path: root/kernel/pid_namespace.c
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2013-03-26pid: Handle the exit of a multi-threaded init.Eric W. Biederman
When a multi-threaded init exits and the initial thread is not the last thread to exit the initial thread hangs around as a zombie until the last thread exits. In that case zap_pid_ns_processes needs to wait until there are only 2 hashed pids in the pid namespace not one. v2. Replace thread_pid_vnr(me) == 1 with the test thread_group_leader(me) as suggested by Oleg. Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Reported-by: Caj Larsson <caj@omnicloud.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-12-25pidns: Stop pid allocation when init diesEric W. Biederman
Oleg pointed out that in a pid namespace the sequence. - pid 1 becomes a zombie - setns(thepidns), fork,... - reaping pid 1. - The injected processes exiting. Can lead to processes attempting access their child reaper and instead following a stale pointer. That waitpid for init can return before all of the processes in the pid namespace have exited is also unfortunate. Avoid these problems by disabling the allocation of new pids in a pid namespace when init dies, instead of when the last process in a pid namespace is reaped. Pointed-out-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-12-14userns: Require CAP_SYS_ADMIN for most uses of setns.Eric W. Biederman
Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> found a nasty little bug in the permissions of setns. With unprivileged user namespaces it became possible to create new namespaces without privilege. However the setns calls were relaxed to only require CAP_SYS_ADMIN in the user nameapce of the targed namespace. Which made the following nasty sequence possible. pid = clone(CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_NEWNS); if (pid == 0) { /* child */ system("mount --bind /home/me/passwd /etc/passwd"); } else if (pid != 0) { /* parent */ char path[PATH_MAX]; snprintf(path, sizeof(path), "/proc/%u/ns/mnt"); fd = open(path, O_RDONLY); setns(fd, 0); system("su -"); } Prevent this possibility by requiring CAP_SYS_ADMIN in the current user namespace when joing all but the user namespace. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-20proc: Usable inode numbers for the namespace file descriptors.Eric W. Biederman
Assign a unique proc inode to each namespace, and use that inode number to ensure we only allocate at most one proc inode for every namespace in proc. A single proc inode per namespace allows userspace to test to see if two processes are in the same namespace. This has been a long requested feature and only blocked because a naive implementation would put the id in a global space and would ultimately require having a namespace for the names of namespaces, making migration and certain virtualization tricks impossible. We still don't have per superblock inode numbers for proc, which appears necessary for application unaware checkpoint/restart and migrations (if the application is using namespace file descriptors) but that is now allowd by the design if it becomes important. I have preallocated the ipc and uts initial proc inode numbers so their structures can be statically initialized. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Support unsharing the pid namespace.Eric W. Biederman
Unsharing of the pid namespace unlike unsharing of other namespaces does not take affect immediately. Instead it affects the children created with fork and clone. The first of these children becomes the init process of the new pid namespace, the rest become oddball children of pid 0. From the point of view of the new pid namespace the process that created it is pid 0, as it's pid does not map. A couple of different semantics were considered but this one was settled on because it is easy to implement and it is usable from pam modules. The core reasons for the existence of unshare. I took a survey of the callers of pam modules and the following appears to be a representative sample of their logic. { setup stuff include pam child = fork(); if (!child) { setuid() exec /bin/bash } waitpid(child); pam and other cleanup } As you can see there is a fork to create the unprivileged user space process. Which means that the unprivileged user space process will appear as pid 1 in the new pid namespace. Further most login processes do not cope with extraneous children which means shifting the duty of reaping extraneous child process to the creator of those extraneous children makes the system more comprehensible. The practical reason for this set of pid namespace semantics is that it is simple to implement and verify they work correctly. Whereas an implementation that requres changing the struct pid on a process comes with a lot more races and pain. Not the least of which is that glibc caches getpid(). These semantics are implemented by having two notions of the pid namespace of a proces. There is task_active_pid_ns which is the pid namspace the process was created with and the pid namespace that all pids are presented to that process in. The task_active_pid_ns is stored in the struct pid of the task. Then there is the pid namespace that will be used for children that pid namespace is stored in task->nsproxy->pid_ns. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Add setns supportEric W. Biederman
- Pid namespaces are designed to be inescapable so verify that the passed in pid namespace is a child of the currently active pid namespace or the currently active pid namespace itself. Allowing the currently active pid namespace is important so the effects of an earlier setns can be cancelled. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Deny strange cases when creating pid namespaces.Eric W. Biederman
task_active_pid_ns(current) != current->ns_proxy->pid_ns will soon be allowed to support unshare and setns. The definition of creating a child pid namespace when task_active_pid_ns(current) != current->ns_proxy->pid_ns could be that we create a child pid namespace of current->ns_proxy->pid_ns. However that leads to strange cases like trying to have a single process be init in multiple pid namespaces, which is racy and hard to think about. The definition of creating a child pid namespace when task_active_pid_ns(current) != current->ns_proxy->pid_ns could be that we create a child pid namespace of task_active_pid_ns(current). While that seems less racy it does not provide any utility. Therefore define the semantics of creating a child pid namespace when task_active_pid_ns(current) != current->ns_proxy->pid_ns to be that the pid namespace creation fails. That is easy to implement and easy to think about. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Wait in zap_pid_ns_processes until pid_ns->nr_hashed == 1Eric W. Biederman
Looking at pid_ns->nr_hashed is a bit simpler and it works for disjoint process trees that an unshare or a join of a pid_namespace may create. Acked-by: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Make the pidns proc mount/umount logic obvious.Eric W. Biederman
Track the number of pids in the proc hash table. When the number of pids goes to 0 schedule work to unmount the kernel mount of proc. Move the mount of proc into alloc_pid when we allocate the pid for init. Remove the surprising calls of pid_ns_release proc in fork and proc_flush_task. Those code paths really shouldn't know about proc namespace implementation details and people have demonstrated several times that finding and understanding those code paths is difficult and non-obvious. Because of the call path detach pid is alwasy called with the rtnl_lock held free_pid is not allowed to sleep, so the work to unmounting proc is moved to a work queue. This has the side benefit of not blocking the entire world waiting for the unnecessary rcu_barrier in deactivate_locked_super. In the process of making the code clear and obvious this fixes a bug reported by Gao feng <gaofeng@cn.fujitsu.com> where we would leak a mount of proc during clone(CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWNET) if copy_pid_ns succeeded and copy_net_ns failed. Acked-by: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Capture the user namespace and filter ns_last_pidEric W. Biederman
- Capture the the user namespace that creates the pid namespace - Use that user namespace to test if it is ok to write to /proc/sys/kernel/ns_last_pid. Zhao Hongjiang <zhaohongjiang@huawei.com> noticed I was missing a put_user_ns in when destroying a pid_ns. I have foloded his patch into this one so that bisects will work properly. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-10-25pidns: limit the nesting depth of pid namespacesAndrew Vagin
'struct pid' is a "variable sized struct" - a header with an array of upids at the end. The size of the array depends on a level (depth) of pid namespaces. Now a level of pidns is not limited, so 'struct pid' can be more than one page. Looks reasonable, that it should be less than a page. MAX_PIS_NS_LEVEL is not calculated from PAGE_SIZE, because in this case it depends on architectures, config options and it will be reduced, if someone adds a new fields in struct pid or struct upid. I suggest to set MAX_PIS_NS_LEVEL = 32, because it saves ability to expand "struct pid" and it's more than enough for all known for me use-cases. When someone finds a reasonable use case, we can add a config option or a sysctl parameter. In addition it will reduce the effect of another problem, when we have many nested namespaces and the oldest one starts dying. zap_pid_ns_processe will be called for each namespace and find_vpid will be called for each process in a namespace. find_vpid will be called minimum max_level^2 / 2 times. The reason of that is that when we found a bit in pidmap, we can't determine this pidns is top for this process or it isn't. vpid is a heavy operation, so a fork bomb, which create many nested namespace, can make a system inaccessible for a long time. For example my system becomes inaccessible for a few minutes with 4000 processes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: return -EINVAL in response to excessive nesting, not -ENOMEM] Signed-off-by: Andrew Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-19pidns: remove recursion from free_pid_ns()Cyrill Gorcunov
free_pid_ns() operates in a recursive fashion: free_pid_ns(parent) put_pid_ns(parent) kref_put(&ns->kref, free_pid_ns); free_pid_ns thus if there was a huge nesting of namespaces the userspace may trigger avalanche calling of free_pid_ns leading to kernel stack exhausting and a panic eventually. This patch turns the recursion into an iterative loop. Based on a patch by Andrew Vagin. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: export put_pid_ns() to modules] Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Andrew Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-02Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull user namespace changes from Eric Biederman: "This is a mostly modest set of changes to enable basic user namespace support. This allows the code to code to compile with user namespaces enabled and removes the assumption there is only the initial user namespace. Everything is converted except for the most complex of the filesystems: autofs4, 9p, afs, ceph, cifs, coda, fuse, gfs2, ncpfs, nfs, ocfs2 and xfs as those patches need a bit more review. The strategy is to push kuid_t and kgid_t values are far down into subsystems and filesystems as reasonable. Leaving the make_kuid and from_kuid operations to happen at the edge of userspace, as the values come off the disk, and as the values come in from the network. Letting compile type incompatible compile errors (present when user namespaces are enabled) guide me to find the issues. The most tricky areas have been the places where we had an implicit union of uid and gid values and were storing them in an unsigned int. Those places were converted into explicit unions. I made certain to handle those places with simple trivial patches. Out of that work I discovered we have generic interfaces for storing quota by projid. I had never heard of the project identifiers before. Adding full user namespace support for project identifiers accounts for most of the code size growth in my git tree. Ultimately there will be work to relax privlige checks from "capable(FOO)" to "ns_capable(user_ns, FOO)" where it is safe allowing root in a user names to do those things that today we only forbid to non-root users because it will confuse suid root applications. While I was pushing kuid_t and kgid_t changes deep into the audit code I made a few other cleanups. I capitalized on the fact we process netlink messages in the context of the message sender. I removed usage of NETLINK_CRED, and started directly using current->tty. Some of these patches have also made it into maintainer trees, with no problems from identical code from different trees showing up in linux-next. After reading through all of this code I feel like I might be able to win a game of kernel trivial pursuit." Fix up some fairly trivial conflicts in netfilter uid/git logging code. * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: (107 commits) userns: Convert the ufs filesystem to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert the udf filesystem to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ubifs to use kuid/kgid userns: Convert squashfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert reiserfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert jfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert jffs2 to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert hpfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert btrfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert bfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert affs to use kuid/kgid wherwe appropriate userns: On alpha modify linux_to_osf_stat to use convert from kuids and kgids userns: On ia64 deal with current_uid and current_gid being kuid and kgid userns: On ppc convert current_uid from a kuid before printing. userns: Convert s390 getting uid and gid system calls to use kuid and kgid userns: Convert s390 hypfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert binder ipc to use kuids userns: Teach security_path_chown to take kuids and kgids userns: Add user namespace support to IMA userns: Convert EVM to deal with kuids and kgids in it's hmac computation ...
2012-09-17pid-namespace: limit value of ns_last_pid to (0, max_pid)Andrew Vagin
The kernel doesn't check the pid for negative values, so if you try to write -2 to /proc/sys/kernel/ns_last_pid, you will get a kernel panic. The crash happens because the next pid is -1, and alloc_pidmap() will try to access to a nonexistent pidmap. map = &pid_ns->pidmap[pid/BITS_PER_PAGE]; Signed-off-by: Andrew Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Acked-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-08-14pidns: Export free_pid_nsEric W. Biederman
There is a least one modular user so export free_pid_ns so modules can capture and use the pid namespace on the very rare occasion when it makes sense. Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-06-20pidns: guarantee that the pidns init will be the last pidns process reapedEric W. Biederman
Today we have a twofold bug. Sometimes release_task on pid == 1 in a pid namespace can run before other processes in a pid namespace have had release task called. With the result that pid_ns_release_proc can be called before the last proc_flus_task() is done using upid->ns->proc_mnt, resulting in the use of a stale pointer. This same set of circumstances can lead to waitpid(...) returning for a processes started with clone(CLONE_NEWPID) before the every process in the pid namespace has actually exited. To fix this modify zap_pid_ns_processess wait until all other processes in the pid namespace have exited, even EXIT_DEAD zombies. The delay_group_leader and related tests ensure that the thread gruop leader will be the last thread of a process group to be reaped, or to become EXIT_DEAD and self reap. With the change to zap_pid_ns_processes we get the guarantee that pid == 1 in a pid namespace will be the last task that release_task is called on. With pid == 1 being the last task to pass through release_task pid_ns_release_proc can no longer be called too early nor can wait return before all of the EXIT_DEAD tasks in a pid namespace have exited. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Louis Rilling <louis.rilling@kerlabs.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Tested-by: Andrew Wagin <avagin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31sysctl: make kernel.ns_last_pid control dependent on CHECKPOINT_RESTORECyrill Gorcunov
For those who doesn't need C/R functionality there is no need to control last pid, ie the pid for the next fork() call. Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-31pidns: make killed children autoreapEric W. Biederman
Force SIGCHLD handling to SIG_IGN so that signals are not generated and so that the children autoreap. This increases the parallelize and in general the speed of network namespace shutdown. Note self reaping childrean can exist past zap_pid_ns_processess but they will all be reaped before we allow the pid namespace init task with pid == 1 to be reaped. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Louis Rilling <louis.rilling@kerlabs.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-28pidns: add reboot_pid_ns() to handle the reboot syscallDaniel Lezcano
In the case of a child pid namespace, rebooting the system does not really makes sense. When the pid namespace is used in conjunction with the other namespaces in order to create a linux container, the reboot syscall leads to some problems. A container can reboot the host. That can be fixed by dropping the sys_reboot capability but we are unable to correctly to poweroff/ halt/reboot a container and the container stays stuck at the shutdown time with the container's init process waiting indefinitively. After several attempts, no solution from userspace was found to reliabily handle the shutdown from a container. This patch propose to make the init process of the child pid namespace to exit with a signal status set to : SIGINT if the child pid namespace called "halt/poweroff" and SIGHUP if the child pid namespace called "reboot". When the reboot syscall is called and we are not in the initial pid namespace, we kill the pid namespace for "HALT", "POWEROFF", "RESTART", and "RESTART2". Otherwise we return EINVAL. Returning EINVAL is also an easy way to check if this feature is supported by the kernel when invoking another 'reboot' option like CAD. By this way the parent process of the child pid namespace knows if it rebooted or not and can take the right decision. Test case: ========== #include <alloca.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <sched.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <signal.h> #include <sys/reboot.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/wait.h> #include <linux/reboot.h> static int do_reboot(void *arg) { int *cmd = arg; if (reboot(*cmd)) printf("failed to reboot(%d): %m\n", *cmd); } int test_reboot(int cmd, int sig) { long stack_size = 4096; void *stack = alloca(stack_size) + stack_size; int status; pid_t ret; ret = clone(do_reboot, stack, CLONE_NEWPID | SIGCHLD, &cmd); if (ret < 0) { printf("failed to clone: %m\n"); return -1; } if (wait(&status) < 0) { printf("unexpected wait error: %m\n"); return -1; } if (!WIFSIGNALED(status)) { printf("child process exited but was not signaled\n"); return -1; } if (WTERMSIG(status) != sig) { printf("signal termination is not the one expected\n"); return -1; } return 0; } int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { int status; status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART, SIGHUP); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2, SIGHUP); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT, SIGINT); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF, SIGINT); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWERR_OFF) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON, -1); if (status >= 0) { printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON) should have failed\n"); return 1; } printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON) has failed as expected\n"); return 0; } [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak and add comments] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Tested-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-23signal: zap_pid_ns_processes: s/SEND_SIG_NOINFO/SEND_SIG_FORCED/Oleg Nesterov
Change zap_pid_ns_processes() to use SEND_SIG_FORCED, it looks more clear compared to SEND_SIG_NOINFO which relies on from_ancestor_ns logic send_signal(). It is also more efficient if we need to kill a lot of tasks because it doesn't alloc sigqueue. While at it, add the __fatal_signal_pending(task) check as a minor optimization. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-01-12sysctl: add the kernel.ns_last_pid controlPavel Emelyanov
The sysctl works on the current task's pid namespace, getting and setting its last_pid field. Writing is allowed for CAP_SYS_ADMIN-capable tasks thus making it possible to create a task with desired pid value. This ability is required badly for the checkpoint/restore in userspace. This approach suits all the parties for now. Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-23pidns: call pid_ns_prepare_proc() from create_pid_namespace()Eric W. Biederman
Reorganize proc_get_sb() so it can be called before the struct pid of the first process is allocated. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-12pid_ns: zap_pid_ns_processes: use SEND_SIG_NOINFO instead of force_sig()Oleg Nesterov
zap_pid_ns_processes() uses force_sig(SIGKILL) to ensure SIGKILL will be delivered to sub-namespace inits as well. This is correct, but we are going to change force_sig_info() semantics. See http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=15395#c31 We can use send_sig_info(SEND_SIG_NOINFO) instead, since 614c517d7c00af1b26ded20646b329397d6f51a1 ("signals: SEND_SIG_NOINFO should be considered as SI_FROMUSER()") SEND_SIG_NOINFO means "from user" and therefore send_signal() will get the correct from_ancestor_ns = T flag. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-24pidns: deny CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_NEWPID combinationSukadev Bhattiprolu
CLONE_PARENT was used to implement an older threading model. For consistency with the CLONE_THREAD check in copy_pid_ns(), disable CLONE_PARENT with CLONE_NEWPID, at least until the required semantics of pid namespaces are clear. Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-18pidns: rewrite copy_pid_ns()Alexey Dobriyan
copy_pid_ns() is a perfect example of a case where unwinding leads to more code and makes it less clear. Watch the diffstat. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Reviewed-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-18pidns: make create_pid_namespace() accept parent pidnsAlexey Dobriyan
create_pid_namespace() creates everything, but caller has to assign parent pidns by hand, which is unnatural. At the moment of call new ->level has to be taken from somewhere and parent pidns is already available. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-04-02signals: zap_pid_ns_process() should use force_sig()Sukadev Bhattiprolu
send_signal() assumes that signals with SEND_SIG_PRIV are generated from within the same namespace. So any nested container-init processes become immune to the SIGKILL generated by kill_proc_info() in zap_pid_ns_processes(). Use force_sig() in zap_pid_ns_processes() instead - force_sig() clears the SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE flag ensuring the signal is processed by container-inits. Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-09-02pid_ns: (BUG 11391) change ->child_reaper when init->group_leader exitsOleg Nesterov
We don't change pid_ns->child_reaper when the main thread of the subnamespace init exits. As Robert Rex <robert.rex@exasol.com> pointed out this is wrong. Yes, the re-parenting itself works correctly, but if the reparented task exits it needs ->parent->nsproxy->pid_ns in do_notify_parent(), and if the main thread is zombie its ->nsproxy was already cleared by exit_task_namespaces(). Introduce the new function, find_new_reaper(), which finds the new ->parent for the re-parenting and changes ->child_reaper if needed. Kill the now unneeded exit_child_reaper(). Also move the changing of ->child_reaper from zap_pid_ns_processes() to find_new_reaper(), this consolidates the games with ->child_reaper and makes it stable under tasklist_lock. Addresses http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=11391 Reported-by: Robert Rex <robert.rex@exasol.com> Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Acked-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-09-02pid_ns: zap_pid_ns_processes: fix the ->child_reaper changingOleg Nesterov
zap_pid_ns_processes() sets pid_ns->child_reaper = NULL, this is wrong. Yes, we have already killed all tasks in this namespace, and sys_wait4() doesn't see any child. But this doesn't mean ->children list is empty, we may have EXIT_DEAD tasks which are not visible to do_wait(). In that case the subsequent forget_original_parent() will crash the kernel because it will try to re-parent these tasks to the NULL reaper. Even if there are no childs, it is not good that forget_original_parent() uses reaper == NULL. Change the code to set ->child_reaper = init_pid_ns.child_reaper instead. We could use pid_ns->parent->child_reaper as well, I think this does not really matter. These EXIT_DEAD tasks are not visible to the new ->parent after re-parenting, they will silently do release_task() eventually. Note that we must change ->child_reaper, otherwise forget_original_parent() will use reaper == father, and in that case we will hit the (correct) BUG_ON(!list_empty(&father->children)). Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-25bsdacct: switch from global bsd_acct_struct instance to per-pidns onePavel Emelyanov
Allocate the structure on the first call to sys_acct(). After this each namespace, that ordered the accounting, will live with this structure till its own death. Two notes - routines, that close the accounting on fs umount time use the init_pid_ns's acct by now; - accounting routine accounts to dying task's namespace (also by now). Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-25pidns: use kzalloc when allocating new pid_namespace structPavel Emelyanov
It makes many fields initialization implicit helping in auto-setting #ifdef-ed fields (bsd-acct related pointer will be such). Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-30pidns: make pid->level and pid_ns->level unsignedPavel Emelyanov
These values represent the nesting level of a namespace and pids living in it, and it's always non-negative. Turning this from int to unsigned int saves some space in pid.c (11 bytes on x86 and 64 on ia64) by letting the compiler optimize the pid_nr_ns a bit. E.g. on ia64 this removes the sign extension calls, which compiler adds to optimize access to pid->nubers[ns->level]. Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28kernel: fix integer as NULL pointer warningsHarvey Harrison
kernel/cpuset.c:1268:52: warning: Using plain integer as NULL pointer kernel/pid_namespace.c:95:24: warning: Using plain integer as NULL pointer Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-08namespaces: cleanup the code managed with PID_NS optionPavel Emelyanov
Just like with the user namespaces, move the namespace management code into the separate .c file and mark the (already existing) PID_NS option as "depend on NAMESPACES" [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at> Cc: Kirill Korotaev <dev@sw.ru> Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>