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authorKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>2016-08-08 16:29:06 -0700
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2016-08-10 14:55:05 +0200
commit404f6aac9b3ef595735feca99979db084ea48315 (patch)
tree3b56af53e1b21427797fb8333eb388cfc5f96079
parentfb754f958f8e46202c1efd7f66d5b3db1208117d (diff)
download96b-common-404f6aac9b3ef595735feca99979db084ea48315.tar.gz
x86: Apply more __ro_after_init and const
Guided by grsecurity's analogous __read_only markings in arch/x86, this applies several uses of __ro_after_init to structures that are only updated during __init, and const for some structures that are never updated. Additionally extends __init markings to some functions that are only used during __init, and cleans up some missing C99 style static initializers. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brad Spengler <spender@grsecurity.net> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: David Brown <david.brown@linaro.org> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: Emese Revfy <re.emese@gmail.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: PaX Team <pageexec@freemail.hu> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160808232906.GA29731@www.outflux.net Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c11
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/setup.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/svm.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c7
24 files changed, 45 insertions, 36 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h
index 4e10d73cf018..12080d87da3b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/desc.h
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *in
extern struct desc_ptr idt_descr;
extern gate_desc idt_table[];
-extern struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr;
+extern const struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr;
extern gate_desc debug_idt_table[];
struct gdt_page {
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
index ae55a43e09c0..d4957ac72b48 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
@@ -45,7 +45,8 @@
extern u64 xfeatures_mask;
extern u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS];
-extern void update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask);
+extern void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size,
+ u64 xstate_mask);
void fpu__xstate_clear_all_cpu_caps(void);
void *get_xsave_addr(struct xregs_state *xsave, int xstate);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c
index 5b2ae106bd4a..8862da76ef6f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_flat_64.c
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@
static struct apic apic_physflat;
static struct apic apic_flat;
-struct apic __read_mostly *apic = &apic_flat;
+struct apic *apic __ro_after_init = &apic_flat;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apic);
static int flat_acpi_madt_oem_check(char *oem_id, char *oem_table_id)
@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ static int flat_probe(void)
return 1;
}
-static struct apic apic_flat = {
+static struct apic apic_flat __ro_after_init = {
.name = "flat",
.probe = flat_probe,
.acpi_madt_oem_check = flat_acpi_madt_oem_check,
@@ -248,7 +248,7 @@ static int physflat_probe(void)
return 0;
}
-static struct apic apic_physflat = {
+static struct apic apic_physflat __ro_after_init = {
.name = "physical flat",
.probe = physflat_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c
index c05688b2deff..b109e4389c92 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic_noop.c
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ static void noop_apic_write(u32 reg, u32 v)
WARN_ON_ONCE(boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_APIC) && !disable_apic);
}
-struct apic apic_noop = {
+struct apic apic_noop __ro_after_init = {
.name = "noop",
.probe = noop_probe,
.acpi_madt_oem_check = NULL,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c
index 06dbaa458bfe..56012010332c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/bigsmp_32.c
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ static int probe_bigsmp(void)
return dmi_bigsmp;
}
-static struct apic apic_bigsmp = {
+static struct apic apic_bigsmp __ro_after_init = {
.name = "bigsmp",
.probe = probe_bigsmp,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c
index ade25320df96..015bbf30e3e3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/msi.c
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ static void hpet_msi_write_msg(struct irq_data *data, struct msi_msg *msg)
hpet_msi_write(irq_data_get_irq_handler_data(data), msg);
}
-static struct irq_chip hpet_msi_controller = {
+static struct irq_chip hpet_msi_controller __ro_after_init = {
.name = "HPET-MSI",
.irq_unmask = hpet_msi_unmask,
.irq_mask = hpet_msi_mask,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c
index 7c43e716c158..e5fb2f086460 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/probe_32.c
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ static int probe_default(void)
return 1;
}
-static struct apic apic_default = {
+static struct apic apic_default __ro_after_init = {
.name = "default",
.probe = probe_default,
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ static struct apic apic_default = {
apic_driver(apic_default);
-struct apic *apic = &apic_default;
+struct apic *apic __ro_after_init = &apic_default;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apic);
static int cmdline_apic __initdata;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
index 6368fa69d2af..766bdef1e1d7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ static void cluster_vector_allocation_domain(int cpu, struct cpumask *retmask,
cpumask_and(retmask, mask, per_cpu(cpus_in_cluster, cpu));
}
-static struct apic apic_x2apic_cluster = {
+static struct apic apic_x2apic_cluster __ro_after_init = {
.name = "cluster x2apic",
.probe = x2apic_cluster_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c
index 4f13f54f1b1f..ff111f05a314 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_phys.c
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ static int x2apic_phys_probe(void)
return apic == &apic_x2apic_phys;
}
-static struct apic apic_x2apic_phys = {
+static struct apic apic_x2apic_phys __ro_after_init = {
.name = "physical x2apic",
.probe = x2apic_phys_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
index 09b59adaea3f..ed887dedd35e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
@@ -554,7 +554,7 @@ static int uv_probe(void)
return apic == &apic_x2apic_uv_x;
}
-static struct apic __refdata apic_x2apic_uv_x = {
+static struct apic apic_x2apic_uv_x __ro_after_init = {
.name = "UV large system",
.probe = uv_probe,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 809eda03c527..d3b91be4873b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1265,9 +1265,14 @@ static __init int setup_disablecpuid(char *arg)
__setup("clearcpuid=", setup_disablecpuid);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-struct desc_ptr idt_descr = { NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1, (unsigned long) idt_table };
-struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr = { NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1,
- (unsigned long) debug_idt_table };
+struct desc_ptr idt_descr __ro_after_init = {
+ .size = NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1,
+ .address = (unsigned long) idt_table,
+};
+const struct desc_ptr debug_idt_descr = {
+ .size = NR_VECTORS * 16 - 1,
+ .address = (unsigned long) debug_idt_table,
+};
DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST(union irq_stack_union,
irq_stack_union) __aligned(PAGE_SIZE) __visible;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
index 28f1b54b7fad..24e87e74990d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
@@ -72,14 +72,14 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(mtrr_mutex);
u64 size_or_mask, size_and_mask;
static bool mtrr_aps_delayed_init;
-static const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_ops[X86_VENDOR_NUM];
+static const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_ops[X86_VENDOR_NUM] __ro_after_init;
const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_if;
static void set_mtrr(unsigned int reg, unsigned long base,
unsigned long size, mtrr_type type);
-void set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops)
+void __init set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops)
{
if (ops->vendor && ops->vendor < X86_VENDOR_NUM)
mtrr_ops[ops->vendor] = ops;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h
index 6c7ced07d16d..ad8bd763efa5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/mtrr.h
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ void fill_mtrr_var_range(unsigned int index,
bool get_mtrr_state(void);
void mtrr_bp_pat_init(void);
-extern void set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops);
+extern void __init set_mtrr_ops(const struct mtrr_ops *ops);
extern u64 size_or_mask, size_and_mask;
extern const struct mtrr_ops *mtrr_if;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c
index c2bedaea11f7..4afc67f5facc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ksysfs.c
@@ -184,7 +184,7 @@ out:
static struct kobj_attribute type_attr = __ATTR_RO(type);
-static struct bin_attribute data_attr = {
+static struct bin_attribute data_attr __ro_after_init = {
.attr = {
.name = "data",
.mode = S_IRUGO,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c
index 1d39bfbd26bb..0964399ef942 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
#include <asm/x86_init.h>
#include <asm/reboot.h>
-static int kvmclock = 1;
+static int kvmclock __ro_after_init = 1;
static int msr_kvm_system_time = MSR_KVM_SYSTEM_TIME;
static int msr_kvm_wall_clock = MSR_KVM_WALL_CLOCK;
static cycle_t kvm_sched_clock_offset;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c
index ad5bc9578a73..b8e4680a2e0b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -389,7 +389,7 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(native_load_idt);
#define PTE_IDENT __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(_paravirt_ident_64)
#endif
-struct pv_mmu_ops pv_mmu_ops = {
+struct pv_mmu_ops pv_mmu_ops __ro_after_init = {
.read_cr2 = native_read_cr2,
.write_cr2 = native_write_cr2,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
index f79576a541ff..2537cfba4d89 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1250,7 +1250,7 @@ long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-static struct user_regset x86_64_regsets[] __read_mostly = {
+static struct user_regset x86_64_regsets[] __ro_after_init = {
[REGSET_GENERAL] = {
.core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
.n = sizeof(struct user_regs_struct) / sizeof(long),
@@ -1291,7 +1291,7 @@ static const struct user_regset_view user_x86_64_view = {
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
#if defined CONFIG_X86_32 || defined CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
-static struct user_regset x86_32_regsets[] __read_mostly = {
+static struct user_regset x86_32_regsets[] __ro_after_init = {
[REGSET_GENERAL] = {
.core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
.n = sizeof(struct user_regs_struct32) / sizeof(u32),
@@ -1344,7 +1344,7 @@ static const struct user_regset_view user_x86_32_view = {
*/
u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS];
-void update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask)
+void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
x86_64_regsets[REGSET_XSTATE].n = size / sizeof(u64);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
index 63bf27d972b7..e244c19a2451 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
@@ -705,7 +705,7 @@ static void native_machine_power_off(void)
tboot_shutdown(TB_SHUTDOWN_HALT);
}
-struct machine_ops machine_ops = {
+struct machine_ops machine_ops __ro_after_init = {
.power_off = native_machine_power_off,
.shutdown = native_machine_shutdown,
.emergency_restart = native_machine_emergency_restart,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index 95cf31c9f4ec..2d98798d395e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -210,9 +210,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(boot_cpu_data);
#if !defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) || defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
-__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features;
+__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features __ro_after_init;
#else
-__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features = X86_CR4_PAE;
+__visible unsigned long mmu_cr4_features __ro_after_init = X86_CR4_PAE;
#endif
/* Boot loader ID and version as integers, for the benefit of proc_dointvec */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
index 7a40e068302d..1d5c79473639 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(cpu_number);
DEFINE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(unsigned long, this_cpu_off) = BOOT_PERCPU_OFFSET;
EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(this_cpu_off);
-unsigned long __per_cpu_offset[NR_CPUS] __read_mostly = {
+unsigned long __per_cpu_offset[NR_CPUS] __ro_after_init = {
[0 ... NR_CPUS-1] = BOOT_PERCPU_OFFSET,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__per_cpu_offset);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c b/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c
index 76c5e52436c4..0bd9f1287f39 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ struct x86_cpuinit_ops x86_cpuinit = {
static void default_nmi_init(void) { };
static int default_i8042_detect(void) { return 1; };
-struct x86_platform_ops x86_platform = {
+struct x86_platform_ops x86_platform __ro_after_init = {
.calibrate_cpu = native_calibrate_cpu,
.calibrate_tsc = native_calibrate_tsc,
.get_wallclock = mach_get_cmos_time,
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ struct x86_platform_ops x86_platform = {
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_platform);
#if defined(CONFIG_PCI_MSI)
-struct x86_msi_ops x86_msi = {
+struct x86_msi_ops x86_msi __ro_after_init = {
.setup_msi_irqs = native_setup_msi_irqs,
.teardown_msi_irq = native_teardown_msi_irq,
.teardown_msi_irqs = default_teardown_msi_irqs,
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ void arch_restore_msi_irqs(struct pci_dev *dev)
}
#endif
-struct x86_io_apic_ops x86_io_apic_ops = {
+struct x86_io_apic_ops x86_io_apic_ops __ro_after_init = {
.read = native_io_apic_read,
.disable = native_disable_io_apic,
};
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
index af523d84d102..1e6b84b96ea6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
@@ -4961,7 +4961,7 @@ static inline void avic_post_state_restore(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
avic_handle_ldr_update(vcpu);
}
-static struct kvm_x86_ops svm_x86_ops = {
+static struct kvm_x86_ops svm_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
.cpu_has_kvm_support = has_svm,
.disabled_by_bios = is_disabled,
.hardware_setup = svm_hardware_setup,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
index a45d8580f91e..87eaa6bfc26a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
@@ -11175,7 +11175,7 @@ static void vmx_setup_mce(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
~FEATURE_CONTROL_LMCE;
}
-static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops = {
+static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
.cpu_has_kvm_support = cpu_has_kvm_support,
.disabled_by_bios = vmx_disabled_by_bios,
.hardware_setup = hardware_setup,
diff --git a/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c b/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c
index 9770e55e768f..1d97cea3b3a4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c
+++ b/arch/x86/pci/pcbios.c
@@ -120,9 +120,12 @@ static unsigned long __init bios32_service(unsigned long service)
static struct {
unsigned long address;
unsigned short segment;
-} pci_indirect = { 0, __KERNEL_CS };
+} pci_indirect __ro_after_init = {
+ .address = 0,
+ .segment = __KERNEL_CS,
+};
-static int pci_bios_present;
+static int pci_bios_present __ro_after_init;
static int __init check_pcibios(void)
{