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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-08-20 08:54:30 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-08-20 08:54:30 -0700
commite18a5ebc2d507f42ca724581a1039ba058fa12da (patch)
tree9c2378623f5b97f82e1ed31ffb66f21924f35e32
parent58d4e450a490d5f02183f6834c12550ba26d3b47 (diff)
parent7edaeb6841dfb27e362288ab8466ebdc4972e867 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-e18a5ebc2d507f42ca724581a1039ba058fa12da.tar.gz
Merge branch 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull watchdog fix from Thomas Gleixner: "A fix for the hardlockup watchdog to prevent false positives with extreme Turbo-Modes which make the perf/NMI watchdog fire faster than the hrtimer which is used to verify. Slightly larger than the minimal fix, which just would increase the hrtimer frequency, but comes with extra overhead of more watchdog timer interrupts and thread wakeups for all users. With this change we restrict the overhead to the extreme Turbo-Mode systems" * 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: kernel/watchdog: Prevent false positives with turbo modes
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/nmi.h8
-rw-r--r--kernel/watchdog.c1
-rw-r--r--kernel/watchdog_hld.c59
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug7
5 files changed, 76 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 29a1bf85e507..323cb065be5e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ config X86
select GENERIC_STRNCPY_FROM_USER
select GENERIC_STRNLEN_USER
select GENERIC_TIME_VSYSCALL
+ select HARDLOCKUP_CHECK_TIMESTAMP if X86_64
select HAVE_ACPI_APEI if ACPI
select HAVE_ACPI_APEI_NMI if ACPI
select HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE if SLUB
diff --git a/include/linux/nmi.h b/include/linux/nmi.h
index 8aa01fd859fb..a36abe2da13e 100644
--- a/include/linux/nmi.h
+++ b/include/linux/nmi.h
@@ -168,6 +168,14 @@ extern int sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace;
#define sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace 0
#define sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace 0
#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_CHECK_TIMESTAMP) && \
+ defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR)
+void watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(u64 period);
+#else
+static inline void watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(u64 period) { }
+#endif
+
extern bool is_hardlockup(void);
struct ctl_table;
extern int proc_watchdog(struct ctl_table *, int ,
diff --git a/kernel/watchdog.c b/kernel/watchdog.c
index 06d3389bca0d..f5d52024f6b7 100644
--- a/kernel/watchdog.c
+++ b/kernel/watchdog.c
@@ -240,6 +240,7 @@ static void set_sample_period(void)
* hardlockup detector generates a warning
*/
sample_period = get_softlockup_thresh() * ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC / 5);
+ watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(sample_period);
}
/* Commands for resetting the watchdog */
diff --git a/kernel/watchdog_hld.c b/kernel/watchdog_hld.c
index 295a0d84934c..3a09ea1b1d3d 100644
--- a/kernel/watchdog_hld.c
+++ b/kernel/watchdog_hld.c
@@ -37,6 +37,62 @@ void arch_touch_nmi_watchdog(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(arch_touch_nmi_watchdog);
+#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_CHECK_TIMESTAMP
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(ktime_t, last_timestamp);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, nmi_rearmed);
+static ktime_t watchdog_hrtimer_sample_threshold __read_mostly;
+
+void watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(u64 period)
+{
+ /*
+ * The hrtimer runs with a period of (watchdog_threshold * 2) / 5
+ *
+ * So it runs effectively with 2.5 times the rate of the NMI
+ * watchdog. That means the hrtimer should fire 2-3 times before
+ * the NMI watchdog expires. The NMI watchdog on x86 is based on
+ * unhalted CPU cycles, so if Turbo-Mode is enabled the CPU cycles
+ * might run way faster than expected and the NMI fires in a
+ * smaller period than the one deduced from the nominal CPU
+ * frequency. Depending on the Turbo-Mode factor this might be fast
+ * enough to get the NMI period smaller than the hrtimer watchdog
+ * period and trigger false positives.
+ *
+ * The sample threshold is used to check in the NMI handler whether
+ * the minimum time between two NMI samples has elapsed. That
+ * prevents false positives.
+ *
+ * Set this to 4/5 of the actual watchdog threshold period so the
+ * hrtimer is guaranteed to fire at least once within the real
+ * watchdog threshold.
+ */
+ watchdog_hrtimer_sample_threshold = period * 2;
+}
+
+static bool watchdog_check_timestamp(void)
+{
+ ktime_t delta, now = ktime_get_mono_fast_ns();
+
+ delta = now - __this_cpu_read(last_timestamp);
+ if (delta < watchdog_hrtimer_sample_threshold) {
+ /*
+ * If ktime is jiffies based, a stalled timer would prevent
+ * jiffies from being incremented and the filter would look
+ * at a stale timestamp and never trigger.
+ */
+ if (__this_cpu_inc_return(nmi_rearmed) < 10)
+ return false;
+ }
+ __this_cpu_write(nmi_rearmed, 0);
+ __this_cpu_write(last_timestamp, now);
+ return true;
+}
+#else
+static inline bool watchdog_check_timestamp(void)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+#endif
+
static struct perf_event_attr wd_hw_attr = {
.type = PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE,
.config = PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES,
@@ -61,6 +117,9 @@ static void watchdog_overflow_callback(struct perf_event *event,
return;
}
+ if (!watchdog_check_timestamp())
+ return;
+
/* check for a hardlockup
* This is done by making sure our timer interrupt
* is incrementing. The timer interrupt should have
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 98fe715522e8..c617b9d1d6cb 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -798,6 +798,13 @@ config HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_PERF
select SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR
#
+# Enables a timestamp based low pass filter to compensate for perf based
+# hard lockup detection which runs too fast due to turbo modes.
+#
+config HARDLOCKUP_CHECK_TIMESTAMP
+ bool
+
+#
# arch/ can define HAVE_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_ARCH to provide their own hard
# lockup detector rather than the perf based detector.
#