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authorMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>2015-08-21 14:11:51 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-08-21 14:30:10 -0700
commit2f064f3485cd29633ad1b3cfb00cc519509a3d72 (patch)
tree1581de52d696908aea01910e2a25b6725f4ccaa2
parente45fc85a2f371f388ff3804271375a1aedbe3744 (diff)
download96b-common-2f064f3485cd29633ad1b3cfb00cc519509a3d72.tar.gz
mm: make page pfmemalloc check more robust
Commit c48a11c7ad26 ("netvm: propagate page->pfmemalloc to skb") added checks for page->pfmemalloc to __skb_fill_page_desc(): if (page->pfmemalloc && !page->mapping) skb->pfmemalloc = true; It assumes page->mapping == NULL implies that page->pfmemalloc can be trusted. However, __delete_from_page_cache() can set set page->mapping to NULL and leave page->index value alone. Due to being in union, a non-zero page->index will be interpreted as true page->pfmemalloc. So the assumption is invalid if the networking code can see such a page. And it seems it can. We have encountered this with a NFS over loopback setup when such a page is attached to a new skbuf. There is no copying going on in this case so the page confuses __skb_fill_page_desc which interprets the index as pfmemalloc flag and the network stack drops packets that have been allocated using the reserves unless they are to be queued on sockets handling the swapping which is the case here and that leads to hangs when the nfs client waits for a response from the server which has been dropped and thus never arrive. The struct page is already heavily packed so rather than finding another hole to put it in, let's do a trick instead. We can reuse the index again but define it to an impossible value (-1UL). This is the page index so it should never see the value that large. Replace all direct users of page->pfmemalloc by page_is_pfmemalloc which will hide this nastiness from unspoiled eyes. The information will get lost if somebody wants to use page->index obviously but that was the case before and the original code expected that the information should be persisted somewhere else if that is really needed (e.g. what SLAB and SLUB do). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix blooper in slub] Fixes: c48a11c7ad26 ("netvm: propagate page->pfmemalloc to skb") Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Debugged-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.com> Debugged-by: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.6+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/ethernet/intel/fm10k/fm10k_main.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igb/igb_main.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_main.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbevf/ixgbevf_main.c2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm.h28
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm_types.h9
-rw-r--r--include/linux/skbuff.h14
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c9
-rw-r--r--mm/slab.c4
-rw-r--r--mm/slub.c2
-rw-r--r--net/core/skbuff.c2
11 files changed, 47 insertions, 29 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/fm10k/fm10k_main.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/fm10k/fm10k_main.c
index 982fdcdc795b..b5b2925103ec 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/fm10k/fm10k_main.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/fm10k/fm10k_main.c
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@ static void fm10k_reuse_rx_page(struct fm10k_ring *rx_ring,
static inline bool fm10k_page_is_reserved(struct page *page)
{
- return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page->pfmemalloc;
+ return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page_is_pfmemalloc(page);
}
static bool fm10k_can_reuse_rx_page(struct fm10k_rx_buffer *rx_buffer,
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igb/igb_main.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igb/igb_main.c
index 2f70a9b152bd..830466c49987 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igb/igb_main.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igb/igb_main.c
@@ -6566,7 +6566,7 @@ static void igb_reuse_rx_page(struct igb_ring *rx_ring,
static inline bool igb_page_is_reserved(struct page *page)
{
- return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page->pfmemalloc;
+ return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page_is_pfmemalloc(page);
}
static bool igb_can_reuse_rx_page(struct igb_rx_buffer *rx_buffer,
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_main.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_main.c
index 9aa6104e34ea..ae21e0b06c3a 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_main.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_main.c
@@ -1832,7 +1832,7 @@ static void ixgbe_reuse_rx_page(struct ixgbe_ring *rx_ring,
static inline bool ixgbe_page_is_reserved(struct page *page)
{
- return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page->pfmemalloc;
+ return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page_is_pfmemalloc(page);
}
/**
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbevf/ixgbevf_main.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbevf/ixgbevf_main.c
index e71cdde9cb01..1d7b00b038a2 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbevf/ixgbevf_main.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbevf/ixgbevf_main.c
@@ -765,7 +765,7 @@ static void ixgbevf_reuse_rx_page(struct ixgbevf_ring *rx_ring,
static inline bool ixgbevf_page_is_reserved(struct page *page)
{
- return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page->pfmemalloc;
+ return (page_to_nid(page) != numa_mem_id()) || page_is_pfmemalloc(page);
}
/**
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 2e872f92dbac..bf6f117fcf4d 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1003,6 +1003,34 @@ static inline int page_mapped(struct page *page)
}
/*
+ * Return true only if the page has been allocated with
+ * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not
+ * met implying that the system is under some pressure.
+ */
+static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page)
+{
+ /*
+ * Page index cannot be this large so this must be
+ * a pfmemalloc page.
+ */
+ return page->index == -1UL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated
+ * page.
+ */
+static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page)
+{
+ page->index = -1UL;
+}
+
+static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page)
+{
+ page->index = 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Different kinds of faults, as returned by handle_mm_fault().
* Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or
* just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up.
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 0038ac7466fd..15549578d559 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -63,15 +63,6 @@ struct page {
union {
pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */
void *freelist; /* sl[aou]b first free object */
- bool pfmemalloc; /* If set by the page allocator,
- * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was set
- * and the low watermark was not
- * met implying that the system
- * is under some pressure. The
- * caller should try ensure
- * this page is only used to
- * free other pages.
- */
};
union {
diff --git a/include/linux/skbuff.h b/include/linux/skbuff.h
index 22b6d9ca1654..9b88536487e6 100644
--- a/include/linux/skbuff.h
+++ b/include/linux/skbuff.h
@@ -1602,20 +1602,16 @@ static inline void __skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i,
skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i];
/*
- * Propagate page->pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is
- * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page. If
- * pfmemalloc is set, we check the mapping as a mapping implies
- * page->index is set (index and pfmemalloc share space).
- * If it's a valid mapping, we cannot use page->pfmemalloc but we
- * do not lose pfmemalloc information as the pages would not be
- * allocated using __GFP_MEMALLOC.
+ * Propagate page pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is
+ * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page but rely
+ * on page_is_pfmemalloc doing the right thing(tm).
*/
frag->page.p = page;
frag->page_offset = off;
skb_frag_size_set(frag, size);
page = compound_head(page);
- if (page->pfmemalloc && !page->mapping)
+ if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
skb->pfmemalloc = true;
}
@@ -2263,7 +2259,7 @@ static inline struct page *dev_alloc_page(void)
static inline void skb_propagate_pfmemalloc(struct page *page,
struct sk_buff *skb)
{
- if (page && page->pfmemalloc)
+ if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
skb->pfmemalloc = true;
}
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index df959b7d6085..5b5240b7f642 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1343,12 +1343,15 @@ static int prep_new_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags,
set_page_owner(page, order, gfp_flags);
/*
- * page->pfmemalloc is set when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was necessary to
+ * page is set pfmemalloc when ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was necessary to
* allocate the page. The expectation is that the caller is taking
* steps that will free more memory. The caller should avoid the page
* being used for !PFMEMALLOC purposes.
*/
- page->pfmemalloc = !!(alloc_flags & ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS);
+ if (alloc_flags & ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS)
+ set_page_pfmemalloc(page);
+ else
+ clear_page_pfmemalloc(page);
return 0;
}
@@ -3345,7 +3348,7 @@ refill:
atomic_add(size - 1, &page->_count);
/* reset page count bias and offset to start of new frag */
- nc->pfmemalloc = page->pfmemalloc;
+ nc->pfmemalloc = page_is_pfmemalloc(page);
nc->pagecnt_bias = size;
nc->offset = size;
}
diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
index 200e22412a16..bbd0b47dc6a9 100644
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -1603,7 +1603,7 @@ static struct page *kmem_getpages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags,
}
/* Record if ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS was set when allocating the slab */
- if (unlikely(page->pfmemalloc))
+ if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
pfmemalloc_active = true;
nr_pages = (1 << cachep->gfporder);
@@ -1614,7 +1614,7 @@ static struct page *kmem_getpages(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t flags,
add_zone_page_state(page_zone(page),
NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE, nr_pages);
__SetPageSlab(page);
- if (page->pfmemalloc)
+ if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
SetPageSlabPfmemalloc(page);
if (kmemcheck_enabled && !(cachep->flags & SLAB_NOTRACK)) {
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index 816df0016555..f68c0e50f3c0 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -1427,7 +1427,7 @@ static struct page *new_slab(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node)
inc_slabs_node(s, page_to_nid(page), page->objects);
page->slab_cache = s;
__SetPageSlab(page);
- if (page->pfmemalloc)
+ if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page))
SetPageSlabPfmemalloc(page);
start = page_address(page);
diff --git a/net/core/skbuff.c b/net/core/skbuff.c
index bf9a5d93c2d1..7b84330e5d30 100644
--- a/net/core/skbuff.c
+++ b/net/core/skbuff.c
@@ -340,7 +340,7 @@ struct sk_buff *build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size)
if (skb && frag_size) {
skb->head_frag = 1;
- if (virt_to_head_page(data)->pfmemalloc)
+ if (page_is_pfmemalloc(virt_to_head_page(data)))
skb->pfmemalloc = 1;
}
return skb;