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path: root/samples/bpf/xdp1_user.c
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/* Copyright (c) 2016 PLUMgrid
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/bpf.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "bpf_load.h"
#include "bpf_util.h"
#include "libbpf.h"

static int set_link_xdp_fd(int ifindex, int fd)
{
	struct sockaddr_nl sa;
	int sock, seq = 0, len, ret = -1;
	char buf[4096];
	struct nlattr *nla, *nla_xdp;
	struct {
		struct nlmsghdr  nh;
		struct ifinfomsg ifinfo;
		char             attrbuf[64];
	} req;
	struct nlmsghdr *nh;
	struct nlmsgerr *err;

	memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
	sa.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;

	sock = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, NETLINK_ROUTE);
	if (sock < 0) {
		printf("open netlink socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	if (bind(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&sa, sizeof(sa)) < 0) {
		printf("bind to netlink: %s\n", strerror(errno));
		goto cleanup;
	}

	memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req));
	req.nh.nlmsg_len = NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(struct ifinfomsg));
	req.nh.nlmsg_flags = NLM_F_REQUEST | NLM_F_ACK;
	req.nh.nlmsg_type = RTM_SETLINK;
	req.nh.nlmsg_pid = 0;
	req.nh.nlmsg_seq = ++seq;
	req.ifinfo.ifi_family = AF_UNSPEC;
	req.ifinfo.ifi_index = ifindex;
	nla = (struct nlattr *)(((char *)&req)
				+ NLMSG_ALIGN(req.nh.nlmsg_len));
	nla->nla_type = NLA_F_NESTED | 43/*IFLA_XDP*/;

	nla_xdp = (struct nlattr *)((char *)nla + NLA_HDRLEN);
	nla_xdp->nla_type = 1/*IFLA_XDP_FD*/;
	nla_xdp->nla_len = NLA_HDRLEN + sizeof(int);
	memcpy((char *)nla_xdp + NLA_HDRLEN, &fd, sizeof(fd));
	nla->nla_len = NLA_HDRLEN + nla_xdp->nla_len;

	req.nh.nlmsg_len += NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len);

	if (send(sock, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0) < 0) {
		printf("send to netlink: %s\n", strerror(errno));
		goto cleanup;
	}

	len = recv(sock, buf, sizeof(buf), 0);
	if (len < 0) {
		printf("recv from netlink: %s\n", strerror(errno));
		goto cleanup;
	}

	for (nh = (struct nlmsghdr *)buf; NLMSG_OK(nh, len);
	     nh = NLMSG_NEXT(nh, len)) {
		if (nh->nlmsg_pid != getpid()) {
			printf("Wrong pid %d, expected %d\n",
			       nh->nlmsg_pid, getpid());
			goto cleanup;
		}
		if (nh->nlmsg_seq != seq) {
			printf("Wrong seq %d, expected %d\n",
			       nh->nlmsg_seq, seq);
			goto cleanup;
		}
		switch (nh->nlmsg_type) {
		case NLMSG_ERROR:
			err = (struct nlmsgerr *)NLMSG_DATA(nh);
			if (!err->error)
				continue;
			printf("nlmsg error %s\n", strerror(-err->error));
			goto cleanup;
		case NLMSG_DONE:
			break;
		}
	}

	ret = 0;

cleanup:
	close(sock);
	return ret;
}

static int ifindex;

static void int_exit(int sig)
{
	set_link_xdp_fd(ifindex, -1);
	exit(0);
}

/* simple per-protocol drop counter
 */
static void poll_stats(int interval)
{
	unsigned int nr_cpus = bpf_num_possible_cpus();
	const unsigned int nr_keys = 256;
	__u64 values[nr_cpus], prev[nr_keys][nr_cpus];
	__u32 key;
	int i;

	memset(prev, 0, sizeof(prev));

	while (1) {
		sleep(interval);

		for (key = 0; key < nr_keys; key++) {
			__u64 sum = 0;

			assert(bpf_lookup_elem(map_fd[0], &key, values) == 0);
			for (i = 0; i < nr_cpus; i++)
				sum += (values[i] - prev[key][i]);
			if (sum)
				printf("proto %u: %10llu pkt/s\n",
				       key, sum / interval);
			memcpy(prev[key], values, sizeof(values));
		}
	}
}

int main(int ac, char **argv)
{
	char filename[256];

	snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);

	if (ac != 2) {
		printf("usage: %s IFINDEX\n", argv[0]);
		return 1;
	}

	ifindex = strtoul(argv[1], NULL, 0);

	if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
		printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
		return 1;
	}

	if (!prog_fd[0]) {
		printf("load_bpf_file: %s\n", strerror(errno));
		return 1;
	}

	signal(SIGINT, int_exit);

	if (set_link_xdp_fd(ifindex, prog_fd[0]) < 0) {
		printf("link set xdp fd failed\n");
		return 1;
	}

	poll_stats(2);

	return 0;
}