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path: root/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_book3s64.c
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/*
 *  MMU context allocation for 64-bit kernels.
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2004 Anton Blanchard, IBM Corp. <anton@samba.org>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 *  as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 *  2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 */

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/pkeys.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmu_context_lock);
static DEFINE_IDA(mmu_context_ida);

static int alloc_context_id(int min_id, int max_id)
{
	int index, err;

again:
	if (!ida_pre_get(&mmu_context_ida, GFP_KERNEL))
		return -ENOMEM;

	spin_lock(&mmu_context_lock);
	err = ida_get_new_above(&mmu_context_ida, min_id, &index);
	spin_unlock(&mmu_context_lock);

	if (err == -EAGAIN)
		goto again;
	else if (err)
		return err;

	if (index > max_id) {
		spin_lock(&mmu_context_lock);
		ida_remove(&mmu_context_ida, index);
		spin_unlock(&mmu_context_lock);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	return index;
}

void hash__reserve_context_id(int id)
{
	int rc, result = 0;

	do {
		if (!ida_pre_get(&mmu_context_ida, GFP_KERNEL))
			break;

		spin_lock(&mmu_context_lock);
		rc = ida_get_new_above(&mmu_context_ida, id, &result);
		spin_unlock(&mmu_context_lock);
	} while (rc == -EAGAIN);

	WARN(result != id, "mmu: Failed to reserve context id %d (rc %d)\n", id, result);
}

int hash__alloc_context_id(void)
{
	unsigned long max;

	if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_68_BIT_VA))
		max = MAX_USER_CONTEXT;
	else
		max = MAX_USER_CONTEXT_65BIT_VA;

	return alloc_context_id(MIN_USER_CONTEXT, max);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hash__alloc_context_id);

static int hash__init_new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	int index;

	index = hash__alloc_context_id();
	if (index < 0)
		return index;

	/*
	 * The old code would re-promote on fork, we don't do that when using
	 * slices as it could cause problem promoting slices that have been
	 * forced down to 4K.
	 *
	 * For book3s we have MMU_NO_CONTEXT set to be ~0. Hence check
	 * explicitly against context.id == 0. This ensures that we properly
	 * initialize context slice details for newly allocated mm's (which will
	 * have id == 0) and don't alter context slice inherited via fork (which
	 * will have id != 0).
	 *
	 * We should not be calling init_new_context() on init_mm. Hence a
	 * check against 0 is OK.
	 */
	if (mm->context.id == 0)
		slice_init_new_context_exec(mm);

	subpage_prot_init_new_context(mm);

	pkey_mm_init(mm);
	return index;
}

static int radix__init_new_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	unsigned long rts_field;
	int index, max_id;

	max_id = (1 << mmu_pid_bits) - 1;
	index = alloc_context_id(mmu_base_pid, max_id);
	if (index < 0)
		return index;

	/*
	 * set the process table entry,
	 */
	rts_field = radix__get_tree_size();
	process_tb[index].prtb0 = cpu_to_be64(rts_field | __pa(mm->pgd) | RADIX_PGD_INDEX_SIZE);

	/*
	 * Order the above store with subsequent update of the PID
	 * register (at which point HW can start loading/caching
	 * the entry) and the corresponding load by the MMU from
	 * the L2 cache.
	 */
	asm volatile("ptesync;isync" : : : "memory");

	mm->context.npu_context = NULL;

	return index;
}

int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	int index;

	if (radix_enabled())
		index = radix__init_new_context(mm);
	else
		index = hash__init_new_context(mm);

	if (index < 0)
		return index;

	mm->context.id = index;

	mm->context.pte_frag = NULL;
	mm->context.pmd_frag = NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
	mm_iommu_init(mm);
#endif
	atomic_set(&mm->context.active_cpus, 0);
	atomic_set(&mm->context.copros, 0);

	return 0;
}

void __destroy_context(int context_id)
{
	spin_lock(&mmu_context_lock);
	ida_remove(&mmu_context_ida, context_id);
	spin_unlock(&mmu_context_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__destroy_context);

static void destroy_contexts(mm_context_t *ctx)
{
	int index, context_id;

	spin_lock(&mmu_context_lock);
	for (index = 0; index < ARRAY_SIZE(ctx->extended_id); index++) {
		context_id = ctx->extended_id[index];
		if (context_id)
			ida_remove(&mmu_context_ida, context_id);
	}
	spin_unlock(&mmu_context_lock);
}

static void pte_frag_destroy(void *pte_frag)
{
	int count;
	struct page *page;

	page = virt_to_page(pte_frag);
	/* drop all the pending references */
	count = ((unsigned long)pte_frag & ~PAGE_MASK) >> PTE_FRAG_SIZE_SHIFT;
	/* We allow PTE_FRAG_NR fragments from a PTE page */
	if (atomic_sub_and_test(PTE_FRAG_NR - count, &page->pt_frag_refcount)) {
		pgtable_page_dtor(page);
		__free_page(page);
	}
}

static void pmd_frag_destroy(void *pmd_frag)
{
	int count;
	struct page *page;

	page = virt_to_page(pmd_frag);
	/* drop all the pending references */
	count = ((unsigned long)pmd_frag & ~PAGE_MASK) >> PMD_FRAG_SIZE_SHIFT;
	/* We allow PTE_FRAG_NR fragments from a PTE page */
	if (atomic_sub_and_test(PMD_FRAG_NR - count, &page->pt_frag_refcount)) {
		pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(page);
		__free_page(page);
	}
}

static void destroy_pagetable_cache(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	void *frag;

	frag = mm->context.pte_frag;
	if (frag)
		pte_frag_destroy(frag);

	frag = mm->context.pmd_frag;
	if (frag)
		pmd_frag_destroy(frag);
	return;
}

void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
	WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list));
#endif
	if (radix_enabled())
		WARN_ON(process_tb[mm->context.id].prtb0 != 0);
	else
		subpage_prot_free(mm);
	destroy_contexts(&mm->context);
	mm->context.id = MMU_NO_CONTEXT;
}

void arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
	destroy_pagetable_cache(mm);

	if (radix_enabled()) {
		/*
		 * Radix doesn't have a valid bit in the process table
		 * entries. However we know that at least P9 implementation
		 * will avoid caching an entry with an invalid RTS field,
		 * and 0 is invalid. So this will do.
		 *
		 * This runs before the "fullmm" tlb flush in exit_mmap,
		 * which does a RIC=2 tlbie to clear the process table
		 * entry. See the "fullmm" comments in tlb-radix.c.
		 *
		 * No barrier required here after the store because
		 * this process will do the invalidate, which starts with
		 * ptesync.
		 */
		process_tb[mm->context.id].prtb0 = 0;
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_RADIX_MMU
void radix__switch_mmu_context(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next)
{
	mtspr(SPRN_PID, next->context.id);
	isync();
}
#endif