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authorNicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org>2012-04-12 02:56:10 -0400
committerNicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org>2013-05-13 15:05:06 -0400
commit150dbebaaed5e501a0676017d5a0b6f272f5d45f (patch)
tree3a57b4cf8b2cba2fb5304b810dbe0c32b4ac5160
parent2ca74db3644d1f69ce40ae387d82b9db82938afc (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-150dbebaaed5e501a0676017d5a0b6f272f5d45f.tar.gz
ARM: b.L: core switcher code
The main entry point for a switch request is: void bL_switch_request(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int new_cluster_id) If the calling CPU is not the wanted one, this wrapper takes care of sending the request to the appropriate CPU with schedule_work_on(). In the future, some switching related tasks which do not require a strict CPU affinity might be moved here though. At the moment the core switch operation is handled by bL_switch_to() which must be called on the CPU for which a switch is requested. What this code does: * Return early if the current cluster is the wanted one. * Close the gate in the kernel entry vector for both the inbound and outbound CPUs. * Wake up the inbound CPU so it can perform its reset sequence in parallel up to the kernel entry vector gate. * Migrate all interrupts in the GIC targeting the outbound CPU interface to the inbound CPU interface, including SGIs. This is performed by gic_migrate_target() in arch/arm/common/gic.c. * Shut down the local timer for the outbound CPU. * Call cpu_pm_enter() which takes care of flushing the VFP state to RAM and save the CPU interface config from the GIC to RAM. * Call cpu_suspend() which saves the CPU state (general purpose registers, page table address) onto the stack and store the resulting stack pointer in an array indexed by processor number, then call the provided shutdown function. This happens in arch/arm/kernel/sleep.S. At this point, the provided shutdown function executed by the outbound CPU ungates the inbound CPU. Therefore the inbound CPU: * Picks up the saved stack pointer in the array indexed by processor number above. At the moment the corresponding code in arch/arm/kernel/sleep.S only looks at the CPU number field in the MPIDR so the current code works unmodified even if the new CPU comes from a different cluster. * The MMU and caches are re-enabled using the saved state on the provided stack, just like if this was a resume operation from a suspended state. * Then cpu_suspend() returns, although this is on the inbound CPU rather than the outbound CPU which called it initially. * The function cpu_pm_exit() is called which effect is to restore the CPU interface state in the GIC using the state previously saved by the outbound CPU. * The local timer on the inbound CPU is restored. * Exit of bL_switch_to() to resume normal kernel execution on the new CPU. However, the outbound CPU is potentially still running in parallel while the inbound CPU is resuming normal kernel execution, hence we need per CPU stack isolation to execute bL_do_switch(). After the outbound CPU has ungated the inbound CPU, it calls bL_cpu_power_down() to: * Clean its L1 cache. * If it is the last CPU still alive in its cluster (last man standing), it also cleans its L2 cache and disables cache snooping from the other cluster. Code called from bL_do_switch() might end up referencing 'current' for some reasons. However, 'current' is derived from the stack pointer. With any arbitrary stack, the returned value for 'current' and any dereferenced values through it are just random garbage which may lead to segmentation faults. The active page table during the execution of bL_do_switch() is also a problem. There is no guarantee that the inbound CPU won't destroy the corresponding task which would free the attached page table while the outbound CPU is still running and relying on it. To solve both issues, we borrow some of the task space belonging to the init/idle task which, by its nature, is lightly used and therefore is unlikely to clash with our usage. The init task is also never going away. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/Kconfig17
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/common/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/common/bL_switcher.c249
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/bL_switcher.h17
4 files changed, 284 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 7caf8ddea04..c5fd434a0d1 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -1607,6 +1607,23 @@ config MCPM
for (multi-)cluster based systems, such as big.LITTLE based
systems.
+config BIG_LITTLE
+ bool "big.LITTLE support (Experimental)"
+ depends on CPU_V7 && SMP
+ select MCPM
+ help
+ This option enables support for the big.LITTLE architecture.
+
+config BL_SWITCHER
+ bool "big.LITTLE switcher support"
+ depends on BIG_LITTLE && MCPM && HOTPLUG_CPU
+ select CPU_PM
+ select ARM_CPU_SUSPEND
+ help
+ The big.LITTLE "switcher" provides the core functionality to
+ transparently handle transition between a cluster of A15's
+ and a cluster of A7's in a big.LITTLE system.
+
choice
prompt "Memory split"
default VMSPLIT_3G
diff --git a/arch/arm/common/Makefile b/arch/arm/common/Makefile
index 53e68b16319..ed4c4892012 100644
--- a/arch/arm/common/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/common/Makefile
@@ -14,3 +14,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_TIMER_SP804) += timer-sp.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MCPM) += mcpm_head.o mcpm_entry.o mcpm_platsmp.o vlock.o
AFLAGS_mcpm_head.o := -march=armv7-a
AFLAGS_vlock.o := -march=armv7-a
+obj-$(CONFIG_BL_SWITCHER) += bL_switcher.o
diff --git a/arch/arm/common/bL_switcher.c b/arch/arm/common/bL_switcher.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..51685c8bbdb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/common/bL_switcher.c
@@ -0,0 +1,249 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/common/bL_switcher.c -- big.LITTLE cluster switcher core driver
+ *
+ * Created by: Nicolas Pitre, March 2012
+ * Copyright: (C) 2012 Linaro Limited
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/cpu_pm.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h>
+
+#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/suspend.h>
+#include <asm/mcpm.h>
+#include <asm/bL_switcher.h>
+
+
+/*
+ * Use our own MPIDR accessors as the generic ones in asm/cputype.h have
+ * __attribute_const__ and we don't want the compiler to assume any
+ * constness here.
+ */
+
+static int read_mpidr(void)
+{
+ unsigned int id;
+ asm volatile ("mrc\tp15, 0, %0, c0, c0, 5" : "=r" (id));
+ return id;
+}
+
+/*
+ * bL switcher core code.
+ */
+
+static void bL_do_switch(void *_unused)
+{
+ unsigned mpidr, cpuid, clusterid, ob_cluster, ib_cluster;
+
+ /*
+ * We now have a piece of stack borrowed from the init task's.
+ * Let's also switch to init_mm right away to match it.
+ */
+ cpu_switch_mm(init_mm.pgd, &init_mm);
+
+ pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);
+
+ mpidr = read_mpidr();
+ cpuid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 0);
+ clusterid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 1);
+ ob_cluster = clusterid;
+ ib_cluster = clusterid ^ 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Our state has been saved at this point. Let's release our
+ * inbound CPU.
+ */
+ mcpm_set_entry_vector(cpuid, ib_cluster, cpu_resume);
+ sev();
+
+ /*
+ * From this point, we must assume that our counterpart CPU might
+ * have taken over in its parallel world already, as if execution
+ * just returned from cpu_suspend(). It is therefore important to
+ * be very careful not to make any change the other guy is not
+ * expecting. This is why we need stack isolation.
+ *
+ * Fancy under cover tasks could be performed here. For now
+ * we have none.
+ */
+
+ /* Let's put ourself down. */
+ mcpm_cpu_power_down();
+
+ /* should never get here */
+ BUG();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Stack isolation. To ensure 'current' remains valid, we just borrow
+ * a slice of the init/idle task which should be fairly lightly used.
+ * The borrowed area starts just above the thread_info structure located
+ * at the very bottom of the stack, aligned to a cache line.
+ */
+#define STACK_SIZE 256
+extern void call_with_stack(void (*fn)(void *), void *arg, void *sp);
+static int bL_switchpoint(unsigned long _arg)
+{
+ unsigned int mpidr = read_mpidr();
+ unsigned int cpuid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 0);
+ unsigned int clusterid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 1);
+ unsigned int cpu_index = cpuid + clusterid * MAX_CPUS_PER_CLUSTER;
+ void *stack = &init_thread_info + 1;
+ stack = PTR_ALIGN(stack, L1_CACHE_BYTES);
+ stack += cpu_index * STACK_SIZE + STACK_SIZE;
+ call_with_stack(bL_do_switch, (void *)_arg, stack);
+ BUG();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generic switcher interface
+ */
+
+/*
+ * bL_switch_to - Switch to a specific cluster for the current CPU
+ * @new_cluster_id: the ID of the cluster to switch to.
+ *
+ * This function must be called on the CPU to be switched.
+ * Returns 0 on success, else a negative status code.
+ */
+static int bL_switch_to(unsigned int new_cluster_id)
+{
+ unsigned int mpidr, cpuid, clusterid, ob_cluster, ib_cluster, this_cpu;
+ int ret;
+
+ mpidr = read_mpidr();
+ cpuid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 0);
+ clusterid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 1);
+ ob_cluster = clusterid;
+ ib_cluster = clusterid ^ 1;
+
+ if (new_cluster_id == clusterid)
+ return 0;
+
+ pr_debug("before switch: CPU %d in cluster %d\n", cpuid, clusterid);
+
+ /* Close the gate for our entry vectors */
+ mcpm_set_entry_vector(cpuid, ob_cluster, NULL);
+ mcpm_set_entry_vector(cpuid, ib_cluster, NULL);
+
+ /*
+ * Let's wake up the inbound CPU now in case it requires some delay
+ * to come online, but leave it gated in our entry vector code.
+ */
+ ret = mcpm_cpu_power_up(cpuid, ib_cluster);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_err("%s: mcpm_cpu_power_up() returned %d\n", __func__, ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * From this point we are entering the switch critical zone
+ * and can't sleep/schedule anymore.
+ */
+ local_irq_disable();
+ local_fiq_disable();
+
+ this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ /* redirect GIC's SGIs to our counterpart */
+ gic_migrate_target(cpuid + ib_cluster*4);
+
+ /*
+ * Raise a SGI on the inbound CPU to make sure it doesn't stall
+ * in a possible WFI, such as in mcpm_power_down().
+ */
+ arch_send_wakeup_ipi_mask(cpumask_of(this_cpu));
+
+ ret = cpu_pm_enter();
+
+ /* we can not tolerate errors at this point */
+ if (ret)
+ panic("%s: cpu_pm_enter() returned %d\n", __func__, ret);
+
+ /*
+ * Flip the cluster in the CPU logical map for this CPU.
+ * This must be flushed to RAM as the resume code
+ * needs to access it while the caches are still disabled.
+ */
+ cpu_logical_map(this_cpu) ^= (1 << 8);
+ __cpuc_flush_dcache_area(&cpu_logical_map(this_cpu),
+ sizeof(cpu_logical_map(this_cpu)));
+
+ /* Let's do the actual CPU switch. */
+ ret = cpu_suspend(0, bL_switchpoint);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ panic("%s: cpu_suspend() returned %d\n", __func__, ret);
+
+ /* We are executing on the inbound CPU at this point */
+ mpidr = read_mpidr();
+ cpuid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 0);
+ clusterid = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mpidr, 1);
+ pr_debug("after switch: CPU %d in cluster %d\n", cpuid, clusterid);
+ BUG_ON(clusterid != ib_cluster);
+
+ mcpm_cpu_powered_up();
+
+ ret = cpu_pm_exit();
+
+ local_fiq_enable();
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("%s exiting with error %d\n", __func__, ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+struct switch_args {
+ unsigned int cluster;
+ struct work_struct work;
+};
+
+static void __bL_switch_to(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct switch_args *args = container_of(work, struct switch_args, work);
+ bL_switch_to(args->cluster);
+}
+
+/*
+ * bL_switch_request - Switch to a specific cluster for the given CPU
+ *
+ * @cpu: the CPU to switch
+ * @new_cluster_id: the ID of the cluster to switch to.
+ *
+ * This function causes a cluster switch on the given CPU. If the given
+ * CPU is the same as the calling CPU then the switch happens right away.
+ * Otherwise the request is put on a work queue to be scheduled on the
+ * remote CPU.
+ */
+void bL_switch_request(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int new_cluster_id)
+{
+ unsigned int this_cpu = get_cpu();
+ struct switch_args args;
+
+ if (cpu == this_cpu) {
+ bL_switch_to(new_cluster_id);
+ put_cpu();
+ return;
+ }
+ put_cpu();
+
+ args.cluster = new_cluster_id;
+ INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&args.work, __bL_switch_to);
+ schedule_work_on(cpu, &args.work);
+ flush_work(&args.work);
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bL_switch_request);
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/bL_switcher.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/bL_switcher.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e187e44dd89
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/bL_switcher.h
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/include/asm/bL_switcher.h
+ *
+ * Created by: Nicolas Pitre, April 2012
+ * Copyright: (C) 2012 Linaro Limited
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef ASM_BL_SWITCHER_H
+#define ASM_BL_SWITCHER_H
+
+void bL_switch_request(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int new_cluster_id);
+
+#endif