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authorEric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>2009-05-21 17:01:26 -0400
committerEric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>2009-06-11 14:57:53 -0400
commit3be25f49b9d6a97eae9bcb96d3292072b7658bd8 (patch)
tree36f7d96481a47a6bde3c2f961346e940698111e0 /fs/notify/inode_mark.c
parent90586523eb4b349806887c62ee70685a49415124 (diff)
downloadlinux-3be25f49b9d6a97eae9bcb96d3292072b7658bd8.tar.gz
fsnotify: add marks to inodes so groups can interpret how to handle those inodes
This patch creates a way for fsnotify groups to attach marks to inodes. These marks have little meaning to the generic fsnotify infrastructure and thus their meaning should be interpreted by the group that attached them to the inode's list. dnotify and inotify will make use of these markings to indicate which inodes are of interest to their respective groups. But this implementation has the useful property that in the future other listeners could actually use the marks for the exact opposite reason, aka to indicate which inodes it had NO interest in. Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/notify/inode_mark.c')
-rw-r--r--fs/notify/inode_mark.c329
1 files changed, 329 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/fs/notify/inode_mark.c b/fs/notify/inode_mark.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..cdc15414697
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/notify/inode_mark.c
@@ -0,0 +1,329 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
+ * any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
+ * the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * fsnotify inode mark locking/lifetime/and refcnting
+ *
+ * REFCNT:
+ * The mark->refcnt tells how many "things" in the kernel currently are
+ * referencing this object. The object typically will live inside the kernel
+ * with a refcnt of 2, one for each list it is on (i_list, g_list). Any task
+ * which can find this object holding the appropriete locks, can take a reference
+ * and the object itself is guarenteed to survive until the reference is dropped.
+ *
+ * LOCKING:
+ * There are 3 spinlocks involved with fsnotify inode marks and they MUST
+ * be taken in order as follows:
+ *
+ * entry->lock
+ * group->mark_lock
+ * inode->i_lock
+ *
+ * entry->lock protects 2 things, entry->group and entry->inode. You must hold
+ * that lock to dereference either of these things (they could be NULL even with
+ * the lock)
+ *
+ * group->mark_lock protects the mark_entries list anchored inside a given group
+ * and each entry is hooked via the g_list. It also sorta protects the
+ * free_g_list, which when used is anchored by a private list on the stack of the
+ * task which held the group->mark_lock.
+ *
+ * inode->i_lock protects the i_fsnotify_mark_entries list anchored inside a
+ * given inode and each entry is hooked via the i_list. (and sorta the
+ * free_i_list)
+ *
+ *
+ * LIFETIME:
+ * Inode marks survive between when they are added to an inode and when their
+ * refcnt==0.
+ *
+ * The inode mark can be cleared for a number of different reasons including:
+ * - The inode is unlinked for the last time. (fsnotify_inode_remove)
+ * - The inode is being evicted from cache. (fsnotify_inode_delete)
+ * - The fs the inode is on is unmounted. (fsnotify_inode_delete/fsnotify_unmount_inodes)
+ * - Something explicitly requests that it be removed. (fsnotify_destroy_mark_by_entry)
+ * - The fsnotify_group associated with the mark is going away and all such marks
+ * need to be cleaned up. (fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group)
+ *
+ * Worst case we are given an inode and need to clean up all the marks on that
+ * inode. We take i_lock and walk the i_fsnotify_mark_entries safely. For each
+ * mark on the list we take a reference (so the mark can't disappear under us).
+ * We remove that mark form the inode's list of marks and we add this mark to a
+ * private list anchored on the stack using i_free_list; At this point we no
+ * longer fear anything finding the mark using the inode's list of marks.
+ *
+ * We can safely and locklessly run the private list on the stack of everything
+ * we just unattached from the original inode. For each mark on the private list
+ * we grab the mark-> and can thus dereference mark->group and mark->inode. If
+ * we see the group and inode are not NULL we take those locks. Now holding all
+ * 3 locks we can completely remove the mark from other tasks finding it in the
+ * future. Remember, 10 things might already be referencing this mark, but they
+ * better be holding a ref. We drop our reference we took before we unhooked it
+ * from the inode. When the ref hits 0 we can free the mark.
+ *
+ * Very similarly for freeing by group, except we use free_g_list.
+ *
+ * This has the very interesting property of being able to run concurrently with
+ * any (or all) other directions.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
+#include "fsnotify.h"
+
+void fsnotify_get_mark(struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry)
+{
+ atomic_inc(&entry->refcnt);
+}
+
+void fsnotify_put_mark(struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&entry->refcnt))
+ entry->free_mark(entry);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Recalculate the mask of events relevant to a given inode locked.
+ */
+static void fsnotify_recalc_inode_mask_locked(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *pos;
+ __u32 new_mask = 0;
+
+ assert_spin_locked(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, pos, &inode->i_fsnotify_mark_entries, i_list)
+ new_mask |= entry->mask;
+ inode->i_fsnotify_mask = new_mask;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Recalculate the inode->i_fsnotify_mask, or the mask of all FS_* event types
+ * any notifier is interested in hearing for this inode.
+ */
+void fsnotify_recalc_inode_mask(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ fsnotify_recalc_inode_mask_locked(inode);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Any time a mark is getting freed we end up here.
+ * The caller had better be holding a reference to this mark so we don't actually
+ * do the final put under the entry->lock
+ */
+void fsnotify_destroy_mark_by_entry(struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry)
+{
+ struct fsnotify_group *group;
+ struct inode *inode;
+
+ spin_lock(&entry->lock);
+
+ group = entry->group;
+ inode = entry->inode;
+
+ BUG_ON(group && !inode);
+ BUG_ON(!group && inode);
+
+ /* if !group something else already marked this to die */
+ if (!group) {
+ spin_unlock(&entry->lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* 1 from caller and 1 for being on i_list/g_list */
+ BUG_ON(atomic_read(&entry->refcnt) < 2);
+
+ spin_lock(&group->mark_lock);
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ hlist_del_init(&entry->i_list);
+ entry->inode = NULL;
+
+ list_del_init(&entry->g_list);
+ entry->group = NULL;
+
+ fsnotify_put_mark(entry); /* for i_list and g_list */
+
+ /*
+ * this mark is now off the inode->i_fsnotify_mark_entries list and we
+ * hold the inode->i_lock, so this is the perfect time to update the
+ * inode->i_fsnotify_mask
+ */
+ fsnotify_recalc_inode_mask_locked(inode);
+
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&group->mark_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&entry->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Some groups like to know that marks are being freed. This is a
+ * callback to the group function to let it know that this entry
+ * is being freed.
+ */
+ group->ops->freeing_mark(entry, group);
+
+ /*
+ * it's possible that this group tried to destroy itself, but this
+ * this mark was simultaneously being freed by inode. If that's the
+ * case, we finish freeing the group here.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&group->num_marks)))
+ fsnotify_final_destroy_group(group);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given a group, destroy all of the marks associated with that group.
+ */
+void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
+{
+ struct fsnotify_mark_entry *lentry, *entry;
+ LIST_HEAD(free_list);
+
+ spin_lock(&group->mark_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, lentry, &group->mark_entries, g_list) {
+ list_add(&entry->free_g_list, &free_list);
+ list_del_init(&entry->g_list);
+ fsnotify_get_mark(entry);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&group->mark_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, lentry, &free_list, free_g_list) {
+ fsnotify_destroy_mark_by_entry(entry);
+ fsnotify_put_mark(entry);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given an inode, destroy all of the marks associated with that inode.
+ */
+void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry, *lentry;
+ struct hlist_node *pos, *n;
+ LIST_HEAD(free_list);
+
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(entry, pos, n, &inode->i_fsnotify_mark_entries, i_list) {
+ list_add(&entry->free_i_list, &free_list);
+ hlist_del_init(&entry->i_list);
+ fsnotify_get_mark(entry);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, lentry, &free_list, free_i_list) {
+ fsnotify_destroy_mark_by_entry(entry);
+ fsnotify_put_mark(entry);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * given a group and inode, find the mark associated with that combination.
+ * if found take a reference to that mark and return it, else return NULL
+ */
+struct fsnotify_mark_entry *fsnotify_find_mark_entry(struct fsnotify_group *group,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry;
+ struct hlist_node *pos;
+
+ assert_spin_locked(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, pos, &inode->i_fsnotify_mark_entries, i_list) {
+ if (entry->group == group) {
+ fsnotify_get_mark(entry);
+ return entry;
+ }
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Nothing fancy, just initialize lists and locks and counters.
+ */
+void fsnotify_init_mark(struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry,
+ void (*free_mark)(struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry))
+
+{
+ spin_lock_init(&entry->lock);
+ atomic_set(&entry->refcnt, 1);
+ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&entry->i_list);
+ entry->group = NULL;
+ entry->mask = 0;
+ entry->inode = NULL;
+ entry->free_mark = free_mark;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Attach an initialized mark entry to a given group and inode.
+ * These marks may be used for the fsnotify backend to determine which
+ * event types should be delivered to which group and for which inodes.
+ */
+int fsnotify_add_mark(struct fsnotify_mark_entry *entry,
+ struct fsnotify_group *group, struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct fsnotify_mark_entry *lentry;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * LOCKING ORDER!!!!
+ * entry->lock
+ * group->mark_lock
+ * inode->i_lock
+ */
+ spin_lock(&entry->lock);
+ spin_lock(&group->mark_lock);
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ entry->group = group;
+ entry->inode = inode;
+
+ lentry = fsnotify_find_mark_entry(group, inode);
+ if (!lentry) {
+ hlist_add_head(&entry->i_list, &inode->i_fsnotify_mark_entries);
+ list_add(&entry->g_list, &group->mark_entries);
+
+ fsnotify_get_mark(entry); /* for i_list and g_list */
+
+ atomic_inc(&group->num_marks);
+
+ fsnotify_recalc_inode_mask_locked(inode);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&group->mark_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&entry->lock);
+
+ if (lentry) {
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ fsnotify_put_mark(lentry);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}