aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet
downloadlinux-stericsson-9e734775f7c22d2f89943ad6c745571f1930105f.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet301
1 files changed, 301 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet b/Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cbbe5587c78d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm/SA1100/Assabet
@@ -0,0 +1,301 @@
+The Intel Assabet (SA-1110 evaluation) board
+============================================
+
+Please see:
+http://developer.intel.com/design/strong/quicklist/eval-plat/sa-1110.htm
+http://developer.intel.com/design/strong/guides/278278.htm
+
+Also some notes from John G Dorsey <jd5q@andrew.cmu.edu>:
+http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~wearable/software/assabet.html
+
+
+Building the kernel
+-------------------
+
+To build the kernel with current defaults:
+
+ make assabet_config
+ make oldconfig
+ make zImage
+
+The resulting kernel image should be available in linux/arch/arm/boot/zImage.
+
+
+Installing a bootloader
+-----------------------
+
+A couple of bootloaders able to boot Linux on Assabet are available:
+
+BLOB (http://www.lart.tudelft.nl/lartware/blob/)
+
+ BLOB is a bootloader used within the LART project. Some contributed
+ patches were merged into BLOB to add support for Assabet.
+
+Compaq's Bootldr + John Dorsey's patch for Assabet support
+(http://www.handhelds.org/Compaq/bootldr.html)
+(http://www.wearablegroup.org/software/bootldr/)
+
+ Bootldr is the bootloader developed by Compaq for the iPAQ Pocket PC.
+ John Dorsey has produced add-on patches to add support for Assabet and
+ the JFFS filesystem.
+
+RedBoot (http://sources.redhat.com/redboot/)
+
+ RedBoot is a bootloader developed by Red Hat based on the eCos RTOS
+ hardware abstraction layer. It supports Assabet amongst many other
+ hardware platforms.
+
+RedBoot is currently the recommended choice since it's the only one to have
+networking support, and is the most actively maintained.
+
+Brief examples on how to boot Linux with RedBoot are shown below. But first
+you need to have RedBoot installed in your flash memory. A known to work
+precompiled RedBoot binary is available from the following location:
+
+ftp://ftp.netwinder.org/users/n/nico/
+ftp://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/pub/linux/arm/people/nico/
+ftp://ftp.handhelds.org/pub/linux/arm/sa-1100-patches/
+
+Look for redboot-assabet*.tgz. Some installation infos are provided in
+redboot-assabet*.txt.
+
+
+Initial RedBoot configuration
+-----------------------------
+
+The commands used here are explained in The RedBoot User's Guide available
+on-line at http://sources.redhat.com/ecos/docs-latest/redboot/redboot.html.
+Please refer to it for explanations.
+
+If you have a CF network card (my Assabet kit contained a CF+ LP-E from
+Socket Communications Inc.), you should strongly consider using it for TFTP
+file transfers. You must insert it before RedBoot runs since it can't detect
+it dynamically.
+
+To initialize the flash directory:
+
+ fis init -f
+
+To initialize the non-volatile settings, like whether you want to use BOOTP or
+a static IP address, etc, use this command:
+
+ fconfig -i
+
+
+Writing a kernel image into flash
+---------------------------------
+
+First, the kernel image must be loaded into RAM. If you have the zImage file
+available on a TFTP server:
+
+ load zImage -r -b 0x100000
+
+If you rather want to use Y-Modem upload over the serial port:
+
+ load -m ymodem -r -b 0x100000
+
+To write it to flash:
+
+ fis create "Linux kernel" -b 0x100000 -l 0xc0000
+
+
+Booting the kernel
+------------------
+
+The kernel still requires a filesystem to boot. A ramdisk image can be loaded
+as follows:
+
+ load ramdisk_image.gz -r -b 0x800000
+
+Again, Y-Modem upload can be used instead of TFTP by replacing the file name
+by '-y ymodem'.
+
+Now the kernel can be retrieved from flash like this:
+
+ fis load "Linux kernel"
+
+or loaded as described previously. To boot the kernel:
+
+ exec -b 0x100000 -l 0xc0000
+
+The ramdisk image could be stored into flash as well, but there are better
+solutions for on-flash filesystems as mentioned below.
+
+
+Using JFFS2
+-----------
+
+Using JFFS2 (the Second Journalling Flash File System) is probably the most
+convenient way to store a writable filesystem into flash. JFFS2 is used in
+conjunction with the MTD layer which is responsible for low-level flash
+management. More information on the Linux MTD can be found on-line at:
+http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/. A JFFS howto with some infos about
+creating JFFS/JFFS2 images is available from the same site.
+
+For instance, a sample JFFS2 image can be retrieved from the same FTP sites
+mentioned below for the precompiled RedBoot image.
+
+To load this file:
+
+ load sample_img.jffs2 -r -b 0x100000
+
+The result should look like:
+
+RedBoot> load sample_img.jffs2 -r -b 0x100000
+Raw file loaded 0x00100000-0x00377424
+
+Now we must know the size of the unallocated flash:
+
+ fis free
+
+Result:
+
+RedBoot> fis free
+ 0x500E0000 .. 0x503C0000
+
+The values above may be different depending on the size of the filesystem and
+the type of flash. See their usage below as an example and take care of
+substituting yours appropriately.
+
+We must determine some values:
+
+size of unallocated flash: 0x503c0000 - 0x500e0000 = 0x2e0000
+size of the filesystem image: 0x00377424 - 0x00100000 = 0x277424
+
+We want to fit the filesystem image of course, but we also want to give it all
+the remaining flash space as well. To write it:
+
+ fis unlock -f 0x500E0000 -l 0x2e0000
+ fis erase -f 0x500E0000 -l 0x2e0000
+ fis write -b 0x100000 -l 0x277424 -f 0x500E0000
+ fis create "JFFS2" -n -f 0x500E0000 -l 0x2e0000
+
+Now the filesystem is associated to a MTD "partition" once Linux has discovered
+what they are in the boot process. From Redboot, the 'fis list' command
+displays them:
+
+RedBoot> fis list
+Name FLASH addr Mem addr Length Entry point
+RedBoot 0x50000000 0x50000000 0x00020000 0x00000000
+RedBoot config 0x503C0000 0x503C0000 0x00020000 0x00000000
+FIS directory 0x503E0000 0x503E0000 0x00020000 0x00000000
+Linux kernel 0x50020000 0x00100000 0x000C0000 0x00000000
+JFFS2 0x500E0000 0x500E0000 0x002E0000 0x00000000
+
+However Linux should display something like:
+
+SA1100 flash: probing 32-bit flash bus
+SA1100 flash: Found 2 x16 devices at 0x0 in 32-bit mode
+Using RedBoot partition definition
+Creating 5 MTD partitions on "SA1100 flash":
+0x00000000-0x00020000 : "RedBoot"
+0x00020000-0x000e0000 : "Linux kernel"
+0x000e0000-0x003c0000 : "JFFS2"
+0x003c0000-0x003e0000 : "RedBoot config"
+0x003e0000-0x00400000 : "FIS directory"
+
+What's important here is the position of the partition we are interested in,
+which is the third one. Within Linux, this correspond to /dev/mtdblock2.
+Therefore to boot Linux with the kernel and its root filesystem in flash, we
+need this RedBoot command:
+
+ fis load "Linux kernel"
+ exec -b 0x100000 -l 0xc0000 -c "root=/dev/mtdblock2"
+
+Of course other filesystems than JFFS might be used, like cramfs for example.
+You might want to boot with a root filesystem over NFS, etc. It is also
+possible, and sometimes more convenient, to flash a filesystem directly from
+within Linux while booted from a ramdisk or NFS. The Linux MTD repository has
+many tools to deal with flash memory as well, to erase it for example. JFFS2
+can then be mounted directly on a freshly erased partition and files can be
+copied over directly. Etc...
+
+
+RedBoot scripting
+-----------------
+
+All the commands above aren't so useful if they have to be typed in every
+time the Assabet is rebooted. Therefore it's possible to automatize the boot
+process using RedBoot's scripting capability.
+
+For example, I use this to boot Linux with both the kernel and the ramdisk
+images retrieved from a TFTP server on the network:
+
+RedBoot> fconfig
+Run script at boot: false true
+Boot script:
+Enter script, terminate with empty line
+>> load zImage -r -b 0x100000
+>> load ramdisk_ks.gz -r -b 0x800000
+>> exec -b 0x100000 -l 0xc0000
+>>
+Boot script timeout (1000ms resolution): 3
+Use BOOTP for network configuration: true
+GDB connection port: 9000
+Network debug at boot time: false
+Update RedBoot non-volatile configuration - are you sure (y/n)? y
+
+Then, rebooting the Assabet is just a matter of waiting for the login prompt.
+
+
+
+Nicolas Pitre
+nico@cam.org
+June 12, 2001
+
+
+Status of peripherals in -rmk tree (updated 14/10/2001)
+-------------------------------------------------------
+
+Assabet:
+ Serial ports:
+ Radio: TX, RX, CTS, DSR, DCD, RI
+ PM: Not tested.
+ COM: TX, RX, CTS, DSR, DCD, RTS, DTR, PM
+ PM: Not tested.
+ I2C: Implemented, not fully tested.
+ L3: Fully tested, pass.
+ PM: Not tested.
+
+ Video:
+ LCD: Fully tested. PM
+ (LCD doesn't like being blanked with
+ neponset connected)
+ Video out: Not fully
+
+ Audio:
+ UDA1341:
+ Playback: Fully tested, pass.
+ Record: Implemented, not tested.
+ PM: Not tested.
+
+ UCB1200:
+ Audio play: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ Audio rec: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ Telco audio play: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ Telco audio rec: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ POTS control: No
+ Touchscreen: Yes
+ PM: Not tested.
+
+ Other:
+ PCMCIA:
+ LPE: Fully tested, pass.
+ USB: No
+ IRDA:
+ SIR: Fully tested, pass.
+ FIR: Fully tested, pass.
+ PM: Not tested.
+
+Neponset:
+ Serial ports:
+ COM1,2: TX, RX, CTS, DSR, DCD, RTS, DTR
+ PM: Not tested.
+ USB: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ PCMCIA: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ PM: Not tested.
+ CF: Implemented, not heavily tested.
+ PM: Not tested.
+
+More stuff can be found in the -np (Nicolas Pitre's) tree.
+