aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-12-01 12:35:48 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-12-01 12:35:48 -0800
commit4b78317679c4f3782a3cff0ddb269c1fcfde7621 (patch)
treefd3d202ef58da346528625067bc139bc19b28726
parent880584176ed7875117a5ba76cf316cb60f7ad30b (diff)
parent55a974021ec952ee460dc31ca08722158639de72 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-4b78317679c4f3782a3cff0ddb269c1fcfde7621.tar.gz
Merge branch 'x86-pti-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull STIBP fallout fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "The performance destruction department finally got it's act together and came up with a cure for the STIPB regression: - Provide a command line option to control the spectre v2 user space mitigations. Default is either seccomp or prctl (if seccomp is disabled in Kconfig). prctl allows mitigation opt-in, seccomp enables the migitation for sandboxed processes. - Rework the code to handle the conditional STIBP/IBPB control and remove the now unused ptrace_may_access_sched() optimization attempt - Disable STIBP automatically when SMT is disabled - Optimize the switch_to() logic to avoid MSR writes and invocations of __switch_to_xtra(). - Make the asynchronous speculation TIF updates synchronous to prevent stale mitigation state. As a general cleanup this also makes retpoline directly depend on compiler support and removes the 'minimal retpoline' option which just pretended to provide some form of security while providing none" * 'x86-pti-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (31 commits) x86/speculation: Provide IBPB always command line options x86/speculation: Add seccomp Spectre v2 user space protection mode x86/speculation: Enable prctl mode for spectre_v2_user x86/speculation: Add prctl() control for indirect branch speculation x86/speculation: Prepare arch_smt_update() for PRCTL mode x86/speculation: Prevent stale SPEC_CTRL msr content x86/speculation: Split out TIF update ptrace: Remove unused ptrace_may_access_sched() and MODE_IBRS x86/speculation: Prepare for conditional IBPB in switch_mm() x86/speculation: Avoid __switch_to_xtra() calls x86/process: Consolidate and simplify switch_to_xtra() code x86/speculation: Prepare for per task indirect branch speculation control x86/speculation: Add command line control for indirect branch speculation x86/speculation: Unify conditional spectre v2 print functions x86/speculataion: Mark command line parser data __initdata x86/speculation: Mark string arrays const correctly x86/speculation: Reorder the spec_v2 code x86/l1tf: Show actual SMT state x86/speculation: Rework SMT state change sched/smt: Expose sched_smt_present static key ...
-rw-r--r--Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt56
-rw-r--r--Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst9
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Kconfig12
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Makefile5
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h26
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/spec-ctrl.h20
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/switch_to.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h20
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c525
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/process.c101
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/process.h39
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/tlb.c115
-rw-r--r--include/linux/ptrace.h17
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h9
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched/smt.h20
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/prctl.h1
-rw-r--r--kernel/cpu.c15
-rw-r--r--kernel/ptrace.c10
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/core.c19
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/sched.h4
-rw-r--r--scripts/Makefile.build2
-rw-r--r--tools/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h1
26 files changed, 780 insertions, 282 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 5d6ba930d4f4..aefd358a5ca3 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -4199,9 +4199,13 @@
spectre_v2= [X86] Control mitigation of Spectre variant 2
(indirect branch speculation) vulnerability.
+ The default operation protects the kernel from
+ user space attacks.
- on - unconditionally enable
- off - unconditionally disable
+ on - unconditionally enable, implies
+ spectre_v2_user=on
+ off - unconditionally disable, implies
+ spectre_v2_user=off
auto - kernel detects whether your CPU model is
vulnerable
@@ -4211,6 +4215,12 @@
CONFIG_RETPOLINE configuration option, and the
compiler with which the kernel was built.
+ Selecting 'on' will also enable the mitigation
+ against user space to user space task attacks.
+
+ Selecting 'off' will disable both the kernel and
+ the user space protections.
+
Specific mitigations can also be selected manually:
retpoline - replace indirect branches
@@ -4220,6 +4230,48 @@
Not specifying this option is equivalent to
spectre_v2=auto.
+ spectre_v2_user=
+ [X86] Control mitigation of Spectre variant 2
+ (indirect branch speculation) vulnerability between
+ user space tasks
+
+ on - Unconditionally enable mitigations. Is
+ enforced by spectre_v2=on
+
+ off - Unconditionally disable mitigations. Is
+ enforced by spectre_v2=off
+
+ prctl - Indirect branch speculation is enabled,
+ but mitigation can be enabled via prctl
+ per thread. The mitigation control state
+ is inherited on fork.
+
+ prctl,ibpb
+ - Like "prctl" above, but only STIBP is
+ controlled per thread. IBPB is issued
+ always when switching between different user
+ space processes.
+
+ seccomp
+ - Same as "prctl" above, but all seccomp
+ threads will enable the mitigation unless
+ they explicitly opt out.
+
+ seccomp,ibpb
+ - Like "seccomp" above, but only STIBP is
+ controlled per thread. IBPB is issued
+ always when switching between different
+ user space processes.
+
+ auto - Kernel selects the mitigation depending on
+ the available CPU features and vulnerability.
+
+ Default mitigation:
+ If CONFIG_SECCOMP=y then "seccomp", otherwise "prctl"
+
+ Not specifying this option is equivalent to
+ spectre_v2_user=auto.
+
spec_store_bypass_disable=
[HW] Control Speculative Store Bypass (SSB) Disable mitigation
(Speculative Store Bypass vulnerability)
diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst
index 32f3d55c54b7..c4dbe6f7cdae 100644
--- a/Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst
+++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst
@@ -92,3 +92,12 @@ Speculation misfeature controls
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_ENABLE, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_DISABLE, 0, 0);
* prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS, PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE, 0, 0);
+
+- PR_SPEC_INDIR_BRANCH: Indirect Branch Speculation in User Processes
+ (Mitigate Spectre V2 style attacks against user processes)
+
+ Invocations:
+ * prctl(PR_GET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, 0, 0, 0);
+ * prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, PR_SPEC_ENABLE, 0, 0);
+ * prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, PR_SPEC_DISABLE, 0, 0);
+ * prctl(PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL, PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH, PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE, 0, 0);
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 9d734f3c8234..8689e794a43c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -444,10 +444,6 @@ config RETPOLINE
branches. Requires a compiler with -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern
support for full protection. The kernel may run slower.
- Without compiler support, at least indirect branches in assembler
- code are eliminated. Since this includes the syscall entry path,
- it is not entirely pointless.
-
config INTEL_RDT
bool "Intel Resource Director Technology support"
depends on X86 && CPU_SUP_INTEL
@@ -1004,13 +1000,7 @@ config NR_CPUS
to the kernel image.
config SCHED_SMT
- bool "SMT (Hyperthreading) scheduler support"
- depends on SMP
- ---help---
- SMT scheduler support improves the CPU scheduler's decision making
- when dealing with Intel Pentium 4 chips with HyperThreading at a
- cost of slightly increased overhead in some places. If unsure say
- N here.
+ def_bool y if SMP
config SCHED_MC
def_bool y
diff --git a/arch/x86/Makefile b/arch/x86/Makefile
index 88398fdf8129..f5d7f4134524 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/Makefile
@@ -220,9 +220,10 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables
# Avoid indirect branches in kernel to deal with Spectre
ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
-ifneq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
- KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS) -DRETPOLINE
+ifeq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
+ $(error You are building kernel with non-retpoline compiler, please update your compiler.)
endif
+ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS)
endif
archscripts: scripts_basic
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 80f4a4f38c79..c8f73efb4ece 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -41,9 +41,10 @@
#define MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL 0x00000048 /* Speculation Control */
#define SPEC_CTRL_IBRS (1 << 0) /* Indirect Branch Restricted Speculation */
-#define SPEC_CTRL_STIBP (1 << 1) /* Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictors */
+#define SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT 1 /* Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictor (STIBP) bit */
+#define SPEC_CTRL_STIBP (1 << SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT) /* STIBP mask */
#define SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT 2 /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable bit */
-#define SPEC_CTRL_SSBD (1 << SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT) /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
+#define SPEC_CTRL_SSBD (1 << SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT) /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
#define MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD 0x00000049 /* Prediction Command */
#define PRED_CMD_IBPB (1 << 0) /* Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
index 80dc14422495..032b6009baab 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -3,6 +3,8 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_NOSPEC_BRANCH_H_
#define _ASM_X86_NOSPEC_BRANCH_H_
+#include <linux/static_key.h>
+
#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/alternative-asm.h>
#include <asm/cpufeatures.h>
@@ -162,11 +164,12 @@
_ASM_PTR " 999b\n\t" \
".popsection\n\t"
-#if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(RETPOLINE)
+#ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/*
- * Since the inline asm uses the %V modifier which is only in newer GCC,
- * the 64-bit one is dependent on RETPOLINE not CONFIG_RETPOLINE.
+ * Inline asm uses the %V modifier which is only in newer GCC
+ * which is ensured when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is defined.
*/
# define CALL_NOSPEC \
ANNOTATE_NOSPEC_ALTERNATIVE \
@@ -181,7 +184,7 @@
X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD)
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "r" (addr)
-#elif defined(CONFIG_X86_32) && defined(CONFIG_RETPOLINE)
+#else /* CONFIG_X86_32 */
/*
* For i386 we use the original ret-equivalent retpoline, because
* otherwise we'll run out of registers. We don't care about CET
@@ -211,6 +214,7 @@
X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD)
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "rm" (addr)
+#endif
#else /* No retpoline for C / inline asm */
# define CALL_NOSPEC "call *%[thunk_target]\n"
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "rm" (addr)
@@ -219,13 +223,19 @@
/* The Spectre V2 mitigation variants */
enum spectre_v2_mitigation {
SPECTRE_V2_NONE,
- SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL,
- SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL_AMD,
SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC,
SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD,
SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED,
};
+/* The indirect branch speculation control variants */
+enum spectre_v2_user_mitigation {
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP,
+};
+
/* The Speculative Store Bypass disable variants */
enum ssb_mitigation {
SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE,
@@ -303,6 +313,10 @@ do { \
preempt_enable(); \
} while (0)
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_to_cond_stibp);
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_cond_ibpb);
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_always_ibpb);
+
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/spec-ctrl.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/spec-ctrl.h
index ae7c2c5cd7f0..5393babc0598 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/spec-ctrl.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/spec-ctrl.h
@@ -53,12 +53,24 @@ static inline u64 ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(u64 tifn)
return (tifn & _TIF_SSBD) >> (TIF_SSBD - SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT);
}
+static inline u64 stibp_tif_to_spec_ctrl(u64 tifn)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(TIF_SPEC_IB < SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
+ return (tifn & _TIF_SPEC_IB) >> (TIF_SPEC_IB - SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
+}
+
static inline unsigned long ssbd_spec_ctrl_to_tif(u64 spec_ctrl)
{
BUILD_BUG_ON(TIF_SSBD < SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT);
return (spec_ctrl & SPEC_CTRL_SSBD) << (TIF_SSBD - SPEC_CTRL_SSBD_SHIFT);
}
+static inline unsigned long stibp_spec_ctrl_to_tif(u64 spec_ctrl)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(TIF_SPEC_IB < SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
+ return (spec_ctrl & SPEC_CTRL_STIBP) << (TIF_SPEC_IB - SPEC_CTRL_STIBP_SHIFT);
+}
+
static inline u64 ssbd_tif_to_amd_ls_cfg(u64 tifn)
{
return (tifn & _TIF_SSBD) ? x86_amd_ls_cfg_ssbd_mask : 0ULL;
@@ -70,11 +82,7 @@ extern void speculative_store_bypass_ht_init(void);
static inline void speculative_store_bypass_ht_init(void) { }
#endif
-extern void speculative_store_bypass_update(unsigned long tif);
-
-static inline void speculative_store_bypass_update_current(void)
-{
- speculative_store_bypass_update(current_thread_info()->flags);
-}
+extern void speculation_ctrl_update(unsigned long tif);
+extern void speculation_ctrl_update_current(void);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/switch_to.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/switch_to.h
index 36bd243843d6..7cf1a270d891 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/switch_to.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/switch_to.h
@@ -11,9 +11,6 @@ struct task_struct *__switch_to_asm(struct task_struct *prev,
__visible struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next);
-struct tss_struct;
-void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p,
- struct tss_struct *tss);
/* This runs runs on the previous thread's stack. */
static inline void prepare_switch_to(struct task_struct *next)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
index 2ff2a30a264f..82b73b75d67c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -79,10 +79,12 @@ struct thread_info {
#define TIF_SIGPENDING 2 /* signal pending */
#define TIF_NEED_RESCHED 3 /* rescheduling necessary */
#define TIF_SINGLESTEP 4 /* reenable singlestep on user return*/
-#define TIF_SSBD 5 /* Reduced data speculation */
+#define TIF_SSBD 5 /* Speculative store bypass disable */
#define TIF_SYSCALL_EMU 6 /* syscall emulation active */
#define TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT 7 /* syscall auditing active */
#define TIF_SECCOMP 8 /* secure computing */
+#define TIF_SPEC_IB 9 /* Indirect branch speculation mitigation */
+#define TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE 10 /* Force speculation MSR update in context switch */
#define TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY 11 /* notify kernel of userspace return */
#define TIF_UPROBE 12 /* breakpointed or singlestepping */
#define TIF_PATCH_PENDING 13 /* pending live patching update */
@@ -110,6 +112,8 @@ struct thread_info {
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_EMU (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_EMU)
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT)
#define _TIF_SECCOMP (1 << TIF_SECCOMP)
+#define _TIF_SPEC_IB (1 << TIF_SPEC_IB)
+#define _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE (1 << TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE)
#define _TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY (1 << TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY)
#define _TIF_UPROBE (1 << TIF_UPROBE)
#define _TIF_PATCH_PENDING (1 << TIF_PATCH_PENDING)
@@ -145,8 +149,18 @@ struct thread_info {
_TIF_FSCHECK)
/* flags to check in __switch_to() */
-#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW \
- (_TIF_IO_BITMAP|_TIF_NOCPUID|_TIF_NOTSC|_TIF_BLOCKSTEP|_TIF_SSBD)
+#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE \
+ (_TIF_IO_BITMAP|_TIF_NOCPUID|_TIF_NOTSC|_TIF_BLOCKSTEP| \
+ _TIF_SSBD | _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE)
+
+/*
+ * Avoid calls to __switch_to_xtra() on UP as STIBP is not evaluated.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+# define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE | _TIF_SPEC_IB)
+#else
+# define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE)
+#endif
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW|_TIF_USER_RETURN_NOTIFY)
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT (_TIF_WORK_CTXSW)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index d760611cfc35..f4204bf377fc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -169,10 +169,14 @@ struct tlb_state {
#define LOADED_MM_SWITCHING ((struct mm_struct *)1)
+ /* Last user mm for optimizing IBPB */
+ union {
+ struct mm_struct *last_user_mm;
+ unsigned long last_user_mm_ibpb;
+ };
+
u16 loaded_mm_asid;
u16 next_asid;
- /* last user mm's ctx id */
- u64 last_ctx_id;
/*
* We can be in one of several states:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index c37e66e493bf..500278f5308e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/prctl.h>
+#include <linux/sched/smt.h>
#include <asm/spec-ctrl.h>
#include <asm/cmdline.h>
@@ -53,6 +54,13 @@ static u64 __ro_after_init x86_spec_ctrl_mask = SPEC_CTRL_IBRS;
u64 __ro_after_init x86_amd_ls_cfg_base;
u64 __ro_after_init x86_amd_ls_cfg_ssbd_mask;
+/* Control conditional STIPB in switch_to() */
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_to_cond_stibp);
+/* Control conditional IBPB in switch_mm() */
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_cond_ibpb);
+/* Control unconditional IBPB in switch_mm() */
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(switch_mm_always_ibpb);
+
void __init check_bugs(void)
{
identify_boot_cpu();
@@ -123,31 +131,6 @@ void __init check_bugs(void)
#endif
}
-/* The kernel command line selection */
-enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd {
- SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE,
- SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO,
- SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE,
- SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE,
- SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC,
- SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD,
-};
-
-static const char *spectre_v2_strings[] = {
- [SPECTRE_V2_NONE] = "Vulnerable",
- [SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL] = "Vulnerable: Minimal generic ASM retpoline",
- [SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL_AMD] = "Vulnerable: Minimal AMD ASM retpoline",
- [SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC] = "Mitigation: Full generic retpoline",
- [SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD] = "Mitigation: Full AMD retpoline",
- [SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED] = "Mitigation: Enhanced IBRS",
-};
-
-#undef pr_fmt
-#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Spectre V2 : " fmt
-
-static enum spectre_v2_mitigation spectre_v2_enabled __ro_after_init =
- SPECTRE_V2_NONE;
-
void
x86_virt_spec_ctrl(u64 guest_spec_ctrl, u64 guest_virt_spec_ctrl, bool setguest)
{
@@ -169,6 +152,10 @@ x86_virt_spec_ctrl(u64 guest_spec_ctrl, u64 guest_virt_spec_ctrl, bool setguest)
static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD))
hostval |= ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(ti->flags);
+ /* Conditional STIBP enabled? */
+ if (static_branch_unlikely(&switch_to_cond_stibp))
+ hostval |= stibp_tif_to_spec_ctrl(ti->flags);
+
if (hostval != guestval) {
msrval = setguest ? guestval : hostval;
wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, msrval);
@@ -202,7 +189,7 @@ x86_virt_spec_ctrl(u64 guest_spec_ctrl, u64 guest_virt_spec_ctrl, bool setguest)
tif = setguest ? ssbd_spec_ctrl_to_tif(guestval) :
ssbd_spec_ctrl_to_tif(hostval);
- speculative_store_bypass_update(tif);
+ speculation_ctrl_update(tif);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_virt_spec_ctrl);
@@ -217,6 +204,15 @@ static void x86_amd_ssb_disable(void)
wrmsrl(MSR_AMD64_LS_CFG, msrval);
}
+#undef pr_fmt
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Spectre V2 : " fmt
+
+static enum spectre_v2_mitigation spectre_v2_enabled __ro_after_init =
+ SPECTRE_V2_NONE;
+
+static enum spectre_v2_user_mitigation spectre_v2_user __ro_after_init =
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE;
+
#ifdef RETPOLINE
static bool spectre_v2_bad_module;
@@ -238,67 +234,217 @@ static inline const char *spectre_v2_module_string(void)
static inline const char *spectre_v2_module_string(void) { return ""; }
#endif
-static void __init spec2_print_if_insecure(const char *reason)
+static inline bool match_option(const char *arg, int arglen, const char *opt)
{
- if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2))
- pr_info("%s selected on command line.\n", reason);
+ int len = strlen(opt);
+
+ return len == arglen && !strncmp(arg, opt, len);
}
-static void __init spec2_print_if_secure(const char *reason)
+/* The kernel command line selection for spectre v2 */
+enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd {
+ SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE,
+ SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO,
+ SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE,
+ SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE,
+ SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC,
+ SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD,
+};
+
+enum spectre_v2_user_cmd {
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP,
+ SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB,
+};
+
+static const char * const spectre_v2_user_strings[] = {
+ [SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE] = "User space: Vulnerable",
+ [SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT] = "User space: Mitigation: STIBP protection",
+ [SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL] = "User space: Mitigation: STIBP via prctl",
+ [SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP] = "User space: Mitigation: STIBP via seccomp and prctl",
+};
+
+static const struct {
+ const char *option;
+ enum spectre_v2_user_cmd cmd;
+ bool secure;
+} v2_user_options[] __initdata = {
+ { "auto", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO, false },
+ { "off", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE, false },
+ { "on", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE, true },
+ { "prctl", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL, false },
+ { "prctl,ibpb", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB, false },
+ { "seccomp", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP, false },
+ { "seccomp,ibpb", SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB, false },
+};
+
+static void __init spec_v2_user_print_cond(const char *reason, bool secure)
{
- if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2))
- pr_info("%s selected on command line.\n", reason);
+ if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2) != secure)
+ pr_info("spectre_v2_user=%s forced on command line.\n", reason);
}
-static inline bool retp_compiler(void)
+static enum spectre_v2_user_cmd __init
+spectre_v2_parse_user_cmdline(enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd v2_cmd)
{
- return __is_defined(RETPOLINE);
+ char arg[20];
+ int ret, i;
+
+ switch (v2_cmd) {
+ case SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE:
+ return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE:
+ return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2_user",
+ arg, sizeof(arg));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(v2_user_options); i++) {
+ if (match_option(arg, ret, v2_user_options[i].option)) {
+ spec_v2_user_print_cond(v2_user_options[i].option,
+ v2_user_options[i].secure);
+ return v2_user_options[i].cmd;
+ }
+ }
+
+ pr_err("Unknown user space protection option (%s). Switching to AUTO select\n", arg);
+ return SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO;
}
-static inline bool match_option(const char *arg, int arglen, const char *opt)
+static void __init
+spectre_v2_user_select_mitigation(enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd v2_cmd)
{
- int len = strlen(opt);
+ enum spectre_v2_user_mitigation mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE;
+ bool smt_possible = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP);
+ enum spectre_v2_user_cmd cmd;
- return len == arglen && !strncmp(arg, opt, len);
+ if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBPB) && !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_STIBP))
+ return;
+
+ if (cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_FORCE_DISABLED ||
+ cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED)
+ smt_possible = false;
+
+ cmd = spectre_v2_parse_user_cmdline(v2_cmd);
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_NONE:
+ goto set_mode;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE:
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT;
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB:
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL;
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB:
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SECCOMP))
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP;
+ else
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* Initialize Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBPB)) {
+ setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB);
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_FORCE:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL_IBPB:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP_IBPB:
+ static_branch_enable(&switch_mm_always_ibpb);
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_PRCTL:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_AUTO:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_CMD_SECCOMP:
+ static_branch_enable(&switch_mm_cond_ibpb);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ pr_info("mitigation: Enabling %s Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier\n",
+ static_key_enabled(&switch_mm_always_ibpb) ?
+ "always-on" : "conditional");
+ }
+
+ /* If enhanced IBRS is enabled no STIPB required */
+ if (spectre_v2_enabled == SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * If SMT is not possible or STIBP is not available clear the STIPB
+ * mode.
+ */
+ if (!smt_possible || !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_STIBP))
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE;
+set_mode:
+ spectre_v2_user = mode;
+ /* Only print the STIBP mode when SMT possible */
+ if (smt_possible)
+ pr_info("%s\n", spectre_v2_user_strings[mode]);
}
+static const char * const spectre_v2_strings[] = {
+ [SPECTRE_V2_NONE] = "Vulnerable",
+ [SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC] = "Mitigation: Full generic retpoline",
+ [SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD] = "Mitigation: Full AMD retpoline",
+ [SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED] = "Mitigation: Enhanced IBRS",
+};
+
static const struct {
const char *option;
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd;
bool secure;
-} mitigation_options[] = {
- { "off", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE, false },
- { "on", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE, true },
- { "retpoline", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE, false },
- { "retpoline,amd", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD, false },
- { "retpoline,generic", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC, false },
- { "auto", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO, false },
+} mitigation_options[] __initdata = {
+ { "off", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE, false },
+ { "on", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_FORCE, true },
+ { "retpoline", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE, false },
+ { "retpoline,amd", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_AMD, false },
+ { "retpoline,generic", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE_GENERIC, false },
+ { "auto", SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO, false },
};
+static void __init spec_v2_print_cond(const char *reason, bool secure)
+{
+ if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2) != secure)
+ pr_info("%s selected on command line.\n", reason);
+}
+
static enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd __init spectre_v2_parse_cmdline(void)
{
+ enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd = SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
char arg[20];
int ret, i;
- enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd = SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "nospectre_v2"))
return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_NONE;
- else {
- ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2", arg, sizeof(arg));
- if (ret < 0)
- return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mitigation_options); i++) {
- if (!match_option(arg, ret, mitigation_options[i].option))
- continue;
- cmd = mitigation_options[i].cmd;
- break;
- }
+ ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spectre_v2", arg, sizeof(arg));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
- if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(mitigation_options)) {
- pr_err("unknown option (%s). Switching to AUTO select\n", arg);
- return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
- }
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mitigation_options); i++) {
+ if (!match_option(arg, ret, mitigation_options[i].option))
+ continue;
+ cmd = mitigation_options[i].cmd;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(mitigation_options)) {
+ pr_err("unknown option (%s). Switching to AUTO select\n", arg);
+ return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
}
if ((cmd == SPECTRE_V2_CMD_RETPOLINE ||
@@ -316,54 +462,11 @@ static enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd __init spectre_v2_parse_cmdline(void)
return SPECTRE_V2_CMD_AUTO;
}
- if (mitigation_options[i].secure)
- spec2_print_if_secure(mitigation_options[i].option);
- else
- spec2_print_if_insecure(mitigation_options[i].option);
-
+ spec_v2_print_cond(mitigation_options[i].option,
+ mitigation_options[i].secure);
return cmd;
}
-static bool stibp_needed(void)
-{
- if (spectre_v2_enabled == SPECTRE_V2_NONE)
- return false;
-
- if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_STIBP))
- return false;
-
- return true;
-}
-
-static void update_stibp_msr(void *info)
-{
- wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, x86_spec_ctrl_base);
-}
-
-void arch_smt_update(void)
-{
- u64 mask;
-
- if (!stibp_needed())
- return;
-
- mutex_lock(&spec_ctrl_mutex);
- mask = x86_spec_ctrl_base;
- if (cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_ENABLED)
- mask |= SPEC_CTRL_STIBP;
- else
- mask &= ~SPEC_CTRL_STIBP;
-
- if (mask != x86_spec_ctrl_base) {
- pr_info("Spectre v2 cross-process SMT mitigation: %s STIBP\n",
- cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_ENABLED ?
- "Enabling" : "Disabling");
- x86_spec_ctrl_base = mask;
- on_each_cpu(update_stibp_msr, NULL, 1);
- }
- mutex_unlock(&spec_ctrl_mutex);
-}
-
static void __init spectre_v2_select_mitigation(void)
{
enum spectre_v2_mitigation_cmd cmd = spectre_v2_parse_cmdline();
@@ -417,14 +520,12 @@ retpoline_auto:
pr_err("Spectre mitigation: LFENCE not serializing, switching to generic retpoline\n");
goto retpoline_generic;
}
- mode = retp_compiler() ? SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD :
- SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL_AMD;
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_AMD;
setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD);
setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE);
} else {
retpoline_generic:
- mode = retp_compiler() ? SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC :
- SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_MINIMAL;
+ mode = SPECTRE_V2_RETPOLINE_GENERIC;
setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE);
}
@@ -443,12 +544,6 @@ specv2_set_mode:
setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_RSB_CTXSW);
pr_info("Spectre v2 / SpectreRSB mitigation: Filling RSB on context switch\n");
- /* Initialize Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier if supported */
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBPB)) {
- setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB);
- pr_info("Spectre v2 mitigation: Enabling Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier\n");
- }
-
/*
* Retpoline means the kernel is safe because it has no indirect
* branches. Enhanced IBRS protects firmware too, so, enable restricted
@@ -465,10 +560,67 @@ specv2_set_mode:
pr_info("Enabling Restricted Speculation for firmware calls\n");
}
+ /* Set up IBPB and STIBP depending on the general spectre V2 command */
+ spectre_v2_user_select_mitigation(cmd);
+
/* Enable STIBP if appropriate */
arch_smt_update();
}
+static void update_stibp_msr(void * __unused)
+{
+ wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, x86_spec_ctrl_base);
+}
+
+/* Update x86_spec_ctrl_base in case SMT state changed. */
+static void update_stibp_strict(void)
+{
+ u64 mask = x86_spec_ctrl_base & ~SPEC_CTRL_STIBP;
+
+ if (sched_smt_active())
+ mask |= SPEC_CTRL_STIBP;
+
+ if (mask == x86_spec_ctrl_base)
+ return;
+
+ pr_info("Update user space SMT mitigation: STIBP %s\n",
+ mask & SPEC_CTRL_STIBP ? "always-on" : "off");
+ x86_spec_ctrl_base = mask;
+ on_each_cpu(update_stibp_msr, NULL, 1);
+}
+
+/* Update the static key controlling the evaluation of TIF_SPEC_IB */
+static void update_indir_branch_cond(void)
+{
+ if (sched_smt_active())
+ static_branch_enable(&switch_to_cond_stibp);
+ else
+ static_branch_disable(&switch_to_cond_stibp);
+}
+
+void arch_smt_update(void)
+{
+ /* Enhanced IBRS implies STIBP. No update required. */
+ if (spectre_v2_enabled == SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED)
+ return;
+
+ mutex_lock(&spec_ctrl_mutex);
+
+ switch (spectre_v2_user) {
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE:
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT:
+ update_stibp_strict();
+ break;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP:
+ update_indir_branch_cond();
+ break;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&spec_ctrl_mutex);
+}
+
#undef pr_fmt
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Speculative Store Bypass: " fmt
@@ -483,7 +635,7 @@ enum ssb_mitigation_cmd {
SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_SECCOMP,
};
-static const char *ssb_strings[] = {
+static const char * const ssb_strings[] = {
[SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE] = "Vulnerable",
[SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE] = "Mitigation: Speculative Store Bypass disabled",
[SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_PRCTL] = "Mitigation: Speculative Store Bypass disabled via prctl",
@@ -493,7 +645,7 @@ static const char *ssb_strings[] = {
static const struct {
const char *option;
enum ssb_mitigation_cmd cmd;
-} ssb_mitigation_options[] = {
+} ssb_mitigation_options[] __initdata = {
{ "auto", SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO }, /* Platform decides */
{ "on", SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_ON }, /* Disable Speculative Store Bypass */
{ "off", SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE }, /* Don't touch Speculative Store Bypass */
@@ -604,10 +756,25 @@ static void ssb_select_mitigation(void)
#undef pr_fmt
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Speculation prctl: " fmt
-static int ssb_prctl_set(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long ctrl)
+static void task_update_spec_tif(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- bool update;
+ /* Force the update of the real TIF bits */
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE);
+ /*
+ * Immediately update the speculation control MSRs for the current
+ * task, but for a non-current task delay setting the CPU
+ * mitigation until it is scheduled next.
+ *
+ * This can only happen for SECCOMP mitigation. For PRCTL it's
+ * always the current task.
+ */
+ if (tsk == current)
+ speculation_ctrl_update_current();
+}
+
+static int ssb_prctl_set(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long ctrl)
+{
if (ssb_mode != SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_PRCTL &&
ssb_mode != SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_SECCOMP)
return -ENXIO;
@@ -618,28 +785,56 @@ static int ssb_prctl_set(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long ctrl)
if (task_spec_ssb_force_disable(task))
return -EPERM;
task_clear_spec_ssb_disable(task);
- update = test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_SSBD);
+ task_update_spec_tif(task);
break;
case PR_SPEC_DISABLE:
task_set_spec_ssb_disable(task);
- update = !test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_SSBD);
+ task_update_spec_tif(task);
break;
case PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE:
task_set_spec_ssb_disable(task);
task_set_spec_ssb_force_disable(task);
- update = !test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_SSBD);
+ task_update_spec_tif(task);
break;
default:
return -ERANGE;
}
+ return 0;
+}
- /*
- * If being set on non-current task, delay setting the CPU
- * mitigation until it is next scheduled.
- */
- if (task == current && update)
- speculative_store_bypass_update_current();
-
+static int ib_prctl_set(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long ctrl)
+{
+ switch (ctrl) {
+ case PR_SPEC_ENABLE:
+ if (spectre_v2_user == SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE)
+ return 0;
+ /*
+ * Indirect branch speculation is always disabled in strict
+ * mode.
+ */
+ if (spectre_v2_user == SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT)
+ return -EPERM;
+ task_clear_spec_ib_disable(task);
+ task_update_spec_tif(task);
+ break;
+ case PR_SPEC_DISABLE:
+ case PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE:
+ /*
+ * Indirect branch speculation is always allowed when
+ * mitigation is force disabled.
+ */
+ if (spectre_v2_user == SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE)
+ return -EPERM;
+ if (spectre_v2_user == SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT)
+ return 0;
+ task_set_spec_ib_disable(task);
+ if (ctrl == PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE)
+ task_set_spec_ib_force_disable(task);
+ task_update_spec_tif(task);
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -ERANGE;
+ }
return 0;
}
@@ -649,6 +844,8 @@ int arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_set(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long which,
switch (which) {
case PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS:
return ssb_prctl_set(task, ctrl);
+ case PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH:
+ return ib_prctl_set(task, ctrl);
default:
return -ENODEV;
}
@@ -659,6 +856,8 @@ void arch_seccomp_spec_mitigate(struct task_struct *task)
{
if (ssb_mode == SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_SECCOMP)
ssb_prctl_set(task, PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE);
+ if (spectre_v2_user == SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP)
+ ib_prctl_set(task, PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE);
}
#endif
@@ -681,11 +880,35 @@ static int ssb_prctl_get(struct task_struct *task)
}
}
+static int ib_prctl_get(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2))
+ return PR_SPEC_NOT_AFFECTED;
+
+ switch (spectre_v2_user) {
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE:
+ return PR_SPEC_ENABLE;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP:
+ if (task_spec_ib_force_disable(task))
+ return PR_SPEC_PRCTL | PR_SPEC_FORCE_DISABLE;
+ if (task_spec_ib_disable(task))
+ return PR_SPEC_PRCTL | PR_SPEC_DISABLE;
+ return PR_SPEC_PRCTL | PR_SPEC_ENABLE;
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT:
+ return PR_SPEC_DISABLE;
+ default:
+ return PR_SPEC_NOT_AFFECTED;
+ }
+}
+
int arch_prctl_spec_ctrl_get(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long which)
{
switch (which) {
case PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS:
return ssb_prctl_get(task);
+ case PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH:
+ return ib_prctl_get(task);
default:
return -ENODEV;
}
@@ -823,7 +1046,7 @@ early_param("l1tf", l1tf_cmdline);
#define L1TF_DEFAULT_MSG "Mitigation: PTE Inversion"
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KVM_INTEL)
-static const char *l1tf_vmx_states[] = {
+static const char * const l1tf_vmx_states[] = {
[VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_AUTO] = "auto",
[VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_NEVER] = "vulnerable",
[VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_COND] = "conditional cache flushes",
@@ -839,13 +1062,14 @@ static ssize_t l1tf_show_state(char *buf)
if (l1tf_vmx_mitigation == VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_EPT_DISABLED ||
(l1tf_vmx_mitigation == VMENTER_L1D_FLUSH_NEVER &&
- cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_ENABLED))
+ sched_smt_active())) {
return sprintf(buf, "%s; VMX: %s\n", L1TF_DEFAULT_MSG,
l1tf_vmx_states[l1tf_vmx_mitigation]);
+ }
return sprintf(buf, "%s; VMX: %s, SMT %s\n", L1TF_DEFAULT_MSG,
l1tf_vmx_states[l1tf_vmx_mitigation],
- cpu_smt_control == CPU_SMT_ENABLED ? "vulnerable" : "disabled");
+ sched_smt_active() ? "vulnerable" : "disabled");
}
#else
static ssize_t l1tf_show_state(char *buf)
@@ -854,11 +1078,39 @@ static ssize_t l1tf_show_state(char *buf)
}
#endif
+static char *stibp_state(void)
+{
+ if (spectre_v2_enabled == SPECTRE_V2_IBRS_ENHANCED)
+ return "";
+
+ switch (spectre_v2_user) {
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_NONE:
+ return ", STIBP: disabled";
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_STRICT:
+ return ", STIBP: forced";
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_PRCTL:
+ case SPECTRE_V2_USER_SECCOMP:
+ if (static_key_enabled(&switch_to_cond_stibp))
+ return ", STIBP: conditional";
+ }
+ return "";
+}
+
+static char *ibpb_state(void)
+{
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBPB)) {
+ if (static_key_enabled(&switch_mm_always_ibpb))
+ return ", IBPB: always-on";
+ if (static_key_enabled(&switch_mm_cond_ibpb))
+ return ", IBPB: conditional";
+ return ", IBPB: disabled";
+ }
+ return "";
+}
+
static ssize_t cpu_show_common(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
char *buf, unsigned int bug)
{
- int ret;
-
if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(bug))
return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
@@ -876,13 +1128,12 @@ static ssize_t cpu_show_common(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr
return sprintf(buf, "Mitigation: __user pointer sanitization\n");
case X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2:
- ret = sprintf(buf, "%s%s%s%s%s%s\n", spectre_v2_strings[spectre_v2_enabled],
- boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB) ? ", IBPB" : "",
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s%s%s%s%s%s\n", spectre_v2_strings[spectre_v2_enabled],
+ ibpb_state(),
boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW) ? ", IBRS_FW" : "",
- (x86_spec_ctrl_base & SPEC_CTRL_STIBP) ? ", STIBP" : "",
+ stibp_state(),
boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RSB_CTXSW) ? ", RSB filling" : "",
spectre_v2_module_string());
- return ret;
case X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS:
return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", ssb_strings[ssb_mode]);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index c93fcfdf1673..7d31192296a8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -40,6 +40,8 @@
#include <asm/prctl.h>
#include <asm/spec-ctrl.h>
+#include "process.h"
+
/*
* per-CPU TSS segments. Threads are completely 'soft' on Linux,
* no more per-task TSS's. The TSS size is kept cacheline-aligned
@@ -252,11 +254,12 @@ void arch_setup_new_exec(void)
enable_cpuid();
}
-static inline void switch_to_bitmap(struct tss_struct *tss,
- struct thread_struct *prev,
+static inline void switch_to_bitmap(struct thread_struct *prev,
struct thread_struct *next,
unsigned long tifp, unsigned long tifn)
{
+ struct tss_struct *tss = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_tss_rw);
+
if (tifn & _TIF_IO_BITMAP) {
/*
* Copy the relevant range of the IO bitmap.
@@ -395,32 +398,85 @@ static __always_inline void amd_set_ssb_virt_state(unsigned long tifn)
wrmsrl(MSR_AMD64_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL, ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(tifn));
}
-static __always_inline void intel_set_ssb_state(unsigned long tifn)
+/*
+ * Update the MSRs managing speculation control, during context switch.
+ *
+ * tifp: Previous task's thread flags
+ * tifn: Next task's thread flags
+ */
+static __always_inline void __speculation_ctrl_update(unsigned long tifp,
+ unsigned long tifn)
{
- u64 msr = x86_spec_ctrl_base | ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(tifn);
+ unsigned long tif_diff = tifp ^ tifn;
+ u64 msr = x86_spec_ctrl_base;
+ bool updmsr = false;
+
+ /*
+ * If TIF_SSBD is different, select the proper mitigation
+ * method. Note that if SSBD mitigation is disabled or permanentely
+ * enabled this branch can't be taken because nothing can set
+ * TIF_SSBD.
+ */
+ if (tif_diff & _TIF_SSBD) {
+ if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD)) {
+ amd_set_ssb_virt_state(tifn);
+ } else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_LS_CFG_SSBD)) {
+ amd_set_core_ssb_state(tifn);
+ } else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SPEC_CTRL_SSBD) ||
+ static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD)) {
+ msr |= ssbd_tif_to_spec_ctrl(tifn);
+ updmsr = true;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Only evaluate TIF_SPEC_IB if conditional STIBP is enabled,
+ * otherwise avoid the MSR write.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP) &&
+ static_branch_unlikely(&switch_to_cond_stibp)) {
+ updmsr |= !!(tif_diff & _TIF_SPEC_IB);
+ msr |= stibp_tif_to_spec_ctrl(tifn);
+ }
- wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, msr);
+ if (updmsr)
+ wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, msr);
}
-static __always_inline void __speculative_store_bypass_update(unsigned long tifn)
+static unsigned long speculation_ctrl_update_tif(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD))
- amd_set_ssb_virt_state(tifn);
- else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_LS_CFG_SSBD))
- amd_set_core_ssb_state(tifn);
- else
- intel_set_ssb_state(tifn);
+ if (test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE)) {
+ if (task_spec_ssb_disable(tsk))
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SSBD);
+ else
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SSBD);
+
+ if (task_spec_ib_disable(tsk))
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SPEC_IB);
+ else
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SPEC_IB);
+ }
+ /* Return the updated threadinfo flags*/
+ return task_thread_info(tsk)->flags;
}
-void speculative_store_bypass_update(unsigned long tif)
+void speculation_ctrl_update(unsigned long tif)
{
+ /* Forced update. Make sure all relevant TIF flags are different */
preempt_disable();
- __speculative_store_bypass_update(tif);
+ __speculation_ctrl_update(~tif, tif);
preempt_enable();
}
-void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p,
- struct tss_struct *tss)
+/* Called from seccomp/prctl update */
+void speculation_ctrl_update_current(void)
+{
+ preempt_disable();
+ speculation_ctrl_update(speculation_ctrl_update_tif(current));
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+
+void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
{
struct thread_struct *prev, *next;
unsigned long tifp, tifn;
@@ -430,7 +486,7 @@ void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p,
tifn = READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(next_p)->flags);
tifp = READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(prev_p)->flags);
- switch_to_bitmap(tss, prev, next, tifp, tifn);
+ switch_to_bitmap(prev, next, tifp, tifn);
propagate_user_return_notify(prev_p, next_p);
@@ -451,8 +507,15 @@ void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p,
if ((tifp ^ tifn) & _TIF_NOCPUID)
set_cpuid_faulting(!!(tifn & _TIF_NOCPUID));
- if ((tifp ^ tifn) & _TIF_SSBD)
- __speculative_store_bypass_update(tifn);
+ if (likely(!((tifp | tifn) & _TIF_SPEC_FORCE_UPDATE))) {
+ __speculation_ctrl_update(tifp, tifn);
+ } else {
+ speculation_ctrl_update_tif(prev_p);
+ tifn = speculation_ctrl_update_tif(next_p);
+
+ /* Enforce MSR update to ensure consistent state */
+ __speculation_ctrl_update(~tifn, tifn);
+ }
}
/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.h b/arch/x86/kernel/process.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..898e97cf6629
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.h
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+//
+// Code shared between 32 and 64 bit
+
+#include <asm/spec-ctrl.h>
+
+void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p);
+
+/*
+ * This needs to be inline to optimize for the common case where no extra
+ * work needs to be done.
+ */
+static inline void switch_to_extra(struct task_struct *prev,
+ struct task_struct *next)
+{
+ unsigned long next_tif = task_thread_info(next)->flags;
+ unsigned long prev_tif = task_thread_info(prev)->flags;
+
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP)) {
+ /*
+ * Avoid __switch_to_xtra() invocation when conditional
+ * STIPB is disabled and the only different bit is
+ * TIF_SPEC_IB. For CONFIG_SMP=n TIF_SPEC_IB is not
+ * in the TIF_WORK_CTXSW masks.
+ */
+ if (!static_branch_likely(&switch_to_cond_stibp)) {
+ prev_tif &= ~_TIF_SPEC_IB;
+ next_tif &= ~_TIF_SPEC_IB;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * __switch_to_xtra() handles debug registers, i/o bitmaps,
+ * speculation mitigations etc.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(next_tif & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT ||
+ prev_tif & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV))
+ __switch_to_xtra(prev, next);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
index 5046a3c9dec2..d3e593eb189f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
@@ -59,6 +59,8 @@
#include <asm/intel_rdt_sched.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
+#include "process.h"
+
void __show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, enum show_regs_mode mode)
{
unsigned long cr0 = 0L, cr2 = 0L, cr3 = 0L, cr4 = 0L;
@@ -232,7 +234,6 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
struct fpu *prev_fpu = &prev->fpu;
struct fpu *next_fpu = &next->fpu;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
- struct tss_struct *tss = &per_cpu(cpu_tss_rw, cpu);
/* never put a printk in __switch_to... printk() calls wake_up*() indirectly */
@@ -264,12 +265,7 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
if (get_kernel_rpl() && unlikely(prev->iopl != next->iopl))
set_iopl_mask(next->iopl);
- /*
- * Now maybe handle debug registers and/or IO bitmaps
- */
- if (unlikely(task_thread_info(prev_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV ||
- task_thread_info(next_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT))
- __switch_to_xtra(prev_p, next_p, tss);
+ switch_to_extra(prev_p, next_p);
/*
* Leave lazy mode, flushing any hypercalls made here.
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index 0e0b4288a4b2..bbfbf017065c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -60,6 +60,8 @@
#include <asm/unistd_32_ia32.h>
#endif
+#include "process.h"
+
/* Prints also some state that isn't saved in the pt_regs */
void __show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, enum show_regs_mode mode)
{
@@ -553,7 +555,6 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
struct fpu *prev_fpu = &prev->fpu;
struct fpu *next_fpu = &next->fpu;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
- struct tss_struct *tss = &per_cpu(cpu_tss_rw, cpu);
WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY) &&
this_cpu_read(irq_count) != -1);
@@ -617,12 +618,7 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
/* Reload sp0. */
update_task_stack(next_p);
- /*
- * Now maybe reload the debug registers and handle I/O bitmaps
- */
- if (unlikely(task_thread_info(next_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT ||
- task_thread_info(prev_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV))
- __switch_to_xtra(prev_p, next_p, tss);
+ switch_to_extra(prev_p, next_p);
#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PV
/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
index bddd6b3cee1d..03b6b4c2238d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -7,7 +7,6 @@
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
-#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
@@ -31,6 +30,12 @@
*/
/*
+ * Use bit 0 to mangle the TIF_SPEC_IB state into the mm pointer which is
+ * stored in cpu_tlb_state.last_user_mm_ibpb.
+ */
+#define LAST_USER_MM_IBPB 0x1UL
+
+/*
* We get here when we do something requiring a TLB invalidation
* but could not go invalidate all of the contexts. We do the
* necessary invalidation by clearing out the 'ctx_id' which
@@ -181,17 +186,87 @@ static void sync_current_stack_to_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
}
}
-static bool ibpb_needed(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 last_ctx_id)
+static inline unsigned long mm_mangle_tif_spec_ib(struct task_struct *next)
+{
+ unsigned long next_tif = task_thread_info(next)->flags;
+ unsigned long ibpb = (next_tif >> TIF_SPEC_IB) & LAST_USER_MM_IBPB;
+
+ return (unsigned long)next->mm | ibpb;
+}
+
+static void cond_ibpb(struct task_struct *next)
{
+ if (!next || !next->mm)
+ return;
+
/*
- * Check if the current (previous) task has access to the memory
- * of the @tsk (next) task. If access is denied, make sure to
- * issue a IBPB to stop user->user Spectre-v2 attacks.
- *
- * Note: __ptrace_may_access() returns 0 or -ERRNO.
+ * Both, the conditional and the always IBPB mode use the mm
+ * pointer to avoid the IBPB when switching between tasks of the
+ * same process. Using the mm pointer instead of mm->context.ctx_id
+ * opens a hypothetical hole vs. mm_struct reuse, which is more or
+ * less impossible to control by an attacker. Aside of that it
+ * would only affect the first schedule so the theoretically
+ * exposed data is not really interesting.
*/
- return (tsk && tsk->mm && tsk->mm->context.ctx_id != last_ctx_id &&
- ptrace_may_access_sched(tsk, PTRACE_MODE_SPEC_IBPB));
+ if (static_branch_likely(&switch_mm_cond_ibpb)) {
+ unsigned long prev_mm, next_mm;
+
+ /*
+ * This is a bit more complex than the always mode because
+ * it has to handle two cases:
+ *
+ * 1) Switch from a user space task (potential attacker)
+ * which has TIF_SPEC_IB set to a user space task
+ * (potential victim) which has TIF_SPEC_IB not set.
+ *
+ * 2) Switch from a user space task (potential attacker)
+ * which has TIF_SPEC_IB not set to a user space task
+ * (potential victim) which has TIF_SPEC_IB set.
+ *
+ * This could be done by unconditionally issuing IBPB when
+ * a task which has TIF_SPEC_IB set is either scheduled in
+ * or out. Though that results in two flushes when:
+ *
+ * - the same user space task is scheduled out and later
+ * scheduled in again and only a kernel thread ran in
+ * between.
+ *
+ * - a user space task belonging to the same process is
+ * scheduled in after a kernel thread ran in between
+ *
+ * - a user space task belonging to the same process is
+ * scheduled in immediately.
+ *
+ * Optimize this with reasonably small overhead for the
+ * above cases. Mangle the TIF_SPEC_IB bit into the mm
+ * pointer of the incoming task which is stored in
+ * cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm_ibpb for comparison.
+ */
+ next_mm = mm_mangle_tif_spec_ib(next);
+ prev_mm = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm_ibpb);
+
+ /*
+ * Issue IBPB only if the mm's are different and one or
+ * both have the IBPB bit set.
+ */
+ if (next_mm != prev_mm &&
+ (next_mm | prev_mm) & LAST_USER_MM_IBPB)
+ indirect_branch_prediction_barrier();
+
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm_ibpb, next_mm);
+ }
+
+ if (static_branch_unlikely(&switch_mm_always_ibpb)) {
+ /*
+ * Only flush when switching to a user space task with a
+ * different context than the user space task which ran
+ * last on this CPU.
+ */
+ if (this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm) != next->mm) {
+ indirect_branch_prediction_barrier();
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm, next->mm);
+ }
+ }
}
void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
@@ -292,22 +367,12 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
new_asid = prev_asid;
need_flush = true;
} else {
- u64 last_ctx_id = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.last_ctx_id);
-
/*
* Avoid user/user BTB poisoning by flushing the branch
* predictor when switching between processes. This stops
* one process from doing Spectre-v2 attacks on another.
- *
- * As an optimization, flush indirect branches only when
- * switching into a processes that can't be ptrace by the
- * current one (as in such case, attacker has much more
- * convenient way how to tamper with the next process than
- * branch buffer poisoning).
*/
- if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB) &&
- ibpb_needed(tsk, last_ctx_id))
- indirect_branch_prediction_barrier();
+ cond_ibpb(tsk);
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK)) {
/*
@@ -365,14 +430,6 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
trace_tlb_flush_rcuidle(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, 0);
}
- /*
- * Record last user mm's context id, so we can avoid
- * flushing branch buffer with IBPB if we switch back
- * to the same user.
- */
- if (next != &init_mm)
- this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_ctx_id, next->context.ctx_id);
-
/* Make sure we write CR3 before loaded_mm. */
barrier();
@@ -441,7 +498,7 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
write_cr3(build_cr3(mm->pgd, 0));
/* Reinitialize tlbstate. */
- this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_ctx_id, mm->context.ctx_id);
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm_ibpb, LAST_USER_MM_IBPB);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid, 0);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.next_asid, 1);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[0].ctx_id, mm->context.ctx_id);
diff --git a/include/linux/ptrace.h b/include/linux/ptrace.h
index 6c2ffed907f5..de20ede2c5c8 100644
--- a/include/linux/ptrace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ptrace.h
@@ -64,15 +64,12 @@ extern void exit_ptrace(struct task_struct *tracer, struct list_head *dead);
#define PTRACE_MODE_NOAUDIT 0x04
#define PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS 0x08
#define PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS 0x10
-#define PTRACE_MODE_SCHED 0x20
-#define PTRACE_MODE_IBPB 0x40
/* shorthands for READ/ATTACH and FSCREDS/REALCREDS combinations */
#define PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_READ | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS)
#define PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_READ | PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS)
#define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS)
#define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH | PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS)
-#define PTRACE_MODE_SPEC_IBPB (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS | PTRACE_MODE_IBPB)
/**
* ptrace_may_access - check whether the caller is permitted to access
@@ -90,20 +87,6 @@ extern void exit_ptrace(struct task_struct *tracer, struct list_head *dead);
*/
extern bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode);
-/**
- * ptrace_may_access - check whether the caller is permitted to access
- * a target task.
- * @task: target task
- * @mode: selects type of access and caller credentials
- *
- * Returns true on success, false on denial.
- *
- * Similar to ptrace_may_access(). Only to be called from context switch
- * code. Does not call into audit and the regular LSM hooks due to locking
- * constraints.
- */
-extern bool ptrace_may_access_sched(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode);
-
static inline int ptrace_reparented(struct task_struct *child)
{
return !same_thread_group(child->real_parent, child->parent);
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index d6183a55e8eb..291a9bd5b97f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1454,6 +1454,8 @@ static inline bool is_percpu_thread(void)
#define PFA_SPREAD_SLAB 2 /* Spread some slab caches over cpuset */
#define PFA_SPEC_SSB_DISABLE 3 /* Speculative Store Bypass disabled */
#define PFA_SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE 4 /* Speculative Store Bypass force disabled*/
+#define PFA_SPEC_IB_DISABLE 5 /* Indirect branch speculation restricted */
+#define PFA_SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE 6 /* Indirect branch speculation permanently restricted */
#define TASK_PFA_TEST(name, func) \
static inline bool task_##func(struct task_struct *p) \
@@ -1485,6 +1487,13 @@ TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable)
TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable)
TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable)
+TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable)
+TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable)
+TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable)
+
+TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable)
+TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable)
+
static inline void
current_restore_flags(unsigned long orig_flags, unsigned long flags)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/smt.h b/include/linux/sched/smt.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..59d3736c454c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/sched/smt.h
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_SMT_H
+#define _LINUX_SCHED_SMT_H
+
+#include <linux/static_key.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_SMT
+extern struct static_key_false sched_smt_present;
+
+static __always_inline bool sched_smt_active(void)
+{
+ return static_branch_likely(&sched_smt_present);
+}
+#else
+static inline bool sched_smt_active(void) { return false; }
+#endif
+
+void arch_smt_update(void);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
index c0d7ea0bf5b6..b17201edfa09 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -212,6 +212,7 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
#define PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL 53
/* Speculation control variants */
# define PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS 0
+# define PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH 1
/* Return and control values for PR_SET/GET_SPECULATION_CTRL */
# define PR_SPEC_NOT_AFFECTED 0
# define PR_SPEC_PRCTL (1UL << 0)
diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 3c7f3b4c453c..91d5c38eb7e5 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched/hotplug.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
+#include <linux/sched/smt.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/oom.h>
@@ -367,6 +368,12 @@ static void lockdep_release_cpus_lock(void)
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
+/*
+ * Architectures that need SMT-specific errata handling during SMT hotplug
+ * should override this.
+ */
+void __weak arch_smt_update(void) { }
+
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT
enum cpuhp_smt_control cpu_smt_control __read_mostly = CPU_SMT_ENABLED;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpu_smt_control);
@@ -1011,6 +1018,7 @@ out:
* concurrent CPU hotplug via cpu_add_remove_lock.
*/
lockup_detector_cleanup();
+ arch_smt_update();
return ret;
}
@@ -1139,6 +1147,7 @@ static int _cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen, enum cpuhp_state target)
ret = cpuhp_up_callbacks(cpu, st, target);
out:
cpus_write_unlock();
+ arch_smt_update();
return ret;
}
@@ -2055,12 +2064,6 @@ static void cpuhp_online_cpu_device(unsigned int cpu)
kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_ONLINE);
}
-/*
- * Architectures that need SMT-specific errata handling during SMT hotplug
- * should override this.
- */
-void __weak arch_smt_update(void) { };
-
static int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval)
{
int cpu, ret = 0;
diff --git a/kernel/ptrace.c b/kernel/ptrace.c
index 80b34dffdfb9..c2cee9db5204 100644
--- a/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -261,9 +261,6 @@ static int ptrace_check_attach(struct task_struct *child, bool ignore_state)
static int ptrace_has_cap(struct user_namespace *ns, unsigned int mode)
{
- if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_SCHED)
- return false;
-
if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_NOAUDIT)
return has_ns_capability_noaudit(current, ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE);
else
@@ -331,16 +328,9 @@ ok:
!ptrace_has_cap(mm->user_ns, mode)))
return -EPERM;
- if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_SCHED)
- return 0;
return security_ptrace_access_check(task, mode);
}
-bool ptrace_may_access_sched(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
-{
- return __ptrace_may_access(task, mode | PTRACE_MODE_SCHED);
-}
-
bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
{
int err;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 091e089063be..6fedf3a98581 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -5738,15 +5738,10 @@ int sched_cpu_activate(unsigned int cpu)
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_SMT
/*
- * The sched_smt_present static key needs to be evaluated on every
- * hotplug event because at boot time SMT might be disabled when
- * the number of booted CPUs is limited.
- *
- * If then later a sibling gets hotplugged, then the key would stay
- * off and SMT scheduling would never be functional.
+ * When going up, increment the number of cores with SMT present.
*/
- if (cpumask_weight(cpu_smt_mask(cpu)) > 1)
- static_branch_enable_cpuslocked(&sched_smt_present);
+ if (cpumask_weight(cpu_smt_mask(cpu)) == 2)
+ static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&sched_smt_present);
#endif
set_cpu_active(cpu, true);
@@ -5790,6 +5785,14 @@ int sched_cpu_deactivate(unsigned int cpu)
*/
synchronize_rcu_mult(call_rcu, call_rcu_sched);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_SMT
+ /*
+ * When going down, decrement the number of cores with SMT present.
+ */
+ if (cpumask_weight(cpu_smt_mask(cpu)) == 2)
+ static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&sched_smt_present);
+#endif
+
if (!sched_smp_initialized)
return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 618577fc9aa8..4e524ab589c9 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/prio.h>
#include <linux/sched/rt.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/sched/smt.h>
#include <linux/sched/stat.h>
#include <linux/sched/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
@@ -936,9 +937,6 @@ static inline int cpu_of(struct rq *rq)
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_SMT
-
-extern struct static_key_false sched_smt_present;
-
extern void __update_idle_core(struct rq *rq);
static inline void update_idle_core(struct rq *rq)
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.build b/scripts/Makefile.build
index a8e7ba9f73e8..6a6be9f440cf 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.build
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.build
@@ -236,10 +236,8 @@ ifdef CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL
objtool_args += --no-unreachable
endif
ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
-ifneq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
objtool_args += --retpoline
endif
-endif
ifdef CONFIG_MODVERSIONS
diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
index c0d7ea0bf5b6..b17201edfa09 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -212,6 +212,7 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
#define PR_SET_SPECULATION_CTRL 53
/* Speculation control variants */
# define PR_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS 0
+# define PR_SPEC_INDIRECT_BRANCH 1
/* Return and control values for PR_SET/GET_SPECULATION_CTRL */
# define PR_SPEC_NOT_AFFECTED 0
# define PR_SPEC_PRCTL (1UL << 0)