path: root/Documentation/sound/oss/SoundPro
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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/sound/oss/SoundPro
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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+Documentation for the SoundPro CMI8330 extensions in the WSS driver (ad1848.o)
+( Be sure to read Documentation/sound/oss/CMI8330 too )
+Ion Badulescu, ionut@cs.columbia.edu
+February 24, 1999
+(derived from the OPL3-SA2 documentation by Scott Murray)
+The SoundPro CMI8330 (ISA) is a chip usually found on some Taiwanese
+motherboards. The official name in the documentation is CMI8330, SoundPro
+is the nickname and the big inscription on the chip itself.
+The chip emulates a WSS as well as a SB16, but it has certain differences
+in the mixer section which require separate support. It also emulates an
+MPU401 and an OPL3 synthesizer, so you probably want to enable support
+for these, too.
+The chip identifies itself as an AD1848, but its mixer is significantly
+more advanced than the original AD1848 one. If your system works with
+either WSS or SB16 and you are having problems with some mixer controls
+(no CD audio, no line-in, etc), you might want to give this driver a try.
+Detection should work, but it hasn't been widely tested, so it might still
+mis-identify the chip. You can still force soundpro=1 in the modprobe
+parameters for ad1848. Please let me know if it happens to you, so I can
+adjust the detection routine.
+The chip is capable of doing full-duplex, but since the driver sees it as an
+AD1848, it cannot take advantage of this. Moreover, the full-duplex mode is
+not achievable through the WSS interface, b/c it needs a dma16 line which is
+assigned only to the SB16 subdevice (with isapnp). Windows documentation
+says the user must use WSS Playback and SB16 Recording for full-duplex, so
+it might be possible to do the same thing under Linux. You can try loading
+up both ad1848 and sb then use one for playback and the other for
+recording. I don't know if this works, b/c I haven't tested it. Anyway, if
+you try it, be very careful: the SB16 mixer *mostly* works, but certain
+settings can have unexpected effects. Use the WSS mixer for best results.
+There is also a PCI SoundPro chip. I have not seen this chip, so I have
+no idea if the driver will work with it. I suspect it won't.
+As with PnP cards, some configuration is required. There are two ways
+of doing this. The most common is to use the isapnptools package to
+initialize the card, and use the kernel module form of the sound
+subsystem and sound drivers. Alternatively, some BIOS's allow manual
+configuration of installed PnP devices in a BIOS menu, which should
+allow using the non-modular sound drivers, i.e. built into the kernel.
+Since in this latter case you cannot use module parameters, you will
+have to enable support for the SoundPro at compile time.
+The IRQ and DMA values can be any that are considered acceptable for a
+WSS. Assuming you've got isapnp all happy, then you should be able to
+do something like the following (which *must* match the isapnp/BIOS
+modprobe ad1848 io=0x530 irq=11 dma=0 soundpro=1
+-and maybe-
+modprobe sb io=0x220 irq=5 dma=1 dma16=5
+modprobe mpu401 io=0x330 irq=9
+modprobe opl3 io=0x388
+If all goes well and you see no error messages, you should be able to
+start using the sound capabilities of your system. If you get an
+error message while trying to insert the module(s), then make
+sure that the values of the various arguments match what you specified
+in your isapnp configuration file, and that there is no conflict with
+another device for an I/O port or interrupt. Checking the contents of
+/proc/ioports and /proc/interrupts can be useful to see if you're
+butting heads with another device.
+If you do not see the chipset version message, and none of the other
+messages present in the system log are helpful, try adding 'debug=1'
+to the ad1848 parameters, email me the syslog results and I'll do
+my best to help.
+Lastly, if you're using modules and want to set up automatic module
+loading with kmod, the kernel module loader, here is the section I
+currently use in my conf.modules file:
+# Sound
+post-install sound modprobe -k ad1848; modprobe -k mpu401; modprobe -k opl3
+options ad1848 io=0x530 irq=11 dma=0
+options sb io=0x220 irq=5 dma=1 dma16=5
+options mpu401 io=0x330 irq=9
+options opl3 io=0x388
+The above ensures that ad1848 will be loaded whenever the sound system
+is being used.
+Good luck.
+- recording
+- recording device selection
+- full-duplex
+- implement mixer support for surround, loud, digital CD switches.
+- come up with a scheme which allows recording volumes for each subdevice.
+This is a major OSS API change.