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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-02-22 19:22:52 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-02-22 19:22:52 -0800
commitc47f39e3b75e1138823984ad5079547c7a41b726 (patch)
tree0f4d5c304e049521f2bcdc35272679f1cac75489 /arch/x86/kernel
parent0cc9129d75ef8993702d97ab0e49542c15ac6ab9 (diff)
parentda76f64e7eb28b718501d15c1b79af560b7ca4ea (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-c47f39e3b75e1138823984ad5079547c7a41b726.tar.gz
Merge branch 'x86/microcode' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull x86 microcode loading update from Peter Anvin: "This patchset lets us update the CPU microcode very, very early in initialization if the BIOS fails to do so (never happens, right?) This is handy for dealing with things like the Atom erratum where we have to run without PSE because microcode loading happens too late. As I mentioned in the x86/mm push request it depends on that infrastructure but it is otherwise a standalone feature." * 'x86/microcode' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/Kconfig: Make early microcode loading a configuration feature x86/mm/init.c: Copy ucode from initrd image to kernel memory x86/head64.c: Early update ucode in 64-bit x86/head_32.S: Early update ucode in 32-bit x86/microcode_intel_early.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU x86/tlbflush.h: Define __native_flush_tlb_global_irq_disabled() x86/microcode_intel_lib.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU x86/microcode_core_early.c: Define interfaces for early loading ucode x86/common.c: load ucode in 64 bit or show loading ucode info in 32 bit on AP x86/common.c: Make have_cpuid_p() a global function x86/microcode_intel.h: Define functions and macros for early loading ucode x86, doc: Documentation for early microcode loading
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/kernel')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/Makefile3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c17
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/head64.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S11
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core.c7
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core_early.c76
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel.c198
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_early.c796
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_lib.c174
9 files changed, 1111 insertions, 177 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index ac3b3d00283..7bd3bd31010 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -87,6 +87,9 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_CLOCK) += pvclock.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PCSPKR_PLATFORM) += pcspeaker.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MICROCODE_EARLY) += microcode_core_early.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MICROCODE_INTEL_EARLY) += microcode_intel_early.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MICROCODE_INTEL_LIB) += microcode_intel_lib.o
microcode-y := microcode_core.o
microcode-$(CONFIG_MICROCODE_INTEL) += microcode_intel.o
microcode-$(CONFIG_MICROCODE_AMD) += microcode_amd.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 9c3ab43a695..d814772c5be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -37,6 +37,8 @@
#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/pat.h>
+#include <asm/microcode.h>
+#include <asm/microcode_intel.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
#include <asm/uv/uv.h>
@@ -213,7 +215,7 @@ static inline int flag_is_changeable_p(u32 flag)
}
/* Probe for the CPUID instruction */
-static int __cpuinit have_cpuid_p(void)
+int __cpuinit have_cpuid_p(void)
{
return flag_is_changeable_p(X86_EFLAGS_ID);
}
@@ -249,11 +251,6 @@ static inline int flag_is_changeable_p(u32 flag)
{
return 1;
}
-/* Probe for the CPUID instruction */
-static inline int have_cpuid_p(void)
-{
- return 1;
-}
static inline void squash_the_stupid_serial_number(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
{
}
@@ -1223,6 +1220,12 @@ void __cpuinit cpu_init(void)
int cpu;
int i;
+ /*
+ * Load microcode on this cpu if a valid microcode is available.
+ * This is early microcode loading procedure.
+ */
+ load_ucode_ap();
+
cpu = stack_smp_processor_id();
t = &per_cpu(init_tss, cpu);
oist = &per_cpu(orig_ist, cpu);
@@ -1314,6 +1317,8 @@ void __cpuinit cpu_init(void)
struct tss_struct *t = &per_cpu(init_tss, cpu);
struct thread_struct *thread = &curr->thread;
+ show_ucode_info_early();
+
if (cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(cpu, cpu_initialized_mask)) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "CPU#%d already initialized!\n", cpu);
for (;;)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
index 2590025e52c..c5e403f6d86 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <asm/e820.h>
#include <asm/bios_ebda.h>
#include <asm/bootparam_utils.h>
+#include <asm/microcode.h>
/*
* Manage page tables very early on.
@@ -165,6 +166,11 @@ void __init x86_64_start_kernel(char * real_mode_data)
copy_bootdata(__va(real_mode_data));
+ /*
+ * Load microcode early on BSP.
+ */
+ load_ucode_bsp();
+
if (console_loglevel == 10)
early_printk("Kernel alive\n");
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
index 3c3f58a0808..73afd11799c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -144,6 +144,11 @@ ENTRY(startup_32)
movl %eax, pa(olpc_ofw_pgd)
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_MICROCODE_EARLY
+ /* Early load ucode on BSP. */
+ call load_ucode_bsp
+#endif
+
/*
* Initialize page tables. This creates a PDE and a set of page
* tables, which are located immediately beyond __brk_base. The variable
@@ -299,6 +304,12 @@ ENTRY(startup_32_smp)
movl %eax,%ss
leal -__PAGE_OFFSET(%ecx),%esp
+#ifdef CONFIG_MICROCODE_EARLY
+ /* Early load ucode on AP. */
+ call load_ucode_ap
+#endif
+
+
default_entry:
#define CR0_STATE (X86_CR0_PE | X86_CR0_MP | X86_CR0_ET | \
X86_CR0_NE | X86_CR0_WP | X86_CR0_AM | \
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core.c
index 3a04b224d0c..22db92bbdf1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core.c
@@ -364,10 +364,7 @@ static struct attribute_group mc_attr_group = {
static void microcode_fini_cpu(int cpu)
{
- struct ucode_cpu_info *uci = ucode_cpu_info + cpu;
-
microcode_ops->microcode_fini_cpu(cpu);
- uci->valid = 0;
}
static enum ucode_state microcode_resume_cpu(int cpu)
@@ -383,6 +380,10 @@ static enum ucode_state microcode_resume_cpu(int cpu)
static enum ucode_state microcode_init_cpu(int cpu, bool refresh_fw)
{
enum ucode_state ustate;
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci = ucode_cpu_info + cpu;
+
+ if (uci && uci->valid)
+ return UCODE_OK;
if (collect_cpu_info(cpu))
return UCODE_ERROR;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core_early.c b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core_early.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..577db8417d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_core_early.c
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+/*
+ * X86 CPU microcode early update for Linux
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
+ * H Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
+ *
+ * This driver allows to early upgrade microcode on Intel processors
+ * belonging to IA-32 family - PentiumPro, Pentium II,
+ * Pentium III, Xeon, Pentium 4, etc.
+ *
+ * Reference: Section 9.11 of Volume 3, IA-32 Intel Architecture
+ * Software Developer's Manual.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <asm/microcode_intel.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+
+#define QCHAR(a, b, c, d) ((a) + ((b) << 8) + ((c) << 16) + ((d) << 24))
+#define CPUID_INTEL1 QCHAR('G', 'e', 'n', 'u')
+#define CPUID_INTEL2 QCHAR('i', 'n', 'e', 'I')
+#define CPUID_INTEL3 QCHAR('n', 't', 'e', 'l')
+#define CPUID_AMD1 QCHAR('A', 'u', 't', 'h')
+#define CPUID_AMD2 QCHAR('e', 'n', 't', 'i')
+#define CPUID_AMD3 QCHAR('c', 'A', 'M', 'D')
+
+#define CPUID_IS(a, b, c, ebx, ecx, edx) \
+ (!((ebx ^ (a))|(edx ^ (b))|(ecx ^ (c))))
+
+/*
+ * In early loading microcode phase on BSP, boot_cpu_data is not set up yet.
+ * x86_vendor() gets vendor id for BSP.
+ *
+ * In 32 bit AP case, accessing boot_cpu_data needs linear address. To simplify
+ * coding, we still use x86_vendor() to get vendor id for AP.
+ *
+ * x86_vendor() gets vendor information directly through cpuid.
+ */
+static int __cpuinit x86_vendor(void)
+{
+ u32 eax = 0x00000000;
+ u32 ebx, ecx = 0, edx;
+
+ if (!have_cpuid_p())
+ return X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN;
+
+ native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
+
+ if (CPUID_IS(CPUID_INTEL1, CPUID_INTEL2, CPUID_INTEL3, ebx, ecx, edx))
+ return X86_VENDOR_INTEL;
+
+ if (CPUID_IS(CPUID_AMD1, CPUID_AMD2, CPUID_AMD3, ebx, ecx, edx))
+ return X86_VENDOR_AMD;
+
+ return X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN;
+}
+
+void __init load_ucode_bsp(void)
+{
+ int vendor = x86_vendor();
+
+ if (vendor == X86_VENDOR_INTEL)
+ load_ucode_intel_bsp();
+}
+
+void __cpuinit load_ucode_ap(void)
+{
+ int vendor = x86_vendor();
+
+ if (vendor == X86_VENDOR_INTEL)
+ load_ucode_intel_ap();
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel.c
index 3544aed3933..5fb2cebf556 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel.c
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
-#include <asm/microcode.h>
+#include <asm/microcode_intel.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
@@ -87,59 +87,6 @@ MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Microcode Update Driver");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Tigran Aivazian <tigran@aivazian.fsnet.co.uk>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
-struct microcode_header_intel {
- unsigned int hdrver;
- unsigned int rev;
- unsigned int date;
- unsigned int sig;
- unsigned int cksum;
- unsigned int ldrver;
- unsigned int pf;
- unsigned int datasize;
- unsigned int totalsize;
- unsigned int reserved[3];
-};
-
-struct microcode_intel {
- struct microcode_header_intel hdr;
- unsigned int bits[0];
-};
-
-/* microcode format is extended from prescott processors */
-struct extended_signature {
- unsigned int sig;
- unsigned int pf;
- unsigned int cksum;
-};
-
-struct extended_sigtable {
- unsigned int count;
- unsigned int cksum;
- unsigned int reserved[3];
- struct extended_signature sigs[0];
-};
-
-#define DEFAULT_UCODE_DATASIZE (2000)
-#define MC_HEADER_SIZE (sizeof(struct microcode_header_intel))
-#define DEFAULT_UCODE_TOTALSIZE (DEFAULT_UCODE_DATASIZE + MC_HEADER_SIZE)
-#define EXT_HEADER_SIZE (sizeof(struct extended_sigtable))
-#define EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE (sizeof(struct extended_signature))
-#define DWSIZE (sizeof(u32))
-
-#define get_totalsize(mc) \
- (((struct microcode_intel *)mc)->hdr.totalsize ? \
- ((struct microcode_intel *)mc)->hdr.totalsize : \
- DEFAULT_UCODE_TOTALSIZE)
-
-#define get_datasize(mc) \
- (((struct microcode_intel *)mc)->hdr.datasize ? \
- ((struct microcode_intel *)mc)->hdr.datasize : DEFAULT_UCODE_DATASIZE)
-
-#define sigmatch(s1, s2, p1, p2) \
- (((s1) == (s2)) && (((p1) & (p2)) || (((p1) == 0) && ((p2) == 0))))
-
-#define exttable_size(et) ((et)->count * EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE + EXT_HEADER_SIZE)
-
static int collect_cpu_info(int cpu_num, struct cpu_signature *csig)
{
struct cpuinfo_x86 *c = &cpu_data(cpu_num);
@@ -162,128 +109,25 @@ static int collect_cpu_info(int cpu_num, struct cpu_signature *csig)
return 0;
}
-static inline int update_match_cpu(struct cpu_signature *csig, int sig, int pf)
-{
- return (!sigmatch(sig, csig->sig, pf, csig->pf)) ? 0 : 1;
-}
-
-static inline int
-update_match_revision(struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header, int rev)
-{
- return (mc_header->rev <= rev) ? 0 : 1;
-}
-
-static int microcode_sanity_check(void *mc)
-{
- unsigned long total_size, data_size, ext_table_size;
- struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = mc;
- struct extended_sigtable *ext_header = NULL;
- int sum, orig_sum, ext_sigcount = 0, i;
- struct extended_signature *ext_sig;
-
- total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
- data_size = get_datasize(mc_header);
-
- if (data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE > total_size) {
- pr_err("error! Bad data size in microcode data file\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- if (mc_header->ldrver != 1 || mc_header->hdrver != 1) {
- pr_err("error! Unknown microcode update format\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- ext_table_size = total_size - (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size);
- if (ext_table_size) {
- if ((ext_table_size < EXT_HEADER_SIZE)
- || ((ext_table_size - EXT_HEADER_SIZE) % EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE)) {
- pr_err("error! Small exttable size in microcode data file\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- ext_header = mc + MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size;
- if (ext_table_size != exttable_size(ext_header)) {
- pr_err("error! Bad exttable size in microcode data file\n");
- return -EFAULT;
- }
- ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
- }
-
- /* check extended table checksum */
- if (ext_table_size) {
- int ext_table_sum = 0;
- int *ext_tablep = (int *)ext_header;
-
- i = ext_table_size / DWSIZE;
- while (i--)
- ext_table_sum += ext_tablep[i];
- if (ext_table_sum) {
- pr_warning("aborting, bad extended signature table checksum\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- }
-
- /* calculate the checksum */
- orig_sum = 0;
- i = (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size) / DWSIZE;
- while (i--)
- orig_sum += ((int *)mc)[i];
- if (orig_sum) {
- pr_err("aborting, bad checksum\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- if (!ext_table_size)
- return 0;
- /* check extended signature checksum */
- for (i = 0; i < ext_sigcount; i++) {
- ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE +
- EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE * i;
- sum = orig_sum
- - (mc_header->sig + mc_header->pf + mc_header->cksum)
- + (ext_sig->sig + ext_sig->pf + ext_sig->cksum);
- if (sum) {
- pr_err("aborting, bad checksum\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
- }
- return 0;
-}
-
/*
* return 0 - no update found
* return 1 - found update
*/
-static int
-get_matching_microcode(struct cpu_signature *cpu_sig, void *mc, int rev)
+static int get_matching_mc(struct microcode_intel *mc_intel, int cpu)
{
- struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = mc;
- struct extended_sigtable *ext_header;
- unsigned long total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
- int ext_sigcount, i;
- struct extended_signature *ext_sig;
-
- if (!update_match_revision(mc_header, rev))
- return 0;
-
- if (update_match_cpu(cpu_sig, mc_header->sig, mc_header->pf))
- return 1;
+ struct cpu_signature cpu_sig;
+ unsigned int csig, cpf, crev;
- /* Look for ext. headers: */
- if (total_size <= get_datasize(mc_header) + MC_HEADER_SIZE)
- return 0;
+ collect_cpu_info(cpu, &cpu_sig);
- ext_header = mc + get_datasize(mc_header) + MC_HEADER_SIZE;
- ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
- ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE;
+ csig = cpu_sig.sig;
+ cpf = cpu_sig.pf;
+ crev = cpu_sig.rev;
- for (i = 0; i < ext_sigcount; i++) {
- if (update_match_cpu(cpu_sig, ext_sig->sig, ext_sig->pf))
- return 1;
- ext_sig++;
- }
- return 0;
+ return get_matching_microcode(csig, cpf, mc_intel, crev);
}
-static int apply_microcode(int cpu)
+int apply_microcode(int cpu)
{
struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
struct ucode_cpu_info *uci;
@@ -300,6 +144,14 @@ static int apply_microcode(int cpu)
if (mc_intel == NULL)
return 0;
+ /*
+ * Microcode on this CPU could be updated earlier. Only apply the
+ * microcode patch in mc_intel when it is newer than the one on this
+ * CPU.
+ */
+ if (get_matching_mc(mc_intel, cpu) == 0)
+ return 0;
+
/* write microcode via MSR 0x79 */
wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE,
(unsigned long) mc_intel->bits,
@@ -338,6 +190,7 @@ static enum ucode_state generic_load_microcode(int cpu, void *data, size_t size,
unsigned int leftover = size;
enum ucode_state state = UCODE_OK;
unsigned int curr_mc_size = 0;
+ unsigned int csig, cpf;
while (leftover) {
struct microcode_header_intel mc_header;
@@ -362,11 +215,13 @@ static enum ucode_state generic_load_microcode(int cpu, void *data, size_t size,
}
if (get_ucode_data(mc, ucode_ptr, mc_size) ||
- microcode_sanity_check(mc) < 0) {
+ microcode_sanity_check(mc, 1) < 0) {
break;
}
- if (get_matching_microcode(&uci->cpu_sig, mc, new_rev)) {
+ csig = uci->cpu_sig.sig;
+ cpf = uci->cpu_sig.pf;
+ if (get_matching_microcode(csig, cpf, mc, new_rev)) {
vfree(new_mc);
new_rev = mc_header.rev;
new_mc = mc;
@@ -393,6 +248,13 @@ static enum ucode_state generic_load_microcode(int cpu, void *data, size_t size,
vfree(uci->mc);
uci->mc = (struct microcode_intel *)new_mc;
+ /*
+ * If early loading microcode is supported, save this mc into
+ * permanent memory. So it will be loaded early when a CPU is hot added
+ * or resumes.
+ */
+ save_mc_for_early(new_mc);
+
pr_debug("CPU%d found a matching microcode update with version 0x%x (current=0x%x)\n",
cpu, new_rev, uci->cpu_sig.rev);
out:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_early.c b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_early.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..7890bc83895
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_early.c
@@ -0,0 +1,796 @@
+/*
+ * Intel CPU microcode early update for Linux
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
+ * H Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
+ *
+ * This allows to early upgrade microcode on Intel processors
+ * belonging to IA-32 family - PentiumPro, Pentium II,
+ * Pentium III, Xeon, Pentium 4, etc.
+ *
+ * Reference: Section 9.11 of Volume 3, IA-32 Intel Architecture
+ * Software Developer's Manual.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/earlycpio.h>
+#include <linux/initrd.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/microcode_intel.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+
+unsigned long mc_saved_in_initrd[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+struct mc_saved_data {
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count;
+ struct microcode_intel **mc_saved;
+} mc_saved_data;
+
+static enum ucode_state __cpuinit
+generic_load_microcode_early(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_p,
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count,
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ struct microcode_intel *ucode_ptr, *new_mc = NULL;
+ int new_rev = uci->cpu_sig.rev;
+ enum ucode_state state = UCODE_OK;
+ unsigned int mc_size;
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header;
+ unsigned int csig = uci->cpu_sig.sig;
+ unsigned int cpf = uci->cpu_sig.pf;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ ucode_ptr = mc_saved_p[i];
+
+ mc_header = (struct microcode_header_intel *)ucode_ptr;
+ mc_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
+ if (get_matching_microcode(csig, cpf, ucode_ptr, new_rev)) {
+ new_rev = mc_header->rev;
+ new_mc = ucode_ptr;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!new_mc) {
+ state = UCODE_NFOUND;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ uci->mc = (struct microcode_intel *)new_mc;
+out:
+ return state;
+}
+
+static void __cpuinit
+microcode_pointer(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved,
+ unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ unsigned long initrd_start, int mc_saved_count)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++)
+ mc_saved[i] = (struct microcode_intel *)
+ (mc_saved_in_initrd[i] + initrd_start);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+static void __cpuinit
+microcode_phys(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_tmp,
+ struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct microcode_intel ***mc_saved;
+
+ mc_saved = (struct microcode_intel ***)
+ __pa_symbol(&mc_saved_data->mc_saved);
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ struct microcode_intel *p;
+
+ p = *(struct microcode_intel **)
+ __pa(mc_saved_data->mc_saved + i);
+ mc_saved_tmp[i] = (struct microcode_intel *)__pa(p);
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
+static enum ucode_state __cpuinit
+load_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+ unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ unsigned long initrd_start,
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+ unsigned int count = mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count;
+
+ if (!mc_saved_data->mc_saved) {
+ microcode_pointer(mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ initrd_start, count);
+
+ return generic_load_microcode_early(mc_saved_tmp, count, uci);
+ } else {
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+ microcode_phys(mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved_data);
+ return generic_load_microcode_early(mc_saved_tmp, count, uci);
+#else
+ return generic_load_microcode_early(mc_saved_data->mc_saved,
+ count, uci);
+#endif
+ }
+}
+
+static u8 get_x86_family(unsigned long sig)
+{
+ u8 x86;
+
+ x86 = (sig >> 8) & 0xf;
+
+ if (x86 == 0xf)
+ x86 += (sig >> 20) & 0xff;
+
+ return x86;
+}
+
+static u8 get_x86_model(unsigned long sig)
+{
+ u8 x86, x86_model;
+
+ x86 = get_x86_family(sig);
+ x86_model = (sig >> 4) & 0xf;
+
+ if (x86 == 0x6 || x86 == 0xf)
+ x86_model += ((sig >> 16) & 0xf) << 4;
+
+ return x86_model;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given CPU signature and a microcode patch, this function finds if the
+ * microcode patch has matching family and model with the CPU.
+ */
+static enum ucode_state
+matching_model_microcode(struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header,
+ unsigned long sig)
+{
+ u8 x86, x86_model;
+ u8 x86_ucode, x86_model_ucode;
+ struct extended_sigtable *ext_header;
+ unsigned long total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
+ unsigned long data_size = get_datasize(mc_header);
+ int ext_sigcount, i;
+ struct extended_signature *ext_sig;
+
+ x86 = get_x86_family(sig);
+ x86_model = get_x86_model(sig);
+
+ x86_ucode = get_x86_family(mc_header->sig);
+ x86_model_ucode = get_x86_model(mc_header->sig);
+
+ if (x86 == x86_ucode && x86_model == x86_model_ucode)
+ return UCODE_OK;
+
+ /* Look for ext. headers: */
+ if (total_size <= data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE)
+ return UCODE_NFOUND;
+
+ ext_header = (struct extended_sigtable *)
+ mc_header + data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE;
+ ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
+ ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ext_sigcount; i++) {
+ x86_ucode = get_x86_family(ext_sig->sig);
+ x86_model_ucode = get_x86_model(ext_sig->sig);
+
+ if (x86 == x86_ucode && x86_model == x86_model_ucode)
+ return UCODE_OK;
+
+ ext_sig++;
+ }
+
+ return UCODE_NFOUND;
+}
+
+static int
+save_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+ struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_src,
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_p;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!mc_saved_count)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Copy new microcode data.
+ */
+ mc_saved_p = kmalloc(mc_saved_count*sizeof(struct microcode_intel *),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mc_saved_p)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ struct microcode_intel *mc = mc_saved_src[i];
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = &mc->hdr;
+ unsigned long mc_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
+ mc_saved_p[i] = kmalloc(mc_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mc_saved_p[i]) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ if (!mc_saved_src[i]) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ memcpy(mc_saved_p[i], mc, mc_size);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Point to newly saved microcode.
+ */
+ mc_saved_data->mc_saved = mc_saved_p;
+ mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count = mc_saved_count;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ for (j = 0; j <= i; j++)
+ kfree(mc_saved_p[j]);
+ kfree(mc_saved_p);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * A microcode patch in ucode_ptr is saved into mc_saved
+ * - if it has matching signature and newer revision compared to an existing
+ * patch mc_saved.
+ * - or if it is a newly discovered microcode patch.
+ *
+ * The microcode patch should have matching model with CPU.
+ */
+static void _save_mc(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved, u8 *ucode_ptr,
+ unsigned int *mc_saved_count_p)
+{
+ int i;
+ int found = 0;
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count = *mc_saved_count_p;
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header;
+
+ mc_header = (struct microcode_header_intel *)ucode_ptr;
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ unsigned int sig, pf;
+ unsigned int new_rev;
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_saved_header =
+ (struct microcode_header_intel *)mc_saved[i];
+ sig = mc_saved_header->sig;
+ pf = mc_saved_header->pf;
+ new_rev = mc_header->rev;
+
+ if (get_matching_sig(sig, pf, ucode_ptr, new_rev)) {
+ found = 1;
+ if (update_match_revision(mc_header, new_rev)) {
+ /*
+ * Found an older ucode saved before.
+ * Replace the older one with this newer
+ * one.
+ */
+ mc_saved[i] =
+ (struct microcode_intel *)ucode_ptr;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ if (i >= mc_saved_count && !found)
+ /*
+ * This ucode is first time discovered in ucode file.
+ * Save it to memory.
+ */
+ mc_saved[mc_saved_count++] =
+ (struct microcode_intel *)ucode_ptr;
+
+ *mc_saved_count_p = mc_saved_count;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get microcode matching with BSP's model. Only CPUs with the same model as
+ * BSP can stay in the platform.
+ */
+static enum ucode_state __init
+get_matching_model_microcode(int cpu, unsigned long start,
+ void *data, size_t size,
+ struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+ unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ u8 *ucode_ptr = data;
+ unsigned int leftover = size;
+ enum ucode_state state = UCODE_OK;
+ unsigned int mc_size;
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count = mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count;
+ int i;
+
+ while (leftover) {
+ mc_header = (struct microcode_header_intel *)ucode_ptr;
+
+ mc_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
+ if (!mc_size || mc_size > leftover ||
+ microcode_sanity_check(ucode_ptr, 0) < 0)
+ break;
+
+ leftover -= mc_size;
+
+ /*
+ * Since APs with same family and model as the BSP may boot in
+ * the platform, we need to find and save microcode patches
+ * with the same family and model as the BSP.
+ */
+ if (matching_model_microcode(mc_header, uci->cpu_sig.sig) !=
+ UCODE_OK) {
+ ucode_ptr += mc_size;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ _save_mc(mc_saved_tmp, ucode_ptr, &mc_saved_count);
+
+ ucode_ptr += mc_size;
+ }
+
+ if (leftover) {
+ state = UCODE_ERROR;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (mc_saved_count == 0) {
+ state = UCODE_NFOUND;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++)
+ mc_saved_in_initrd[i] = (unsigned long)mc_saved_tmp[i] - start;
+
+ mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count = mc_saved_count;
+out:
+ return state;
+}
+
+#define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \
+do { \
+ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \
+ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \
+ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \
+ native_write_msr(msr, low, high);
+
+static int __cpuinit collect_cpu_info_early(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ unsigned int val[2];
+ u8 x86, x86_model;
+ struct cpu_signature csig;
+ unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
+
+ csig.sig = 0;
+ csig.pf = 0;
+ csig.rev = 0;
+
+ memset(uci, 0, sizeof(*uci));
+
+ eax = 0x00000001;
+ ecx = 0;
+ native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
+ csig.sig = eax;
+
+ x86 = get_x86_family(csig.sig);
+ x86_model = get_x86_model(csig.sig);
+
+ if ((x86_model >= 5) || (x86 > 6)) {
+ /* get processor flags from MSR 0x17 */
+ native_rdmsr(MSR_IA32_PLATFORM_ID, val[0], val[1]);
+ csig.pf = 1 << ((val[1] >> 18) & 7);
+ }
+ native_wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0, 0);
+
+ /* As documented in the SDM: Do a CPUID 1 here */
+ sync_core();
+
+ /* get the current revision from MSR 0x8B */
+ native_rdmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, val[0], val[1]);
+
+ csig.rev = val[1];
+
+ uci->cpu_sig = csig;
+ uci->valid = 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+static void __ref show_saved_mc(void)
+{
+ int i, j;
+ unsigned int sig, pf, rev, total_size, data_size, date;
+ struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
+
+ if (mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count == 0) {
+ pr_debug("no micorcode data saved.\n");
+ return;
+ }
+ pr_debug("Total microcode saved: %d\n", mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count);
+
+ collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);
+
+ sig = uci.cpu_sig.sig;
+ pf = uci.cpu_sig.pf;
+ rev = uci.cpu_sig.rev;
+ pr_debug("CPU%d: sig=0x%x, pf=0x%x, rev=0x%x\n",
+ smp_processor_id(), sig, pf, rev);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_saved_header;
+ struct extended_sigtable *ext_header;
+ int ext_sigcount;
+ struct extended_signature *ext_sig;
+
+ mc_saved_header = (struct microcode_header_intel *)
+ mc_saved_data.mc_saved[i];
+ sig = mc_saved_header->sig;
+ pf = mc_saved_header->pf;
+ rev = mc_saved_header->rev;
+ total_size = get_totalsize(mc_saved_header);
+ data_size = get_datasize(mc_saved_header);
+ date = mc_saved_header->date;
+
+ pr_debug("mc_saved[%d]: sig=0x%x, pf=0x%x, rev=0x%x, toal size=0x%x, date = %04x-%02x-%02x\n",
+ i, sig, pf, rev, total_size,
+ date & 0xffff,
+ date >> 24,
+ (date >> 16) & 0xff);
+
+ /* Look for ext. headers: */
+ if (total_size <= data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE)
+ continue;
+
+ ext_header = (struct extended_sigtable *)
+ mc_saved_header + data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE;
+ ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
+ ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE;
+
+ for (j = 0; j < ext_sigcount; j++) {
+ sig = ext_sig->sig;
+ pf = ext_sig->pf;
+
+ pr_debug("\tExtended[%d]: sig=0x%x, pf=0x%x\n",
+ j, sig, pf);
+
+ ext_sig++;
+ }
+
+ }
+}
+#else
+static inline void show_saved_mc(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_MICROCODE_INTEL_EARLY) && defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU)
+/*
+ * Save this mc into mc_saved_data. So it will be loaded early when a CPU is
+ * hot added or resumes.
+ *
+ * Please make sure this mc should be a valid microcode patch before calling
+ * this function.
+ */
+int save_mc_for_early(u8 *mc)
+{
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count_init;
+ unsigned int mc_saved_count;
+ struct microcode_intel **mc_saved;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ /*
+ * Hold hotplug lock so mc_saved_data is not accessed by a CPU in
+ * hotplug.
+ */
+ cpu_hotplug_driver_lock();
+
+ mc_saved_count_init = mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count;
+ mc_saved_count = mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count;
+ mc_saved = mc_saved_data.mc_saved;
+
+ if (mc_saved && mc_saved_count)
+ memcpy(mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved,
+ mc_saved_count * sizeof(struct mirocode_intel *));
+ /*
+ * Save the microcode patch mc in mc_save_tmp structure if it's a newer
+ * version.
+ */
+
+ _save_mc(mc_saved_tmp, mc, &mc_saved_count);
+
+ /*
+ * Save the mc_save_tmp in global mc_saved_data.
+ */
+ ret = save_microcode(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved_count);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("Can not save microcode patch.\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ show_saved_mc();
+
+ /*
+ * Free old saved microcod data.
+ */
+ if (mc_saved) {
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count_init; i++)
+ kfree(mc_saved[i]);
+ kfree(mc_saved);
+ }
+
+out:
+ cpu_hotplug_driver_unlock();
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(save_mc_for_early);
+#endif
+
+static __initdata char ucode_name[] = "kernel/x86/microcode/GenuineIntel.bin";
+static __init enum ucode_state
+scan_microcode(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
+ struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+ unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ unsigned int size = end - start + 1;
+ struct cpio_data cd;
+ long offset = 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+ char *p = (char *)__pa_symbol(ucode_name);
+#else
+ char *p = ucode_name;
+#endif
+
+ cd.data = NULL;
+ cd.size = 0;
+
+ cd = find_cpio_data(p, (void *)start, size, &offset);
+ if (!cd.data)
+ return UCODE_ERROR;
+
+
+ return get_matching_model_microcode(0, start, cd.data, cd.size,
+ mc_saved_data, mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ uci);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Print ucode update info.
+ */
+static void __cpuinit
+print_ucode_info(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci, unsigned int date)
+{
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ pr_info("CPU%d microcode updated early to revision 0x%x, date = %04x-%02x-%02x\n",
+ cpu,
+ uci->cpu_sig.rev,
+ date & 0xffff,
+ date >> 24,
+ (date >> 16) & 0xff);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+
+static int delay_ucode_info;
+static int current_mc_date;
+
+/*
+ * Print early updated ucode info after printk works. This is delayed info dump.
+ */
+void __cpuinit show_ucode_info_early(void)
+{
+ struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
+
+ if (delay_ucode_info) {
+ collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);
+ print_ucode_info(&uci, current_mc_date);
+ delay_ucode_info = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * At this point, we can not call printk() yet. Keep microcode patch number in
+ * mc_saved_data.mc_saved and delay printing microcode info in
+ * show_ucode_info_early() until printk() works.
+ */
+static void __cpuinit print_ucode(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+ int *delay_ucode_info_p;
+ int *current_mc_date_p;
+
+ mc_intel = uci->mc;
+ if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ delay_ucode_info_p = (int *)__pa_symbol(&delay_ucode_info);
+ current_mc_date_p = (int *)__pa_symbol(&current_mc_date);
+
+ *delay_ucode_info_p = 1;
+ *current_mc_date_p = mc_intel->hdr.date;
+}
+#else
+
+/*
+ * Flush global tlb. We only do this in x86_64 where paging has been enabled
+ * already and PGE should be enabled as well.
+ */
+static inline void __cpuinit flush_tlb_early(void)
+{
+ __native_flush_tlb_global_irq_disabled();
+}
+
+static inline void __cpuinit print_ucode(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+
+ mc_intel = uci->mc;
+ if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ print_ucode_info(uci, mc_intel->hdr.date);
+}
+#endif
+
+static int apply_microcode_early(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+ unsigned int val[2];
+
+ mc_intel = uci->mc;
+ if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* write microcode via MSR 0x79 */
+ native_wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE,
+ (unsigned long) mc_intel->bits,
+ (unsigned long) mc_intel->bits >> 16 >> 16);
+ native_wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0, 0);
+
+ /* As documented in the SDM: Do a CPUID 1 here */
+ sync_core();
+
+ /* get the current revision from MSR 0x8B */
+ native_rdmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, val[0], val[1]);
+ if (val[1] != mc_intel->hdr.rev)
+ return -1;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /* Flush global tlb. This is precaution. */
+ flush_tlb_early();
+#endif
+ uci->cpu_sig.rev = val[1];
+
+ print_ucode(uci);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function converts microcode patch offsets previously stored in
+ * mc_saved_in_initrd to pointers and stores the pointers in mc_saved_data.
+ */
+int __init save_microcode_in_initrd(void)
+{
+ unsigned int count = mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_saved[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (count == 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ microcode_pointer(mc_saved, mc_saved_in_initrd, initrd_start, count);
+ ret = save_microcode(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved, count);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("Can not save microcod patches from initrd");
+
+ show_saved_mc();
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __init
+_load_ucode_intel_bsp(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+ unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ unsigned long initrd_start_early,
+ unsigned long initrd_end_early,
+ struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+{
+ collect_cpu_info_early(uci);
+ scan_microcode(initrd_start_early, initrd_end_early, mc_saved_data,
+ mc_saved_in_initrd, uci);
+ load_microcode(mc_saved_data, mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ initrd_start_early, uci);
+ apply_microcode_early(mc_saved_data, uci);
+}
+
+void __init
+load_ucode_intel_bsp(void)
+{
+ u64 ramdisk_image, ramdisk_size;
+ unsigned long initrd_start_early, initrd_end_early;
+ struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+ struct boot_params *boot_params_p;
+
+ boot_params_p = (struct boot_params *)__pa_symbol(&boot_params);
+ ramdisk_image = boot_params_p->hdr.ramdisk_image;
+ ramdisk_size = boot_params_p->hdr.ramdisk_size;
+ initrd_start_early = ramdisk_image;
+ initrd_end_early = initrd_start_early + ramdisk_size;
+
+ _load_ucode_intel_bsp(
+ (struct mc_saved_data *)__pa_symbol(&mc_saved_data),
+ (unsigned long *)__pa_symbol(&mc_saved_in_initrd),
+ initrd_start_early, initrd_end_early, &uci);
+#else
+ ramdisk_image = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image;
+ ramdisk_size = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size;
+ initrd_start_early = ramdisk_image + PAGE_OFFSET;
+ initrd_end_early = initrd_start_early + ramdisk_size;
+
+ _load_ucode_intel_bsp(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved_in_initrd,
+ initrd_start_early, initrd_end_early, &uci);
+#endif
+}
+
+void __cpuinit load_ucode_intel_ap(void)
+{
+ struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data_p;
+ struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
+ unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd_p;
+ unsigned long initrd_start_addr;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+ unsigned long *initrd_start_p;
+
+ mc_saved_in_initrd_p =
+ (unsigned long *)__pa_symbol(mc_saved_in_initrd);
+ mc_saved_data_p = (struct mc_saved_data *)__pa_symbol(&mc_saved_data);
+ initrd_start_p = (unsigned long *)__pa_symbol(&initrd_start);
+ initrd_start_addr = (unsigned long)__pa_symbol(*initrd_start_p);
+#else
+ mc_saved_data_p = &mc_saved_data;
+ mc_saved_in_initrd_p = mc_saved_in_initrd;
+ initrd_start_addr = initrd_start;
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * If there is no valid ucode previously saved in memory, no need to
+ * update ucode on this AP.
+ */
+ if (mc_saved_data_p->mc_saved_count == 0)
+ return;
+
+ collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);
+ load_microcode(mc_saved_data_p, mc_saved_in_initrd_p,
+ initrd_start_addr, &uci);
+ apply_microcode_early(mc_saved_data_p, &uci);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_lib.c b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_lib.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..ce69320d017
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/microcode_intel_lib.c
@@ -0,0 +1,174 @@
+/*
+ * Intel CPU Microcode Update Driver for Linux
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
+ * H Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
+ *
+ * This driver allows to upgrade microcode on Intel processors
+ * belonging to IA-32 family - PentiumPro, Pentium II,
+ * Pentium III, Xeon, Pentium 4, etc.
+ *
+ * Reference: Section 8.11 of Volume 3a, IA-32 Intel? Architecture
+ * Software Developer's Manual
+ * Order Number 253668 or free download from:
+ *
+ * http://developer.intel.com/Assets/PDF/manual/253668.pdf
+ *
+ * For more information, go to http://www.urbanmyth.org/microcode
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/firmware.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+#include <asm/microcode_intel.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+
+static inline int
+update_match_cpu(unsigned int csig, unsigned int cpf,
+ unsigned int sig, unsigned int pf)
+{
+ return (!sigmatch(sig, csig, pf, cpf)) ? 0 : 1;
+}
+
+int
+update_match_revision(struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header, int rev)
+{
+ return (mc_header->rev <= rev) ? 0 : 1;
+}
+
+int microcode_sanity_check(void *mc, int print_err)
+{
+ unsigned long total_size, data_size, ext_table_size;
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = mc;
+ struct extended_sigtable *ext_header = NULL;
+ int sum, orig_sum, ext_sigcount = 0, i;
+ struct extended_signature *ext_sig;
+
+ total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
+ data_size = get_datasize(mc_header);
+
+ if (data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE > total_size) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_err("error! Bad data size in microcode data file\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (mc_header->ldrver != 1 || mc_header->hdrver != 1) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_err("error! Unknown microcode update format\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ ext_table_size = total_size - (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size);
+ if (ext_table_size) {
+ if ((ext_table_size < EXT_HEADER_SIZE)
+ || ((ext_table_size - EXT_HEADER_SIZE) % EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE)) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_err("error! Small exttable size in microcode data file\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ ext_header = mc + MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size;
+ if (ext_table_size != exttable_size(ext_header)) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_err("error! Bad exttable size in microcode data file\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
+ }
+
+ /* check extended table checksum */
+ if (ext_table_size) {
+ int ext_table_sum = 0;
+ int *ext_tablep = (int *)ext_header;
+
+ i = ext_table_size / DWSIZE;
+ while (i--)
+ ext_table_sum += ext_tablep[i];
+ if (ext_table_sum) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_warn("aborting, bad extended signature table checksum\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* calculate the checksum */
+ orig_sum = 0;
+ i = (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size) / DWSIZE;
+ while (i--)
+ orig_sum += ((int *)mc)[i];
+ if (orig_sum) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_err("aborting, bad checksum\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ if (!ext_table_size)
+ return 0;
+ /* check extended signature checksum */
+ for (i = 0; i < ext_sigcount; i++) {
+ ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE +
+ EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE * i;
+ sum = orig_sum
+ - (mc_header->sig + mc_header->pf + mc_header->cksum)
+ + (ext_sig->sig + ext_sig->pf + ext_sig->cksum);
+ if (sum) {
+ if (print_err)
+ pr_err("aborting, bad checksum\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(microcode_sanity_check);
+
+/*
+ * return 0 - no update found
+ * return 1 - found update
+ */
+int get_matching_sig(unsigned int csig, int cpf, void *mc, int rev)
+{
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = mc;
+ struct extended_sigtable *ext_header;
+ unsigned long total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
+ int ext_sigcount, i;
+ struct extended_signature *ext_sig;
+
+ if (update_match_cpu(csig, cpf, mc_header->sig, mc_header->pf))
+ return 1;
+
+ /* Look for ext. headers: */
+ if (total_size <= get_datasize(mc_header) + MC_HEADER_SIZE)
+ return 0;
+
+ ext_header = mc + get_datasize(mc_header) + MC_HEADER_SIZE;
+ ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
+ ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ext_sigcount; i++) {
+ if (update_match_cpu(csig, cpf, ext_sig->sig, ext_sig->pf))
+ return 1;
+ ext_sig++;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * return 0 - no update found
+ * return 1 - found update
+ */
+int get_matching_microcode(unsigned int csig, int cpf, void *mc, int rev)
+{
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = mc;
+
+ if (!update_match_revision(mc_header, rev))
+ return 0;
+
+ return get_matching_sig(csig, cpf, mc, rev);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_matching_microcode);