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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-11-23 13:56:55 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-11-23 13:56:55 -0800
commit00c89b2f1111b61e924f49fc79b7d9851fce249d (patch)
tree4208da228a945babc6f07ee0536bd3ff66bc4503
parent27946315d28cb8d1ea02321c4c673b1428d9315b (diff)
parentb645af2d5905c4e32399005b867987919cbfc3ae (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-00c89b2f1111b61e924f49fc79b7d9851fce249d.tar.gz
Merge branch 'x86-traps' (trap handling from Andy Lutomirski)
Merge x86-64 iret fixes from Andy Lutomirski: "This addresses the following issues: - an unrecoverable double-fault triggerable with modify_ldt. - invalid stack usage in espfix64 failed IRET recovery from IST context. - invalid stack usage in non-espfix64 failed IRET recovery from IST context. It also makes a good but IMO scary change: non-espfix64 failed IRET will now report the correct error. Hopefully nothing depended on the old incorrect behavior, but maybe Wine will get confused in some obscure corner case" * emailed patches from Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>: x86_64, traps: Rework bad_iret x86_64, traps: Stop using IST for #SS x86_64, traps: Fix the espfix64 #DF fixup and rewrite it in C
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h11
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S81
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/traps.c71
6 files changed, 82 insertions, 84 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h
index f48b17df4224..3a52ee0e726d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_32_types.h
@@ -20,7 +20,6 @@
#define THREAD_SIZE_ORDER 1
#define THREAD_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE << THREAD_SIZE_ORDER)
-#define STACKFAULT_STACK 0
#define DOUBLEFAULT_STACK 1
#define NMI_STACK 0
#define DEBUG_STACK 0
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h
index 678205195ae1..75450b2c7be4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h
@@ -14,12 +14,11 @@
#define IRQ_STACK_ORDER 2
#define IRQ_STACK_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE << IRQ_STACK_ORDER)
-#define STACKFAULT_STACK 1
-#define DOUBLEFAULT_STACK 2
-#define NMI_STACK 3
-#define DEBUG_STACK 4
-#define MCE_STACK 5
-#define N_EXCEPTION_STACKS 5 /* hw limit: 7 */
+#define DOUBLEFAULT_STACK 1
+#define NMI_STACK 2
+#define DEBUG_STACK 3
+#define MCE_STACK 4
+#define N_EXCEPTION_STACKS 4 /* hw limit: 7 */
#define PUD_PAGE_SIZE (_AC(1, UL) << PUD_SHIFT)
#define PUD_PAGE_MASK (~(PUD_PAGE_SIZE-1))
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
index bc8352e7010a..707adc6549d8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ asmlinkage void simd_coprocessor_error(void);
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
asmlinkage void trace_page_fault(void);
+#define trace_stack_segment stack_segment
#define trace_divide_error divide_error
#define trace_bounds bounds
#define trace_invalid_op invalid_op
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
index 1abcb50b48ae..ff86f19b5758 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
@@ -24,7 +24,6 @@ static char x86_stack_ids[][8] = {
[ DEBUG_STACK-1 ] = "#DB",
[ NMI_STACK-1 ] = "NMI",
[ DOUBLEFAULT_STACK-1 ] = "#DF",
- [ STACKFAULT_STACK-1 ] = "#SS",
[ MCE_STACK-1 ] = "#MC",
#if DEBUG_STKSZ > EXCEPTION_STKSZ
[ N_EXCEPTION_STACKS ...
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index df088bb03fb3..c0226ab54106 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -828,9 +828,15 @@ ENTRY(native_iret)
jnz native_irq_return_ldt
#endif
+.global native_irq_return_iret
native_irq_return_iret:
+ /*
+ * This may fault. Non-paranoid faults on return to userspace are
+ * handled by fixup_bad_iret. These include #SS, #GP, and #NP.
+ * Double-faults due to espfix64 are handled in do_double_fault.
+ * Other faults here are fatal.
+ */
iretq
- _ASM_EXTABLE(native_irq_return_iret, bad_iret)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64
native_irq_return_ldt:
@@ -858,25 +864,6 @@ native_irq_return_ldt:
jmp native_irq_return_iret
#endif
- .section .fixup,"ax"
-bad_iret:
- /*
- * The iret traps when the %cs or %ss being restored is bogus.
- * We've lost the original trap vector and error code.
- * #GPF is the most likely one to get for an invalid selector.
- * So pretend we completed the iret and took the #GPF in user mode.
- *
- * We are now running with the kernel GS after exception recovery.
- * But error_entry expects us to have user GS to match the user %cs,
- * so swap back.
- */
- pushq $0
-
- SWAPGS
- jmp general_protection
-
- .previous
-
/* edi: workmask, edx: work */
retint_careful:
CFI_RESTORE_STATE
@@ -922,37 +909,6 @@ ENTRY(retint_kernel)
CFI_ENDPROC
END(common_interrupt)
- /*
- * If IRET takes a fault on the espfix stack, then we
- * end up promoting it to a doublefault. In that case,
- * modify the stack to make it look like we just entered
- * the #GP handler from user space, similar to bad_iret.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64
- ALIGN
-__do_double_fault:
- XCPT_FRAME 1 RDI+8
- movq RSP(%rdi),%rax /* Trap on the espfix stack? */
- sarq $PGDIR_SHIFT,%rax
- cmpl $ESPFIX_PGD_ENTRY,%eax
- jne do_double_fault /* No, just deliver the fault */
- cmpl $__KERNEL_CS,CS(%rdi)
- jne do_double_fault
- movq RIP(%rdi),%rax
- cmpq $native_irq_return_iret,%rax
- jne do_double_fault /* This shouldn't happen... */
- movq PER_CPU_VAR(kernel_stack),%rax
- subq $(6*8-KERNEL_STACK_OFFSET),%rax /* Reset to original stack */
- movq %rax,RSP(%rdi)
- movq $0,(%rax) /* Missing (lost) #GP error code */
- movq $general_protection,RIP(%rdi)
- retq
- CFI_ENDPROC
-END(__do_double_fault)
-#else
-# define __do_double_fault do_double_fault
-#endif
-
/*
* APIC interrupts.
*/
@@ -1124,7 +1080,7 @@ idtentry overflow do_overflow has_error_code=0
idtentry bounds do_bounds has_error_code=0
idtentry invalid_op do_invalid_op has_error_code=0
idtentry device_not_available do_device_not_available has_error_code=0
-idtentry double_fault __do_double_fault has_error_code=1 paranoid=1
+idtentry double_fault do_double_fault has_error_code=1 paranoid=1
idtentry coprocessor_segment_overrun do_coprocessor_segment_overrun has_error_code=0
idtentry invalid_TSS do_invalid_TSS has_error_code=1
idtentry segment_not_present do_segment_not_present has_error_code=1
@@ -1289,7 +1245,7 @@ apicinterrupt3 HYPERVISOR_CALLBACK_VECTOR \
idtentry debug do_debug has_error_code=0 paranoid=1 shift_ist=DEBUG_STACK
idtentry int3 do_int3 has_error_code=0 paranoid=1 shift_ist=DEBUG_STACK
-idtentry stack_segment do_stack_segment has_error_code=1 paranoid=1
+idtentry stack_segment do_stack_segment has_error_code=1
#ifdef CONFIG_XEN
idtentry xen_debug do_debug has_error_code=0
idtentry xen_int3 do_int3 has_error_code=0
@@ -1399,17 +1355,16 @@ error_sti:
/*
* There are two places in the kernel that can potentially fault with
- * usergs. Handle them here. The exception handlers after iret run with
- * kernel gs again, so don't set the user space flag. B stepping K8s
- * sometimes report an truncated RIP for IRET exceptions returning to
- * compat mode. Check for these here too.
+ * usergs. Handle them here. B stepping K8s sometimes report a
+ * truncated RIP for IRET exceptions returning to compat mode. Check
+ * for these here too.
*/
error_kernelspace:
CFI_REL_OFFSET rcx, RCX+8
incl %ebx
leaq native_irq_return_iret(%rip),%rcx
cmpq %rcx,RIP+8(%rsp)
- je error_swapgs
+ je error_bad_iret
movl %ecx,%eax /* zero extend */
cmpq %rax,RIP+8(%rsp)
je bstep_iret
@@ -1420,7 +1375,15 @@ error_kernelspace:
bstep_iret:
/* Fix truncated RIP */
movq %rcx,RIP+8(%rsp)
- jmp error_swapgs
+ /* fall through */
+
+error_bad_iret:
+ SWAPGS
+ mov %rsp,%rdi
+ call fixup_bad_iret
+ mov %rax,%rsp
+ decl %ebx /* Return to usergs */
+ jmp error_sti
CFI_ENDPROC
END(error_entry)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index 0d0e922fafc1..de801f22128a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -233,32 +233,40 @@ DO_ERROR(X86_TRAP_UD, SIGILL, "invalid opcode", invalid_op)
DO_ERROR(X86_TRAP_OLD_MF, SIGFPE, "coprocessor segment overrun",coprocessor_segment_overrun)
DO_ERROR(X86_TRAP_TS, SIGSEGV, "invalid TSS", invalid_TSS)
DO_ERROR(X86_TRAP_NP, SIGBUS, "segment not present", segment_not_present)
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
DO_ERROR(X86_TRAP_SS, SIGBUS, "stack segment", stack_segment)
-#endif
DO_ERROR(X86_TRAP_AC, SIGBUS, "alignment check", alignment_check)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/* Runs on IST stack */
-dotraplinkage void do_stack_segment(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
-{
- enum ctx_state prev_state;
-
- prev_state = exception_enter();
- if (notify_die(DIE_TRAP, "stack segment", regs, error_code,
- X86_TRAP_SS, SIGBUS) != NOTIFY_STOP) {
- preempt_conditional_sti(regs);
- do_trap(X86_TRAP_SS, SIGBUS, "stack segment", regs, error_code, NULL);
- preempt_conditional_cli(regs);
- }
- exception_exit(prev_state);
-}
-
dotraplinkage void do_double_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
{
static const char str[] = "double fault";
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64
+ extern unsigned char native_irq_return_iret[];
+
+ /*
+ * If IRET takes a non-IST fault on the espfix64 stack, then we
+ * end up promoting it to a doublefault. In that case, modify
+ * the stack to make it look like we just entered the #GP
+ * handler from user space, similar to bad_iret.
+ */
+ if (((long)regs->sp >> PGDIR_SHIFT) == ESPFIX_PGD_ENTRY &&
+ regs->cs == __KERNEL_CS &&
+ regs->ip == (unsigned long)native_irq_return_iret)
+ {
+ struct pt_regs *normal_regs = task_pt_regs(current);
+
+ /* Fake a #GP(0) from userspace. */
+ memmove(&normal_regs->ip, (void *)regs->sp, 5*8);
+ normal_regs->orig_ax = 0; /* Missing (lost) #GP error code */
+ regs->ip = (unsigned long)general_protection;
+ regs->sp = (unsigned long)&normal_regs->orig_ax;
+ return;
+ }
+#endif
+
exception_enter();
/* Return not checked because double check cannot be ignored */
notify_die(DIE_TRAP, str, regs, error_code, X86_TRAP_DF, SIGSEGV);
@@ -399,6 +407,35 @@ asmlinkage __visible struct pt_regs *sync_regs(struct pt_regs *eregs)
return regs;
}
NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(sync_regs);
+
+struct bad_iret_stack {
+ void *error_entry_ret;
+ struct pt_regs regs;
+};
+
+asmlinkage __visible
+struct bad_iret_stack *fixup_bad_iret(struct bad_iret_stack *s)
+{
+ /*
+ * This is called from entry_64.S early in handling a fault
+ * caused by a bad iret to user mode. To handle the fault
+ * correctly, we want move our stack frame to task_pt_regs
+ * and we want to pretend that the exception came from the
+ * iret target.
+ */
+ struct bad_iret_stack *new_stack =
+ container_of(task_pt_regs(current),
+ struct bad_iret_stack, regs);
+
+ /* Copy the IRET target to the new stack. */
+ memmove(&new_stack->regs.ip, (void *)s->regs.sp, 5*8);
+
+ /* Copy the remainder of the stack from the current stack. */
+ memmove(new_stack, s, offsetof(struct bad_iret_stack, regs.ip));
+
+ BUG_ON(!user_mode_vm(&new_stack->regs));
+ return new_stack;
+}
#endif
/*
@@ -778,7 +815,7 @@ void __init trap_init(void)
set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_OLD_MF, coprocessor_segment_overrun);
set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_TS, invalid_TSS);
set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_NP, segment_not_present);
- set_intr_gate_ist(X86_TRAP_SS, &stack_segment, STACKFAULT_STACK);
+ set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_SS, stack_segment);
set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_GP, general_protection);
set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_SPURIOUS, spurious_interrupt_bug);
set_intr_gate(X86_TRAP_MF, coprocessor_error);