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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-11-15 10:21:58 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-11-15 10:21:58 -0800
commit0ef76878cfcf4d6b64972b283021f576a95d9216 (patch)
tree387f5bf5bff34738550686c0306e97528dc69711 /kernel
parent9682b3dea22190a6fd449d157e3175b0e748684d (diff)
parentfc41efc1843009ebcdb4850b21f1c371ad203f4e (diff)
download96b-common-0ef76878cfcf4d6b64972b283021f576a95d9216.tar.gz
Merge branch 'for-linus' of ssh://gitolite.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/livepatching
Pull livepatching updates from Jiri Kosina: - shadow variables support, allowing livepatches to associate new "shadow" fields to existing data structures, from Joe Lawrence - pre/post patch callbacks API, allowing livepatch writers to register callbacks to be called before and after patch application, from Joe Lawrence * 'for-linus' of ssh://gitolite.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/livepatching: livepatch: __klp_disable_patch() should never be called for disabled patches livepatch: Correctly call klp_post_unpatch_callback() in error paths livepatch: add transition notices livepatch: move transition "complete" notice into klp_complete_transition() livepatch: add (un)patch callbacks livepatch: Small shadow variable documentation fixes livepatch: __klp_shadow_get_or_alloc() is local to shadow.c livepatch: introduce shadow variable API
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/livepatch/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--kernel/livepatch/core.c52
-rw-r--r--kernel/livepatch/core.h40
-rw-r--r--kernel/livepatch/patch.c1
-rw-r--r--kernel/livepatch/shadow.c277
-rw-r--r--kernel/livepatch/transition.c45
6 files changed, 399 insertions, 18 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/Makefile b/kernel/livepatch/Makefile
index 2b8bdb1925da..b36ceda6488e 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch.o
-livepatch-objs := core.o patch.o transition.o
+livepatch-objs := core.o patch.o shadow.o transition.o
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/core.c b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
index bf8c8fd72589..de9e45dca70f 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/core.c
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
@@ -54,11 +54,6 @@ static bool klp_is_module(struct klp_object *obj)
return obj->name;
}
-static bool klp_is_object_loaded(struct klp_object *obj)
-{
- return !obj->name || obj->mod;
-}
-
/* sets obj->mod if object is not vmlinux and module is found */
static void klp_find_object_module(struct klp_object *obj)
{
@@ -285,6 +280,11 @@ static int klp_write_object_relocations(struct module *pmod,
static int __klp_disable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
{
+ struct klp_object *obj;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!patch->enabled))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (klp_transition_patch)
return -EBUSY;
@@ -295,6 +295,10 @@ static int __klp_disable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
klp_init_transition(patch, KLP_UNPATCHED);
+ klp_for_each_object(patch, obj)
+ if (obj->patched)
+ klp_pre_unpatch_callback(obj);
+
/*
* Enforce the order of the func->transition writes in
* klp_init_transition() and the TIF_PATCH_PENDING writes in
@@ -388,13 +392,18 @@ static int __klp_enable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
if (!klp_is_object_loaded(obj))
continue;
- ret = klp_patch_object(obj);
+ ret = klp_pre_patch_callback(obj);
if (ret) {
- pr_warn("failed to enable patch '%s'\n",
- patch->mod->name);
+ pr_warn("pre-patch callback failed for object '%s'\n",
+ klp_is_module(obj) ? obj->name : "vmlinux");
+ goto err;
+ }
- klp_cancel_transition();
- return ret;
+ ret = klp_patch_object(obj);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_warn("failed to patch object '%s'\n",
+ klp_is_module(obj) ? obj->name : "vmlinux");
+ goto err;
}
}
@@ -403,6 +412,11 @@ static int __klp_enable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
patch->enabled = true;
return 0;
+err:
+ pr_warn("failed to enable patch '%s'\n", patch->mod->name);
+
+ klp_cancel_transition();
+ return ret;
}
/**
@@ -854,9 +868,15 @@ static void klp_cleanup_module_patches_limited(struct module *mod,
* is in transition.
*/
if (patch->enabled || patch == klp_transition_patch) {
+
+ if (patch != klp_transition_patch)
+ klp_pre_unpatch_callback(obj);
+
pr_notice("reverting patch '%s' on unloading module '%s'\n",
patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name);
klp_unpatch_object(obj);
+
+ klp_post_unpatch_callback(obj);
}
klp_free_object_loaded(obj);
@@ -906,13 +926,25 @@ int klp_module_coming(struct module *mod)
pr_notice("applying patch '%s' to loading module '%s'\n",
patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name);
+ ret = klp_pre_patch_callback(obj);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_warn("pre-patch callback failed for object '%s'\n",
+ obj->name);
+ goto err;
+ }
+
ret = klp_patch_object(obj);
if (ret) {
pr_warn("failed to apply patch '%s' to module '%s' (%d)\n",
patch->mod->name, obj->mod->name, ret);
+
+ klp_post_unpatch_callback(obj);
goto err;
}
+ if (patch != klp_transition_patch)
+ klp_post_patch_callback(obj);
+
break;
}
}
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/core.h b/kernel/livepatch/core.h
index a351601d7f76..48a83d4364cf 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/core.h
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/core.h
@@ -2,6 +2,46 @@
#ifndef _LIVEPATCH_CORE_H
#define _LIVEPATCH_CORE_H
+#include <linux/livepatch.h>
+
extern struct mutex klp_mutex;
+static inline bool klp_is_object_loaded(struct klp_object *obj)
+{
+ return !obj->name || obj->mod;
+}
+
+static inline int klp_pre_patch_callback(struct klp_object *obj)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (obj->callbacks.pre_patch)
+ ret = (*obj->callbacks.pre_patch)(obj);
+
+ obj->callbacks.post_unpatch_enabled = !ret;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static inline void klp_post_patch_callback(struct klp_object *obj)
+{
+ if (obj->callbacks.post_patch)
+ (*obj->callbacks.post_patch)(obj);
+}
+
+static inline void klp_pre_unpatch_callback(struct klp_object *obj)
+{
+ if (obj->callbacks.pre_unpatch)
+ (*obj->callbacks.pre_unpatch)(obj);
+}
+
+static inline void klp_post_unpatch_callback(struct klp_object *obj)
+{
+ if (obj->callbacks.post_unpatch_enabled &&
+ obj->callbacks.post_unpatch)
+ (*obj->callbacks.post_unpatch)(obj);
+
+ obj->callbacks.post_unpatch_enabled = false;
+}
+
#endif /* _LIVEPATCH_CORE_H */
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/patch.c b/kernel/livepatch/patch.c
index 52c4e907c14b..82d584225dc6 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/patch.c
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/patch.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include "core.h"
#include "patch.h"
#include "transition.h"
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/shadow.c b/kernel/livepatch/shadow.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fdac27588d60
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/shadow.c
@@ -0,0 +1,277 @@
+/*
+ * shadow.c - Shadow Variables
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Seth Jennings <sjenning@redhat.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * DOC: Shadow variable API concurrency notes:
+ *
+ * The shadow variable API provides a simple relationship between an
+ * <obj, id> pair and a pointer value. It is the responsibility of the
+ * caller to provide any mutual exclusion required of the shadow data.
+ *
+ * Once a shadow variable is attached to its parent object via the
+ * klp_shadow_*alloc() API calls, it is considered live: any subsequent
+ * call to klp_shadow_get() may then return the shadow variable's data
+ * pointer. Callers of klp_shadow_*alloc() should prepare shadow data
+ * accordingly.
+ *
+ * The klp_shadow_*alloc() API calls may allocate memory for new shadow
+ * variable structures. Their implementation does not call kmalloc
+ * inside any spinlocks, but API callers should pass GFP flags according
+ * to their specific needs.
+ *
+ * The klp_shadow_hash is an RCU-enabled hashtable and is safe against
+ * concurrent klp_shadow_free() and klp_shadow_get() operations.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/livepatch.h>
+
+static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(klp_shadow_hash, 12);
+
+/*
+ * klp_shadow_lock provides exclusive access to the klp_shadow_hash and
+ * the shadow variables it references.
+ */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(klp_shadow_lock);
+
+/**
+ * struct klp_shadow - shadow variable structure
+ * @node: klp_shadow_hash hash table node
+ * @rcu_head: RCU is used to safely free this structure
+ * @obj: pointer to parent object
+ * @id: data identifier
+ * @data: data area
+ */
+struct klp_shadow {
+ struct hlist_node node;
+ struct rcu_head rcu_head;
+ void *obj;
+ unsigned long id;
+ char data[];
+};
+
+/**
+ * klp_shadow_match() - verify a shadow variable matches given <obj, id>
+ * @shadow: shadow variable to match
+ * @obj: pointer to parent object
+ * @id: data identifier
+ *
+ * Return: true if the shadow variable matches.
+ */
+static inline bool klp_shadow_match(struct klp_shadow *shadow, void *obj,
+ unsigned long id)
+{
+ return shadow->obj == obj && shadow->id == id;
+}
+
+/**
+ * klp_shadow_get() - retrieve a shadow variable data pointer
+ * @obj: pointer to parent object
+ * @id: data identifier
+ *
+ * Return: the shadow variable data element, NULL on failure.
+ */
+void *klp_shadow_get(void *obj, unsigned long id)
+{
+ struct klp_shadow *shadow;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ hash_for_each_possible_rcu(klp_shadow_hash, shadow, node,
+ (unsigned long)obj) {
+
+ if (klp_shadow_match(shadow, obj, id)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return shadow->data;
+ }
+ }
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_shadow_get);
+
+static void *__klp_shadow_get_or_alloc(void *obj, unsigned long id, void *data,
+ size_t size, gfp_t gfp_flags, bool warn_on_exist)
+{
+ struct klp_shadow *new_shadow;
+ void *shadow_data;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /* Check if the shadow variable already exists */
+ shadow_data = klp_shadow_get(obj, id);
+ if (shadow_data)
+ goto exists;
+
+ /* Allocate a new shadow variable for use inside the lock below */
+ new_shadow = kzalloc(size + sizeof(*new_shadow), gfp_flags);
+ if (!new_shadow)
+ return NULL;
+
+ new_shadow->obj = obj;
+ new_shadow->id = id;
+
+ /* Initialize the shadow variable if data provided */
+ if (data)
+ memcpy(new_shadow->data, data, size);
+
+ /* Look for <obj, id> again under the lock */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+ shadow_data = klp_shadow_get(obj, id);
+ if (unlikely(shadow_data)) {
+ /*
+ * Shadow variable was found, throw away speculative
+ * allocation.
+ */
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+ kfree(new_shadow);
+ goto exists;
+ }
+
+ /* No <obj, id> found, so attach the newly allocated one */
+ hash_add_rcu(klp_shadow_hash, &new_shadow->node,
+ (unsigned long)new_shadow->obj);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+
+ return new_shadow->data;
+
+exists:
+ if (warn_on_exist) {
+ WARN(1, "Duplicate shadow variable <%p, %lx>\n", obj, id);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return shadow_data;
+}
+
+/**
+ * klp_shadow_alloc() - allocate and add a new shadow variable
+ * @obj: pointer to parent object
+ * @id: data identifier
+ * @data: pointer to data to attach to parent
+ * @size: size of attached data
+ * @gfp_flags: GFP mask for allocation
+ *
+ * Allocates @size bytes for new shadow variable data using @gfp_flags
+ * and copies @size bytes from @data into the new shadow variable's own
+ * data space. If @data is NULL, @size bytes are still allocated, but
+ * no copy is performed. The new shadow variable is then added to the
+ * global hashtable.
+ *
+ * If an existing <obj, id> shadow variable can be found, this routine
+ * will issue a WARN, exit early and return NULL.
+ *
+ * Return: the shadow variable data element, NULL on duplicate or
+ * failure.
+ */
+void *klp_shadow_alloc(void *obj, unsigned long id, void *data,
+ size_t size, gfp_t gfp_flags)
+{
+ return __klp_shadow_get_or_alloc(obj, id, data, size, gfp_flags, true);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_shadow_alloc);
+
+/**
+ * klp_shadow_get_or_alloc() - get existing or allocate a new shadow variable
+ * @obj: pointer to parent object
+ * @id: data identifier
+ * @data: pointer to data to attach to parent
+ * @size: size of attached data
+ * @gfp_flags: GFP mask for allocation
+ *
+ * Returns a pointer to existing shadow data if an <obj, id> shadow
+ * variable is already present. Otherwise, it creates a new shadow
+ * variable like klp_shadow_alloc().
+ *
+ * This function guarantees that only one shadow variable exists with
+ * the given @id for the given @obj. It also guarantees that the shadow
+ * variable will be initialized by the given @data only when it did not
+ * exist before.
+ *
+ * Return: the shadow variable data element, NULL on failure.
+ */
+void *klp_shadow_get_or_alloc(void *obj, unsigned long id, void *data,
+ size_t size, gfp_t gfp_flags)
+{
+ return __klp_shadow_get_or_alloc(obj, id, data, size, gfp_flags, false);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_shadow_get_or_alloc);
+
+/**
+ * klp_shadow_free() - detach and free a <obj, id> shadow variable
+ * @obj: pointer to parent object
+ * @id: data identifier
+ *
+ * This function releases the memory for this <obj, id> shadow variable
+ * instance, callers should stop referencing it accordingly.
+ */
+void klp_shadow_free(void *obj, unsigned long id)
+{
+ struct klp_shadow *shadow;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Delete <obj, id> from hash */
+ hash_for_each_possible(klp_shadow_hash, shadow, node,
+ (unsigned long)obj) {
+
+ if (klp_shadow_match(shadow, obj, id)) {
+ hash_del_rcu(&shadow->node);
+ kfree_rcu(shadow, rcu_head);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_shadow_free);
+
+/**
+ * klp_shadow_free_all() - detach and free all <*, id> shadow variables
+ * @id: data identifier
+ *
+ * This function releases the memory for all <*, id> shadow variable
+ * instances, callers should stop referencing them accordingly.
+ */
+void klp_shadow_free_all(unsigned long id)
+{
+ struct klp_shadow *shadow;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int i;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+
+ /* Delete all <*, id> from hash */
+ hash_for_each(klp_shadow_hash, i, shadow, node) {
+ if (klp_shadow_match(shadow, shadow->obj, id)) {
+ hash_del_rcu(&shadow->node);
+ kfree_rcu(shadow, rcu_head);
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&klp_shadow_lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_shadow_free_all);
diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/transition.c b/kernel/livepatch/transition.c
index b004a1fb6032..56add6327736 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/transition.c
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/transition.c
@@ -82,6 +82,10 @@ static void klp_complete_transition(void)
unsigned int cpu;
bool immediate_func = false;
+ pr_debug("'%s': completing %s transition\n",
+ klp_transition_patch->mod->name,
+ klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED ? "patching" : "unpatching");
+
if (klp_target_state == KLP_UNPATCHED) {
/*
* All tasks have transitioned to KLP_UNPATCHED so we can now
@@ -109,9 +113,6 @@ static void klp_complete_transition(void)
}
}
- if (klp_target_state == KLP_UNPATCHED && !immediate_func)
- module_put(klp_transition_patch->mod);
-
/* Prevent klp_ftrace_handler() from seeing KLP_UNDEFINED state */
if (klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED)
klp_synchronize_transition();
@@ -130,6 +131,27 @@ static void klp_complete_transition(void)
}
done:
+ klp_for_each_object(klp_transition_patch, obj) {
+ if (!klp_is_object_loaded(obj))
+ continue;
+ if (klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED)
+ klp_post_patch_callback(obj);
+ else if (klp_target_state == KLP_UNPATCHED)
+ klp_post_unpatch_callback(obj);
+ }
+
+ pr_notice("'%s': %s complete\n", klp_transition_patch->mod->name,
+ klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED ? "patching" : "unpatching");
+
+ /*
+ * See complementary comment in __klp_enable_patch() for why we
+ * keep the module reference for immediate patches.
+ */
+ if (!klp_transition_patch->immediate && !immediate_func &&
+ klp_target_state == KLP_UNPATCHED) {
+ module_put(klp_transition_patch->mod);
+ }
+
klp_target_state = KLP_UNDEFINED;
klp_transition_patch = NULL;
}
@@ -145,6 +167,9 @@ void klp_cancel_transition(void)
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(klp_target_state != KLP_PATCHED))
return;
+ pr_debug("'%s': canceling patching transition, going to unpatch\n",
+ klp_transition_patch->mod->name);
+
klp_target_state = KLP_UNPATCHED;
klp_complete_transition();
}
@@ -408,9 +433,6 @@ void klp_try_complete_transition(void)
}
success:
- pr_notice("'%s': %s complete\n", klp_transition_patch->mod->name,
- klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED ? "patching" : "unpatching");
-
/* we're done, now cleanup the data structures */
klp_complete_transition();
}
@@ -426,7 +448,8 @@ void klp_start_transition(void)
WARN_ON_ONCE(klp_target_state == KLP_UNDEFINED);
- pr_notice("'%s': %s...\n", klp_transition_patch->mod->name,
+ pr_notice("'%s': starting %s transition\n",
+ klp_transition_patch->mod->name,
klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED ? "patching" : "unpatching");
/*
@@ -482,6 +505,9 @@ void klp_init_transition(struct klp_patch *patch, int state)
*/
klp_target_state = state;
+ pr_debug("'%s': initializing %s transition\n", patch->mod->name,
+ klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED ? "patching" : "unpatching");
+
/*
* If the patch can be applied or reverted immediately, skip the
* per-task transitions.
@@ -547,6 +573,11 @@ void klp_reverse_transition(void)
unsigned int cpu;
struct task_struct *g, *task;
+ pr_debug("'%s': reversing transition from %s\n",
+ klp_transition_patch->mod->name,
+ klp_target_state == KLP_PATCHED ? "patching to unpatching" :
+ "unpatching to patching");
+
klp_transition_patch->enabled = !klp_transition_patch->enabled;
klp_target_state = !klp_target_state;