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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c
downloadlinux-stericsson-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c160
1 files changed, 160 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c b/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f7f90005e22e
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+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/timers/common.c
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+/*
+ * Common functions used across the timers go here
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/hpet.h>
+
+#include "mach_timer.h"
+
+/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
+ * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
+ * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
+ * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
+ * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
+ * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
+ * device.
+ */
+
+#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
+
+unsigned long __init calibrate_tsc(void)
+{
+ mach_prepare_counter();
+
+ {
+ unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
+ unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
+ unsigned long count;
+
+ rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
+ mach_countup(&count);
+ rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
+
+
+ /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
+ if (count <= 1)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
+ __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
+ "sbbl %3,%1"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
+ "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
+ if (endhigh)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
+ if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
+
+ return endlow;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
+ * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
+ * 32 bits..
+ */
+bad_ctc:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
+/* ------ Calibrate the TSC using HPET -------
+ * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for getting the CPU freq.
+ * Second output is parameter 1 (when non NULL)
+ * Set 2^32 * (1 / (tsc per HPET clk)) for delay_hpet().
+ * calibrate_tsc() calibrates the processor TSC by comparing
+ * it to the HPET timer of known frequency.
+ * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C
+ */
+#define CALIBRATE_CNT_HPET (5 * hpet_tick)
+#define CALIBRATE_TIME_HPET (5 * KERNEL_TICK_USEC)
+
+unsigned long __init calibrate_tsc_hpet(unsigned long *tsc_hpet_quotient_ptr)
+{
+ unsigned long tsc_startlow, tsc_starthigh;
+ unsigned long tsc_endlow, tsc_endhigh;
+ unsigned long hpet_start, hpet_end;
+ unsigned long result, remain;
+
+ hpet_start = hpet_readl(HPET_COUNTER);
+ rdtsc(tsc_startlow, tsc_starthigh);
+ do {
+ hpet_end = hpet_readl(HPET_COUNTER);
+ } while ((hpet_end - hpet_start) < CALIBRATE_CNT_HPET);
+ rdtsc(tsc_endlow, tsc_endhigh);
+
+ /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
+ __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
+ "sbbl %3,%1"
+ :"=a" (tsc_endlow), "=d" (tsc_endhigh)
+ :"g" (tsc_startlow), "g" (tsc_starthigh),
+ "0" (tsc_endlow), "1" (tsc_endhigh));
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
+ if (tsc_endhigh)
+ goto bad_calibration;
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
+ if (tsc_endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME_HPET)
+ goto bad_calibration;
+
+ ASM_DIV64_REG(result, remain, tsc_endlow, 0, CALIBRATE_TIME_HPET);
+ if (remain > (tsc_endlow >> 1))
+ result++; /* rounding the result */
+
+ if (tsc_hpet_quotient_ptr) {
+ unsigned long tsc_hpet_quotient;
+
+ ASM_DIV64_REG(tsc_hpet_quotient, remain, tsc_endlow, 0,
+ CALIBRATE_CNT_HPET);
+ if (remain > (tsc_endlow >> 1))
+ tsc_hpet_quotient++; /* rounding the result */
+ *tsc_hpet_quotient_ptr = tsc_hpet_quotient;
+ }
+
+ return result;
+bad_calibration:
+ /*
+ * the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
+ * 32 bits..
+ */
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+/* calculate cpu_khz */
+void __init init_cpu_khz(void)
+{
+ if (cpu_has_tsc) {
+ unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
+ if (tsc_quotient) {
+ /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
+ * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
+ * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
+ */
+ { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
+ :"r" (tsc_quotient),
+ "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
+ printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}