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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-04-28 14:08:56 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-04-28 14:08:56 -0700
commite97e386b126c2d60b8da61ce1e4964b41b3d1514 (patch)
tree7e04b7f735004330777200c6742568fc130ff893
parentd9dedc13851f9cbd568fbc631a17b0be83404957 (diff)
parentc124f5b54f879e5870befcc076addbd5d614663f (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-e97e386b126c2d60b8da61ce1e4964b41b3d1514.tar.gz
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/slab-2.6
* 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/slab-2.6: slub: pack objects denser slub: Calculate min_objects based on number of processors. slub: Drop DEFAULT_MAX_ORDER / DEFAULT_MIN_OBJECTS slub: Simplify any_slab_object checks slub: Make the order configurable for each slab cache slub: Drop fallback to page allocator method slub: Fallback to minimal order during slab page allocation slub: Update statistics handling for variable order slabs slub: Add kmem_cache_order_objects struct slub: for_each_object must be passed the number of objects in a slab slub: Store max number of objects in the page struct. slub: Dump list of objects not freed on kmem_cache_close() slub: free_list() cleanup slub: improve kmem_cache_destroy() error message slob: fix bug - when slob allocates "struct kmem_cache", it does not force alignment.
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c27
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm_types.h5
-rw-r--r--include/linux/slub_def.h16
-rw-r--r--mm/slob.c3
-rw-r--r--mm/slub.c481
5 files changed, 318 insertions, 214 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c b/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c
index 22d7e3e4d60..d3ce295bffa 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c
+++ b/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ struct slabinfo {
int hwcache_align, object_size, objs_per_slab;
int sanity_checks, slab_size, store_user, trace;
int order, poison, reclaim_account, red_zone;
- unsigned long partial, objects, slabs;
+ unsigned long partial, objects, slabs, objects_partial, objects_total;
unsigned long alloc_fastpath, alloc_slowpath;
unsigned long free_fastpath, free_slowpath;
unsigned long free_frozen, free_add_partial, free_remove_partial;
@@ -540,7 +540,8 @@ void slabcache(struct slabinfo *s)
return;
store_size(size_str, slab_size(s));
- snprintf(dist_str, 40, "%lu/%lu/%d", s->slabs, s->partial, s->cpu_slabs);
+ snprintf(dist_str, 40, "%lu/%lu/%d", s->slabs - s->cpu_slabs,
+ s->partial, s->cpu_slabs);
if (!line++)
first_line();
@@ -776,7 +777,6 @@ void totals(void)
unsigned long used;
unsigned long long wasted;
unsigned long long objwaste;
- long long objects_in_partial_slabs;
unsigned long percentage_partial_slabs;
unsigned long percentage_partial_objs;
@@ -790,18 +790,11 @@ void totals(void)
wasted = size - used;
objwaste = s->slab_size - s->object_size;
- objects_in_partial_slabs = s->objects -
- (s->slabs - s->partial - s ->cpu_slabs) *
- s->objs_per_slab;
-
- if (objects_in_partial_slabs < 0)
- objects_in_partial_slabs = 0;
-
percentage_partial_slabs = s->partial * 100 / s->slabs;
if (percentage_partial_slabs > 100)
percentage_partial_slabs = 100;
- percentage_partial_objs = objects_in_partial_slabs * 100
+ percentage_partial_objs = s->objects_partial * 100
/ s->objects;
if (percentage_partial_objs > 100)
@@ -823,8 +816,8 @@ void totals(void)
min_objects = s->objects;
if (used < min_used)
min_used = used;
- if (objects_in_partial_slabs < min_partobj)
- min_partobj = objects_in_partial_slabs;
+ if (s->objects_partial < min_partobj)
+ min_partobj = s->objects_partial;
if (percentage_partial_slabs < min_ppart)
min_ppart = percentage_partial_slabs;
if (percentage_partial_objs < min_ppartobj)
@@ -848,8 +841,8 @@ void totals(void)
max_objects = s->objects;
if (used > max_used)
max_used = used;
- if (objects_in_partial_slabs > max_partobj)
- max_partobj = objects_in_partial_slabs;
+ if (s->objects_partial > max_partobj)
+ max_partobj = s->objects_partial;
if (percentage_partial_slabs > max_ppart)
max_ppart = percentage_partial_slabs;
if (percentage_partial_objs > max_ppartobj)
@@ -864,7 +857,7 @@ void totals(void)
total_objects += s->objects;
total_used += used;
- total_partobj += objects_in_partial_slabs;
+ total_partobj += s->objects_partial;
total_ppart += percentage_partial_slabs;
total_ppartobj += percentage_partial_objs;
@@ -1160,6 +1153,8 @@ void read_slab_dir(void)
slab->hwcache_align = get_obj("hwcache_align");
slab->object_size = get_obj("object_size");
slab->objects = get_obj("objects");
+ slab->objects_partial = get_obj("objects_partial");
+ slab->objects_total = get_obj("objects_total");
slab->objs_per_slab = get_obj("objs_per_slab");
slab->order = get_obj("order");
slab->partial = get_obj("partial");
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 29adaa781cb..e2bae8dde35 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -42,7 +42,10 @@ struct page {
* to show when page is mapped
* & limit reverse map searches.
*/
- unsigned int inuse; /* SLUB: Nr of objects */
+ struct { /* SLUB */
+ u16 inuse;
+ u16 objects;
+ };
};
union {
struct {
diff --git a/include/linux/slub_def.h b/include/linux/slub_def.h
index 79d59c937fa..71e43a12ebb 100644
--- a/include/linux/slub_def.h
+++ b/include/linux/slub_def.h
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ enum stat_item {
DEACTIVATE_TO_HEAD, /* Cpu slab was moved to the head of partials */
DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL, /* Cpu slab was moved to the tail of partials */
DEACTIVATE_REMOTE_FREES,/* Slab contained remotely freed objects */
+ ORDER_FALLBACK, /* Number of times fallback was necessary */
NR_SLUB_STAT_ITEMS };
struct kmem_cache_cpu {
@@ -48,11 +49,21 @@ struct kmem_cache_node {
struct list_head partial;
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
atomic_long_t nr_slabs;
+ atomic_long_t total_objects;
struct list_head full;
#endif
};
/*
+ * Word size structure that can be atomically updated or read and that
+ * contains both the order and the number of objects that a slab of the
+ * given order would contain.
+ */
+struct kmem_cache_order_objects {
+ unsigned long x;
+};
+
+/*
* Slab cache management.
*/
struct kmem_cache {
@@ -61,7 +72,7 @@ struct kmem_cache {
int size; /* The size of an object including meta data */
int objsize; /* The size of an object without meta data */
int offset; /* Free pointer offset. */
- int order; /* Current preferred allocation order */
+ struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo;
/*
* Avoid an extra cache line for UP, SMP and for the node local to
@@ -70,7 +81,8 @@ struct kmem_cache {
struct kmem_cache_node local_node;
/* Allocation and freeing of slabs */
- int objects; /* Number of objects in slab */
+ struct kmem_cache_order_objects max;
+ struct kmem_cache_order_objects min;
gfp_t allocflags; /* gfp flags to use on each alloc */
int refcount; /* Refcount for slab cache destroy */
void (*ctor)(struct kmem_cache *, void *);
diff --git a/mm/slob.c b/mm/slob.c
index e2c3c0ec546..6038cbadf79 100644
--- a/mm/slob.c
+++ b/mm/slob.c
@@ -533,7 +533,8 @@ struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create(const char *name, size_t size,
{
struct kmem_cache *c;
- c = slob_alloc(sizeof(struct kmem_cache), flags, 0, -1);
+ c = slob_alloc(sizeof(struct kmem_cache),
+ flags, ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN, -1);
if (c) {
c->name = name;
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index 38914bc64ac..992ecd4f0d3 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -149,25 +149,6 @@ static inline void ClearSlabDebug(struct page *page)
/* Enable to test recovery from slab corruption on boot */
#undef SLUB_RESILIENCY_TEST
-#if PAGE_SHIFT <= 12
-
-/*
- * Small page size. Make sure that we do not fragment memory
- */
-#define DEFAULT_MAX_ORDER 1
-#define DEFAULT_MIN_OBJECTS 4
-
-#else
-
-/*
- * Large page machines are customarily able to handle larger
- * page orders.
- */
-#define DEFAULT_MAX_ORDER 2
-#define DEFAULT_MIN_OBJECTS 8
-
-#endif
-
/*
* Mininum number of partial slabs. These will be left on the partial
* lists even if they are empty. kmem_cache_shrink may reclaim them.
@@ -204,8 +185,6 @@ static inline void ClearSlabDebug(struct page *page)
/* Internal SLUB flags */
#define __OBJECT_POISON 0x80000000 /* Poison object */
#define __SYSFS_ADD_DEFERRED 0x40000000 /* Not yet visible via sysfs */
-#define __KMALLOC_CACHE 0x20000000 /* objects freed using kfree */
-#define __PAGE_ALLOC_FALLBACK 0x10000000 /* Allow fallback to page alloc */
static int kmem_size = sizeof(struct kmem_cache);
@@ -296,7 +275,7 @@ static inline int check_valid_pointer(struct kmem_cache *s,
return 1;
base = page_address(page);
- if (object < base || object >= base + s->objects * s->size ||
+ if (object < base || object >= base + page->objects * s->size ||
(object - base) % s->size) {
return 0;
}
@@ -322,8 +301,8 @@ static inline void set_freepointer(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, void *fp)
}
/* Loop over all objects in a slab */
-#define for_each_object(__p, __s, __addr) \
- for (__p = (__addr); __p < (__addr) + (__s)->objects * (__s)->size;\
+#define for_each_object(__p, __s, __addr, __objects) \
+ for (__p = (__addr); __p < (__addr) + (__objects) * (__s)->size;\
__p += (__s)->size)
/* Scan freelist */
@@ -336,6 +315,26 @@ static inline int slab_index(void *p, struct kmem_cache *s, void *addr)
return (p - addr) / s->size;
}
+static inline struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo_make(int order,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ struct kmem_cache_order_objects x = {
+ (order << 16) + (PAGE_SIZE << order) / size
+ };
+
+ return x;
+}
+
+static inline int oo_order(struct kmem_cache_order_objects x)
+{
+ return x.x >> 16;
+}
+
+static inline int oo_objects(struct kmem_cache_order_objects x)
+{
+ return x.x & ((1 << 16) - 1);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
/*
* Debug settings:
@@ -446,8 +445,8 @@ static void print_tracking(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object)
static void print_page_info(struct page *page)
{
- printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: Slab 0x%p used=%u fp=0x%p flags=0x%04lx\n",
- page, page->inuse, page->freelist, page->flags);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: Slab 0x%p objects=%u used=%u fp=0x%p flags=0x%04lx\n",
+ page, page->objects, page->inuse, page->freelist, page->flags);
}
@@ -647,6 +646,7 @@ static int check_pad_bytes(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, u8 *p)
p + off, POISON_INUSE, s->size - off);
}
+/* Check the pad bytes at the end of a slab page */
static int slab_pad_check(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
u8 *start;
@@ -659,20 +659,20 @@ static int slab_pad_check(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
return 1;
start = page_address(page);
- end = start + (PAGE_SIZE << s->order);
- length = s->objects * s->size;
- remainder = end - (start + length);
+ length = (PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page));
+ end = start + length;
+ remainder = length % s->size;
if (!remainder)
return 1;
- fault = check_bytes(start + length, POISON_INUSE, remainder);
+ fault = check_bytes(end - remainder, POISON_INUSE, remainder);
if (!fault)
return 1;
while (end > fault && end[-1] == POISON_INUSE)
end--;
slab_err(s, page, "Padding overwritten. 0x%p-0x%p", fault, end - 1);
- print_section("Padding", start, length);
+ print_section("Padding", end - remainder, remainder);
restore_bytes(s, "slab padding", POISON_INUSE, start, end);
return 0;
@@ -734,15 +734,24 @@ static int check_object(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
static int check_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
+ int maxobj;
+
VM_BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
if (!PageSlab(page)) {
slab_err(s, page, "Not a valid slab page");
return 0;
}
- if (page->inuse > s->objects) {
+
+ maxobj = (PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page)) / s->size;
+ if (page->objects > maxobj) {
+ slab_err(s, page, "objects %u > max %u",
+ s->name, page->objects, maxobj);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (page->inuse > page->objects) {
slab_err(s, page, "inuse %u > max %u",
- s->name, page->inuse, s->objects);
+ s->name, page->inuse, page->objects);
return 0;
}
/* Slab_pad_check fixes things up after itself */
@@ -759,8 +768,9 @@ static int on_freelist(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, void *search)
int nr = 0;
void *fp = page->freelist;
void *object = NULL;
+ unsigned long max_objects;
- while (fp && nr <= s->objects) {
+ while (fp && nr <= page->objects) {
if (fp == search)
return 1;
if (!check_valid_pointer(s, page, fp)) {
@@ -772,7 +782,7 @@ static int on_freelist(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, void *search)
} else {
slab_err(s, page, "Freepointer corrupt");
page->freelist = NULL;
- page->inuse = s->objects;
+ page->inuse = page->objects;
slab_fix(s, "Freelist cleared");
return 0;
}
@@ -783,10 +793,20 @@ static int on_freelist(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page, void *search)
nr++;
}
- if (page->inuse != s->objects - nr) {
+ max_objects = (PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page)) / s->size;
+ if (max_objects > 65535)
+ max_objects = 65535;
+
+ if (page->objects != max_objects) {
+ slab_err(s, page, "Wrong number of objects. Found %d but "
+ "should be %d", page->objects, max_objects);
+ page->objects = max_objects;
+ slab_fix(s, "Number of objects adjusted.");
+ }
+ if (page->inuse != page->objects - nr) {
slab_err(s, page, "Wrong object count. Counter is %d but "
- "counted were %d", page->inuse, s->objects - nr);
- page->inuse = s->objects - nr;
+ "counted were %d", page->inuse, page->objects - nr);
+ page->inuse = page->objects - nr;
slab_fix(s, "Object count adjusted.");
}
return search == NULL;
@@ -840,7 +860,7 @@ static inline unsigned long slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
return atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs);
}
-static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
+static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node, int objects)
{
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
@@ -850,14 +870,17 @@ static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
* dilemma by deferring the increment of the count during
* bootstrap (see early_kmem_cache_node_alloc).
*/
- if (!NUMA_BUILD || n)
+ if (!NUMA_BUILD || n) {
atomic_long_inc(&n->nr_slabs);
+ atomic_long_add(objects, &n->total_objects);
+ }
}
-static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
+static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node, int objects)
{
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
atomic_long_dec(&n->nr_slabs);
+ atomic_long_sub(objects, &n->total_objects);
}
/* Object debug checks for alloc/free paths */
@@ -905,7 +928,7 @@ bad:
* as used avoids touching the remaining objects.
*/
slab_fix(s, "Marking all objects used");
- page->inuse = s->objects;
+ page->inuse = page->objects;
page->freelist = NULL;
}
return 0;
@@ -1055,31 +1078,52 @@ static inline unsigned long kmem_cache_flags(unsigned long objsize,
static inline unsigned long slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
{ return 0; }
-static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node) {}
-static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node) {}
+static inline void inc_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node,
+ int objects) {}
+static inline void dec_slabs_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node,
+ int objects) {}
#endif
+
/*
* Slab allocation and freeing
*/
+static inline struct page *alloc_slab_page(gfp_t flags, int node,
+ struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo)
+{
+ int order = oo_order(oo);
+
+ if (node == -1)
+ return alloc_pages(flags, order);
+ else
+ return alloc_pages_node(node, flags, order);
+}
+
static struct page *allocate_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
{
struct page *page;
- int pages = 1 << s->order;
+ struct kmem_cache_order_objects oo = s->oo;
flags |= s->allocflags;
- if (node == -1)
- page = alloc_pages(flags, s->order);
- else
- page = alloc_pages_node(node, flags, s->order);
-
- if (!page)
- return NULL;
+ page = alloc_slab_page(flags | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_NORETRY, node,
+ oo);
+ if (unlikely(!page)) {
+ oo = s->min;
+ /*
+ * Allocation may have failed due to fragmentation.
+ * Try a lower order alloc if possible
+ */
+ page = alloc_slab_page(flags, node, oo);
+ if (!page)
+ return NULL;
+ stat(get_cpu_slab(s, raw_smp_processor_id()), ORDER_FALLBACK);
+ }
+ page->objects = oo_objects(oo);
mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page),
(s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) ?
NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE : NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE,
- pages);
+ 1 << oo_order(oo));
return page;
}
@@ -1106,7 +1150,7 @@ static struct page *new_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
if (!page)
goto out;
- inc_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page));
+ inc_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page), page->objects);
page->slab = s;
page->flags |= 1 << PG_slab;
if (s->flags & (SLAB_DEBUG_FREE | SLAB_RED_ZONE | SLAB_POISON |
@@ -1116,10 +1160,10 @@ static struct page *new_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
start = page_address(page);
if (unlikely(s->flags & SLAB_POISON))
- memset(start, POISON_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE << s->order);
+ memset(start, POISON_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page));
last = start;
- for_each_object(p, s, start) {
+ for_each_object(p, s, start, page->objects) {
setup_object(s, page, last);
set_freepointer(s, last, p);
last = p;
@@ -1135,13 +1179,15 @@ out:
static void __free_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
- int pages = 1 << s->order;
+ int order = compound_order(page);
+ int pages = 1 << order;
if (unlikely(SlabDebug(page))) {
void *p;
slab_pad_check(s, page);
- for_each_object(p, s, page_address(page))
+ for_each_object(p, s, page_address(page),
+ page->objects)
check_object(s, page, p, 0);
ClearSlabDebug(page);
}
@@ -1153,7 +1199,7 @@ static void __free_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
__ClearPageSlab(page);
reset_page_mapcount(page);
- __free_pages(page, s->order);
+ __free_pages(page, order);
}
static void rcu_free_slab(struct rcu_head *h)
@@ -1179,7 +1225,7 @@ static void free_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
static void discard_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page)
{
- dec_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page));
+ dec_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page), page->objects);
free_slab(s, page);
}
@@ -1515,7 +1561,7 @@ load_freelist:
goto debug;
c->freelist = object[c->offset];
- c->page->inuse = s->objects;
+ c->page->inuse = c->page->objects;
c->page->freelist = NULL;
c->node = page_to_nid(c->page);
unlock_out:
@@ -1552,27 +1598,6 @@ new_slab:
c->page = new;
goto load_freelist;
}
-
- /*
- * No memory available.
- *
- * If the slab uses higher order allocs but the object is
- * smaller than a page size then we can fallback in emergencies
- * to the page allocator via kmalloc_large. The page allocator may
- * have failed to obtain a higher order page and we can try to
- * allocate a single page if the object fits into a single page.
- * That is only possible if certain conditions are met that are being
- * checked when a slab is created.
- */
- if (!(gfpflags & __GFP_NORETRY) &&
- (s->flags & __PAGE_ALLOC_FALLBACK)) {
- if (gfpflags & __GFP_WAIT)
- local_irq_enable();
- object = kmalloc_large(s->objsize, gfpflags);
- if (gfpflags & __GFP_WAIT)
- local_irq_disable();
- return object;
- }
return NULL;
debug:
if (!alloc_debug_processing(s, c->page, object, addr))
@@ -1773,8 +1798,8 @@ static struct page *get_object_page(const void *x)
* take the list_lock.
*/
static int slub_min_order;
-static int slub_max_order = DEFAULT_MAX_ORDER;
-static int slub_min_objects = DEFAULT_MIN_OBJECTS;
+static int slub_max_order = PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER;
+static int slub_min_objects;
/*
* Merge control. If this is set then no merging of slab caches will occur.
@@ -1789,7 +1814,7 @@ static int slub_nomerge;
* system components. Generally order 0 allocations should be preferred since
* order 0 does not cause fragmentation in the page allocator. Larger objects
* be problematic to put into order 0 slabs because there may be too much
- * unused space left. We go to a higher order if more than 1/8th of the slab
+ * unused space left. We go to a higher order if more than 1/16th of the slab
* would be wasted.
*
* In order to reach satisfactory performance we must ensure that a minimum
@@ -1814,6 +1839,9 @@ static inline int slab_order(int size, int min_objects,
int rem;
int min_order = slub_min_order;
+ if ((PAGE_SIZE << min_order) / size > 65535)
+ return get_order(size * 65535) - 1;
+
for (order = max(min_order,
fls(min_objects * size - 1) - PAGE_SHIFT);
order <= max_order; order++) {
@@ -1848,8 +1876,10 @@ static inline int calculate_order(int size)
* we reduce the minimum objects required in a slab.
*/
min_objects = slub_min_objects;
+ if (!min_objects)
+ min_objects = 4 * (fls(nr_cpu_ids) + 1);
while (min_objects > 1) {
- fraction = 8;
+ fraction = 16;
while (fraction >= 4) {
order = slab_order(size, min_objects,
slub_max_order, fraction);
@@ -2091,7 +2121,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache_node *early_kmem_cache_node_alloc(gfp_t gfpflags,
init_tracking(kmalloc_caches, n);
#endif
init_kmem_cache_node(n);
- inc_slabs_node(kmalloc_caches, node);
+ inc_slabs_node(kmalloc_caches, node, page->objects);
/*
* lockdep requires consistent irq usage for each lock
@@ -2167,11 +2197,12 @@ static int init_kmem_cache_nodes(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags)
* calculate_sizes() determines the order and the distribution of data within
* a slab object.
*/
-static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_cache *s)
+static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_cache *s, int forced_order)
{
unsigned long flags = s->flags;
unsigned long size = s->objsize;
unsigned long align = s->align;
+ int order;
/*
* Round up object size to the next word boundary. We can only
@@ -2255,26 +2286,16 @@ static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_cache *s)
*/
size = ALIGN(size, align);
s->size = size;
+ if (forced_order >= 0)
+ order = forced_order;
+ else
+ order = calculate_order(size);
- if ((flags & __KMALLOC_CACHE) &&
- PAGE_SIZE / size < slub_min_objects) {
- /*
- * Kmalloc cache that would not have enough objects in
- * an order 0 page. Kmalloc slabs can fallback to
- * page allocator order 0 allocs so take a reasonably large
- * order that will allows us a good number of objects.
- */
- s->order = max(slub_max_order, PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER);
- s->flags |= __PAGE_ALLOC_FALLBACK;
- s->allocflags |= __GFP_NOWARN;
- } else
- s->order = calculate_order(size);
-
- if (s->order < 0)
+ if (order < 0)
return 0;
s->allocflags = 0;
- if (s->order)
+ if (order)
s->allocflags |= __GFP_COMP;
if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
@@ -2286,9 +2307,12 @@ static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_cache *s)
/*
* Determine the number of objects per slab
*/
- s->objects = (PAGE_SIZE << s->order) / size;
+ s->oo = oo_make(order, size);
+ s->min = oo_make(get_order(size), size);
+ if (oo_objects(s->oo) > oo_objects(s->max))
+ s->max = s->oo;
- return !!s->objects;
+ return !!oo_objects(s->oo);
}
@@ -2304,7 +2328,7 @@ static int kmem_cache_open(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags,
s->align = align;
s->flags = kmem_cache_flags(size, flags, name, ctor);
- if (!calculate_sizes(s))
+ if (!calculate_sizes(s, -1))
goto error;
s->refcount = 1;
@@ -2321,7 +2345,7 @@ error:
if (flags & SLAB_PANIC)
panic("Cannot create slab %s size=%lu realsize=%u "
"order=%u offset=%u flags=%lx\n",
- s->name, (unsigned long)size, s->size, s->order,
+ s->name, (unsigned long)size, s->size, oo_order(s->oo),
s->offset, flags);
return 0;
}
@@ -2367,26 +2391,52 @@ const char *kmem_cache_name(struct kmem_cache *s)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_name);
+static void list_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
+ const char *text)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG
+ void *addr = page_address(page);
+ void *p;
+ DECLARE_BITMAP(map, page->objects);
+
+ bitmap_zero(map, page->objects);
+ slab_err(s, page, "%s", text);
+ slab_lock(page);
+ for_each_free_object(p, s, page->freelist)
+ set_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map);
+
+ for_each_object(p, s, addr, page->objects) {
+
+ if (!test_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: Object 0x%p @offset=%tu\n",
+ p, p - addr);
+ print_tracking(s, p);
+ }
+ }
+ slab_unlock(page);
+#endif
+}
+
/*
- * Attempt to free all slabs on a node. Return the number of slabs we
- * were unable to free.
+ * Attempt to free all partial slabs on a node.
*/
-static int free_list(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_node *n,
- struct list_head *list)
+static void free_partial(struct kmem_cache *s, struct kmem_cache_node *n)
{
- int slabs_inuse = 0;
unsigned long flags;
struct page *page, *h;
spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, flags);
- list_for_each_entry_safe(page, h, list, lru)
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, h, &n->partial, lru) {
if (!page->inuse) {
list_del(&page->lru);
discard_slab(s, page);
- } else
- slabs_inuse++;
+ n->nr_partial--;
+ } else {
+ list_slab_objects(s, page,
+ "Objects remaining on kmem_cache_close()");
+ }
+ }
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
- return slabs_inuse;
}
/*
@@ -2403,8 +2453,8 @@ static inline int kmem_cache_close(struct kmem_cache *s)
for_each_node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) {
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
- n->nr_partial -= free_list(s, n, &n->partial);
- if (slabs_node(s, node))
+ free_partial(s, n);
+ if (n->nr_partial || slabs_node(s, node))
return 1;
}
free_kmem_cache_nodes(s);
@@ -2422,8 +2472,11 @@ void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *s)
if (!s->refcount) {
list_del(&s->list);
up_write(&slub_lock);
- if (kmem_cache_close(s))
- WARN_ON(1);
+ if (kmem_cache_close(s)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "SLUB %s: %s called for cache that "
+ "still has objects.\n", s->name, __func__);
+ dump_stack();
+ }
sysfs_slab_remove(s);
} else
up_write(&slub_lock);
@@ -2482,7 +2535,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache *create_kmalloc_cache(struct kmem_cache *s,
down_write(&slub_lock);
if (!kmem_cache_open(s, gfp_flags, name, size, ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN,
- flags | __KMALLOC_CACHE, NULL))
+ flags, NULL))
goto panic;
list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
@@ -2730,8 +2783,9 @@ int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *s)
struct kmem_cache_node *n;
struct page *page;
struct page *t;
+ int objects = oo_objects(s->max);
struct list_head *slabs_by_inuse =
- kmalloc(sizeof(struct list_head) * s->objects, GFP_KERNEL);
+ kmalloc(sizeof(struct list_head) * objects, GFP_KERNEL);
unsigned long flags;
if (!slabs_by_inuse)
@@ -2744,7 +2798,7 @@ int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *s)
if (!n->nr_partial)
continue;
- for (i = 0; i < s->objects; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < objects; i++)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(slabs_by_inuse + i);
spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, flags);
@@ -2776,7 +2830,7 @@ int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *s)
* Rebuild the partial list with the slabs filled up most
* first and the least used slabs at the end.
*/
- for (i = s->objects - 1; i >= 0; i--)
+ for (i = objects - 1; i >= 0; i--)
list_splice(slabs_by_inuse + i, n->partial.prev);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
@@ -2997,9 +3051,6 @@ static int slab_unmergeable(struct kmem_cache *s)
if (slub_nomerge || (s->flags & SLUB_NEVER_MERGE))
return 1;
- if ((s->flags & __PAGE_ALLOC_FALLBACK))
- return 1;
-
if (s->ctor)
return 1;
@@ -3192,7 +3243,8 @@ void *__kmalloc_node_track_caller(size_t size, gfp_t gfpflags,
}
#if (defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG)) || defined(CONFIG_SLABINFO)
-static unsigned long count_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n)
+static unsigned long count_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n,
+ int (*get_count)(struct page *))
{
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long x = 0;
@@ -3200,10 +3252,25 @@ static unsigned long count_partial(struct kmem_cache_node *n)
spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, flags);
list_for_each_entry(page, &n->partial, lru)
- x += page->inuse;
+ x += get_count(page);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&n->list_lock, flags);
return x;
}
+
+static int count_inuse(struct page *page)
+{
+ return page->inuse;
+}
+
+static int count_total(struct page *page)
+{
+ return page->objects;
+}
+
+static int count_free(struct page *page)
+{
+ return page->objects - page->inuse;
+}
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG)
@@ -3218,7 +3285,7 @@ static int validate_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
return 0;
/* Now we know that a valid freelist exists */
- bitmap_zero(map, s->objects);
+ bitmap_zero(map, page->objects);
for_each_free_object(p, s, page->freelist) {
set_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map);
@@ -3226,7 +3293,7 @@ static int validate_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, struct page *page,
return 0;
}
- for_each_object(p, s, addr)
+ for_each_object(p, s, addr, page->objects)
if (!test_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map))
if (!check_object(s, page, p, 1))
return 0;
@@ -3292,7 +3359,7 @@ static long validate_slab_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
int node;
unsigned long count = 0;
- unsigned long *map = kmalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(s->objects) *
+ unsigned long *map = kmalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(oo_objects(s->max)) *
sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!map)
@@ -3495,14 +3562,14 @@ static void process_slab(struct loc_track *t, struct kmem_cache *s,
struct page *page, enum track_item alloc)
{
void *addr = page_address(page);
- DECLARE_BITMAP(map, s->objects);
+ DECLARE_BITMAP(map, page->objects);
void *p;
- bitmap_zero(map, s->objects);
+ bitmap_zero(map, page->objects);
for_each_free_object(p, s, page->freelist)
set_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map);
- for_each_object(p, s, addr)
+ for_each_object(p, s, addr, page->objects)
if (!test_bit(slab_index(p, s, addr), map))
add_location(t, s, get_track(s, p, alloc));
}
@@ -3592,22 +3659,23 @@ static int list_locations(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf,
}
enum slab_stat_type {
- SL_FULL,
- SL_PARTIAL,
- SL_CPU,
- SL_OBJECTS
+ SL_ALL, /* All slabs */
+ SL_PARTIAL, /* Only partially allocated slabs */
+ SL_CPU, /* Only slabs used for cpu caches */
+ SL_OBJECTS, /* Determine allocated objects not slabs */
+ SL_TOTAL /* Determine object capacity not slabs */
};
-#define SO_FULL (1 << SL_FULL)
+#define SO_ALL (1 << SL_ALL)
#define SO_PARTIAL (1 << SL_PARTIAL)
#define SO_CPU (1 << SL_CPU)
#define SO_OBJECTS (1 << SL_OBJECTS)
+#define SO_TOTAL (1 << SL_TOTAL)
static ssize_t show_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s,
char *buf, unsigned long flags)
{
unsigned long total = 0;
- int cpu;
int node;
int x;
unsigned long *nodes;
@@ -3618,56 +3686,60 @@ static ssize_t show_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s,
return -ENOMEM;
per_cpu = nodes + nr_node_ids;
- for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
- struct page *page;
- struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = get_cpu_slab(s, cpu);
+ if (flags & SO_CPU) {
+ int cpu;
- if (!c)
- continue;
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = get_cpu_slab(s, cpu);
- page = c->page;
- node = c->node;
- if (node < 0)
- continue;
- if (page) {
- if (flags & SO_CPU) {
- if (flags & SO_OBJECTS)
- x = page->inuse;
+ if (!c || c->node < 0)
+ continue;
+
+ if (c->page) {
+ if (flags & SO_TOTAL)
+ x = c->page->objects;
+ else if (flags & SO_OBJECTS)
+ x = c->page->inuse;
else
x = 1;
+
total += x;
- nodes[node] += x;
+ nodes[c->node] += x;
}
- per_cpu[node]++;
+ per_cpu[c->node]++;
}
}
- for_each_node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) {
- struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
+ if (flags & SO_ALL) {
+ for_each_node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) {
+ struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
+
+ if (flags & SO_TOTAL)
+ x = atomic_long_read(&n->total_objects);
+ else if (flags & SO_OBJECTS)
+ x = atomic_long_read(&n->total_objects) -
+ count_partial(n, count_free);
- if (flags & SO_PARTIAL) {
- if (flags & SO_OBJECTS)
- x = count_partial(n);
else
- x = n->nr_partial;
+ x = atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs);
total += x;
nodes[node] += x;
}
- if (flags & SO_FULL) {
- int full_slabs = atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs)
- - per_cpu[node]
- - n->nr_partial;
+ } else if (flags & SO_PARTIAL) {
+ for_each_node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) {
+ struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
- if (flags & SO_OBJECTS)
- x = full_slabs * s->objects;
+ if (flags & SO_TOTAL)
+ x = count_partial(n, count_total);
+ else if (flags & SO_OBJECTS)
+ x = count_partial(n, count_inuse);
else
- x = full_slabs;
+ x = n->nr_partial;
total += x;
nodes[node] += x;
}
}
-
x = sprintf(buf, "%lu", total);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
for_each_node_state(node, N_NORMAL_MEMORY)
@@ -3682,14 +3754,6 @@ static ssize_t show_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s,
static int any_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
int node;
- int cpu;
-
- for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
- struct kmem_cache_cpu *c = get_cpu_slab(s, cpu);
-
- if (c && c->page)
- return 1;
- }
for_each_online_node(node) {
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
@@ -3697,7 +3761,7 @@ static int any_slab_objects(struct kmem_cache *s)
if (!n)
continue;
- if (n->nr_partial || atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs))
+ if (atomic_read(&n->total_objects))
return 1;
}
return 0;
@@ -3739,15 +3803,27 @@ SLAB_ATTR_RO(object_size);
static ssize_t objs_per_slab_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
{
- return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", s->objects);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", oo_objects(s->oo));
}
SLAB_ATTR_RO(objs_per_slab);
+static ssize_t order_store(struct kmem_cache *s,
+ const char *buf, size_t length)
+{
+ int order = simple_strtoul(buf, NULL, 10);
+
+ if (order > slub_max_order || order < slub_min_order)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ calculate_sizes(s, order);
+ return length;
+}
+
static ssize_t order_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
{
- return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", s->order);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", oo_order(s->oo));
}
-SLAB_ATTR_RO(order);
+SLAB_ATTR(order);
static ssize_t ctor_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
{
@@ -3768,7 +3844,7 @@ SLAB_ATTR_RO(aliases);
static ssize_t slabs_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
{
- return show_slab_objects(s, buf, SO_FULL|SO_PARTIAL|SO_CPU);
+ return show_slab_objects(s, buf, SO_ALL);
}
SLAB_ATTR_RO(slabs);
@@ -3786,10 +3862,22 @@ SLAB_ATTR_RO(cpu_slabs);
static ssize_t objects_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
{
- return show_slab_objects(s, buf, SO_FULL|SO_PARTIAL|SO_CPU|SO_OBJECTS);
+ return show_slab_objects(s, buf, SO_ALL|SO_OBJECTS);
}
SLAB_ATTR_RO(objects);
+static ssize_t objects_partial_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
+{
+ return show_slab_objects(s, buf, SO_PARTIAL|SO_OBJECTS);
+}
+SLAB_ATTR_RO(objects_partial);
+
+static ssize_t total_objects_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
+{
+ return show_slab_objects(s, buf, SO_ALL|SO_TOTAL);
+}
+SLAB_ATTR_RO(total_objects);
+
static ssize_t sanity_checks_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
{
return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", !!(s->flags & SLAB_DEBUG_FREE));
@@ -3869,7 +3957,7 @@ static ssize_t red_zone_store(struct kmem_cache *s,
s->flags &= ~SLAB_RED_ZONE;
if (buf[0] == '1')
s->flags |= SLAB_RED_ZONE;
- calculate_sizes(s);
+ calculate_sizes(s, -1);
return length;
}
SLAB_ATTR(red_zone);
@@ -3888,7 +3976,7 @@ static ssize_t poison_store(struct kmem_cache *s,
s->flags &= ~SLAB_POISON;
if (buf[0] == '1')
s->flags |= SLAB_POISON;
- calculate_sizes(s);
+ calculate_sizes(s, -1);
return length;
}
SLAB_ATTR(poison);
@@ -3907,7 +3995,7 @@ static ssize_t store_user_store(struct kmem_cache *s,
s->flags &= ~SLAB_STORE_USER;
if (buf[0] == '1')
s->flags |= SLAB_STORE_USER;
- calculate_sizes(s);
+ calculate_sizes(s, -1);
return length;
}
SLAB_ATTR(store_user);
@@ -4038,7 +4126,7 @@ STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_EMPTY, deactivate_empty);
STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_TO_HEAD, deactivate_to_head);
STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL, deactivate_to_tail);
STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_REMOTE_FREES, deactivate_remote_frees);
-
+STAT_ATTR(ORDER_FALLBACK, order_fallback);
#endif
static struct attribute *slab_attrs[] = {
@@ -4047,6 +4135,8 @@ static struct attribute *slab_attrs[] = {
&objs_per_slab_attr.attr,
&order_attr.attr,
&objects_attr.attr,
+ &objects_partial_attr.attr,
+ &total_objects_attr.attr,
&slabs_attr.attr,
&partial_attr.attr,
&cpu_slabs_attr.attr,
@@ -4089,6 +4179,7 @@ static struct attribute *slab_attrs[] = {
&deactivate_to_head_attr.attr,
&deactivate_to_tail_attr.attr,
&deactivate_remote_frees_attr.attr,
+ &order_fallback_attr.attr,
#endif
NULL
};
@@ -4375,7 +4466,8 @@ static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
unsigned long nr_partials = 0;
unsigned long nr_slabs = 0;
unsigned long nr_inuse = 0;
- unsigned long nr_objs;
+ unsigned long nr_objs = 0;
+ unsigned long nr_free = 0;
struct kmem_cache *s;
int node;
@@ -4389,14 +4481,15 @@ static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
nr_partials += n->nr_partial;
nr_slabs += atomic_long_read(&n->nr_slabs);
- nr_inuse += count_partial(n);
+ nr_objs += atomic_long_read(&n->total_objects);
+ nr_free += count_partial(n, count_free);
}
- nr_objs = nr_slabs * s->objects;
- nr_inuse += (nr_slabs - nr_partials) * s->objects;
+ nr_inuse = nr_objs - nr_free;
seq_printf(m, "%-17s %6lu %6lu %6u %4u %4d", s->name, nr_inuse,
- nr_objs, s->size, s->objects, (1 << s->order));
+ nr_objs, s->size, oo_objects(s->oo),
+ (1 << oo_order(s->oo)));
seq_printf(m, " : tunables %4u %4u %4u", 0, 0, 0);
seq_printf(m, " : slabdata %6lu %6lu %6lu", nr_slabs, nr_slabs,
0UL);