path: root/init
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2013-01-25MODSIGN: Simplify Makefile with a Kconfig helperMichal Marek
Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2013-01-20Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal Pull misc syscall fixes from Al Viro: - compat syscall fixes (discussed back in December) - a couple of "make life easier for sigaltstack stuff by reducing inter-tree dependencies" - fix up compiler/asmlinkage calling convention disagreement of sys_clone() - misc * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal: sys_clone() needs asmlinkage_protect make sure that /linuxrc has std{in,out,err} x32: fix sigtimedwait x32: fix waitid() switch compat_sys_wait4() and compat_sys_waitid() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch compat_sys_sigaltstack() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE CONFIG_GENERIC_SIGALTSTACK build breakage with asm-generic/syscalls.h Ensure that kernel_init_freeable() is not inlined into non __init code
2013-01-19make sure that /linuxrc has std{in,out,err}Al Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-01-16Tell the world we gave up on pushing CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZEKirill Smelkov
In commit 281dc5c5ec0f ("Give up on pushing CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE") we already changed the actual default value, but the help-text still suggested 'y'. Fix the help text too, for all the same reasons. Sadly, -Os keeps on generating some very suboptimal code for certain cases, to the point where any I$ miss upside is swamped by the downside. The main ones are: - using "rep movsb" for memcpy, even on CPU's where that is horrendously bad for performance. - not honoring branch prediction information, so any I$ footprint you win from smaller code, you lose from less code density in the I$. - using divide instructions when that is very expensive. Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <kirr@mns.spb.ru> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-26Ensure that kernel_init_freeable() is not inlined into non __init codeVineet Gupta
Commit d6b2123802d "make sure that we always have a return path from kernel_execve()" reshuffled kernel_init()/init_post() to ensure that kernel_execve() has a caller to return to. It removed __init annotation for kernel_init() and introduced/calls a new routine kernel_init_freeable(). Latter however is inlined by any reasonable compiler (ARC gcc 4.4 in this case), causing slight code bloat. This patch forces kernel_init_freeable() as noinline reducing the .text bloat-o-meter vmlinux vmlinux_new add/remove: 1/0 grow/shrink: 0/1 up/down: 374/-334 (40) function old new delta kernel_init_freeable - 374 +374 (.init.text) kernel_init 628 294 -334 (.text) Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-12-20Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal Pull signal handling cleanups from Al Viro: "sigaltstack infrastructure + conversion for x86, alpha and um, COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE infrastructure. Note that there are several conflicts between "unify SS_ONSTACK/SS_DISABLE definitions" and UAPI patches in mainline; resolution is trivial - just remove definitions of SS_ONSTACK and SS_DISABLED from arch/*/uapi/asm/signal.h; they are all identical and include/uapi/linux/signal.h contains the unified variant." Fixed up conflicts as per Al. * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal: alpha: switch to generic sigaltstack new helpers: __save_altstack/__compat_save_altstack, switch x86 and um to those generic compat_sys_sigaltstack() introduce generic sys_sigaltstack(), switch x86 and um to it new helper: compat_user_stack_pointer() new helper: restore_altstack() unify SS_ONSTACK/SS_DISABLE definitions new helper: current_user_stack_pointer() missing user_stack_pointer() instances Bury the conditionals from kernel_thread/kernel_execve series COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE: infrastructure
2012-12-19Bury the conditionals from kernel_thread/kernel_execve seriesAl Viro
All architectures have CONFIG_GENERIC_KERNEL_THREAD CONFIG_GENERIC_KERNEL_EXECVE __ARCH_WANT_SYS_EXECVE None of them have __ARCH_WANT_KERNEL_EXECVE and there are only two callers of kernel_execve() (which is a trivial wrapper for do_execve() now) left. Kill the conditionals and make both callers use do_execve(). Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-12-18memcg: infrastructure to match an allocation to the right cacheGlauber Costa
The page allocator is able to bind a page to a memcg when it is allocated. But for the caches, we'd like to have as many objects as possible in a page belonging to the same cache. This is done in this patch by calling memcg_kmem_get_cache in the beginning of every allocation function. This function is patched out by static branches when kernel memory controller is not being used. It assumes that the task allocating, which determines the memcg in the page allocator, belongs to the same cgroup throughout the whole process. Misaccounting can happen if the task calls memcg_kmem_get_cache() while belonging to a cgroup, and later on changes. This is considered acceptable, and should only happen upon task migration. Before the cache is created by the memcg core, there is also a possible imbalance: the task belongs to a memcg, but the cache being allocated from is the global cache, since the child cache is not yet guaranteed to be ready. This case is also fine, since in this case the GFP_KMEMCG will not be passed and the page allocator will not attempt any cgroup accounting. Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: JoonSoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Suleiman Souhlal <suleiman@google.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-18memcg: kmem accounting basic infrastructureGlauber Costa
Add the basic infrastructure for the accounting of kernel memory. To control that, the following files are created: * memory.kmem.usage_in_bytes * memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes * memory.kmem.failcnt * memory.kmem.max_usage_in_bytes They have the same meaning of their user memory counterparts. They reflect the state of the "kmem" res_counter. Per cgroup kmem memory accounting is not enabled until a limit is set for the group. Once the limit is set the accounting cannot be disabled for that group. This means that after the patch is applied, no behavioral changes exists for whoever is still using memcg to control their memory usage, until memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes is set for the first time. We always account to both user and kernel resource_counters. This effectively means that an independent kernel limit is in place when the limit is set to a lower value than the user memory. A equal or higher value means that the user limit will always hit first, meaning that kmem is effectively unlimited. People who want to track kernel memory but not limit it, can set this limit to a very high number (like RESOURCE_MAX - 1page - that no one will ever hit, or equal to the user memory) [akpm@linux-foundation.org: MEMCG_MMEM only works with slab and slub] Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Acked-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: JoonSoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-17Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull user namespace changes from Eric Biederman: "While small this set of changes is very significant with respect to containers in general and user namespaces in particular. The user space interface is now complete. This set of changes adds support for unprivileged users to create user namespaces and as a user namespace root to create other namespaces. The tyranny of supporting suid root preventing unprivileged users from using cool new kernel features is broken. This set of changes completes the work on setns, adding support for the pid, user, mount namespaces. This set of changes includes a bunch of basic pid namespace cleanups/simplifications. Of particular significance is the rework of the pid namespace cleanup so it no longer requires sending out tendrils into all kinds of unexpected cleanup paths for operation. At least one case of broken error handling is fixed by this cleanup. The files under /proc/<pid>/ns/ have been converted from regular files to magic symlinks which prevents incorrect caching by the VFS, ensuring the files always refer to the namespace the process is currently using and ensuring that the ptrace_mayaccess permission checks are always applied. The files under /proc/<pid>/ns/ have been given stable inode numbers so it is now possible to see if different processes share the same namespaces. Through the David Miller's net tree are changes to relax many of the permission checks in the networking stack to allowing the user namespace root to usefully use the networking stack. Similar changes for the mount namespace and the pid namespace are coming through my tree. Two small changes to add user namespace support were commited here adn in David Miller's -net tree so that I could complete the work on the /proc/<pid>/ns/ files in this tree. Work remains to make it safe to build user namespaces and 9p, afs, ceph, cifs, coda, gfs2, ncpfs, nfs, nfsd, ocfs2, and xfs so the Kconfig guard remains in place preventing that user namespaces from being built when any of those filesystems are enabled. Future design work remains to allow root users outside of the initial user namespace to mount more than just /proc and /sys." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: (38 commits) proc: Usable inode numbers for the namespace file descriptors. proc: Fix the namespace inode permission checks. proc: Generalize proc inode allocation userns: Allow unprivilged mounts of proc and sysfs userns: For /proc/self/{uid,gid}_map derive the lower userns from the struct file procfs: Print task uids and gids in the userns that opened the proc file userns: Implement unshare of the user namespace userns: Implent proc namespace operations userns: Kill task_user_ns userns: Make create_new_namespaces take a user_ns parameter userns: Allow unprivileged use of setns. userns: Allow unprivileged users to create new namespaces userns: Allow setting a userns mapping to your current uid. userns: Allow chown and setgid preservation userns: Allow unprivileged users to create user namespaces. userns: Ignore suid and sgid on binaries if the uid or gid can not be mapped userns: fix return value on mntns_install() failure vfs: Allow unprivileged manipulation of the mount namespace. vfs: Only support slave subtrees across different user namespaces vfs: Add a user namespace reference from struct mnt_namespace ...
2012-12-17Merge branch 'for-3.8/drivers' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block driver update from Jens Axboe: "Now that the core bits are in, here are the driver bits for 3.8. The branch contains: - A huge pile of drbd bits that were dumped from the 3.7 merge window. Following that, it was both made perfectly clear that there is going to be no more over-the-wall pulls and how the situation on individual pulls can be improved. - A few cleanups from Akinobu Mita for drbd and cciss. - Queue improvement for loop from Lukas. This grew into adding a generic interface for waiting/checking an even with a specific lock, allowing this to be pulled out of md and now loop and drbd is also using it. - A few fixes for xen back/front block driver from Roger Pau Monne. - Partition improvements from Stephen Warren, allowing partiion UUID to be used as an identifier." * 'for-3.8/drivers' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (609 commits) drbd: update Kconfig to match current dependencies drbd: Fix drbdsetup wait-connect, wait-sync etc... commands drbd: close race between drbd_set_role and drbd_connect drbd: respect no-md-barriers setting also when changed online via disk-options drbd: Remove obsolete check drbd: fixup after wait_even_lock_irq() addition to generic code loop: Limit the number of requests in the bio list wait: add wait_event_lock_irq() interface xen-blkfront: free allocated page xen-blkback: move free persistent grants code block: partition: msdos: provide UUIDs for partitions init: reduce PARTUUID min length to 1 from 36 block: store partition_meta_info.uuid as a string cciss: use check_signature() cciss: cleanup bitops usage drbd: use copy_highpage drbd: if the replication link breaks during handshake, keep retrying drbd: check return of kmalloc in receive_uuids drbd: Broadcast sync progress no more often than once per second drbd: don't try to clear bits once the disk has failed ...
2012-12-16Merge tag 'balancenuma-v11' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mel/linux-balancenuma Pull Automatic NUMA Balancing bare-bones from Mel Gorman: "There are three implementations for NUMA balancing, this tree (balancenuma), numacore which has been developed in tip/master and autonuma which is in aa.git. In almost all respects balancenuma is the dumbest of the three because its main impact is on the VM side with no attempt to be smart about scheduling. In the interest of getting the ball rolling, it would be desirable to see this much merged for 3.8 with the view to building scheduler smarts on top and adapting the VM where required for 3.9. The most recent set of comparisons available from different people are mel: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/9/108 mingo: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/7/331 tglx: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/10/437 srikar: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/10/397 The results are a mixed bag. In my own tests, balancenuma does reasonably well. It's dumb as rocks and does not regress against mainline. On the other hand, Ingo's tests shows that balancenuma is incapable of converging for this workloads driven by perf which is bad but is potentially explained by the lack of scheduler smarts. Thomas' results show balancenuma improves on mainline but falls far short of numacore or autonuma. Srikar's results indicate we all suffer on a large machine with imbalanced node sizes. My own testing showed that recent numacore results have improved dramatically, particularly in the last week but not universally. We've butted heads heavily on system CPU usage and high levels of migration even when it shows that overall performance is better. There are also cases where it regresses. Of interest is that for specjbb in some configurations it will regress for lower numbers of warehouses and show gains for higher numbers which is not reported by the tool by default and sometimes missed in treports. Recently I reported for numacore that the JVM was crashing with NullPointerExceptions but currently it's unclear what the source of this problem is. Initially I thought it was in how numacore batch handles PTEs but I'm no longer think this is the case. It's possible numacore is just able to trigger it due to higher rates of migration. These reports were quite late in the cycle so I/we would like to start with this tree as it contains much of the code we can agree on and has not changed significantly over the last 2-3 weeks." * tag 'balancenuma-v11' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mel/linux-balancenuma: (50 commits) mm/rmap, migration: Make rmap_walk_anon() and try_to_unmap_anon() more scalable mm/rmap: Convert the struct anon_vma::mutex to an rwsem mm: migrate: Account a transhuge page properly when rate limiting mm: numa: Account for failed allocations and isolations as migration failures mm: numa: Add THP migration for the NUMA working set scanning fault case build fix mm: numa: Add THP migration for the NUMA working set scanning fault case. mm: sched: numa: Delay PTE scanning until a task is scheduled on a new node mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancing if !SCHED_DEBUG mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancing mm: sched: Adapt the scanning rate if a NUMA hinting fault does not migrate mm: numa: Use a two-stage filter to restrict pages being migrated for unlikely task<->node relationships mm: numa: migrate: Set last_nid on newly allocated page mm: numa: split_huge_page: Transfer last_nid on tail page mm: numa: Introduce last_nid to the page frame sched: numa: Slowly increase the scanning period as NUMA faults are handled mm: numa: Rate limit setting of pte_numa if node is saturated mm: numa: Rate limit the amount of memory that is migrated between nodes mm: numa: Structures for Migrate On Fault per NUMA migration rate limiting mm: numa: Migrate pages handled during a pmd_numa hinting fault mm: numa: Migrate on reference policy ...
2012-12-15Revert "x86-64/efi: Use EFI to deal with platform wall clock (again)"Linus Torvalds
This reverts commit bd52276fa1d4 ("x86-64/efi: Use EFI to deal with platform wall clock (again)"), and the two supporting commits: da5a108d05b4: "x86/kernel: remove tboot 1:1 page table creation code" 185034e72d59: "x86, efi: 1:1 pagetable mapping for virtual EFI calls") as they all depend semantically on commit 53b87cf088e2 ("x86, mm: Include the entire kernel memory map in trampoline_pgd") that got reverted earlier due to the problems it caused. This was pointed out by Yinghai Lu, and verified by me on my Macbook Air that uses EFI. Pointed-out-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-14Merge branch 'core-efi-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 EFI update from Peter Anvin: "EFI tree, from Matt Fleming. Most of the patches are the new efivarfs filesystem by Matt Garrett & co. The balance are support for EFI wallclock in the absence of a hardware-specific driver, and various fixes and cleanups." * 'core-efi-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (24 commits) efivarfs: Make efivarfs_fill_super() static x86, efi: Check table header length in efi_bgrt_init() efivarfs: Use query_variable_info() to limit kmalloc() efivarfs: Fix return value of efivarfs_file_write() efivarfs: Return a consistent error when efivarfs_get_inode() fails efivarfs: Make 'datasize' unsigned long efivarfs: Add unique magic number efivarfs: Replace magic number with sizeof(attributes) efivarfs: Return an error if we fail to read a variable efi: Clarify GUID length calculations efivarfs: Implement exclusive access for {get,set}_variable efivarfs: efivarfs_fill_super() ensure we clean up correctly on error efivarfs: efivarfs_fill_super() ensure we free our temporary name efivarfs: efivarfs_fill_super() fix inode reference counts efivarfs: efivarfs_create() ensure we drop our reference on inode on error efivarfs: efivarfs_file_read ensure we free data in error paths x86-64/efi: Use EFI to deal with platform wall clock (again) x86/kernel: remove tboot 1:1 page table creation code x86, efi: 1:1 pagetable mapping for virtual EFI calls x86, mm: Include the entire kernel memory map in trampoline_pgd ...
2012-12-12init: use N_MEMORY instead N_HIGH_MEMORYLai Jiangshan
N_HIGH_MEMORY stands for the nodes that has normal or high memory. N_MEMORY stands for the nodes that has any memory. The code here need to handle with the nodes which have memory, we should use N_MEMORY instead. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancingMel Gorman
This patch adds Kconfig options and kernel parameters to allow the enabling and disabling of automatic NUMA balancing. The existance of such a switch was and is very important when debugging problems related to transparent hugepages and we should have the same for automatic NUMA placement. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
2012-12-11mm: numa: pte_numa() and pmd_numa()Andrea Arcangeli
Implement pte_numa and pmd_numa. We must atomically set the numa bit and clear the present bit to define a pte_numa or pmd_numa. Once a pte or pmd has been set as pte_numa or pmd_numa, the next time a thread touches a virtual address in the corresponding virtual range, a NUMA hinting page fault will trigger. The NUMA hinting page fault will clear the NUMA bit and set the present bit again to resolve the page fault. The expectation is that a NUMA hinting page fault is used as part of a placement policy that decides if a page should remain on the current node or migrated to a different node. Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
2012-12-03Merge branch 'rcu/next' of ↵Ingo Molnar
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulmck/linux-rcu into core/rcu Conflicts: arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c Pull the latest RCU tree from Paul E. McKenney: " The major features of this series are: 1. A first version of no-callbacks CPUs. This version prohibits offlining CPU 0, but only when enabled via CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=y. Relaxing this constraint is in progress, but not yet ready for prime time. These commits were posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/724, and are at branch rcu/nocb. 2. Changes to SRCU that allows statically initialized srcu_struct structures. These commits were posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/296, and are at branch rcu/srcu. 3. Restructuring of RCU's debugfs output. These commits were posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/341, and are at branch rcu/tracing. 4. Additional CPU-hotplug/RCU improvements, posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/327, and are at branch rcu/hotplug. Note that the commit eliminating __stop_machine() was judged to be too-high of risk, so is deferred to 3.9. 5. Changes to RCU's idle interface, most notably a new module parameter that redirects normal grace-period operations to their expedited equivalents. These were posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/739, and are at branch rcu/idle. 6. Additional diagnostics for RCU's CPU stall warning facility, posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/315, and are at branch rcu/stall. The most notable change reduces the default RCU CPU stall-warning time from 60 seconds to 21 seconds, so that it once again happens sooner than the softlockup timeout. 7. Documentation updates, which were posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/280, and are at branch rcu/doc. A couple of late-breaking changes were posted at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/11/16/634 and https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/11/16/547. 8. Miscellaneous fixes, which were posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/30/309, along with a late-breaking change posted at Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:26:25 -0800 with message-ID <20121116192625.GA447@linux.vnet.ibm.com>, but which lkml.org seems to have missed. These are at branch rcu/fixes. 9. Finally, a fix for an lockdep-RCU splat was posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/11/7/486. This is at rcu/next. " Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2012-11-30context_tracking: New context tracking susbsystemFrederic Weisbecker
Create a new subsystem that probes on kernel boundaries to keep track of the transitions between level contexts with two basic initial contexts: user or kernel. This is an abstraction of some RCU code that use such tracking to implement its userspace extended quiescent state. We need to pull this up from RCU into this new level of indirection because this tracking is also going to be used to implement an "on demand" generic virtual cputime accounting. A necessary step to shutdown the tick while still accounting the cputime. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> [ paulmck: fix whitespace error and email address. ] Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-11-23block: partition: msdos: provide UUIDs for partitionsStephen Warren
The MSDOS/MBR partition table includes a 32-bit unique ID, often referred to as the NT disk signature. When combined with a partition number within the table, this can form a unique ID similar in concept to EFI/GPT's partition UUID. Constructing and recording this value in struct partition_meta_info allows MSDOS partitions to be referred to on the kernel command-line using the following syntax: root=PARTUUID=0002dd75-01 Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-11-23init: reduce PARTUUID min length to 1 from 36Stephen Warren
Reduce the minimum length for a root=PARTUUID= parameter to be considered valid from 36 to 1. EFI/GPT partition UUIDs are always exactly 36 characters long, hence the previous limit. However, the next patch will support DOS/MBR UUIDs too, which have a different, shorter, format. Instead of validating any particular length, just ensure that at least some non-empty value was given by the user. Also, consider a missing UUID value to be a parsing error, in the same vein as if /PARTNROFF exists and can't be parsed. As such, make both error cases print a message and disable rootwait. Convert to pr_err while we're at it. Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-11-23block: store partition_meta_info.uuid as a stringStephen Warren
This will allow other types of UUID to be stored here, aside from true UUIDs. This also simplifies code that uses this field, since it's usually constructed from a, used as a, or compared to other, strings. Note: A simplistic approach here would be to set uuid_str[36]=0 whenever a /PARTNROFF option was found to be present. However, this modifies the input string, and causes subsequent calls to devt_from_partuuid() not to see the /PARTNROFF option, which causes different results. In order to avoid misleading future maintainers, this parameter is marked const. Signed-off-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-11-20proc: Usable inode numbers for the namespace file descriptors.Eric W. Biederman
Assign a unique proc inode to each namespace, and use that inode number to ensure we only allocate at most one proc inode for every namespace in proc. A single proc inode per namespace allows userspace to test to see if two processes are in the same namespace. This has been a long requested feature and only blocked because a naive implementation would put the id in a global space and would ultimately require having a namespace for the names of namespaces, making migration and certain virtualization tricks impossible. We still don't have per superblock inode numbers for proc, which appears necessary for application unaware checkpoint/restart and migrations (if the application is using namespace file descriptors) but that is now allowd by the design if it becomes important. I have preallocated the ipc and uts initial proc inode numbers so their structures can be statically initialized. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-19pidns: Consolidate initialzation of special init task stateEric W. Biederman
Instead of setting child_reaper and SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE one way for the system init process, and another way for pid namespace init processes test pid->nr == 1 and use the same code for both. For the global init this results in SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE being set much earlier in the initialization process. This is a small cleanup and it paves the way for allowing unshare and enter of the pid namespace as that path like our global init also will not set CLONE_NEWPID. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-16rcu: Add callback-free CPUsPaul E. McKenney
RCU callback execution can add significant OS jitter and also can degrade both scheduling latency and, in asymmetric multiprocessors, energy efficiency. This commit therefore adds the ability for selected CPUs ("rcu_nocbs=" boot parameter) to have their callbacks offloaded to kthreads. If the "rcu_nocb_poll" boot parameter is also specified, these kthreads will do polling, removing the need for the offloaded CPUs to do wakeups. At least one CPU must be doing normal callback processing: currently CPU 0 cannot be selected as a no-CBs CPU. In addition, attempts to offline the last normal-CBs CPU will fail. This feature was inspired by Jim Houston's and Joe Korty's JRCU, and this commit includes fixes to problems located by Fengguang Wu's kbuild test robot. [ paulmck: Added gfp.h include file as suggested by Fengguang Wu. ] Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-11-14userns: Support fuse interacting with multiple user namespacesEric W. Biederman
Use kuid_t and kgid_t in struct fuse_conn and struct fuse_mount_data. The connection between between a fuse filesystem and a fuse daemon is established when a fuse filesystem is mounted and provided with a file descriptor the fuse daemon created by opening /dev/fuse. For now restrict the communication of uids and gids between the fuse filesystem and the fuse daemon to the initial user namespace. Enforce this by verifying the file descriptor passed to the mount of fuse was opened in the initial user namespace. Ensuring the mount happens in the initial user namespace is not necessary as mounts from non-initial user namespaces are not yet allowed. In fuse_req_init_context convert the currrent fsuid and fsgid into the initial user namespace for the request that will be sent to the fuse daemon. In fuse_fill_attr convert the uid and gid passed from the fuse daemon from the initial user namespace into kuids and kgids. In iattr_to_fattr called from fuse_setattr convert kuids and kgids into the uids and gids in the initial user namespace before passing them to the fuse filesystem. In fuse_change_attributes_common called from fuse_dentry_revalidate, fuse_permission, fuse_geattr, and fuse_setattr, and fuse_iget convert the uid and gid from the fuse daemon into a kuid and a kgid to store on the fuse inode. By default fuse mounts are restricted to task whose uid, suid, and euid matches the fuse user_id and whose gid, sgid, and egid matches the fuse group id. Convert the user_id and group_id mount options into kuids and kgids at mount time, and use uid_eq and gid_eq to compare the in fuse_allow_task. Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-14userns: Support autofs4 interacing with multiple user namespacesEric W. Biederman
Use kuid_t and kgid_t in struct autofs_info and struct autofs_wait_queue. When creating directories and symlinks default the uid and gid of the mount requester to the global root uid and gid. autofs4_wait will update these fields when a mount is requested. When generating autofsv5 packets report the uid and gid of the mount requestor in user namespace of the process that opened the pipe, reporting unmapped uids and gids as overflowuid and overflowgid. In autofs_dev_ioctl_requester return the uid and gid of the last mount requester converted into the calling processes user namespace. When the uid or gid don't map return overflowuid and overflowgid as appropriate, allowing failure to find a mount requester to be distinguished from failure to map a mount requester. The uid and gid mount options specifying the user and group of the root autofs inode are converted into kuid and kgid as they are parsed defaulting to the current uid and current gid of the process that mounts autofs. Mounting of autofs for the present remains confined to processes in the initial user namespace. Cc: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-11-02FRV: gcc-4.1.2 also inlines weak functionsDavid Howells
gcc-4.1.2 inlines weak functions, which causes FRV to fail when the dummy thread_info_cache_init() gets inlined into start_kernel(). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-10-30x86-64/efi: Use EFI to deal with platform wall clock (again)Jan Beulich
Other than ix86, x86-64 on EFI so far didn't set the {g,s}et_wallclock accessors to the EFI routines, thus incorrectly using raw RTC accesses instead. Simply removing the #ifdef around the respective code isn't enough, however: While so far early get-time calls were done in physical mode, this doesn't work properly for x86-64, as virtual addresses would still need to be set up for all runtime regions (which wasn't the case on the system I have access to), so instead the patch moves the call to efi_enter_virtual_mode() ahead (which in turn allows to drop all code related to calling efi-get-time in physical mode). Additionally the earlier calling of efi_set_executable() requires the CPA code to cope, i.e. during early boot it must be avoided to call cpa_flush_array(), as the first thing this function does is a BUG_ON(irqs_disabled()). Also make the two EFI functions in question here static - they're not being referenced elsewhere. History: This commit was originally merged as bacef661acdb ("x86-64/efi: Use EFI to deal with platform wall clock") but it resulted in some ASUS machines no longer booting due to a firmware bug, and so was reverted in f026cfa82f62. A pre-emptive fix for the buggy ASUS firmware was merged in 03a1c254975e ("x86, efi: 1:1 pagetable mapping for virtual EFI calls") so now this patch can be reapplied. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Tested-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> Acked-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com> [added commit history]
2012-10-24rcu: Wordsmith help text for RCU_USER_QS kernel parameterPaul Gortmaker
This commit adds a "try" missing from the end of the first paragraph of the RCU_USER_QS help text. [ paulmck: Also fix up the last paragraph a bit. ] Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-10-23rcu: Update RCU_FAST_NO_HZ help textPaul E. McKenney
The RCU_FAST_NO_HZ help text included a warning about overhead on large systems, but that issue has since been resolved. The main remaining issue with RCU_FAST_NO_HZ is increased real-time latency. This commit therefore updates the help text accordingly. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-10-14Merge branch 'modules-next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux Pull module signing support from Rusty Russell: "module signing is the highlight, but it's an all-over David Howells frenzy..." Hmm "Magrathea: Glacier signing key". Somebody has been reading too much HHGTTG. * 'modules-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux: (37 commits) X.509: Fix indefinite length element skip error handling X.509: Convert some printk calls to pr_devel asymmetric keys: fix printk format warning MODSIGN: Fix 32-bit overflow in X.509 certificate validity date checking MODSIGN: Make mrproper should remove generated files. MODSIGN: Use utf8 strings in signer's name in autogenerated X.509 certs MODSIGN: Use the same digest for the autogen key sig as for the module sig MODSIGN: Sign modules during the build process MODSIGN: Provide a script for generating a key ID from an X.509 cert MODSIGN: Implement module signature checking MODSIGN: Provide module signing public keys to the kernel MODSIGN: Automatically generate module signing keys if missing MODSIGN: Provide Kconfig options MODSIGN: Provide gitignore and make clean rules for extra files MODSIGN: Add FIPS policy module: signature checking hook X.509: Add a crypto key parser for binary (DER) X.509 certificates MPILIB: Provide a function to read raw data into an MPI X.509: Add an ASN.1 decoder X.509: Add simple ASN.1 grammar compiler ...
2012-10-13Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal Pull third pile of kernel_execve() patches from Al Viro: "The last bits of infrastructure for kernel_thread() et.al., with alpha/arm/x86 use of those. Plus sanitizing the asm glue and do_notify_resume() on alpha, fixing the "disabled irq while running task_work stuff" breakage there. At that point the rest of kernel_thread/kernel_execve/sys_execve work can be done independently for different architectures. The only pending bits that do depend on having all architectures converted are restrictred to fs/* and kernel/* - that'll obviously have to wait for the next cycle. I thought we'd have to wait for all of them done before we start eliminating the longjump-style insanity in kernel_execve(), but it turned out there's a very simple way to do that without flagday-style changes." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/signal: alpha: switch to saner kernel_execve() semantics arm: switch to saner kernel_execve() semantics x86, um: convert to saner kernel_execve() semantics infrastructure for saner ret_from_kernel_thread semantics make sure that kernel_thread() callbacks call do_exit() themselves make sure that we always have a return path from kernel_execve() ppc: eeh_event should just use kthread_run() don't bother with kernel_thread/kernel_execve for launching linuxrc alpha: get rid of switch_stack argument of do_work_pending() alpha: don't bother passing switch_stack separately from regs alpha: take SIGPENDING/NOTIFY_RESUME loop into signal.c alpha: simplify TIF_NEED_RESCHED handling
2012-10-13Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull third pile of VFS updates from Al Viro: "Stuff from Jeff Layton, mostly. Sanitizing interplay between audit and namei, removing a lot of insanity from audit_inode() mess and getting things ready for his ESTALE patchset." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: procfs: don't need a PATH_MAX allocation to hold a string representation of an int vfs: embed struct filename inside of names_cache allocation if possible audit: make audit_inode take struct filename vfs: make path_openat take a struct filename pointer vfs: turn do_path_lookup into wrapper around struct filename variant audit: allow audit code to satisfy getname requests from its names_list vfs: define struct filename and have getname() return it vfs: unexport getname and putname symbols acct: constify the name arg to acct_on vfs: allocate page instead of names_cache buffer in mount_block_root audit: overhaul __audit_inode_child to accomodate retrying audit: optimize audit_compare_dname_path audit: make audit_compare_dname_path use parent_len helper audit: remove dirlen argument to audit_compare_dname_path audit: set the name_len in audit_inode for parent lookups audit: add a new "type" field to audit_names struct audit: reverse arguments to audit_inode_child audit: no need to walk list in audit_inode if name is NULL audit: pass in dentry to audit_copy_inode wherever possible audit: remove unnecessary NULL ptr checks from do_path_lookup
2012-10-12infrastructure for saner ret_from_kernel_thread semanticsAl Viro
* allow kernel_execve() leave the actual return to userland to caller (selected by CONFIG_GENERIC_KERNEL_EXECVE). Callers updated accordingly. * architecture that does select GENERIC_KERNEL_EXECVE in its Kconfig should have its ret_from_kernel_thread() do this: call schedule_tail call the callback left for it by copy_thread(); if it ever returns, that's because it has just done successful kernel_execve() jump to return from syscall IOW, its only difference from ret_from_fork() is that it does call the callback. * such an architecture should also get rid of ret_from_kernel_execve() and __ARCH_WANT_KERNEL_EXECVE This is the last part of infrastructure patches in that area - from that point on work on different architectures can live independently. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-12Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull RCU fixes from Ingo Molnar: "This tree includes a shutdown/cpu-hotplug deadlock fix and a documentation fix." * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: rcu: Advise most users not to enable RCU user mode rcu: Grace-period initialization excludes only RCU notifier
2012-10-12vfs: allocate page instead of names_cache buffer in mount_block_rootJeff Layton
First, it's incorrect to call putname() after __getname_gfp() since the bare __getname_gfp() call skips the auditing code, while putname() doesn't. mount_block_root allocates a PATH_MAX buffer via __getname_gfp, and then calls get_fs_names to fill the buffer. That function can call get_filesystem_list which assumes that that buffer is a full page in size. On arches where PAGE_SIZE != 4k, then this could potentially overrun. In practice, it's hard to imagine the list of filesystem names even approaching 4k, but it's best to be safe. Just allocate a page for this purpose instead. With this, we can also remove the __getname_gfp() definition since there are no more callers. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-11make sure that we always have a return path from kernel_execve()Al Viro
The only place where kernel_execve() is called without a way to return to the caller of kernel_thread() callback is kernel_post(). Reorganize kernel_init()/kernel_post() - instead of the former calling the latter in the end (and getting freed by it), have the latter *begin* with calling the former (and turn the latter into kernel_thread() callback, of course). Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-11don't bother with kernel_thread/kernel_execve for launching linuxrcAl Viro
exec_usermodehelper_fns() will do just fine... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-10rcu: Advise most users not to enable RCU user modeFrederic Weisbecker
Discourage distros from enabling CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS because it brings overhead for no benefits yet. It's not a useful feature on its own until we can fully run an adaptive tickless kernel. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2012-10-10MODSIGN: Implement module signature checkingDavid Howells
Check the signature on the module against the keys compiled into the kernel or available in a hardware key store. Currently, only RSA keys are supported - though that's easy enough to change, and the signature is expected to contain raw components (so not a PGP or PKCS#7 formatted blob). The signature blob is expected to consist of the following pieces in order: (1) The binary identifier for the key. This is expected to match the SubjectKeyIdentifier from an X.509 certificate. Only X.509 type identifiers are currently supported. (2) The signature data, consisting of a series of MPIs in which each is in the format of a 2-byte BE word sizes followed by the content data. (3) A 12 byte information block of the form: struct module_signature { enum pkey_algo algo : 8; enum pkey_hash_algo hash : 8; enum pkey_id_type id_type : 8; u8 __pad; __be32 id_length; __be32 sig_length; }; The three enums are defined in crypto/public_key.h. 'algo' contains the public-key algorithm identifier (0->DSA, 1->RSA). 'hash' contains the digest algorithm identifier (0->MD4, 1->MD5, 2->SHA1, etc.). 'id_type' contains the public-key identifier type (0->PGP, 1->X.509). '__pad' should be 0. 'id_length' should contain in the binary identifier length in BE form. 'sig_length' should contain in the signature data length in BE form. The lengths are in BE order rather than CPU order to make dealing with cross-compilation easier. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> (minor Kconfig fix)
2012-10-10MODSIGN: Provide Kconfig optionsDavid Howells
Provide kernel configuration options for module signing. The following configuration options are added: CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA1 CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA224 CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA256 CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA384 CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_SHA512 These select the cryptographic hash used to digest the data prior to signing. Additionally, the crypto module selected will be built into the kernel as it won't be possible to load it as a module without incurring a circular dependency when the kernel tries to check its signature. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-10module: signature checking hookRusty Russell
We do a very simple search for a particular string appended to the module (which is cache-hot and about to be SHA'd anyway). There's both a config option and a boot parameter which control whether we accept or fail with unsigned modules and modules that are signed with an unknown key. If module signing is enabled, the kernel will be tainted if a module is loaded that is unsigned or has a signature for which we don't have the key. (Useful feedback and tweaks by David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>) Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-09prio_tree: removeMichel Lespinasse
After both prio_tree users have been converted to use red-black trees, there is no need to keep around the prio tree library anymore. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09Kconfig: clean up the "#if defined(arch)" list for exception-trace sysctl entryCatalin Marinas
Introduce SYSCTL_EXCEPTION_TRACE config option and selec it in the architectures requiring support for the "exception-trace" debug_table entry in kernel/sysctl.c. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09Kconfig: clean up the long arch list for the UID16 config optionCatalin Marinas
Introduce HAVE_UID16 config option and select it in corresponding architecture Kconfig files. UID16 now only depends on HAVE_UID16. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com> Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-08X.509: Add simple ASN.1 grammar compilerDavid Howells
Add a simple ASN.1 grammar compiler. This produces a bytecode output that can be fed to a decoder to inform the decoder how to interpret the ASN.1 stream it is trying to parse. Action functions can be specified in the grammar by interpolating: ({ foo }) after a type, for example: SubjectPublicKeyInfo ::= SEQUENCE { algorithm AlgorithmIdentifier, subjectPublicKey BIT STRING ({ do_key_data }) } The decoder is expected to call these after matching this type and parsing the contents if it is a constructed type. The grammar compiler does not currently support the SET type (though it does support SET OF) as I can't see a good way of tracking which members have been encountered yet without using up extra stack space. Currently, the grammar compiler will fail if more than 256 bytes of bytecode would be produced or more than 256 actions have been specified as it uses 8-bit jump values and action indices to keep space usage down. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-06coredump: make core dump functionality optionalAlex Kelly
Adds an expert Kconfig option, CONFIG_COREDUMP, which allows disabling of core dump. This saves approximately 2.6k in the compiled kernel, and complements CONFIG_ELF_CORE, which now depends on it. CONFIG_COREDUMP also disables coredump-related sysctls, except for suid_dumpable and related functions, which are necessary for ptrace. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix binfmt_aout.c build] Signed-off-by: Alex Kelly <alex.page.kelly@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06sections: disable const sections for PA-RISC v2Andi Kleen
The PA-RISC tool chain seems to have some problem with correct read/write attributes on sections. This causes problems when the const sections are fixed up for other architecture to only contain truly read-only data. Disable const sections for PA-RISC This can cause a bit of noise with modpost. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-02Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull user namespace changes from Eric Biederman: "This is a mostly modest set of changes to enable basic user namespace support. This allows the code to code to compile with user namespaces enabled and removes the assumption there is only the initial user namespace. Everything is converted except for the most complex of the filesystems: autofs4, 9p, afs, ceph, cifs, coda, fuse, gfs2, ncpfs, nfs, ocfs2 and xfs as those patches need a bit more review. The strategy is to push kuid_t and kgid_t values are far down into subsystems and filesystems as reasonable. Leaving the make_kuid and from_kuid operations to happen at the edge of userspace, as the values come off the disk, and as the values come in from the network. Letting compile type incompatible compile errors (present when user namespaces are enabled) guide me to find the issues. The most tricky areas have been the places where we had an implicit union of uid and gid values and were storing them in an unsigned int. Those places were converted into explicit unions. I made certain to handle those places with simple trivial patches. Out of that work I discovered we have generic interfaces for storing quota by projid. I had never heard of the project identifiers before. Adding full user namespace support for project identifiers accounts for most of the code size growth in my git tree. Ultimately there will be work to relax privlige checks from "capable(FOO)" to "ns_capable(user_ns, FOO)" where it is safe allowing root in a user names to do those things that today we only forbid to non-root users because it will confuse suid root applications. While I was pushing kuid_t and kgid_t changes deep into the audit code I made a few other cleanups. I capitalized on the fact we process netlink messages in the context of the message sender. I removed usage of NETLINK_CRED, and started directly using current->tty. Some of these patches have also made it into maintainer trees, with no problems from identical code from different trees showing up in linux-next. After reading through all of this code I feel like I might be able to win a game of kernel trivial pursuit." Fix up some fairly trivial conflicts in netfilter uid/git logging code. * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: (107 commits) userns: Convert the ufs filesystem to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert the udf filesystem to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ubifs to use kuid/kgid userns: Convert squashfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert reiserfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert jfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert jffs2 to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert hpfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert btrfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert bfs to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert affs to use kuid/kgid wherwe appropriate userns: On alpha modify linux_to_osf_stat to use convert from kuids and kgids userns: On ia64 deal with current_uid and current_gid being kuid and kgid userns: On ppc convert current_uid from a kuid before printing. userns: Convert s390 getting uid and gid system calls to use kuid and kgid userns: Convert s390 hypfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert binder ipc to use kuids userns: Teach security_path_chown to take kuids and kgids userns: Add user namespace support to IMA userns: Convert EVM to deal with kuids and kgids in it's hmac computation ...