path: root/init
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authorDenys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>2012-05-31 16:26:08 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-05-31 17:49:27 -0700
commit133fd9f5cda2d86904126f4b9fa4e8f4330c9569 (patch)
tree0e60bfcec85f123243cf1ffe735264527efd6d0e /init
parent725fe002d315c2501c110b7245d3eb4f4535f4d6 (diff)
vsprintf: further optimize decimal conversion
Previous code was using optimizations which were developed to work well even on narrow-word CPUs (by today's standards). But Linux runs only on 32-bit and wider CPUs. We can use that. First: using 32x32->64 multiply and trivial 32-bit shift, we can correctly divide by 10 much larger numbers, and thus we can print groups of 9 digits instead of groups of 5 digits. Next: there are two algorithms to print larger numbers. One is generic: divide by 1000000000 and repeatedly print groups of (up to) 9 digits. It's conceptually simple, but requires an (unsigned long long) / 1000000000 division. Second algorithm splits 64-bit unsigned long long into 16-bit chunks, manipulates them cleverly and generates groups of 4 decimal digits. It so happens that it does NOT require long long division. If long is > 32 bits, division of 64-bit values is relatively easy, and we will use the first algorithm. If long long is > 64 bits (strange architecture with VERY large long long), second algorithm can't be used, and we again use the first one. Else (if long is 32 bits and long long is 64 bits) we use second one. And third: there is a simple optimization which takes fast path not only for zero as was done before, but for all one-digit numbers. In all tested cases new code is faster than old one, in many cases by 30%, in few cases by more than 50% (for example, on x86-32, conversion of 12345678). Code growth is ~0 in 32-bit case and ~130 bytes in 64-bit case. This patch is based upon an original from Michal Nazarewicz. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com> Cc: Douglas W Jones <jones@cs.uiowa.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
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