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authorJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>2008-12-10 15:35:05 +0100
committerJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>2008-12-29 08:29:23 +0100
commitbb799ca0202a360fa74d5f17039b9100caebdde7 (patch)
tree048b6cedfd2644edd82a606db6d9e8b19d31328b /fs
parent1b4344986926da324b5cd10b683e5a1a5e1b7db3 (diff)
downloadlinux-bb799ca0202a360fa74d5f17039b9100caebdde7.tar.gz
bio: allow individual slabs in the bio_set
Instead of having a global bio slab cache, add a reference to one in each bio_set that is created. This allows for personalized slabs in each bio_set, so that they can have bios of different sizes. This means we can personalize the bios we return. File systems may want to embed the bio inside another structure, to avoid allocation more items (and stuffing them in ->bi_private) after the get a bio. Or we may want to embed a number of bio_vecs directly at the end of a bio, to avoid doing two allocations to return a bio. This is now possible. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs')
-rw-r--r--fs/bio-integrity.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/bio.c191
2 files changed, 162 insertions, 31 deletions
diff --git a/fs/bio-integrity.c b/fs/bio-integrity.c
index 19caf7c962a..77ebc3c263d 100644
--- a/fs/bio-integrity.c
+++ b/fs/bio-integrity.c
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio, struct bio_set *bs)
&& bip->bip_buf != NULL)
kfree(bip->bip_buf);
- mempool_free(bip->bip_vec, bs->bvec_pools[bip->bip_pool]);
+ bvec_free_bs(bs, bip->bip_vec, bip->bip_pool);
mempool_free(bip, bs->bio_integrity_pool);
bio->bi_integrity = NULL;
diff --git a/fs/bio.c b/fs/bio.c
index 1ab8986b041..0146f80789e 100644
--- a/fs/bio.c
+++ b/fs/bio.c
@@ -31,8 +31,6 @@
DEFINE_TRACE(block_split);
-static struct kmem_cache *bio_slab __read_mostly;
-
static mempool_t *bio_split_pool __read_mostly;
/*
@@ -40,9 +38,8 @@ static mempool_t *bio_split_pool __read_mostly;
* break badly! cannot be bigger than what you can fit into an
* unsigned short
*/
-
#define BV(x) { .nr_vecs = x, .name = "biovec-"__stringify(x) }
-static struct biovec_slab bvec_slabs[BIOVEC_NR_POOLS] __read_mostly = {
+struct biovec_slab bvec_slabs[BIOVEC_NR_POOLS] __read_mostly = {
BV(1), BV(4), BV(16), BV(64), BV(128), BV(BIO_MAX_PAGES),
};
#undef BV
@@ -53,11 +50,119 @@ static struct biovec_slab bvec_slabs[BIOVEC_NR_POOLS] __read_mostly = {
*/
struct bio_set *fs_bio_set;
+/*
+ * Our slab pool management
+ */
+struct bio_slab {
+ struct kmem_cache *slab;
+ unsigned int slab_ref;
+ unsigned int slab_size;
+ char name[8];
+};
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(bio_slab_lock);
+static struct bio_slab *bio_slabs;
+static unsigned int bio_slab_nr, bio_slab_max;
+
+static struct kmem_cache *bio_find_or_create_slab(unsigned int extra_size)
+{
+ unsigned int sz = sizeof(struct bio) + extra_size;
+ struct kmem_cache *slab = NULL;
+ struct bio_slab *bslab;
+ unsigned int i, entry = -1;
+
+ mutex_lock(&bio_slab_lock);
+
+ i = 0;
+ while (i < bio_slab_nr) {
+ struct bio_slab *bslab = &bio_slabs[i];
+
+ if (!bslab->slab && entry == -1)
+ entry = i;
+ else if (bslab->slab_size == sz) {
+ slab = bslab->slab;
+ bslab->slab_ref++;
+ break;
+ }
+ i++;
+ }
+
+ if (slab)
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ if (bio_slab_nr == bio_slab_max && entry == -1) {
+ bio_slab_max <<= 1;
+ bio_slabs = krealloc(bio_slabs,
+ bio_slab_max * sizeof(struct bio_slab),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!bio_slabs)
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+ if (entry == -1)
+ entry = bio_slab_nr++;
+
+ bslab = &bio_slabs[entry];
+
+ snprintf(bslab->name, sizeof(bslab->name), "bio-%d", entry);
+ slab = kmem_cache_create(bslab->name, sz, 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN, NULL);
+ if (!slab)
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ printk("bio: create slab <%s> at %d\n", bslab->name, entry);
+ bslab->slab = slab;
+ bslab->slab_ref = 1;
+ bslab->slab_size = sz;
+out_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&bio_slab_lock);
+ return slab;
+}
+
+static void bio_put_slab(struct bio_set *bs)
+{
+ struct bio_slab *bslab = NULL;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ mutex_lock(&bio_slab_lock);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < bio_slab_nr; i++) {
+ if (bs->bio_slab == bio_slabs[i].slab) {
+ bslab = &bio_slabs[i];
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (WARN(!bslab, KERN_ERR "bio: unable to find slab!\n"))
+ goto out;
+
+ WARN_ON(!bslab->slab_ref);
+
+ if (--bslab->slab_ref)
+ goto out;
+
+ kmem_cache_destroy(bslab->slab);
+ bslab->slab = NULL;
+
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&bio_slab_lock);
+}
+
unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx)
{
return bvec_slabs[idx].nr_vecs;
}
+void bvec_free_bs(struct bio_set *bs, struct bio_vec *bv, unsigned int idx)
+{
+ BIO_BUG_ON(idx >= BIOVEC_NR_POOLS);
+
+ if (idx == BIOVEC_MAX_IDX)
+ mempool_free(bv, bs->bvec_pool);
+ else {
+ struct biovec_slab *bvs = bvec_slabs + idx;
+
+ kmem_cache_free(bvs->slab, bv);
+ }
+}
+
struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc_bs(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr, unsigned long *idx,
struct bio_set *bs)
{
@@ -134,24 +239,22 @@ fallback:
void bio_free(struct bio *bio, struct bio_set *bs)
{
- if (bio->bi_io_vec) {
- const int pool_idx = BIO_POOL_IDX(bio);
+ void *p;
- BIO_BUG_ON(pool_idx >= BIOVEC_NR_POOLS);
-
- if (pool_idx == BIOVEC_MAX_IDX)
- mempool_free(bio->bi_io_vec, bs->bvec_pool);
- else {
- struct biovec_slab *bvs = bvec_slabs + pool_idx;
-
- kmem_cache_free(bvs->slab, bio->bi_io_vec);
- }
- }
+ if (bio->bi_io_vec)
+ bvec_free_bs(bs, bio->bi_io_vec, BIO_POOL_IDX(bio));
if (bio_integrity(bio))
bio_integrity_free(bio, bs);
- mempool_free(bio, bs->bio_pool);
+ /*
+ * If we have front padding, adjust the bio pointer before freeing
+ */
+ p = bio;
+ if (bs->front_pad)
+ p -= bs->front_pad;
+
+ mempool_free(p, bs->bio_pool);
}
/*
@@ -188,16 +291,20 @@ void bio_init(struct bio *bio)
* for a &struct bio to become free. If a %NULL @bs is passed in, we will
* fall back to just using @kmalloc to allocate the required memory.
*
- * allocate bio and iovecs from the memory pools specified by the
- * bio_set structure, or @kmalloc if none given.
+ * Note that the caller must set ->bi_destructor on succesful return
+ * of a bio, to do the appropriate freeing of the bio once the reference
+ * count drops to zero.
**/
struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr_iovecs, struct bio_set *bs)
{
- struct bio *bio;
+ struct bio *bio = NULL;
+
+ if (bs) {
+ void *p = mempool_alloc(bs->bio_pool, gfp_mask);
- if (bs)
- bio = mempool_alloc(bs->bio_pool, gfp_mask);
- else
+ if (p)
+ bio = p + bs->front_pad;
+ } else
bio = kmalloc(sizeof(*bio), gfp_mask);
if (likely(bio)) {
@@ -1398,11 +1505,25 @@ void bioset_free(struct bio_set *bs)
bioset_integrity_free(bs);
biovec_free_pools(bs);
+ bio_put_slab(bs);
kfree(bs);
}
-struct bio_set *bioset_create(int bio_pool_size, int bvec_pool_size)
+/**
+ * bioset_create - Create a bio_set
+ * @pool_size: Number of bio and bio_vecs to cache in the mempool
+ * @front_pad: Number of bytes to allocate in front of the returned bio
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Set up a bio_set to be used with @bio_alloc_bioset. Allows the caller
+ * to ask for a number of bytes to be allocated in front of the bio.
+ * Front pad allocation is useful for embedding the bio inside
+ * another structure, to avoid allocating extra data to go with the bio.
+ * Note that the bio must be embedded at the END of that structure always,
+ * or things will break badly.
+ */
+struct bio_set *bioset_create(unsigned int pool_size, unsigned int front_pad)
{
struct bio_set *bs;
@@ -1410,16 +1531,22 @@ struct bio_set *bioset_create(int bio_pool_size, int bvec_pool_size)
if (!bs)
return NULL;
- bs->bio_slab = bio_slab;
+ bs->front_pad = front_pad;
- bs->bio_pool = mempool_create_slab_pool(bio_pool_size, bs->bio_slab);
+ bs->bio_slab = bio_find_or_create_slab(front_pad);
+ if (!bs->bio_slab) {
+ kfree(bs);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ bs->bio_pool = mempool_create_slab_pool(pool_size, bs->bio_slab);
if (!bs->bio_pool)
goto bad;
- if (bioset_integrity_create(bs, bio_pool_size))
+ if (bioset_integrity_create(bs, pool_size))
goto bad;
- if (!biovec_create_pools(bs, bvec_pool_size))
+ if (!biovec_create_pools(bs, pool_size))
return bs;
bad:
@@ -1443,12 +1570,16 @@ static void __init biovec_init_slabs(void)
static int __init init_bio(void)
{
- bio_slab = KMEM_CACHE(bio, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC);
+ bio_slab_max = 2;
+ bio_slab_nr = 0;
+ bio_slabs = kzalloc(bio_slab_max * sizeof(struct bio_slab), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!bio_slabs)
+ panic("bio: can't allocate bios\n");
bio_integrity_init_slab();
biovec_init_slabs();
- fs_bio_set = bioset_create(BIO_POOL_SIZE, 2);
+ fs_bio_set = bioset_create(BIO_POOL_SIZE, 0);
if (!fs_bio_set)
panic("bio: can't allocate bios\n");