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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-29 19:14:20 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-29 19:14:20 -0700
commit191a712090bb8a10e6f129360eeed2d68f3d4c9a (patch)
tree17e2d6c27fb8a7c3a61828fbcc7c343a4966a0a9 /security
parent46d9be3e5eb01f71fc02653755d970247174b400 (diff)
parent2a0010af17b1739ef8ea8cf02647a127241ee674 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-191a712090bb8a10e6f129360eeed2d68f3d4c9a.tar.gz
Merge branch 'for-3.10' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup
Pull cgroup updates from Tejun Heo: - Fixes and a lot of cleanups. Locking cleanup is finally complete. cgroup_mutex is no longer exposed to individual controlelrs which used to cause nasty deadlock issues. Li fixed and cleaned up quite a bit including long standing ones like racy cgroup_path(). - device cgroup now supports proper hierarchy thanks to Aristeu. - perf_event cgroup now supports proper hierarchy. - A new mount option "__DEVEL__sane_behavior" is added. As indicated by the name, this option is to be used for development only at this point and generates a warning message when used. Unfortunately, cgroup interface currently has too many brekages and inconsistencies to implement a consistent and unified hierarchy on top. The new flag is used to collect the behavior changes which are necessary to implement consistent unified hierarchy. It's likely that this flag won't be used verbatim when it becomes ready but will be enabled implicitly along with unified hierarchy. The option currently disables some of broken behaviors in cgroup core and also .use_hierarchy switch in memcg (will be routed through -mm), which can be used to make very unusual hierarchy where nesting is partially honored. It will also be used to implement hierarchy support for blk-throttle which would be impossible otherwise without introducing a full separate set of control knobs. This is essentially versioning of interface which isn't very nice but at this point I can't see any other options which would allow keeping the interface the same while moving towards hierarchy behavior which is at least somewhat sane. The planned unified hierarchy is likely to require some level of adaptation from userland anyway, so I think it'd be best to take the chance and update the interface such that it's supportable in the long term. Maintaining the existing interface does complicate cgroup core but shouldn't put too much strain on individual controllers and I think it'd be manageable for the foreseeable future. Maybe we'll be able to drop it in a decade. Fix up conflicts (including a semantic one adding a new #include to ppc that was uncovered by header the file changes) as per Tejun. * 'for-3.10' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: (45 commits) cpuset: fix compile warning when CONFIG_SMP=n cpuset: fix cpu hotplug vs rebuild_sched_domains() race cpuset: use rebuild_sched_domains() in cpuset_hotplug_workfn() cgroup: restore the call to eventfd->poll() cgroup: fix use-after-free when umounting cgroupfs cgroup: fix broken file xattrs devcg: remove parent_cgroup. memcg: force use_hierarchy if sane_behavior cgroup: remove cgrp->top_cgroup cgroup: introduce sane_behavior mount option move cgroupfs_root to include/linux/cgroup.h cgroup: convert cgroupfs_root flag bits to masks and add CGRP_ prefix cgroup: make cgroup_path() not print double slashes Revert "cgroup: remove bind() method from cgroup_subsys." perf: make perf_event cgroup hierarchical cgroup: implement cgroup_is_descendant() cgroup: make sure parent won't be destroyed before its children cgroup: remove bind() method from cgroup_subsys. devcg: remove broken_hierarchy tag cgroup: remove cgroup_lock_is_held() ...
Diffstat (limited to 'security')
-rw-r--r--security/device_cgroup.c267
1 files changed, 211 insertions, 56 deletions
diff --git a/security/device_cgroup.c b/security/device_cgroup.c
index 1c69e38e3a2..dd0dc574d78 100644
--- a/security/device_cgroup.c
+++ b/security/device_cgroup.c
@@ -25,6 +25,12 @@
static DEFINE_MUTEX(devcgroup_mutex);
+enum devcg_behavior {
+ DEVCG_DEFAULT_NONE,
+ DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW,
+ DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY,
+};
+
/*
* exception list locking rules:
* hold devcgroup_mutex for update/read.
@@ -42,10 +48,9 @@ struct dev_exception_item {
struct dev_cgroup {
struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
struct list_head exceptions;
- enum {
- DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW,
- DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY,
- } behavior;
+ enum devcg_behavior behavior;
+ /* temporary list for pending propagation operations */
+ struct list_head propagate_pending;
};
static inline struct dev_cgroup *css_to_devcgroup(struct cgroup_subsys_state *s)
@@ -182,35 +187,62 @@ static void dev_exception_clean(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup)
__dev_exception_clean(dev_cgroup);
}
+static inline bool is_devcg_online(const struct dev_cgroup *devcg)
+{
+ return (devcg->behavior != DEVCG_DEFAULT_NONE);
+}
+
+/**
+ * devcgroup_online - initializes devcgroup's behavior and exceptions based on
+ * parent's
+ * @cgroup: cgroup getting online
+ * returns 0 in case of success, error code otherwise
+ */
+static int devcgroup_online(struct cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+ struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup, *parent_dev_cgroup = NULL;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&devcgroup_mutex);
+ dev_cgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(cgroup);
+ if (cgroup->parent)
+ parent_dev_cgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(cgroup->parent);
+
+ if (parent_dev_cgroup == NULL)
+ dev_cgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW;
+ else {
+ ret = dev_exceptions_copy(&dev_cgroup->exceptions,
+ &parent_dev_cgroup->exceptions);
+ if (!ret)
+ dev_cgroup->behavior = parent_dev_cgroup->behavior;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&devcgroup_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void devcgroup_offline(struct cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+ struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(cgroup);
+
+ mutex_lock(&devcgroup_mutex);
+ dev_cgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_NONE;
+ mutex_unlock(&devcgroup_mutex);
+}
+
/*
* called from kernel/cgroup.c with cgroup_lock() held.
*/
static struct cgroup_subsys_state *devcgroup_css_alloc(struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
- struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup, *parent_dev_cgroup;
- struct cgroup *parent_cgroup;
- int ret;
+ struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup;
dev_cgroup = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev_cgroup), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dev_cgroup)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev_cgroup->exceptions);
- parent_cgroup = cgroup->parent;
-
- if (parent_cgroup == NULL)
- dev_cgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW;
- else {
- parent_dev_cgroup = cgroup_to_devcgroup(parent_cgroup);
- mutex_lock(&devcgroup_mutex);
- ret = dev_exceptions_copy(&dev_cgroup->exceptions,
- &parent_dev_cgroup->exceptions);
- dev_cgroup->behavior = parent_dev_cgroup->behavior;
- mutex_unlock(&devcgroup_mutex);
- if (ret) {
- kfree(dev_cgroup);
- return ERR_PTR(ret);
- }
- }
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev_cgroup->propagate_pending);
+ dev_cgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_NONE;
return &dev_cgroup->css;
}
@@ -304,9 +336,11 @@ static int devcgroup_seq_read(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
* verify if a certain access is allowed.
* @dev_cgroup: dev cgroup to be tested against
* @refex: new exception
+ * @behavior: behavior of the exception
*/
-static int may_access(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
- struct dev_exception_item *refex)
+static bool may_access(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
+ struct dev_exception_item *refex,
+ enum devcg_behavior behavior)
{
struct dev_exception_item *ex;
bool match = false;
@@ -330,18 +364,29 @@ static int may_access(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
break;
}
- /*
- * In two cases we'll consider this new exception valid:
- * - the dev cgroup has its default policy to allow + exception list:
- * the new exception should *not* match any of the exceptions
- * (behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW, !match)
- * - the dev cgroup has its default policy to deny + exception list:
- * the new exception *should* match the exceptions
- * (behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY, match)
- */
- if ((dev_cgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY) == match)
- return 1;
- return 0;
+ if (dev_cgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
+ if (behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
+ /* the exception will deny access to certain devices */
+ return true;
+ } else {
+ /* the exception will allow access to certain devices */
+ if (match)
+ /*
+ * a new exception allowing access shouldn't
+ * match an parent's exception
+ */
+ return false;
+ return true;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* only behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY allowed here */
+ if (match)
+ /* parent has an exception that matches the proposed */
+ return true;
+ else
+ return false;
+ }
+ return false;
}
/*
@@ -358,7 +403,7 @@ static int parent_has_perm(struct dev_cgroup *childcg,
if (!pcg)
return 1;
parent = cgroup_to_devcgroup(pcg);
- return may_access(parent, ex);
+ return may_access(parent, ex, childcg->behavior);
}
/**
@@ -374,6 +419,111 @@ static inline int may_allow_all(struct dev_cgroup *parent)
return parent->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW;
}
+/**
+ * revalidate_active_exceptions - walks through the active exception list and
+ * revalidates the exceptions based on parent's
+ * behavior and exceptions. The exceptions that
+ * are no longer valid will be removed.
+ * Called with devcgroup_mutex held.
+ * @devcg: cgroup which exceptions will be checked
+ *
+ * This is one of the three key functions for hierarchy implementation.
+ * This function is responsible for re-evaluating all the cgroup's active
+ * exceptions due to a parent's exception change.
+ * Refer to Documentation/cgroups/devices.txt for more details.
+ */
+static void revalidate_active_exceptions(struct dev_cgroup *devcg)
+{
+ struct dev_exception_item *ex;
+ struct list_head *this, *tmp;
+
+ list_for_each_safe(this, tmp, &devcg->exceptions) {
+ ex = container_of(this, struct dev_exception_item, list);
+ if (!parent_has_perm(devcg, ex))
+ dev_exception_rm(devcg, ex);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * get_online_devcg - walks the cgroup tree and fills a list with the online
+ * groups
+ * @root: cgroup used as starting point
+ * @online: list that will be filled with online groups
+ *
+ * Must be called with devcgroup_mutex held. Grabs RCU lock.
+ * Because devcgroup_mutex is held, no devcg will become online or offline
+ * during the tree walk (see devcgroup_online, devcgroup_offline)
+ * A separated list is needed because propagate_behavior() and
+ * propagate_exception() need to allocate memory and can block.
+ */
+static void get_online_devcg(struct cgroup *root, struct list_head *online)
+{
+ struct cgroup *pos;
+ struct dev_cgroup *devcg;
+
+ lockdep_assert_held(&devcgroup_mutex);
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ cgroup_for_each_descendant_pre(pos, root) {
+ devcg = cgroup_to_devcgroup(pos);
+ if (is_devcg_online(devcg))
+ list_add_tail(&devcg->propagate_pending, online);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+
+/**
+ * propagate_exception - propagates a new exception to the children
+ * @devcg_root: device cgroup that added a new exception
+ * @ex: new exception to be propagated
+ *
+ * returns: 0 in case of success, != 0 in case of error
+ */
+static int propagate_exception(struct dev_cgroup *devcg_root,
+ struct dev_exception_item *ex)
+{
+ struct cgroup *root = devcg_root->css.cgroup;
+ struct dev_cgroup *devcg, *parent, *tmp;
+ int rc = 0;
+ LIST_HEAD(pending);
+
+ get_online_devcg(root, &pending);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(devcg, tmp, &pending, propagate_pending) {
+ parent = cgroup_to_devcgroup(devcg->css.cgroup->parent);
+
+ /*
+ * in case both root's behavior and devcg is allow, a new
+ * restriction means adding to the exception list
+ */
+ if (devcg_root->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW &&
+ devcg->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
+ rc = dev_exception_add(devcg, ex);
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * in the other possible cases:
+ * root's behavior: allow, devcg's: deny
+ * root's behavior: deny, devcg's: deny
+ * the exception will be removed
+ */
+ dev_exception_rm(devcg, ex);
+ }
+ revalidate_active_exceptions(devcg);
+
+ list_del_init(&devcg->propagate_pending);
+ }
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static inline bool has_children(struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup)
+{
+ struct cgroup *cgrp = devcgroup->css.cgroup;
+
+ return !list_empty(&cgrp->children);
+}
+
/*
* Modify the exception list using allow/deny rules.
* CAP_SYS_ADMIN is needed for this. It's at least separate from CAP_MKNOD
@@ -392,7 +542,7 @@ static int devcgroup_update_access(struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup,
{
const char *b;
char temp[12]; /* 11 + 1 characters needed for a u32 */
- int count, rc;
+ int count, rc = 0;
struct dev_exception_item ex;
struct cgroup *p = devcgroup->css.cgroup;
struct dev_cgroup *parent = NULL;
@@ -410,6 +560,9 @@ static int devcgroup_update_access(struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup,
case 'a':
switch (filetype) {
case DEVCG_ALLOW:
+ if (has_children(devcgroup))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!may_allow_all(parent))
return -EPERM;
dev_exception_clean(devcgroup);
@@ -423,6 +576,9 @@ static int devcgroup_update_access(struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup,
return rc;
break;
case DEVCG_DENY:
+ if (has_children(devcgroup))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
dev_exception_clean(devcgroup);
devcgroup->behavior = DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY;
break;
@@ -517,22 +673,28 @@ static int devcgroup_update_access(struct dev_cgroup *devcgroup,
dev_exception_rm(devcgroup, &ex);
return 0;
}
- return dev_exception_add(devcgroup, &ex);
+ rc = dev_exception_add(devcgroup, &ex);
+ break;
case DEVCG_DENY:
/*
* If the default policy is to deny by default, try to remove
* an matching exception instead. And be silent about it: we
* don't want to break compatibility
*/
- if (devcgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY) {
+ if (devcgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_DENY)
dev_exception_rm(devcgroup, &ex);
- return 0;
- }
- return dev_exception_add(devcgroup, &ex);
+ else
+ rc = dev_exception_add(devcgroup, &ex);
+
+ if (rc)
+ break;
+ /* we only propagate new restrictions */
+ rc = propagate_exception(devcgroup, &ex);
+ break;
default:
- return -EINVAL;
+ rc = -EINVAL;
}
- return 0;
+ return rc;
}
static int devcgroup_access_write(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft,
@@ -571,17 +733,10 @@ struct cgroup_subsys devices_subsys = {
.can_attach = devcgroup_can_attach,
.css_alloc = devcgroup_css_alloc,
.css_free = devcgroup_css_free,
+ .css_online = devcgroup_online,
+ .css_offline = devcgroup_offline,
.subsys_id = devices_subsys_id,
.base_cftypes = dev_cgroup_files,
-
- /*
- * While devices cgroup has the rudimentary hierarchy support which
- * checks the parent's restriction, it doesn't properly propagates
- * config changes in ancestors to their descendents. A child
- * should only be allowed to add more restrictions to the parent's
- * configuration. Fix it and remove the following.
- */
- .broken_hierarchy = true,
};
/**
@@ -609,7 +764,7 @@ static int __devcgroup_check_permission(short type, u32 major, u32 minor,
rcu_read_lock();
dev_cgroup = task_devcgroup(current);
- rc = may_access(dev_cgroup, &ex);
+ rc = may_access(dev_cgroup, &ex, dev_cgroup->behavior);
rcu_read_unlock();
if (!rc)