3f520 ("x86/tlb: enable tlb flush range support for x86") since that code started to free unused pagetables. On x86-32 PAE kernels, that new code has the potential to free an entire PMD page and will clear one of the four page-directory-pointer-table (aka pgd_t entries). The hardware aggressively "caches" these top-level entries and invlpg does not actually affect the CPU's copy. If we clear one we *HAVE* to do a full TLB flush, otherwise we might continue using a freed pmd page. (note, we do this properly on the population side in pud_populate()). This patch tracks whenever we clear one of these entries in the 'struct mmu_gather', and ensures that we follow up with a full tlb flush. BTW, I disassembled and checked that: if (tlb->fullmm == 0) and if (!tlb->fullmm && !tlb->need_flush_all) generate essentially the same code, so there should be zero impact there to the !PAE case. Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Artem S Tashkinov <t.artem@mailcity.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-04mm: prevent mmap_cache race in find_vma()Jan Stancek
find_vma() can be called by multiple threads with read lock held on mm->mmap_sem and any of them can update mm->mmap_cache. Prevent compiler from re-fetching mm->mmap_cache, because other readers could update it in the meantime: thread 1 thread 2 | find_vma() | find_vma() struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; | vma = mm->mmap_cache; | if (!(vma && vma->vm_end > addr | && vma->vm_start <= addr)) { | | mm->mmap_cache = vma; return vma; | ^^ compiler may optimize this | local variable out and re-read | mm->mmap_cache | This issue can be reproduced with gcc-4.8.0-1 on s390x by running mallocstress testcase from LTP, which triggers: kernel BUG at mm/rmap.c:1088! Call Trace: ([<000003d100c57000>] 0x3d100c57000) [<000000000023a1c0>] do_wp_page+0x2fc/0xa88 [<000000000023baae>] handle_pte_fault+0x41a/0xac8 [<000000000023d832>] handle_mm_fault+0x17a/0x268 [<000000000060507a>] do_protection_exception+0x1e2/0x394 [<0000000000603a04>] pgm_check_handler+0x138/0x13c [<000003fffcf1f07a>] 0x3fffcf1f07a Last Breaking-Event-Address: [<000000000024755e>] page_add_new_anon_rmap+0xc2/0x168 Thanks to Jakub Jelinek for his insight on gcc and helping to track this down. Signed-off-by: Jan Stancek <jstancek@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-28Revert "mm: introduce VM_POPULATE flag to better deal with racy userspace ↵Michel Lespinasse
programs" This reverts commit 186930500985 ("mm: introduce VM_POPULATE flag to better deal with racy userspace programs"). VM_POPULATE only has any effect when userspace plays racy games with vmas by trying to unmap and remap memory regions that mmap or mlock are operating on. Also, the only effect of VM_POPULATE when userspace plays such games is that it avoids populating new memory regions that get remapped into the address range that was being operated on by the original mmap or mlock calls. Let's remove VM_POPULATE as there isn't any strong argument to mandate a new vm_flag. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-22mm/hotplug: only free wait_table if it's allocated by vmallocJianguo Wu
zone->wait_table may be allocated from bootmem, it can not be freed. Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-22mm/hugetlb: fix total hugetlbfs pages count when using memory overcommit ↵Wanpeng Li
accouting hugetlb_total_pages is used for overcommit calculations but the current implementation considers only the default hugetlb page size (which is either the first defined hugepage size or the one specified by default_hugepagesz kernel boot parameter). If the system is configured for more than one hugepage size, which is possible since commit a137e1cc6d6e ("hugetlbfs: per mount huge page sizes") then the overcommit estimation done by __vm_enough_memory() (resp. shown by meminfo_proc_show) is not precise - there is an impression of more available/allowed memory. This can lead to an unexpected ENOMEM/EFAULT resp. SIGSEGV when memory is accounted. Testcase: boot: hugepagesz=1G hugepages=1 the default overcommit ratio is 50 before patch: egrep 'CommitLimit' /proc/meminfo CommitLimit: 55434168 kB after patch: egrep 'CommitLimit' /proc/meminfo CommitLimit: 54909880 kB [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style tweak] Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.0+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-14mm/fremap.c: fix possible oops on error pathMichel Lespinasse
The vm_flags introduced in 6d7825b10dbe ("mm/fremap.c: fix oops on error path") is supposed to avoid a compiler warning about unitialized vm_flags without changing the generated code. However I am concerned that this is going to be very brittle, and fail with some compiler versions. The failure could be either of: - compiler could actually load vma->vm_flags before checking for the !vma condition, thus reintroducing the oops - compiler could optimize out the !vma check, since the pointer just got dereferenced shortly before (so the compiler knows it can't be NULL!) I propose reversing this part of the change and initializing vm_flags to 0 just to avoid the bogus uninitialized use warning. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Tommi Rantala <tt.rantala@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-13mm/fremap.c: fix oops on error pathAndrew Morton
If find_vma() fails, sys_remap_file_pages() will dereference `vma', which contains NULL. Fix it by checking the pointer. (We could alternatively check for err==0, but this seems more direct) (The vm_flags change is to squish a bogus used-uninitialised warning without adding extra code). Reported-by: Tommi Rantala <tt.rantala@gmail.com> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-13mm: remove_memory(): fix end_pfn settingToshi Kani
remove_memory() calls walk_memory_range() with [start_pfn, end_pfn), where end_pfn is exclusive in this range. Therefore, end_pfn needs to be set to the next page of the end address. Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com> Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-12Select VIRT_TO_BUS directly where neededStephen Rothwell
In commit 887cbce0adea ("arch Kconfig: centralise ARCH_NO_VIRT_TO_BUS") I introduced the config sybmol HAVE_VIRT_TO_BUS and selected that where needed. I am not sure what I was thinking. Instead, just directly select VIRT_TO_BUS where it is needed. Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-12Fix: compat_rw_copy_check_uvector() misuse in aio, readv, writev, and ↵Mathieu Desnoyers
security keys Looking at mm/process_vm_access.c:process_vm_rw() and comparing it to compat_process_vm_rw() shows that the compatibility code requires an explicit "access_ok()" check before calling compat_rw_copy_check_uvector(). The same difference seems to appear when we compare fs/read_write.c:do_readv_writev() to fs/compat.c:compat_do_readv_writev(). This subtle difference between the compat and non-compat requirements should probably be debated, as it seems to be error-prone. In fact, there are two others sites that use this function in the Linux kernel, and they both seem to get it wrong: Now shifting our attention to fs/aio.c, we see that aio_setup_iocb() also ends up calling compat_rw_copy_check_uvector() through aio_setup_vectored_rw(). Unfortunately, the access_ok() check appears to be missing. Same situation for security/keys/compat.c:compat_keyctl_instantiate_key_iov(). I propose that we add the access_ok() check directly into compat_rw_copy_check_uvector(), so callers don't have to worry about it, and it therefore makes the compat call code similar to its non-compat counterpart. Place the access_ok() check in the same location where copy_from_user() can trigger a -EFAULT error in the non-compat code, so the ABI behaviors are alike on both compat and non-compat. While we are here, fix compat_do_readv_writev() so it checks for compat_rw_copy_check_uvector() negative return values. And also, fix a memory leak in compat_keyctl_instantiate_key_iov() error handling. Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08memcg: initialize kmem-cache destroying work earlierKonstantin Khlebnikov
Fix a warning from lockdep caused by calling cancel_work_sync() for uninitialized struct work. This path has been triggered by destructon kmem-cache hierarchy via destroying its root kmem-cache. cache ffff88003c072d80 obj ffff88003b410000 cache ffff88003c072d80 obj ffff88003b924000 cache ffff88003c20bd40 INFO: trying to register non-static key. the code is fine but needs lockdep annotation. turning off the locking correctness validator. Pid: 2825, comm: insmod Tainted: G O 3.9.0-rc1-next-20130307+ #611 Call Trace: __lock_acquire+0x16a2/0x1cb0 lock_acquire+0x8a/0x120 flush_work+0x38/0x2a0 __cancel_work_timer+0x89/0xf0 cancel_work_sync+0xb/0x10 kmem_cache_destroy_memcg_children+0x81/0xb0 kmem_cache_destroy+0xf/0xe0 init_module+0xcb/0x1000 [kmem_test] do_one_initcall+0x11a/0x170 load_module+0x19b0/0x2320 SyS_init_module+0xc6/0xf0 system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b Example module to demonstrate: #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> int __init mod_init(void) { int size = 256; struct kmem_cache *cache; void *obj; struct page *page; cache = kmem_cache_create("kmem_cache_test", size, size, 0, NULL); if (!cache) return -ENOMEM; printk("cache %p\n", cache); obj = kmem_cache_alloc(cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (obj) { page = virt_to_head_page(obj); printk("obj %p cache %p\n", obj, page->slab_cache); kmem_cache_free(cache, obj); } flush_scheduled_work(); obj = kmem_cache_alloc(cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (obj) { page = virt_to_head_page(obj); printk("obj %p cache %p\n", obj, page->slab_cache); kmem_cache_free(cache, obj); } kmem_cache_destroy(cache); return -EBUSY; } module_init(mod_init); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08ksm: fix m68k build: only NUMA needs pfn_to_nidHugh Dickins
A CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM=y m68k config gave mm/ksm.c: In function `get_kpfn_nid': mm/ksm.c:492: error: implicit declaration of function `pfn_to_nid' linux/mmzone.h declares it for CONFIG_SPARSEMEM and CONFIG_FLATMEM, but expects the arch's asm/mmzone.h to declare it for CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM (see arch/mips/include/asm/mmzone.h for example). Or perhaps it is only expected when CONFIG_NUMA=y: too much of a maze, and m68k got away without it so far, so fix the build in mm/ksm.c. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reported-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08mm/mempolicy.c: fix sp_node_init() argument orderingKOSAKI Motohiro
Currently, n_new is wrongly initialized. start and end parameter are inverted. Let's fix it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08mm/mempolicy.c: fix wrong sp_node insertionHillf Danton
n->end is accessed in sp_insert(). Thus it should be update before calling sp_insert(). This mistake may make kernel panic. Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-03Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull more VFS bits from Al Viro: "Unfortunately, it looks like xattr series will have to wait until the next cycle ;-/ This pile contains 9p cleanups and fixes (races in v9fs_fid_add() etc), fixup for nommu breakage in shmem.c, several cleanups and a bit more file_inode() work" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: constify path_get/path_put and fs_struct.c stuff fix nommu breakage in shmem.c cache the value of file_inode() in struct file 9p: if v9fs_fid_lookup() gets to asking server, it'd better have hashed dentry 9p: make sure ->lookup() adds fid to the right dentry 9p: untangle ->lookup() a bit 9p: double iput() in ->lookup() if d_materialise_unique() fails 9p: v9fs_fid_add() can't fail now v9fs: get rid of v9fs_dentry 9p: turn fid->dlist into hlist 9p: don't bother with private lock in ->d_fsdata; dentry->d_lock will do just fine more file_inode() open-coded instances selinux: opened file can't have NULL or negative ->f_path.dentry (In the meantime, the hlist traversal macros have changed, so this required a semantic conflict fixup for the newly hlistified fid->dlist)
2013-03-02x86, ACPI, mm: Revert movablemem_map supportYinghai Lu
Tim found: WARNING: at arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c:324 topology_sane.isra.2+0x6f/0x80() Hardware name: S2600CP sched: CPU #1's llc-sibling CPU #0 is not on the same node! [node: 1 != 0]. Ignoring dependency. smpboot: Booting Node 1, Processors #1 Modules linked in: Pid: 0, comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 3.9.0-0-generic #1 Call Trace: set_cpu_sibling_map+0x279/0x449 start_secondary+0x11d/0x1e5 Don Morris reproduced on a HP z620 workstation, and bisected it to commit e8d195525809 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready") It turns out movable_map has some problems, and it breaks several things 1. numa_init is called several times, NOT just for srat. so those nodes_clear(numa_nodes_parsed) memset(&numa_meminfo, 0, sizeof(numa_meminfo)) can not be just removed. Need to consider sequence is: numaq, srat, amd, dummy. and make fall back path working. 2. simply split acpi_numa_init to early_parse_srat. a. that early_parse_srat is NOT called for ia64, so you break ia64. b. for (i = 0; i < MAX_LOCAL_APIC; i++) set_apicid_to_node(i, NUMA_NO_NODE) still left in numa_init. So it will just clear result from early_parse_srat. it should be moved before that.... c. it breaks ACPI_TABLE_OVERIDE...as the acpi table scan is moved early before override from INITRD is settled. 3. that patch TITLE is total misleading, there is NO x86 in the title, but it changes critical x86 code. It caused x86 guys did not pay attention to find the problem early. Those patches really should be routed via tip/x86/mm. 4. after that commit, following range can not use movable ram: a. real_mode code.... well..funny, legacy Node0 [0,1M) could be hot-removed? b. initrd... it will be freed after booting, so it could be on movable... c. crashkernel for kdump...: looks like we can not put kdump kernel above 4G anymore. d. init_mem_mapping: can not put page table high anymore. e. initmem_init: vmemmap can not be high local node anymore. That is not good. If node is hotplugable, the mem related range like page table and vmemmap could be on the that node without problem and should be on that node. We have workaround patch that could fix some problems, but some can not be fixed. So just remove that offending commit and related ones including: f7210e6c4ac7 ("mm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().") 01a178a94e8e ("acpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT") 27168d38fa20 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node") e8d195525809 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready") fb06bc8e5f42 ("page_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map") 42f47e27e761 ("page_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority") 6981ec31146c ("page_alloc: introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for nodes") 34b71f1e04fc ("page_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameter") 4d59a75125d5 ("x86: get pg_data_t's memory from other node") Later we should have patches that will make sure kernel put page table and vmemmap on local node ram instead of push them down to node0. Also need to find way to put other kernel used ram to local node ram. Reported-by: Tim Gardner <tim.gardner@canonical.com> Reported-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Bisected-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Tested-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-01fix nommu breakage in shmem.cAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-02-28Merge tag 'writeback-fixes' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/wfg/linux Pull writeback fixes from Wu Fengguang: "Two writeback fixes - fix negative (setpoint - dirty) in 32bit archs - use down_read_trylock() in writeback_inodes_sb(_nr)_if_idle()" * tag 'writeback-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/wfg/linux: Negative (setpoint-dirty) in bdi_position_ratio() vfs: re-implement writeback_inodes_sb(_nr)_if_idle() and rename them
2013-02-28Merge branch 'for-3.9/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block IO core bits from Jens Axboe: "Below are the core block IO bits for 3.9. It was delayed a few days since my workstation kept crashing every 2-8h after pulling it into current -git, but turns out it is a bug in the new pstate code (divide by zero, will report separately). In any case, it contains: - The big cfq/blkcg update from Tejun and and Vivek. - Additional block and writeback tracepoints from Tejun. - Improvement of the should sort (based on queues) logic in the plug flushing. - _io() variants of the wait_for_completion() interface, using io_schedule() instead of schedule() to contribute to io wait properly. - Various little fixes. You'll get two trivial merge conflicts, which should be easy enough to fix up" Fix up the trivial conflicts due to hlist traversal cleanups (commit b67bfe0d42ca: "hlist: drop the node parameter from iterators"). * 'for-3.9/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (39 commits) block: remove redundant check to bd_openers() block: use i_size_write() in bd_set_size() cfq: fix lock imbalance with failed allocations drivers/block/swim3.c: fix null pointer dereference block: don't select PERCPU_RWSEM block: account iowait time when waiting for completion of IO request sched: add wait_for_completion_io[_timeout] writeback: add more tracepoints block: add block_{touch|dirty}_buffer tracepoint buffer: make touch_buffer() an exported function block: add @req to bio_{front|back}_merge tracepoints block: add missing block_bio_complete() tracepoint block: Remove should_sort judgement when flush blk_plug block,elevator: use new hashtable implementation cfq-iosched: add hierarchical cfq_group statistics cfq-iosched: collect stats from dead cfqgs cfq-iosched: separate out cfqg_stats_reset() from cfq_pd_reset_stats() blkcg: make blkcg_print_blkgs() grab q locks instead of blkcg lock block: RCU free request_queue blkcg: implement blkg_[rw]stat_recursive_sum() and blkg_[rw]stat_merge() ...
2013-02-27hlist: drop the node parameter from iteratorsSasha Levin
I'm not sure why, but the hlist for each entry iterators were conceived list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) The hlist ones were greedy and wanted an extra parameter: hlist_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, head, member) Why did they need an extra pos parameter? I'm not quite sure. Not only they don't really need it, it also prevents the iterator from looking exactly like the list iterator, which is unfortunate. Besides the semantic patch, there was some manual work required: - Fix up the actual hlist iterators in linux/list.h - Fix up the declaration of other iterators based on the hlist ones. - A very small amount of places were using the 'node' parameter, this was modified to use 'obj->member' instead. - Coccinelle didn't handle the hlist_for_each_entry_safe iterator properly, so those had to be fixed up manually. The semantic patch which is mostly the work of Peter Senna Tschudin is here: @@ iterator name hlist_for_each_entry, hlist_for_each_entry_continue, hlist_for_each_entry_from, hlist_for_each_entry_rcu, hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh, hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh, for_each_busy_worker, ax25_uid_for_each, ax25_for_each, inet_bind_bucket_for_each, sctp_for_each_hentry, sk_for_each, sk_for_each_rcu, sk_for_each_from, sk_for_each_safe, sk_for_each_bound, hlist_for_each_entry_safe, hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu, nr_neigh_for_each, nr_neigh_for_each_safe, nr_node_for_each, nr_node_for_each_safe, for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp, for_each_gfn_sp, for_each_host; type T; expression a,c,d,e; identifier b; statement S; @@ -T b; <+... when != b ( hlist_for_each_entry(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_from(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(a, - b, c) S | for_each_busy_worker(a, c, - b, d) S | ax25_uid_for_each(a, - b, c) S | ax25_for_each(a, - b, c) S | inet_bind_bucket_for_each(a, - b, c) S | sctp_for_each_hentry(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each_rcu(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each_from -(a, b) +(a) S + sk_for_each_from(a) S | sk_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | sk_for_each_bound(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_safe(a, - b, c, d, e) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(a, - b, c) S | nr_neigh_for_each(a, - b, c) S | nr_neigh_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | nr_node_for_each(a, - b, c) S | nr_node_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | - for_each_gfn_sp(a, c, d, b) S + for_each_gfn_sp(a, c, d) S | - for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(a, c, d, b) S + for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(a, c, d) S | for_each_host(a, - b, c) S | for_each_host_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | for_each_mesh_entry(a, - b, c, d) S ) ...+> [akpm@linux-foundation.org: drop bogus change from net/ipv4/raw.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: drop bogus hunk from net/ipv6/raw.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warnings] [akpm@linux-foudnation.org: redo intrusive kvm changes] Tested-by: Peter Senna Tschudin <peter.senna@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27arch Kconfig: centralise CONFIG_ARCH_NO_VIRT_TO_BUSStephen Rothwell
Change it to CONFIG_HAVE_VIRT_TO_BUS and set it in all architecures that already provide virt_to_bus(). Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Reviewed-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Cc: H Hartley Sweeten <hartleys@visionengravers.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Vineet Gupta <Vineet.Gupta1@synopsys.com> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com> Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27mm: accelerate munlock() treatment of THP pagesMichel Lespinasse
munlock_vma_pages_range() was always incrementing addresses by PAGE_SIZE at a time. When munlocking THP pages (or the huge zero page), this resulted in taking the mm->page_table_lock 512 times in a row. We can do better by making use of the page_mask returned by follow_page_mask (for the huge zero page case), or the size of the page munlock_vma_page() operated on (for the true THP page case). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27mm: do not grow the stack vma just because of an overrun on preceding vmaLinus Torvalds
The stack vma is designed to grow automatically (marked with VM_GROWSUP or VM_GROWSDOWN depending on architecture) when an access is made beyond the existing boundary. However, particularly if you have not limited your stack at all ("ulimit -s unlimited"), this can cause the stack to grow even if the access was really just one past *another* segment. And that's wrong, especially since we first grow the segment, but then immediately later enforce the stack guard page on the last page of the segment. So _despite_ first growing the stack segment as a result of the access, the kernel will then make the access cause a SIGSEGV anyway! So do the same logic as the guard page check does, and consider an access to within one page of the next segment to be a bad access, rather than growing the stack to abut the next segment. Reported-and-tested-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-26Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs pile (part one) from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff - cleaning namei.c up a bit, fixing ->d_name/->d_parent locking violations, etc. The most visible changes here are death of FS_REVAL_DOT (replaced with "has ->d_weak_revalidate()") and a new helper getting from struct file to inode. Some bits of preparation to xattr method interface changes. Misc patches by various people sent this cycle *and* ocfs2 fixes from several cycles ago that should've been upstream right then. PS: the next vfs pile will be xattr stuff." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (46 commits) saner proc_get_inode() calling conventions proc: avoid extra pde_put() in proc_fill_super() fs: change return values from -EACCES to -EPERM fs/exec.c: make bprm_mm_init() static ocfs2/dlm: use GFP_ATOMIC inside a spin_lock ocfs2: fix possible use-after-free with AIO ocfs2: Fix oops in ocfs2_fast_symlink_readpage() code path get_empty_filp()/alloc_file() leave both ->f_pos and ->f_version zero target: writev() on single-element vector is pointless export kernel_write(), convert open-coded instances fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_type kill f_vfsmnt vfs: kill FS_REVAL_DOT by adding a d_weak_revalidate dentry op nfsd: handle vfs_getattr errors in acl protocol switch vfs_getattr() to struct path default SET_PERSONALITY() in linux/elf.h ceph: prepopulate inodes only when request is aborted d_hash_and_lookup(): export, switch open-coded instances 9p: switch v9fs_set_create_acl() to inode+fid, do it before d_instantiate() 9p: split dropping the acls from v9fs_set_create_acl() ...
2013-02-26fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_typeNamjae Jeon
This patch is a follow up on below patch: [PATCH] exportfs: add FILEID_INVALID to indicate invalid fid_type commit: 216b6cbdcbd86b1db0754d58886b466ae31f5a63 Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Vivek Trivedi <t.vivek@samsung.com> Acked-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Acked-by: Sage Weil <sage@inktank.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-02-26shmem_setup_file(): use d_alloc_pseudo() instead of d_alloc()Al Viro
Note that provided ->d_dname() reproduces what we used to get for those guys in e.g. /proc/self/maps; it might be a good idea to change that to something less ugly, but for now let's keep the existing user-visible behaviour Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-02-25Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull user namespace and namespace infrastructure changes from Eric W Biederman: "This set of changes starts with a few small enhnacements to the user namespace. reboot support, allowing more arbitrary mappings, and support for mounting devpts, ramfs, tmpfs, and mqueuefs as just the user namespace root. I do my best to document that if you care about limiting your unprivileged users that when you have the user namespace support enabled you will need to enable memory control groups. There is a minor bug fix to prevent overflowing the stack if someone creates way too many user namespaces. The bulk of the changes are a continuation of the kuid/kgid push down work through the filesystems. These changes make using uids and gids typesafe which ensures that these filesystems are safe to use when multiple user namespaces are in use. The filesystems converted for 3.9 are ceph, 9p, afs, ocfs2, gfs2, ncpfs, nfs, nfsd, and cifs. The changes for these filesystems were a little more involved so I split the changes into smaller hopefully obviously correct changes. XFS is the only filesystem that remains. I was hoping I could get that in this release so that user namespace support would be enabled with an allyesconfig or an allmodconfig but it looks like the xfs changes need another couple of days before it they are ready." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: (93 commits) cifs: Enable building with user namespaces enabled. cifs: Convert struct cifs_ses to use a kuid_t and a kgid_t cifs: Convert struct cifs_sb_info to use kuids and kgids cifs: Modify struct smb_vol to use kuids and kgids cifs: Convert struct cifsFileInfo to use a kuid cifs: Convert struct cifs_fattr to use kuid and kgids cifs: Convert struct tcon_link to use a kuid. cifs: Modify struct cifs_unix_set_info_args to hold a kuid_t and a kgid_t cifs: Convert from a kuid before printing current_fsuid cifs: Use kuids and kgids SID to uid/gid mapping cifs: Pass GLOBAL_ROOT_UID and GLOBAL_ROOT_GID to keyring_alloc cifs: Use BUILD_BUG_ON to validate uids and gids are the same size cifs: Override unmappable incoming uids and gids nfsd: Enable building with user namespaces enabled. nfsd: Properly compare and initialize kuids and kgids nfsd: Store ex_anon_uid and ex_anon_gid as kuids and kgids nfsd: Modify nfsd4_cb_sec to use kuids and kgids nfsd: Handle kuids and kgids in the nfs4acl to posix_acl conversion nfsd: Convert nfsxdr to use kuids and kgids nfsd: Convert nfs3xdr to use kuids and kgids ...
2013-02-25Merge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux Pull module update from Rusty Russell: "The sweeping change is to make add_taint() explicitly indicate whether to disable lockdep, but it's a mechanical change." * tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux: MODSIGN: Add option to not sign modules during modules_install MODSIGN: Add -s <signature> option to sign-file MODSIGN: Specify the hash algorithm on sign-file command line MODSIGN: Simplify Makefile with a Kconfig helper module: clean up load_module a little more. modpost: Ignore ARC specific non-alloc sections module: constify within_module_* taint: add explicit flag to show whether lock dep is still OK. module: printk message when module signature fail taints kernel.
2013-02-23ksm: allocate roots when neededHugh Dickins
It is a pity to have MAX_NUMNODES+MAX_NUMNODES tree roots statically allocated, particularly when very few users will ever actually tune merge_across_nodes 0 to use more than 1+1 of those trees. Not a big deal (only 16kB wasted on each machine with CONFIG_MAXSMP), but a pity. Start off with 1+1 statically allocated, then if merge_across_nodes is ever tuned, allocate for nr_node_ids+nr_node_ids. Do not attempt to free up the extra if it's tuned back, that would be a waste of effort. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: cleanup "swapcache" in do_swap_pageHugh Dickins
I dislike the way in which "swapcache" gets used in do_swap_page(): there is always a page from swapcache there (even if maybe uncached by the time we lock it), but tests are made according to "swapcache". Rework that with "page != swapcache", as has been done in unuse_pte(). Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copyHugh Dickins
Before establishing that KSM page migration was the cause of my WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page))s, I suspected that they came from the lack of a ksm_might_need_to_copy() in swapoff's unuse_pte() - which in many respects is equivalent to faulting in a page. In fact I've never caught that as the cause: but in theory it does at least need the KSM_RUN_UNMERGE check in ksm_might_need_to_copy(), to avoid bringing a KSM page back in when it's not supposed to be. I intended to copy how it's done in do_swap_page(), but have a strong aversion to how "swapcache" ends up being used there: rework it with "page != swapcache". Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm,ksm: FOLL_MIGRATION do migration_entry_waitHugh Dickins
In "ksm: remove old stable nodes more thoroughly" I said that I'd never seen its WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page)). True at the time of writing, but it soon appeared once I tried fuller tests on the whole series. It turned out to be due to the KSM page migration itself: unmerge_and_ remove_all_rmap_items() failed to locate and replace all the KSM pages, because of that hiatus in page migration when old pte has been replaced by migration entry, but not yet by new pte. follow_page() finds no page at that instant, but a KSM page reappears shortly after, without a fault. Add FOLL_MIGRATION flag, so follow_page() can do migration_entry_wait() for KSM's break_cow(). I'd have preferred to avoid another flag, and do it every time, in case someone else makes the same easy mistake; but did not find another transgressor (the common get_user_pages() is of course safe), and cannot be sure that every follow_page() caller is prepared to sleep - ia64's xencomm_vtop()? Now, THP's wait_split_huge_page() can already sleep there, since anon_vma locking was changed to mutex, but maybe that's somehow excluded. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: shrink 32-bit rmap_item back to 32 bytesHugh Dickins
Think of struct rmap_item as an extension of struct page (restricted to MADV_MERGEABLE areas): there may be a lot of them, we need to keep them small, especially on 32-bit architectures of limited lowmem. Siting "int nid" after "unsigned int checksum" works nicely on 64-bit, making no change to its 64-byte struct rmap_item; but bloats the 32-bit struct rmap_item from (nicely cache-aligned) 32 bytes to 36 bytes, which rounds up to 40 bytes once allocated from slab. We'd better avoid that. Hey, I only just remembered that the anon_vma pointer in struct rmap_item has no purpose until the rmap_item is hung from a stable tree node (which has its own nid field); and rmap_item's nid field no purpose than to say which tree root to tell rb_erase() when unlinking from an unstable tree. Double them up in a union. There's just one place where we set anon_vma early (when we already hold mmap_sem): now we must remove tree_rmap_item from its unstable tree there, before overwriting nid. No need to spatter BUG()s around: we'd be seeing oopses if this were wrong. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: treat unstable nid like in stable treeHugh Dickins
An inconsistency emerged in reviewing the NUMA node changes to KSM: when meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in a stable tree, we say that it's okay for comparisons, but not as a leaf for merging; whereas when meeting a page from the wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree, we bail out immediately. Now, it might be that a wrong NUMA node in an unstable tree is more likely to correlate with instablility (different content, with rbnode now misplaced) than page migration; but even so, we are accustomed to instablility in the unstable tree. Without strong evidence for which strategy is generally better, I'd rather be consistent with what's done in the stable tree: accept a page from the wrong NUMA node for comparison, but not as a leaf for merging. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23ksm: add some commentsHugh Dickins
Added slightly more detail to the Documentation of merge_across_nodes, a few comments in areas indicated by review, and renamed get_ksm_page()'s argument from "locked" to "lock_it". No functional change. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23tmpfs: fix mempolicy object leaksGreg Thelen
Fix several mempolicy leaks in the tmpfs mount logic. These leaks are slow - on the order of one object leaked per mount attempt. Leak 1 (umount doesn't free mpol allocated in mount): while true; do mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt umount /mnt done Leak 2 (errors parsing remount options will leak mpol): mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M nodev /mnt while true; do mount -o remount,mpol=interleave,size=x /mnt 2> /dev/null done umount /mnt Leak 3 (multiple mpol per mount leak mpol): while true; do mount -t tmpfs -o mpol=interleave,mpol=interleave,size=100M nodev /mnt umount /mnt done This patch fixes all of the above. I could have broken the patch into three pieces but is seemed easier to review as one. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix handling of mpol_parse_str() errors, per Hugh] Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23tmpfs: fix use-after-free of mempolicy objectGreg Thelen
The tmpfs remount logic preserves filesystem mempolicy if the mpol=M option is not specified in the remount request. A new policy can be specified if mpol=M is given. Before this patch remounting an mpol bound tmpfs without specifying mpol= mount option in the remount request would set the filesystem's mempolicy object to a freed mempolicy object. To reproduce the problem boot a DEBUG_PAGEALLOC kernel and run: # mkdir /tmp/x # mount -t tmpfs -o size=100M,mpol=interleave nodev /tmp/x # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=102400k,mpol=interleave:0-3 0 0 # mount -o remount,size=200M nodev /tmp/x # grep /tmp/x /proc/mounts nodev /tmp/x tmpfs rw,relatime,size=204800k,mpol=??? 0 0 # note ? garbage in mpol=... output above # dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/x/f count=1 # panic here Panic: BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null) IP: [< (null)>] (null) [...] Oops: 0010 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC Call Trace: mpol_shared_policy_init+0xa5/0x160 shmem_get_inode+0x209/0x270 shmem_mknod+0x3e/0xf0 shmem_create+0x18/0x20 vfs_create+0xb5/0x130 do_last+0x9a1/0xea0 path_openat+0xb3/0x4d0 do_filp_open+0x42/0xa0 do_sys_open+0xfe/0x1e0 compat_sys_open+0x1b/0x20 cstar_dispatch+0x7/0x1f Non-debug kernels will not crash immediately because referencing the dangling mpol will not cause a fault. Instead the filesystem will reference a freed mempolicy object, which will cause unpredictable behavior. The problem boils down to a dropped mpol reference below if shmem_parse_options() does not allocate a new mpol: config = *sbinfo shmem_parse_options(data, &config, true) mpol_put(sbinfo->mpol) sbinfo->mpol = config.mpol /* BUG: saves unreferenced mpol */ This patch avoids the crash by not releasing the mempolicy if shmem_parse_options() doesn't create a new mpol. How far back does this issue go? I see it in both 2.6.36 and 3.3. I did not look back further. Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/fadvise.c: drain all pagevecs if POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED fails to discard all ↵Mel Gorman
pages Rob van der Heij reported the following (paraphrased) on private mail. The scenario is that I want to avoid backups to fill up the page cache and purge stuff that is more likely to be used again (this is with s390x Linux on z/VM, so I don't give it as much memory that we don't care anymore). So I have something with LD_PRELOAD that intercepts the close() call (from tar, in this case) and issues a posix_fadvise() just before closing the file. This mostly works, except for small files (less than 14 pages) that remains in page cache after the face. Unfortunately Rob has not had a chance to test this exact patch but the test program below should be reproducing the problem he described. The issue is the per-cpu pagevecs for LRU additions. If the pages are added by one CPU but fadvise() is called on another then the pages remain resident as the invalidate_mapping_pages() only drains the local pagevecs via its call to pagevec_release(). The user-visible effect is that a program that uses fadvise() properly is not obeyed. A possible fix for this is to put the necessary smarts into invalidate_mapping_pages() to globally drain the LRU pagevecs if a pagevec page could not be discarded. The downside with this is that an inode cache shrink would send a global IPI and memory pressure potentially causing global IPI storms is very undesirable. Instead, this patch adds a check during fadvise(POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) to check if invalidate_mapping_pages() discarded all the requested pages. If a subset of pages are discarded it drains the LRU pagevecs and tries again. If the second attempt fails, it assumes it is due to the pages being mapped, locked or dirty and does not care. With this patch, an application using fadvise() correctly will be obeyed but there is a downside that a malicious application can force the kernel to send global IPIs and increase overhead. If accepted, I would like this to be considered as a -stable candidate. It's not an urgent issue but it's a system call that is not working as advertised which is weak. The following test program demonstrates the problem. It should never report that pages are still resident but will without this patch. It assumes that CPU 0 and 1 exist. int main() { int fd; int pagesize = getpagesize(); ssize_t written = 0, expected; char *buf; unsigned char *vec; int resident, i; cpu_set_t set; /* Prepare a buffer for writing */ expected = FILESIZE_PAGES * pagesize; buf = malloc(expected + 1); if (buf == NULL) { printf("ENOMEM\n"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } buf[expected] = 0; memset(buf, 'a', expected); /* Prepare the mincore vec */ vec = malloc(FILESIZE_PAGES); if (vec == NULL) { printf("ENOMEM\n"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* Bind ourselves to CPU 0 */ CPU_ZERO(&set); CPU_SET(0, &set); if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) { perror("sched_setaffinity"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* open file, unlink and write buffer */ fd = open("fadvise-test-file", O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDWR); if (fd == -1) { perror("open"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } unlink("fadvise-test-file"); while (written < expected) { ssize_t this_write; this_write = write(fd, buf + written, expected - written); if (this_write == -1) { perror("write"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } written += this_write; } free(buf); /* * Force ourselves to another CPU. If fadvise only flushes the local * CPUs pagevecs then the fadvise will fail to discard all file pages */ CPU_ZERO(&set); CPU_SET(1, &set); if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(), sizeof(set), &set) == -1) { perror("sched_setaffinity"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* sync and fadvise to discard the page cache */ fsync(fd); if (posix_fadvise(fd, 0, expected, POSIX_FADV_DONTNEED) == -1) { perror("posix_fadvise"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* map the file and use mincore to see which parts of it are resident */ buf = mmap(NULL, expected, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); if (buf == NULL) { perror("mmap"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } if (mincore(buf, expected, vec) == -1) { perror("mincore"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } /* Check residency */ for (i = 0, resident = 0; i < FILESIZE_PAGES; i++) { if (vec[i]) resident++; } if (resident != 0) { printf("Nr unexpected pages resident: %d\n", resident); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } munmap(buf, expected); close(fd); free(vec); exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); } Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reported-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com> Tested-by: Rob van der Heij <rvdheij@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: export mmu notifier invalidatesCliff Wickman
We at SGI have a need to address some very high physical address ranges with our GRU (global reference unit), sometimes across partitioned machine boundaries and sometimes with larger addresses than the cpu supports. We do this with the aid of our own 'extended vma' module which mimics the vma. When something (either unmap or exit) frees an 'extended vma' we use the mmu notifiers to clean them up. We had been able to mimic the functions __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start() and __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end() by locking the per-mm lock and walking the per-mm notifier list. But with the change to a global srcu lock (static in mmu_notifier.c) we can no longer do that. Our module has no access to that lock. So we request that these two functions be exported. Signed-off-by: Cliff Wickman <cpw@sgi.com> Acked-by: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: accelerate mm_populate() treatment of THP pagesMichel Lespinasse
This change adds a follow_page_mask function which is equivalent to follow_page, but with an extra page_mask argument. follow_page_mask sets *page_mask to HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1 when it encounters a THP page, and to 0 in other cases. __get_user_pages() makes use of this in order to accelerate populating THP ranges - that is, when both the pages and vmas arrays are NULL, we don't need to iterate HPAGE_PMD_NR times to cover a single THP page (and we also avoid taking mm->page_table_lock that many times). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: use long type for page counts in mm_populate() and get_user_pages()Michel Lespinasse
Use long type for page counts in mm_populate() so as to avoid integer overflow when running the following test code: int main(void) { void *p = mmap(NULL, 0x100000000000, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANON, -1, 0); printf("p: %p\n", p); mlockall(MCL_CURRENT); printf("done\n"); return 0; } Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code commentsZhang Yanfei
nr_free_zone_pages(), nr_free_buffer_pages() and nr_free_pagecache_pages() are horribly badly named, so accurately document them with code comments in case of the misuse of them. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments] Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23HWPOISON: change order of error_states[]'s elementsNaoya Horiguchi
error_states[] has two separate states "unevictable LRU page" and "mlocked LRU page", and the former one has the higher priority now. But because of that the latter one is rarely chosen because pages with PageMlocked highly likely have PG_unevictable set. On the other hand, PG_unevictable without PageMlocked is common for ramfs or SHM_LOCKed shared memory, so reversing the priority of these two states helps us clearly distinguish them. Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pagesNaoya Horiguchi
memory_failure() can't handle memory errors on mlocked pages correctly, because page_action() judges such errors as ones on "unknown pages" instead of ones on "unevictable LRU page" or "mlocked LRU page". In order to determine page_state page_action() checks page flags at the timing of the judgement, but such page flags are not the same with those just after memory_failure() is called, because memory_failure() does unmapping of the error pages before doing page_action(). This unmapping changes the page state, especially page_remove_rmap() (called from try_to_unmap_one()) clears PG_mlocked, so page_action() can't catch mlocked pages after that. With this patch, we store the page flag of the error page before doing unmap, and (only) if the first check with page flags at the time decided the error page is unknown, we do the second check with the stored page flag. This implementation doesn't change error handling for the page types for which the first check can determine the page state correctly. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments] Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23memcg: stop warning on memcg_propagate_kmemHugh Dickins
Whilst I run the risk of a flogging for disloyalty to the Lord of Sealand, I do have CONFIG_MEMCG=y CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM not set, and grow tired of the "mm/memcontrol.c:4972:12: warning: `memcg_propagate_kmem' defined but not used [-Wunused-function]" seen in 3.8-rc: move the #ifdef outwards. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23vmscan: change type of vm_total_pages to unsigned longZhang Yanfei
This variable is calculated from nr_free_pagecache_pages so change its type to unsigned long. Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pagesZhang Yanfei
Currently, the amount of RAM that functions nr_free_*_pages return is held in unsigned int. But in machines with big memory (exceeding 16TB), the amount may be incorrect because of overflow, so fix it. Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au> Cc: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com> Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov> Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>