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authorMiles Chen <miles.chen@mediatek.com>2019-08-13 15:37:28 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-08-13 16:06:52 -0700
commit54a83d6bcbf8f4700013766b974bf9190d40b689 (patch)
tree83df2e0b420d00473ae5625373d3724f705ab9ad
parentb997052bc3ac444a0bceab1093aff7ae71ed419e (diff)
download96b-common-54a83d6bcbf8f4700013766b974bf9190d40b689.tar.gz
mm/memcontrol.c: fix use after free in mem_cgroup_iter()
This patch is sent to report an use after free in mem_cgroup_iter() after merging commit be2657752e9e ("mm: memcg: fix use after free in mem_cgroup_iter()"). I work with android kernel tree (4.9 & 4.14), and commit be2657752e9e ("mm: memcg: fix use after free in mem_cgroup_iter()") has been merged to the trees. However, I can still observe use after free issues addressed in the commit be2657752e9e. (on low-end devices, a few times this month) backtrace: css_tryget <- crash here mem_cgroup_iter shrink_node shrink_zones do_try_to_free_pages try_to_free_pages __perform_reclaim __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim __alloc_pages_slowpath __alloc_pages_nodemask To debug, I poisoned mem_cgroup before freeing it: static void __mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) for_each_node(node) free_mem_cgroup_per_node_info(memcg, node); free_percpu(memcg->stat); + /* poison memcg before freeing it */ + memset(memcg, 0x78, sizeof(struct mem_cgroup)); kfree(memcg); } The coredump shows the position=0xdbbc2a00 is freed. (gdb) p/x ((struct mem_cgroup_per_node *)0xe5009e00)->iter[8] $13 = {position = 0xdbbc2a00, generation = 0x2efd} 0xdbbc2a00: 0xdbbc2e00 0x00000000 0xdbbc2800 0x00000100 0xdbbc2a10: 0x00000200 0x78787878 0x00026218 0x00000000 0xdbbc2a20: 0xdcad6000 0x00000001 0x78787800 0x00000000 0xdbbc2a30: 0x78780000 0x00000000 0x0068fb84 0x78787878 0xdbbc2a40: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xe3fa5cc0 0xdbbc2a50: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xdbbc2a60: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xdbbc2a70: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xdbbc2a80: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xdbbc2a90: 0x00000001 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00100000 0xdbbc2aa0: 0x00000001 0xdbbc2ac8 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xdbbc2ab0: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xdbbc2ac0: 0x00000000 0x00000000 0xe5b02618 0x00001000 0xdbbc2ad0: 0x00000000 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2ae0: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2af0: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b00: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b10: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b20: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b30: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b40: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b50: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b60: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b70: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b80: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x00000000 0x78787878 0xdbbc2b90: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0xdbbc2ba0: 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 0x78787878 In the reclaim path, try_to_free_pages() does not setup sc.target_mem_cgroup and sc is passed to do_try_to_free_pages(), ..., shrink_node(). In mem_cgroup_iter(), root is set to root_mem_cgroup because sc->target_mem_cgroup is NULL. It is possible to assign a memcg to root_mem_cgroup.nodeinfo.iter in mem_cgroup_iter(). try_to_free_pages struct scan_control sc = {...}, target_mem_cgroup is 0x0; do_try_to_free_pages shrink_zones shrink_node mem_cgroup *root = sc->target_mem_cgroup; memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(root, NULL, &reclaim); mem_cgroup_iter() if (!root) root = root_mem_cgroup; ... css = css_next_descendant_pre(css, &root->css); memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css); cmpxchg(&iter->position, pos, memcg); My device uses memcg non-hierarchical mode. When we release a memcg: invalidate_reclaim_iterators() reaches only dead_memcg and its parents. If non-hierarchical mode is used, invalidate_reclaim_iterators() never reaches root_mem_cgroup. static void invalidate_reclaim_iterators(struct mem_cgroup *dead_memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg = dead_memcg; for (; memcg; memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg) ... } So the use after free scenario looks like: CPU1 CPU2 try_to_free_pages do_try_to_free_pages shrink_zones shrink_node mem_cgroup_iter() if (!root) root = root_mem_cgroup; ... css = css_next_descendant_pre(css, &root->css); memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css); cmpxchg(&iter->position, pos, memcg); invalidate_reclaim_iterators(memcg); ... __mem_cgroup_free() kfree(memcg); try_to_free_pages do_try_to_free_pages shrink_zones shrink_node mem_cgroup_iter() if (!root) root = root_mem_cgroup; ... mz = mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(root, reclaim->pgdat->node_id); iter = &mz->iter[reclaim->priority]; pos = READ_ONCE(iter->position); css_tryget(&pos->css) <- use after free To avoid this, we should also invalidate root_mem_cgroup.nodeinfo.iter in invalidate_reclaim_iterators(). [cai@lca.pw: fix -Wparentheses compilation warning] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1564580753-17531-1-git-send-email-cai@lca.pw Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190730015729.4406-1-miles.chen@mediatek.com Fixes: 5ac8fb31ad2e ("mm: memcontrol: convert reclaim iterator to simple css refcounting") Signed-off-by: Miles Chen <miles.chen@mediatek.com> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--mm/memcontrol.c39
1 files changed, 29 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index cdbb7a84cb6e..2e405e058eda 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -1130,26 +1130,45 @@ void mem_cgroup_iter_break(struct mem_cgroup *root,
css_put(&prev->css);
}
-static void invalidate_reclaim_iterators(struct mem_cgroup *dead_memcg)
+static void __invalidate_reclaim_iterators(struct mem_cgroup *from,
+ struct mem_cgroup *dead_memcg)
{
- struct mem_cgroup *memcg = dead_memcg;
struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_iter *iter;
struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz;
int nid;
int i;
- for (; memcg; memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg)) {
- for_each_node(nid) {
- mz = mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(memcg, nid);
- for (i = 0; i <= DEF_PRIORITY; i++) {
- iter = &mz->iter[i];
- cmpxchg(&iter->position,
- dead_memcg, NULL);
- }
+ for_each_node(nid) {
+ mz = mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(from, nid);
+ for (i = 0; i <= DEF_PRIORITY; i++) {
+ iter = &mz->iter[i];
+ cmpxchg(&iter->position,
+ dead_memcg, NULL);
}
}
}
+static void invalidate_reclaim_iterators(struct mem_cgroup *dead_memcg)
+{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg = dead_memcg;
+ struct mem_cgroup *last;
+
+ do {
+ __invalidate_reclaim_iterators(memcg, dead_memcg);
+ last = memcg;
+ } while ((memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg)));
+
+ /*
+ * When cgruop1 non-hierarchy mode is used,
+ * parent_mem_cgroup() does not walk all the way up to the
+ * cgroup root (root_mem_cgroup). So we have to handle
+ * dead_memcg from cgroup root separately.
+ */
+ if (last != root_mem_cgroup)
+ __invalidate_reclaim_iterators(root_mem_cgroup,
+ dead_memcg);
+}
+
/**
* mem_cgroup_scan_tasks - iterate over tasks of a memory cgroup hierarchy
* @memcg: hierarchy root