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authorRoman Penyaev <rpenyaev@suse.de>2020-05-07 18:36:16 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2020-05-07 19:27:21 -0700
commit412895f03cbf9633298111cb4dfde13b7720e2c5 (patch)
tree7e604e64f5f70225195b69898567de8fb2bb7fc3
parent474328c06e3ee75bb6b92826fec90fdc8ef3c573 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-412895f03cbf9633298111cb4dfde13b7720e2c5.tar.gz
epoll: atomically remove wait entry on wake up
This patch does two things: - fixes a lost wakeup introduced by commit 339ddb53d373 ("fs/epoll: remove unnecessary wakeups of nested epoll") - improves performance for events delivery. The description of the problem is the following: if N (>1) threads are waiting on ep->wq for new events and M (>1) events come, it is quite likely that >1 wakeups hit the same wait queue entry, because there is quite a big window between __add_wait_queue_exclusive() and the following __remove_wait_queue() calls in ep_poll() function. This can lead to lost wakeups, because thread, which was woken up, can handle not all the events in ->rdllist. (in better words the problem is described here: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/10/7/905) The idea of the current patch is to use init_wait() instead of init_waitqueue_entry(). Internally init_wait() sets autoremove_wake_function as a callback, which removes the wait entry atomically (under the wq locks) from the list, thus the next coming wakeup hits the next wait entry in the wait queue, thus preventing lost wakeups. Problem is very well reproduced by the epoll60 test case [1]. Wait entry removal on wakeup has also performance benefits, because there is no need to take a ep->lock and remove wait entry from the queue after the successful wakeup. Here is the timing output of the epoll60 test case: With explicit wakeup from ep_scan_ready_list() (the state of the code prior 339ddb53d373): real 0m6.970s user 0m49.786s sys 0m0.113s After this patch: real 0m5.220s user 0m36.879s sys 0m0.019s The other testcase is the stress-epoll [2], where one thread consumes all the events and other threads produce many events: With explicit wakeup from ep_scan_ready_list() (the state of the code prior 339ddb53d373): threads events/ms run-time ms 8 5427 1474 16 6163 2596 32 6824 4689 64 7060 9064 128 6991 18309 After this patch: threads events/ms run-time ms 8 5598 1429 16 7073 2262 32 7502 4265 64 7640 8376 128 7634 16767 (number of "events/ms" represents event bandwidth, thus higher is better; number of "run-time ms" represents overall time spent doing the benchmark, thus lower is better) [1] tools/testing/selftests/filesystems/epoll/epoll_wakeup_test.c [2] https://github.com/rouming/test-tools/blob/master/stress-epoll.c Signed-off-by: Roman Penyaev <rpenyaev@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@akamai.com> Cc: Khazhismel Kumykov <khazhy@google.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Heiher <r@hev.cc> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200430130326.1368509-2-rpenyaev@suse.de Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--fs/eventpoll.c43
1 files changed, 24 insertions, 19 deletions
diff --git a/fs/eventpoll.c b/fs/eventpoll.c
index d6ba0e52439b..aba03ee749f8 100644
--- a/fs/eventpoll.c
+++ b/fs/eventpoll.c
@@ -1822,7 +1822,6 @@ static int ep_poll(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epoll_event __user *events,
{
int res = 0, eavail, timed_out = 0;
u64 slack = 0;
- bool waiter = false;
wait_queue_entry_t wait;
ktime_t expires, *to = NULL;
@@ -1867,21 +1866,23 @@ fetch_events:
*/
ep_reset_busy_poll_napi_id(ep);
- /*
- * We don't have any available event to return to the caller. We need
- * to sleep here, and we will be woken by ep_poll_callback() when events
- * become available.
- */
- if (!waiter) {
- waiter = true;
- init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
-
+ do {
+ /*
+ * Internally init_wait() uses autoremove_wake_function(),
+ * thus wait entry is removed from the wait queue on each
+ * wakeup. Why it is important? In case of several waiters
+ * each new wakeup will hit the next waiter, giving it the
+ * chance to harvest new event. Otherwise wakeup can be
+ * lost. This is also good performance-wise, because on
+ * normal wakeup path no need to call __remove_wait_queue()
+ * explicitly, thus ep->lock is not taken, which halts the
+ * event delivery.
+ */
+ init_wait(&wait);
write_lock_irq(&ep->lock);
__add_wait_queue_exclusive(&ep->wq, &wait);
write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock);
- }
- for (;;) {
/*
* We don't want to sleep if the ep_poll_callback() sends us
* a wakeup in between. That's why we set the task state
@@ -1911,10 +1912,20 @@ fetch_events:
timed_out = 1;
break;
}
- }
+
+ /* We were woken up, thus go and try to harvest some events */
+ eavail = 1;
+
+ } while (0);
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+ if (!list_empty_careful(&wait.entry)) {
+ write_lock_irq(&ep->lock);
+ __remove_wait_queue(&ep->wq, &wait);
+ write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock);
+ }
+
send_events:
/*
* Try to transfer events to user space. In case we get 0 events and
@@ -1925,12 +1936,6 @@ send_events:
!(res = ep_send_events(ep, events, maxevents)) && !timed_out)
goto fetch_events;
- if (waiter) {
- write_lock_irq(&ep->lock);
- __remove_wait_queue(&ep->wq, &wait);
- write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock);
- }
-
return res;
}