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authorHelge Deller <deller@gmx.de>2016-04-20 21:34:15 +0200
committerHelge Deller <deller@gmx.de>2016-05-22 21:39:25 +0200
commit54b668009076caddbede8fde513ca2c982590bfe (patch)
tree873f576cebe662cdb3c8a6626ba6be193a0a6ef4
parent64e2a42bca12e408f0258c56adcf3595bcd116e7 (diff)
download96b-common-54b668009076caddbede8fde513ca2c982590bfe.tar.gz
parisc: Add native high-resolution sched_clock() implementation
Add a native implementation for the sched_clock() function which utilizes the processor-internal cycle counter (Control Register 16) as high-resolution time source. With this patch we now get much more fine-grained resolutions in various in-kernel time measurements (e.g. when viewing the function tracing logs), and probably a more accurate scheduling on SMP systems. There are a few specific implementation details in this patch: 1. On a 32bit kernel we emulate the higher 32bits of the required 64-bit resolution of sched_clock() by increasing a per-cpu counter at every wrap-around of the 32bit cycle counter. 2. In a SMP system, the cycle counters of the various CPUs are not syncronized (similiar to the TSC in a x86_64 system). To cope with this we define HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK and let the upper layers do the adjustment work. 3. Since we need HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK, we need to provide a cmpxchg64() function even on a 32-bit kernel. 4. A 64-bit SMP kernel which is started on a UP system will mark the sched_clock() implementation as "stable", which means that we don't expect any jumps in the returned counter. This is true because we then run only on one CPU. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/include/asm/cmpxchg.h9
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/kernel/time.c63
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/lib/bitops.c6
4 files changed, 70 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/arch/parisc/Kconfig b/arch/parisc/Kconfig
index 6c68c23dd7c2..dc117385ce2e 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/parisc/Kconfig
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ config PARISC
select HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALL
select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
+ select HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK if (SMP || !64BIT)
select ARCH_NO_COHERENT_DMA_MMAP
select CPU_NO_EFFICIENT_FFS
diff --git a/arch/parisc/include/asm/cmpxchg.h b/arch/parisc/include/asm/cmpxchg.h
index 0a90b965cccb..7ada30900807 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/include/asm/cmpxchg.h
+++ b/arch/parisc/include/asm/cmpxchg.h
@@ -52,8 +52,7 @@ extern void __cmpxchg_called_with_bad_pointer(void);
/* __cmpxchg_u32/u64 defined in arch/parisc/lib/bitops.c */
extern unsigned long __cmpxchg_u32(volatile unsigned int *m, unsigned int old,
unsigned int new_);
-extern unsigned long __cmpxchg_u64(volatile unsigned long *ptr,
- unsigned long old, unsigned long new_);
+extern u64 __cmpxchg_u64(volatile u64 *ptr, u64 old, u64 new_);
/* don't worry...optimizer will get rid of most of this */
static inline unsigned long
@@ -61,7 +60,7 @@ __cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr, unsigned long old, unsigned long new_, int size)
{
switch (size) {
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
- case 8: return __cmpxchg_u64((unsigned long *)ptr, old, new_);
+ case 8: return __cmpxchg_u64((u64 *)ptr, old, new_);
#endif
case 4: return __cmpxchg_u32((unsigned int *)ptr,
(unsigned int)old, (unsigned int)new_);
@@ -86,7 +85,7 @@ static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg_local(volatile void *ptr,
{
switch (size) {
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
- case 8: return __cmpxchg_u64((unsigned long *)ptr, old, new_);
+ case 8: return __cmpxchg_u64((u64 *)ptr, old, new_);
#endif
case 4: return __cmpxchg_u32(ptr, old, new_);
default:
@@ -111,4 +110,6 @@ static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg_local(volatile void *ptr,
#define cmpxchg64_local(ptr, o, n) __cmpxchg64_local_generic((ptr), (o), (n))
#endif
+#define cmpxchg64(ptr, o, n) __cmpxchg_u64(ptr, o, n)
+
#endif /* _ASM_PARISC_CMPXCHG_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/time.c b/arch/parisc/kernel/time.c
index 400acac0a304..58dd6801f5be 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/time.c
@@ -38,6 +38,18 @@
static unsigned long clocktick __read_mostly; /* timer cycles per tick */
+#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
+/*
+ * The processor-internal cycle counter (Control Register 16) is used as time
+ * source for the sched_clock() function. This register is 64bit wide on a
+ * 64-bit kernel and 32bit on a 32-bit kernel. Since sched_clock() always
+ * requires a 64bit counter we emulate on the 32-bit kernel the higher 32bits
+ * with a per-cpu variable which we increase every time the counter
+ * wraps-around (which happens every ~4 secounds).
+ */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cr16_high_32_bits);
+#endif
+
/*
* We keep time on PA-RISC Linux by using the Interval Timer which is
* a pair of registers; one is read-only and one is write-only; both
@@ -108,6 +120,12 @@ irqreturn_t __irq_entry timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
*/
mtctl(next_tick, 16);
+#if !defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
+ /* check for overflow on a 32bit kernel (every ~4 seconds). */
+ if (unlikely(next_tick < now))
+ this_cpu_inc(cr16_high_32_bits);
+#endif
+
/* Skip one clocktick on purpose if we missed next_tick.
* The new CR16 must be "later" than current CR16 otherwise
* itimer would not fire until CR16 wrapped - e.g 4 seconds
@@ -219,6 +237,12 @@ void __init start_cpu_itimer(void)
unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
unsigned long next_tick = mfctl(16) + clocktick;
+#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
+ /* With multiple 64bit CPUs online, the cr16's are not syncronized. */
+ if (cpu != 0)
+ clear_sched_clock_stable();
+#endif
+
mtctl(next_tick, 16); /* kick off Interval Timer (CR16) */
per_cpu(cpu_data, cpu).it_value = next_tick;
@@ -246,15 +270,52 @@ void read_persistent_clock(struct timespec *ts)
}
}
+
+/*
+ * sched_clock() framework
+ */
+
+static u32 cyc2ns_mul __read_mostly;
+static u32 cyc2ns_shift __read_mostly;
+
+u64 sched_clock(void)
+{
+ u64 now;
+
+ /* Get current cycle counter (Control Register 16). */
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+ now = mfctl(16);
+#else
+ now = mfctl(16) + (((u64) this_cpu_read(cr16_high_32_bits)) << 32);
+#endif
+
+ /* return the value in ns (cycles_2_ns) */
+ return mul_u64_u32_shr(now, cyc2ns_mul, cyc2ns_shift);
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * timer interrupt and sched_clock() initialization
+ */
+
void __init time_init(void)
{
unsigned long current_cr16_khz;
+ current_cr16_khz = PAGE0->mem_10msec/10; /* kHz */
clocktick = (100 * PAGE0->mem_10msec) / HZ;
+ /* calculate mult/shift values for cr16 */
+ clocks_calc_mult_shift(&cyc2ns_mul, &cyc2ns_shift, current_cr16_khz,
+ NSEC_PER_MSEC, 0);
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
+ /* At bootup only one 64bit CPU is online and cr16 is "stable" */
+ set_sched_clock_stable();
+#endif
+
start_cpu_itimer(); /* get CPU 0 started */
/* register at clocksource framework */
- current_cr16_khz = PAGE0->mem_10msec/10; /* kHz */
clocksource_register_khz(&clocksource_cr16, current_cr16_khz);
}
diff --git a/arch/parisc/lib/bitops.c b/arch/parisc/lib/bitops.c
index 187118841af1..8e45b0a97abf 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/lib/bitops.c
+++ b/arch/parisc/lib/bitops.c
@@ -55,11 +55,10 @@ unsigned long __xchg8(char x, char *ptr)
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
-unsigned long __cmpxchg_u64(volatile unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long old, unsigned long new)
+u64 __cmpxchg_u64(volatile u64 *ptr, u64 old, u64 new)
{
unsigned long flags;
- unsigned long prev;
+ u64 prev;
_atomic_spin_lock_irqsave(ptr, flags);
if ((prev = *ptr) == old)
@@ -67,7 +66,6 @@ unsigned long __cmpxchg_u64(volatile unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long old, unsi
_atomic_spin_unlock_irqrestore(ptr, flags);
return prev;
}
-#endif
unsigned long __cmpxchg_u32(volatile unsigned int *ptr, unsigned int old, unsigned int new)
{