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authorHugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>2013-02-22 16:36:12 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-02-23 17:50:24 -0800
commitef53d16cded7f89b3843b7a96970dab897843ea5 (patch)
tree3098af6a91b088212acb5c459ee9af1488cfdfe1
parent56f31801ccdecb420d0d1fd2bf9f337c355214a9 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-ef53d16cded7f89b3843b7a96970dab897843ea5.tar.gz
ksm: allocate roots when needed
It is a pity to have MAX_NUMNODES+MAX_NUMNODES tree roots statically allocated, particularly when very few users will ever actually tune merge_across_nodes 0 to use more than 1+1 of those trees. Not a big deal (only 16kB wasted on each machine with CONFIG_MAXSMP), but a pity. Start off with 1+1 statically allocated, then if merge_across_nodes is ever tuned, allocate for nr_node_ids+nr_node_ids. Do not attempt to free up the extra if it's tuned back, that would be a waste of effort. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--mm/ksm.c72
1 files changed, 49 insertions, 23 deletions
diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
index d61cba6fa1d..ab2ba9ad3c5 100644
--- a/mm/ksm.c
+++ b/mm/ksm.c
@@ -183,8 +183,10 @@ struct rmap_item {
#define STABLE_FLAG 0x200 /* is listed from the stable tree */
/* The stable and unstable tree heads */
-static struct rb_root root_unstable_tree[MAX_NUMNODES];
-static struct rb_root root_stable_tree[MAX_NUMNODES];
+static struct rb_root one_stable_tree[1] = { RB_ROOT };
+static struct rb_root one_unstable_tree[1] = { RB_ROOT };
+static struct rb_root *root_stable_tree = one_stable_tree;
+static struct rb_root *root_unstable_tree = one_unstable_tree;
/* Recently migrated nodes of stable tree, pending proper placement */
static LIST_HEAD(migrate_nodes);
@@ -224,8 +226,10 @@ static unsigned int ksm_thread_sleep_millisecs = 20;
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/* Zeroed when merging across nodes is not allowed */
static unsigned int ksm_merge_across_nodes = 1;
+static int ksm_nr_node_ids = 1;
#else
#define ksm_merge_across_nodes 1U
+#define ksm_nr_node_ids 1
#endif
#define KSM_RUN_STOP 0
@@ -508,7 +512,7 @@ static void remove_node_from_stable_tree(struct stable_node *stable_node)
list_del(&stable_node->list);
else
rb_erase(&stable_node->node,
- &root_stable_tree[NUMA(stable_node->nid)]);
+ root_stable_tree + NUMA(stable_node->nid));
free_stable_node(stable_node);
}
@@ -644,7 +648,7 @@ static void remove_rmap_item_from_tree(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
BUG_ON(age > 1);
if (!age)
rb_erase(&rmap_item->node,
- &root_unstable_tree[NUMA(rmap_item->nid)]);
+ root_unstable_tree + NUMA(rmap_item->nid));
ksm_pages_unshared--;
rmap_item->address &= PAGE_MASK;
}
@@ -742,7 +746,7 @@ static int remove_all_stable_nodes(void)
int nid;
int err = 0;
- for (nid = 0; nid < nr_node_ids; nid++) {
+ for (nid = 0; nid < ksm_nr_node_ids; nid++) {
while (root_stable_tree[nid].rb_node) {
stable_node = rb_entry(root_stable_tree[nid].rb_node,
struct stable_node, node);
@@ -1150,6 +1154,7 @@ static struct page *try_to_merge_two_pages(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
{
int nid;
+ struct rb_root *root;
struct rb_node **new;
struct rb_node *parent;
struct stable_node *stable_node;
@@ -1163,8 +1168,9 @@ static struct page *stable_tree_search(struct page *page)
}
nid = get_kpfn_nid(page_to_pfn(page));
+ root = root_stable_tree + nid;
again:
- new = &root_stable_tree[nid].rb_node;
+ new = &root->rb_node;
parent = NULL;
while (*new) {
@@ -1219,7 +1225,7 @@ again:
list_del(&page_node->list);
DO_NUMA(page_node->nid = nid);
rb_link_node(&page_node->node, parent, new);
- rb_insert_color(&page_node->node, &root_stable_tree[nid]);
+ rb_insert_color(&page_node->node, root);
get_page(page);
return page;
@@ -1227,11 +1233,10 @@ replace:
if (page_node) {
list_del(&page_node->list);
DO_NUMA(page_node->nid = nid);
- rb_replace_node(&stable_node->node,
- &page_node->node, &root_stable_tree[nid]);
+ rb_replace_node(&stable_node->node, &page_node->node, root);
get_page(page);
} else {
- rb_erase(&stable_node->node, &root_stable_tree[nid]);
+ rb_erase(&stable_node->node, root);
page = NULL;
}
stable_node->head = &migrate_nodes;
@@ -1250,13 +1255,15 @@ static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
{
int nid;
unsigned long kpfn;
+ struct rb_root *root;
struct rb_node **new;
struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
struct stable_node *stable_node;
kpfn = page_to_pfn(kpage);
nid = get_kpfn_nid(kpfn);
- new = &root_stable_tree[nid].rb_node;
+ root = root_stable_tree + nid;
+ new = &root->rb_node;
while (*new) {
struct page *tree_page;
@@ -1295,7 +1302,7 @@ static struct stable_node *stable_tree_insert(struct page *kpage)
set_page_stable_node(kpage, stable_node);
DO_NUMA(stable_node->nid = nid);
rb_link_node(&stable_node->node, parent, new);
- rb_insert_color(&stable_node->node, &root_stable_tree[nid]);
+ rb_insert_color(&stable_node->node, root);
return stable_node;
}
@@ -1325,7 +1332,7 @@ struct rmap_item *unstable_tree_search_insert(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
int nid;
nid = get_kpfn_nid(page_to_pfn(page));
- root = &root_unstable_tree[nid];
+ root = root_unstable_tree + nid;
new = &root->rb_node;
while (*new) {
@@ -1422,7 +1429,7 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
if (stable_node->head != &migrate_nodes &&
get_kpfn_nid(stable_node->kpfn) != NUMA(stable_node->nid)) {
rb_erase(&stable_node->node,
- &root_stable_tree[NUMA(stable_node->nid)]);
+ root_stable_tree + NUMA(stable_node->nid));
stable_node->head = &migrate_nodes;
list_add(&stable_node->list, stable_node->head);
}
@@ -1574,7 +1581,7 @@ static struct rmap_item *scan_get_next_rmap_item(struct page **page)
}
}
- for (nid = 0; nid < nr_node_ids; nid++)
+ for (nid = 0; nid < ksm_nr_node_ids; nid++)
root_unstable_tree[nid] = RB_ROOT;
spin_lock(&ksm_mmlist_lock);
@@ -2094,8 +2101,8 @@ static void ksm_check_stable_tree(unsigned long start_pfn,
struct rb_node *node;
int nid;
- for (nid = 0; nid < nr_node_ids; nid++) {
- node = rb_first(&root_stable_tree[nid]);
+ for (nid = 0; nid < ksm_nr_node_ids; nid++) {
+ node = rb_first(root_stable_tree + nid);
while (node) {
stable_node = rb_entry(node, struct stable_node, node);
if (stable_node->kpfn >= start_pfn &&
@@ -2105,7 +2112,7 @@ static void ksm_check_stable_tree(unsigned long start_pfn,
* which is why we keep kpfn instead of page*
*/
remove_node_from_stable_tree(stable_node);
- node = rb_first(&root_stable_tree[nid]);
+ node = rb_first(root_stable_tree + nid);
} else
node = rb_next(node);
cond_resched();
@@ -2298,8 +2305,31 @@ static ssize_t merge_across_nodes_store(struct kobject *kobj,
if (ksm_merge_across_nodes != knob) {
if (ksm_pages_shared || remove_all_stable_nodes())
err = -EBUSY;
- else
+ else if (root_stable_tree == one_stable_tree) {
+ struct rb_root *buf;
+ /*
+ * This is the first time that we switch away from the
+ * default of merging across nodes: must now allocate
+ * a buffer to hold as many roots as may be needed.
+ * Allocate stable and unstable together:
+ * MAXSMP NODES_SHIFT 10 will use 16kB.
+ */
+ buf = kcalloc(nr_node_ids + nr_node_ids,
+ sizeof(*buf), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
+ /* Let us assume that RB_ROOT is NULL is zero */
+ if (!buf)
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ else {
+ root_stable_tree = buf;
+ root_unstable_tree = buf + nr_node_ids;
+ /* Stable tree is empty but not the unstable */
+ root_unstable_tree[0] = one_unstable_tree[0];
+ }
+ }
+ if (!err) {
ksm_merge_across_nodes = knob;
+ ksm_nr_node_ids = knob ? 1 : nr_node_ids;
+ }
}
mutex_unlock(&ksm_thread_mutex);
@@ -2378,15 +2408,11 @@ static int __init ksm_init(void)
{
struct task_struct *ksm_thread;
int err;
- int nid;
err = ksm_slab_init();
if (err)
goto out;
- for (nid = 0; nid < nr_node_ids; nid++)
- root_stable_tree[nid] = RB_ROOT;
-
ksm_thread = kthread_run(ksm_scan_thread, NULL, "ksmd");
if (IS_ERR(ksm_thread)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "ksm: creating kthread failed\n");