Documentation for the SoundPro CMI8330 extensions in the WSS driver (ad1848.o)
( Be sure to read Documentation/sound/oss/CMI8330 too )
Ion Badulescu, firstname.lastname@example.org
February 24, 1999
(derived from the OPL3-SA2 documentation by Scott Murray)
The SoundPro CMI8330 (ISA) is a chip usually found on some Taiwanese
motherboards. The official name in the documentation is CMI8330, SoundPro
is the nickname and the big inscription on the chip itself.
The chip emulates a WSS as well as a SB16, but it has certain differences
in the mixer section which require separate support. It also emulates an
MPU401 and an OPL3 synthesizer, so you probably want to enable support
for these, too.
The chip identifies itself as an AD1848, but its mixer is significantly
more advanced than the original AD1848 one. If your system works with
either WSS or SB16 and you are having problems with some mixer controls
(no CD audio, no line-in, etc), you might want to give this driver a try.
Detection should work, but it hasn't been widely tested, so it might still
mis-identify the chip. You can still force soundpro=1 in the modprobe
parameters for ad1848. Please let me know if it happens to you, so I can
adjust the detection routine.
The chip is capable of doing full-duplex, but since the driver sees it as an
AD1848, it cannot take advantage of this. Moreover, the full-duplex mode is
not achievable through the WSS interface, b/c it needs a dma16 line which is
assigned only to the SB16 subdevice (with isapnp). Windows documentation
says the user must use WSS Playback and SB16 Recording for full-duplex, so
it might be possible to do the same thing under Linux. You can try loading
up both ad1848 and sb then use one for playback and the other for
recording. I don't know if this works, b/c I haven't tested it. Anyway, if
you try it, be very careful: the SB16 mixer *mostly* works, but certain
settings can have unexpected effects. Use the WSS mixer for best results.
There is also a PCI SoundPro chip. I have not seen this chip, so I have
no idea if the driver will work with it. I suspect it won't.
As with PnP cards, some configuration is required. There are two ways
of doing this. The most common is to use the isapnptools package to
initialize the card, and use the kernel module form of the sound
subsystem and sound drivers. Alternatively, some BIOS's allow manual
configuration of installed PnP devices in a BIOS menu, which should
allow using the non-modular sound drivers, i.e. built into the kernel.
Since in this latter case you cannot use module parameters, you will
have to enable support for the SoundPro at compile time.
The IRQ and DMA values can be any that are considered acceptable for a
WSS. Assuming you've got isapnp all happy, then you should be able to
do something like the following (which *must* match the isapnp/BIOS
modprobe ad1848 io=0x530 irq=11 dma=0 soundpro=1
modprobe sb io=0x220 irq=5 dma=1 dma16=5
modprobe mpu401 io=0x330 irq=9
modprobe opl3 io=0x388
If all goes well and you see no error messages, you should be able to
start using the sound capabilities of your system. If you get an
error message while trying to insert the module(s), then make
sure that the values of the various arguments match what you specified
in your isapnp configuration file, and that there is no conflict with
another device for an I/O port or interrupt. Checking the contents of
/proc/ioports and /proc/interrupts can be useful to see if you're
butting heads with another device.
If you do not see the chipset version message, and none of the other
messages present in the system log are helpful, try adding 'debug=1'
to the ad1848 parameters, email me the syslog results and I'll do
my best to help.
Lastly, if you're using modules and want to set up automatic module
loading with kmod, the kernel module loader, here is the section I
currently use in my conf.modules file:
post-install sound modprobe -k ad1848; modprobe -k mpu401; modprobe -k opl3
options ad1848 io=0x530 irq=11 dma=0
options sb io=0x220 irq=5 dma=1 dma16=5
options mpu401 io=0x330 irq=9
options opl3 io=0x388
The above ensures that ad1848 will be loaded whenever the sound system
is being used.
NOT REALLY TESTED:
- recording device selection
- implement mixer support for surround, loud, digital CD switches.
- come up with a scheme which allows recording volumes for each subdevice.
This is a major OSS API change.