path: root/include/linux/irq.h
diff options
authorThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2020-01-31 15:26:52 +0100
committerThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>2020-02-01 09:31:47 +0100
commit6f1a4891a5928a5969c87fa5a584844c983ec823 (patch)
treeffac2aef305cc50c20b4656439fcf58f55544409 /include/linux/irq.h
parent2b73ea3796242608b4ccf019ff217156c92e92fe (diff)
x86/apic/msi: Plug non-maskable MSI affinity race
Evan tracked down a subtle race between the update of the MSI message and the device raising an interrupt internally on PCI devices which do not support MSI masking. The update of the MSI message is non-atomic and consists of either 2 or 3 sequential 32bit wide writes to the PCI config space. - Write address low 32bits - Write address high 32bits (If supported by device) - Write data When an interrupt is migrated then both address and data might change, so the kernel attempts to mask the MSI interrupt first. But for MSI masking is optional, so there exist devices which do not provide it. That means that if the device raises an interrupt internally between the writes then a MSI message is sent built from half updated state. On x86 this can lead to spurious interrupts on the wrong interrupt vector when the affinity setting changes both address and data. As a consequence the device interrupt can be lost causing the device to become stuck or malfunctioning. Evan tried to handle that by disabling MSI accross an MSI message update. That's not feasible because disabling MSI has issues on its own: If MSI is disabled the PCI device is routing an interrupt to the legacy INTx mechanism. The INTx delivery can be disabled, but the disablement is not working on all devices. Some devices lose interrupts when both MSI and INTx delivery are disabled. Another way to solve this would be to enforce the allocation of the same vector on all CPUs in the system for this kind of screwed devices. That could be done, but it would bring back the vector space exhaustion problems which got solved a few years ago. Fortunately the high address (if supported by the device) is only relevant when X2APIC is enabled which implies interrupt remapping. In the interrupt remapping case the affinity setting is happening at the interrupt remapping unit and the PCI MSI message is programmed only once when the PCI device is initialized. That makes it possible to solve it with a two step update: 1) Target the MSI msg to the new vector on the current target CPU 2) Target the MSI msg to the new vector on the new target CPU In both cases writing the MSI message is only changing a single 32bit word which prevents the issue of inconsistency. After writing the final destination it is necessary to check whether the device issued an interrupt while the intermediate state #1 (new vector, current CPU) was in effect. This is possible because the affinity change is always happening on the current target CPU. The code runs with interrupts disabled, so the interrupt can be detected by checking the IRR of the local APIC. If the vector is pending in the IRR then the interrupt is retriggered on the new target CPU by sending an IPI for the associated vector on the target CPU. This can cause spurious interrupts on both the local and the new target CPU. 1) If the new vector is not in use on the local CPU and the device affected by the affinity change raised an interrupt during the transitional state (step #1 above) then interrupt entry code will ignore that spurious interrupt. The vector is marked so that the 'No irq handler for vector' warning is supressed once. 2) If the new vector is in use already on the local CPU then the IRR check might see an pending interrupt from the device which is using this vector. The IPI to the new target CPU will then invoke the handler of the device, which got the affinity change, even if that device did not issue an interrupt 3) If the new vector is in use already on the local CPU and the device affected by the affinity change raised an interrupt during the transitional state (step #1 above) then the handler of the device which uses that vector on the local CPU will be invoked. expose issues in device driver interrupt handlers which are not prepared to handle a spurious interrupt correctly. This not a regression, it's just exposing something which was already broken as spurious interrupts can happen for a lot of reasons and all driver handlers need to be able to deal with them. Reported-by: Evan Green <evgreen@chromium.org> Debugged-by: Evan Green <evgreen@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Tested-by: Evan Green <evgreen@chromium.org> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/87imkr4s7n.fsf@nanos.tec.linutronix.de
Diffstat (limited to 'include/linux/irq.h')
1 files changed, 18 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/irq.h b/include/linux/irq.h
index 7853eb9301f2..3ed5a055b5f4 100644
--- a/include/linux/irq.h
+++ b/include/linux/irq.h
@@ -209,6 +209,8 @@ struct irq_data {
* IRQD_SINGLE_TARGET - IRQ allows only a single affinity target
* IRQD_DEFAULT_TRIGGER_SET - Expected trigger already been set
* IRQD_CAN_RESERVE - Can use reservation mode
+ * IRQD_MSI_NOMASK_QUIRK - Non-maskable MSI quirk for affinity change
+ * required
enum {
@@ -231,6 +233,7 @@ enum {
IRQD_CAN_RESERVE = (1 << 26),
+ IRQD_MSI_NOMASK_QUIRK = (1 << 27),
#define __irqd_to_state(d) ACCESS_PRIVATE((d)->common, state_use_accessors)
@@ -390,6 +393,21 @@ static inline bool irqd_can_reserve(struct irq_data *d)
return __irqd_to_state(d) & IRQD_CAN_RESERVE;
+static inline void irqd_set_msi_nomask_quirk(struct irq_data *d)
+ __irqd_to_state(d) |= IRQD_MSI_NOMASK_QUIRK;
+static inline void irqd_clr_msi_nomask_quirk(struct irq_data *d)
+ __irqd_to_state(d) &= ~IRQD_MSI_NOMASK_QUIRK;
+static inline bool irqd_msi_nomask_quirk(struct irq_data *d)
+ return __irqd_to_state(d) & IRQD_MSI_NOMASK_QUIRK;
#undef __irqd_to_state
static inline irq_hw_number_t irqd_to_hwirq(struct irq_data *d)