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authorGuillaume Knispel <guillaume.knispel@supersonicimagine.com>2017-09-08 16:17:55 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-09-08 18:26:51 -0700
commit0cfb6aee70bddbef6ec796b255f588ce0e126766 (patch)
treef83b1e24d55b1aef178169f1d747d404d665be83 /ipc/util.h
parente4243b8062c13b8cb3d91695dc353cb9e6a0da25 (diff)
download96b-common-0cfb6aee70bddbef6ec796b255f588ce0e126766.tar.gz
ipc: optimize semget/shmget/msgget for lots of keys
ipc_findkey() used to scan all objects to look for the wanted key. This is slow when using a high number of keys. This change adds an rhashtable of kern_ipc_perm objects in ipc_ids, so that one lookup cease to be O(n). This change gives a 865% improvement of benchmark reaim.jobs_per_min on a 56 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2695 v3 @ 2.30GHz with 256G memory [1] Other (more micro) benchmark results, by the author: On an i5 laptop, the following loop executed right after a reboot took, without and with this change: for (int i = 0, k=0x424242; i < KEYS; ++i) semget(k++, 1, IPC_CREAT | 0600); total total max single max single KEYS without with call without call with 1 3.5 4.9 µs 3.5 4.9 10 7.6 8.6 µs 3.7 4.7 32 16.2 15.9 µs 4.3 5.3 100 72.9 41.8 µs 3.7 4.7 1000 5,630.0 502.0 µs * * 10000 1,340,000.0 7,240.0 µs * * 31900 17,600,000.0 22,200.0 µs * * *: unreliable measure: high variance The duration for a lookup-only usage was obtained by the same loop once the keys are present: total total max single max single KEYS without with call without call with 1 2.1 2.5 µs 2.1 2.5 10 4.5 4.8 µs 2.2 2.3 32 13.0 10.8 µs 2.3 2.8 100 82.9 25.1 µs * 2.3 1000 5,780.0 217.0 µs * * 10000 1,470,000.0 2,520.0 µs * * 31900 17,400,000.0 7,810.0 µs * * Finally, executing each semget() in a new process gave, when still summing only the durations of these syscalls: creation: total total KEYS without with 1 3.7 5.0 µs 10 32.9 36.7 µs 32 125.0 109.0 µs 100 523.0 353.0 µs 1000 20,300.0 3,280.0 µs 10000 2,470,000.0 46,700.0 µs 31900 27,800,000.0 219,000.0 µs lookup-only: total total KEYS without with 1 2.5 2.7 µs 10 25.4 24.4 µs 32 106.0 72.6 µs 100 591.0 352.0 µs 1000 22,400.0 2,250.0 µs 10000 2,510,000.0 25,700.0 µs 31900 28,200,000.0 115,000.0 µs [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170814060507.GE23258@yexl-desktop Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170815194954.ck32ta2z35yuzpwp@debix Signed-off-by: Guillaume Knispel <guillaume.knispel@supersonicimagine.com> Reviewed-by: Marc Pardo <marc.pardo@supersonicimagine.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com> Cc: Andrey Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Guillaume Knispel <guillaume.knispel@supersonicimagine.com> Cc: Marc Pardo <marc.pardo@supersonicimagine.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc/util.h')
-rw-r--r--ipc/util.h21
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index c692010e6f0a..80c9f51c3f07 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -15,8 +15,8 @@
#define SEQ_MULTIPLIER (IPCMNI)
-void sem_init(void);
-void msg_init(void);
+int sem_init(void);
+int msg_init(void);
void shm_init(void);
struct ipc_namespace;
@@ -30,17 +30,17 @@ static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC
-void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
-void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
-void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+int sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+int msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+int shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns);
#else
-static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
-static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
-static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
+static inline int sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { return 0; }
+static inline int msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { return 0; }
+static inline int shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { return 0; }
static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { }
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ struct ipc_ops {
struct seq_file;
struct ipc_ids;
-void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *);
+int ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header,
int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *));
@@ -104,6 +104,9 @@ int ipc_get_maxid(struct ipc_ids *);
/* must be called with both locks acquired. */
void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *);
+/* must be called with both locks acquired. */
+void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *);
+
/* must be called with ipcp locked */
int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg);