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authorRichard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net>2005-06-28 21:01:03 +0100
committerRussell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>2005-06-28 21:01:03 +0100
commitfa0ebff62a8a25952a082641db0ed6b1cfc6c38c (patch)
treee7600dd94511b958a9fb315b6c0e924e8744f5ae
parent99f95e5286df2f69edab8a04c7080d986ee4233b (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-fa0ebff62a8a25952a082641db0ed6b1cfc6c38c.tar.gz
[PATCH] ARM: 2761/1: OProfile: Add call graphing support for arm
Patch from Richard Purdie Add functions to generate backtraces of both kernel and user processes which allows oprofile's call graphing functionality to be used on arm. This requires unstripped binaries/libs which use a frame pointer. Signed-off-by: Richard Purdie Signed-off-by: Zwane Mwaikambo <zwane@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/oprofile/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/oprofile/backtrace.c144
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/oprofile/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/oprofile/op_arm_model.h2
4 files changed, 149 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/oprofile/Makefile b/arch/arm/oprofile/Makefile
index ba1a6e9f2b28..8ffb523e6c77 100644
--- a/arch/arm/oprofile/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/oprofile/Makefile
@@ -6,6 +6,6 @@ DRIVER_OBJS = $(addprefix ../../../drivers/oprofile/, \
oprofilefs.o oprofile_stats.o \
timer_int.o )
-oprofile-y := $(DRIVER_OBJS) init.o
+oprofile-y := $(DRIVER_OBJS) init.o backtrace.o
oprofile-$(CONFIG_CPU_XSCALE) += common.o op_model_xscale.o
diff --git a/arch/arm/oprofile/backtrace.c b/arch/arm/oprofile/backtrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ec58d3e2eb8b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/oprofile/backtrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,144 @@
+/*
+ * Arm specific backtracing code for oprofile
+ *
+ * Copyright 2005 Openedhand Ltd.
+ *
+ * Author: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@openedhand.com>
+ *
+ * Based on i386 oprofile backtrace code by John Levon, David Smith
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/oprofile.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+
+/*
+ * The registers we're interested in are at the end of the variable
+ * length saved register structure. The fp points at the end of this
+ * structure so the address of this struct is:
+ * (struct frame_tail *)(xxx->fp)-1
+ */
+struct frame_tail {
+ struct frame_tail *fp;
+ unsigned long sp;
+ unsigned long lr;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
+static struct frame_tail* kernel_backtrace(struct frame_tail *tail)
+{
+ oprofile_add_trace(tail->lr);
+
+ /* frame pointers should strictly progress back up the stack
+ * (towards higher addresses) */
+ if (tail >= tail->fp)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return tail->fp-1;
+}
+#endif
+
+static struct frame_tail* user_backtrace(struct frame_tail *tail)
+{
+ struct frame_tail buftail;
+
+ /* hardware pte might not be valid due to dirty/accessed bit emulation
+ * so we use copy_from_user and benefit from exception fixups */
+ if (copy_from_user(&buftail, tail, sizeof(struct frame_tail)))
+ return NULL;
+
+ oprofile_add_trace(buftail.lr);
+
+ /* frame pointers should strictly progress back up the stack
+ * (towards higher addresses) */
+ if (tail >= buftail.fp)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return buftail.fp-1;
+}
+
+/* Compare two addresses and see if they're on the same page */
+#define CMP_ADDR_EQUAL(x,y,offset) ((((unsigned long) x) >> PAGE_SHIFT) \
+ == ((((unsigned long) y) + offset) >> PAGE_SHIFT))
+
+/* check that the page(s) containing the frame tail are present */
+static int pages_present(struct frame_tail *tail)
+{
+ struct mm_struct * mm = current->mm;
+
+ if (!check_user_page_readable(mm, (unsigned long)tail))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (CMP_ADDR_EQUAL(tail, tail, 8))
+ return 1;
+
+ if (!check_user_page_readable(mm, ((unsigned long)tail) + 8))
+ return 0;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * | | /\ Higher addresses
+ * | |
+ * --------------- stack base (address of current_thread_info)
+ * | thread info |
+ * . .
+ * | stack |
+ * --------------- saved regs->ARM_fp value if valid (frame_tail address)
+ * . .
+ * --------------- struct pt_regs stored on stack (struct pt_regs *)
+ * | |
+ * . .
+ * | |
+ * --------------- %esp
+ * | |
+ * | | \/ Lower addresses
+ *
+ * Thus, &pt_regs <-> stack base restricts the valid(ish) fp values
+ */
+static int valid_kernel_stack(struct frame_tail *tail, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long tailaddr = (unsigned long)tail;
+ unsigned long stack = (unsigned long)regs;
+ unsigned long stack_base = (stack & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)) + THREAD_SIZE;
+
+ return (tailaddr > stack) && (tailaddr < stack_base);
+}
+
+void arm_backtrace(struct pt_regs const *regs, unsigned int depth)
+{
+ struct frame_tail *tail;
+ unsigned long last_address = 0;
+
+ tail = ((struct frame_tail *) regs->ARM_fp) - 1;
+
+ if (!user_mode(regs)) {
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
+ while (depth-- && tail && valid_kernel_stack(tail, regs)) {
+ tail = kernel_backtrace(tail);
+ }
+#endif
+ return;
+ }
+
+ while (depth-- && tail && !((unsigned long) tail & 3)) {
+ if ((!CMP_ADDR_EQUAL(last_address, tail, 0)
+ || !CMP_ADDR_EQUAL(last_address, tail, 8))
+ && !pages_present(tail))
+ return;
+ last_address = (unsigned long) tail;
+ tail = user_backtrace(tail);
+ }
+}
+
diff --git a/arch/arm/oprofile/init.c b/arch/arm/oprofile/init.c
index cce3d3015eb7..d315a3a86c86 100644
--- a/arch/arm/oprofile/init.c
+++ b/arch/arm/oprofile/init.c
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@ int __init oprofile_arch_init(struct oprofile_operations *ops)
ret = pmu_init(ops, &op_xscale_spec);
#endif
+ ops->backtrace = arm_backtrace;
+
return ret;
}
diff --git a/arch/arm/oprofile/op_arm_model.h b/arch/arm/oprofile/op_arm_model.h
index 2d4caf4781ad..2148d07484b7 100644
--- a/arch/arm/oprofile/op_arm_model.h
+++ b/arch/arm/oprofile/op_arm_model.h
@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@ struct op_arm_model_spec {
extern struct op_arm_model_spec op_xscale_spec;
#endif
+extern void arm_backtrace(struct pt_regs * const regs, unsigned int depth);
+
extern int __init pmu_init(struct oprofile_operations *ops, struct op_arm_model_spec *spec);
extern void pmu_exit(void);
#endif /* OP_ARM_MODEL_H */